Abstract

In this paper, we propose a computer-generated integral imaging (CGII) method called multiple orthographic frustum combining (MOFC), in which an elemental image array (EIA) can be generated by rendering a 3-D scene with one-shot orthographic projection using combing multiple orthographic frustum. The proposed MOFC method exploits the programmability of graphic processing unit to improve the computational efficiency. The experimental results show that the proposed method can achieve real-time computational speed for generating ultra high-definition (3840$\times $2160) EIA.

© 2014 IEEE

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  1. J. Kim, J. H. Jung, C. Jang, B. Lee, "Real-time capturing and 3D visualization method based on integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 21, 18742-18753 (2013).
  2. J. X. Jiao, X. Zhao, Y. Yang, Z. Fang, X. C. Yuan, "Dual-camera enabled real-time three-dimensional integral imaging pick-up and display," Opt. Exp. 20, 27304-27311 (2012).
  3. J. Arai, T. Yamashita, M. Miura, H. Hiura, N. Okaichi, F. Okano, R. Funatsu, "Integral three-dimensional image capture equipment with closely positioned lens array and image sensor," Opt. Lett. 38, 2044-2046 (2013).
  4. J. H. Park, K. Hong, B. Lee, "Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging," Appl. Opt. 48, H77-H94 (2009).
  5. J. Hong, Y. Kim, H. J. Choi, J. Hahn, J. H. Park, H. Kim, S. W. Min, N. Chen, B. Lee, "Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: Principles, status, and issues," Appl. Opt. 50, H87-H115 (2011).
  6. Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, M. Ueda, "3D display system using a computer generated integral photography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).
  7. M. Levoy, P. Hanrahan, "Light field rendering," Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH Conf. (1996) pp. 31-36.
  8. M. Eljdid, A. Aggoun, O. Youssef, "Computer generated content for 3D TV," Proc. 3DTV Conf. (2007) pp. 1-4.
  9. C. C. Ji, C. G. Luo, H. Deng, D. H. Li, Q. H. Wang, "Tilted elemental image array generation method for moiré-reduced displays in computer generated integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 21, 19816-19824 (2013).
  10. M. Halle, "Multiple viewpoint rendering," Proc. 25th Annu. Conf. Comput. Graph. and Interactive Techn. pp. 243-254.
  11. S. W. Min, J. Kim, B. Lee, "New characteristics equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L71-L74 (2005).
  12. S. W. Min, K. S. Park, B. Lee, Y. J. Cho, M. S. Hahn, "Enhanced image mapping algorithm for computer generated integral imaging system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L744-L747 (2006).
  13. K. S. Park, S. W. Min, Y. Cho, "Viewpoint vector rendering for efficient elemental image generation," IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. E90, 231-241 (2007).
  14. K. C. Kwon, C. Park, M. U. Erdenebat, J. S. Jeong, J. H. Choi, N. Kim, J. H. Park, Y. T. Lim, K. H. Yoo, "High speed image space parallel processing for computer-generated integral imaging system," Opt. Exp. 20, 732-740 (2012).
  15. D. H. Kim, M. U. Erdenebat, K. C. Kwon, J. S. Jeong, J. W. Lee, K. C. Kim, N. Kim, K. H. Yoo, "Real-time 3D display system based on computer-generated integral imaging technique using enhanced ISPP for hexagonal lens array," Appl. Opt. 52, 8411-8418 (2013).
  16. S. H. Jiao, X. G. Wang, M. C. Zhou, W. M. Li, T. Hong, D. K. Nam, J. H. Lee, E. H. Wu, H. T. Wang, J. Y. Kim, "Multiple ray cluster rendering for interactive integral imaging system," Opt. Exp. 21, 10070-10086 (2013).
  17. Kinect 3D Sensor http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/kinectforwindows/.
  18. F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuyama, "Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).
  19. M. Pharr, R. Fernando, GPU Gems 2: Programming Techniques for High-Performance Graphics and General-Purpose Computation (Addison-Wesley, 2005).
  20. CUDA C Programming Guide 5.0Santa ClaraCANVIDIA (NVIDIA, 2012).

2013

J. Kim, J. H. Jung, C. Jang, B. Lee, "Real-time capturing and 3D visualization method based on integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 21, 18742-18753 (2013).

J. Arai, T. Yamashita, M. Miura, H. Hiura, N. Okaichi, F. Okano, R. Funatsu, "Integral three-dimensional image capture equipment with closely positioned lens array and image sensor," Opt. Lett. 38, 2044-2046 (2013).

C. C. Ji, C. G. Luo, H. Deng, D. H. Li, Q. H. Wang, "Tilted elemental image array generation method for moiré-reduced displays in computer generated integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 21, 19816-19824 (2013).

D. H. Kim, M. U. Erdenebat, K. C. Kwon, J. S. Jeong, J. W. Lee, K. C. Kim, N. Kim, K. H. Yoo, "Real-time 3D display system based on computer-generated integral imaging technique using enhanced ISPP for hexagonal lens array," Appl. Opt. 52, 8411-8418 (2013).

S. H. Jiao, X. G. Wang, M. C. Zhou, W. M. Li, T. Hong, D. K. Nam, J. H. Lee, E. H. Wu, H. T. Wang, J. Y. Kim, "Multiple ray cluster rendering for interactive integral imaging system," Opt. Exp. 21, 10070-10086 (2013).

2012

K. C. Kwon, C. Park, M. U. Erdenebat, J. S. Jeong, J. H. Choi, N. Kim, J. H. Park, Y. T. Lim, K. H. Yoo, "High speed image space parallel processing for computer-generated integral imaging system," Opt. Exp. 20, 732-740 (2012).

J. X. Jiao, X. Zhao, Y. Yang, Z. Fang, X. C. Yuan, "Dual-camera enabled real-time three-dimensional integral imaging pick-up and display," Opt. Exp. 20, 27304-27311 (2012).

2011

J. Hong, Y. Kim, H. J. Choi, J. Hahn, J. H. Park, H. Kim, S. W. Min, N. Chen, B. Lee, "Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: Principles, status, and issues," Appl. Opt. 50, H87-H115 (2011).

2009

2007

K. S. Park, S. W. Min, Y. Cho, "Viewpoint vector rendering for efficient elemental image generation," IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. E90, 231-241 (2007).

2006

S. W. Min, K. S. Park, B. Lee, Y. J. Cho, M. S. Hahn, "Enhanced image mapping algorithm for computer generated integral imaging system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L744-L747 (2006).

2005

S. W. Min, J. Kim, B. Lee, "New characteristics equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L71-L74 (2005).

1997

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuyama, "Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).

1978

Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, M. Ueda, "3D display system using a computer generated integral photography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).

Appl. Opt.

J. Hong, Y. Kim, H. J. Choi, J. Hahn, J. H. Park, H. Kim, S. W. Min, N. Chen, B. Lee, "Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: Principles, status, and issues," Appl. Opt. 50, H87-H115 (2011).

F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, I. Yuyama, "Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 36, 1598-1603 (1997).

Appl. Opt.

IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst.

K. S. Park, S. W. Min, Y. Cho, "Viewpoint vector rendering for efficient elemental image generation," IEICE Trans. Inf. Syst. E90, 231-241 (2007).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

S. W. Min, J. Kim, B. Lee, "New characteristics equation of three-dimensional integral imaging system and its applications," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44, L71-L74 (2005).

S. W. Min, K. S. Park, B. Lee, Y. J. Cho, M. S. Hahn, "Enhanced image mapping algorithm for computer generated integral imaging system," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L744-L747 (2006).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, M. Ueda, "3D display system using a computer generated integral photography," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 17, 1683-1684 (1978).

Opt. Exp.

C. C. Ji, C. G. Luo, H. Deng, D. H. Li, Q. H. Wang, "Tilted elemental image array generation method for moiré-reduced displays in computer generated integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 21, 19816-19824 (2013).

Opt. Exp.

J. Kim, J. H. Jung, C. Jang, B. Lee, "Real-time capturing and 3D visualization method based on integral imaging," Opt. Exp. 21, 18742-18753 (2013).

J. X. Jiao, X. Zhao, Y. Yang, Z. Fang, X. C. Yuan, "Dual-camera enabled real-time three-dimensional integral imaging pick-up and display," Opt. Exp. 20, 27304-27311 (2012).

K. C. Kwon, C. Park, M. U. Erdenebat, J. S. Jeong, J. H. Choi, N. Kim, J. H. Park, Y. T. Lim, K. H. Yoo, "High speed image space parallel processing for computer-generated integral imaging system," Opt. Exp. 20, 732-740 (2012).

S. H. Jiao, X. G. Wang, M. C. Zhou, W. M. Li, T. Hong, D. K. Nam, J. H. Lee, E. H. Wu, H. T. Wang, J. Y. Kim, "Multiple ray cluster rendering for interactive integral imaging system," Opt. Exp. 21, 10070-10086 (2013).

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. Halle, "Multiple viewpoint rendering," Proc. 25th Annu. Conf. Comput. Graph. and Interactive Techn. pp. 243-254.

M. Levoy, P. Hanrahan, "Light field rendering," Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH Conf. (1996) pp. 31-36.

M. Eljdid, A. Aggoun, O. Youssef, "Computer generated content for 3D TV," Proc. 3DTV Conf. (2007) pp. 1-4.

Kinect 3D Sensor http://www.microsoft.com/en-us/kinectforwindows/.

M. Pharr, R. Fernando, GPU Gems 2: Programming Techniques for High-Performance Graphics and General-Purpose Computation (Addison-Wesley, 2005).

CUDA C Programming Guide 5.0Santa ClaraCANVIDIA (NVIDIA, 2012).

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