Abstract

A figure-of-merit (FOM) of an auto-stereoscopic display system is introduced and adopted to characterize the system performance. This FOM takes into account of the ratio of the signal to the noise arising from the crosstalk from the adjacent channels as well as the brightness uniformity of viewing areas; hence, it is directly related to the glasses-free 3D viewing comfort. With a steadily improving FOM as a target, the genetic algorithm is applied to optimize the optical system, giving rise to substantially improved characteristics of an auto-stereoscopic display system. The numerical simulation is verified with an experiment of a multi-view auto-stereoscopic display unit. It is shown that the system can provide a high fidelity of the display effect with the crosstalk ratio being reduced from around 5% to nearly 1%, which is a very low value obtainable for an auto-stereoscopic system.

© 2014 OAPA

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2013 (3)

Y. K. Liu, S. C. Wang, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Song, X. S. Xie, M. N. Feng, Z. M. Xiao, S. Z. Deng, J. Y. Zhou, J. T. Li, K. S. Wong, T. F. Krauss, "Efficient color routing with a dispersion-controlled waveguide array," Light: Sci. Appl. e52 (2013).

Y. C. Chang, L. C. Tang, C. Y. Yin, "Efficient simulation of intensity profile of light through subpixel-matched lenticular lens array for two- and four-view auto-stereoscopic liquid-crystal display," Appl. Opt. 52, A356-A359 (2013).

J. Wang, H. Liang, H. Fan, Y. Zhou, P. Krebs, J. Su, Y. Deng, J. Zhou, "High-quality autostereoscopic display with spatial and sequential hybrid control," Appl. Opt. 52, 8549-8553 (2013).

2012 (4)

K. H. Lee, Y. Park, H. Lee, S. K. Yoon, S. K. Kim, "Crosstalk reduction in auto-stereoscopic projection 3D display system," Opt. Express 20, 19757-19768 (2012).

Y. Y. Hsieh, J. S. Liao, H. H. Chen, "Analysis of directional backlight autostereoscopic display timing crosstalk," SID Dig. 43, 1058-1060 (2012).

C. H. Yang, C. Y. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, H. P. D. Shieh, "High resolution time-multiplexed backlight with tracking system for multi-user applicable wide-viewing auto-stereoscopic LCD," SID Dig. 43, 301-304 (2012).

Y. P. Huang, C. W. Chen, Y. C. Huang, "Superzone Fresnel liquid crystal lens for temporal scanning auto-stereoscopic display," J. Display Technol. 8, 650-655 (2012).

2011 (2)

C. H. Ting, C. Y. Hsu, C. H. Yang, Y. P. Huang, H. W. Tsai, C. C. Yu, "Multi-user 3D film on directional sequential backlight system," SID Dig. 42, 460-463 (2011).

J. C. Liou, F. H. Chen, "Design and fabrication of optical system for time-multiplex autostereoscopic display," Opt. Express 19, 11007-11017 (2011).

2010 (3)

A. Hayashi, T. Kometani, A. Sakai, H. Ito, "A 23-in. full-panel-resolution autostereoscopic LCD with a novel directional backlight system," J. Soc. Inf. Displays 18, 507-512 (2010).

Y. P. Huang, C. W. Chen, T. C. Shen, J. F. Huang, "Autostereoscopic 3D display with scanning multi-electrode driven liquid crystal (MeD-LC) lens," 3D Res. 1, 39-42 (2010).

W. Mphepö, Y. P. Huang, H. P. D. Shieh, "Enhancing the brightness of parallax barrier based 3D flat panel mobile displays without compromising power consumption," J. Disp. Technol. 6, 60-64 (2010).

2009 (2)

Y. Y. Kao, Y. P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, C. N. Mo, "An auto-stereoscopic 3D display using tunable liquid crystal lens array that mimics effects of GRIN lenticular lens array," SID Dig. 40, 111-114 (2009).

U. Vogel, L. Kroker, K. Seidl, J. Knobbe, Ch. Grillberger, J. Amelung, M. Scholles, "OLED backlight for autostereoscopic displays," Proc. SPIE 7237, (2009) Art. ID 72370U.

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

J. Konrad, M. Halle, "3-D displays and signal processing," IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 24, 97-111 (2007).

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, C. von Kopylow, "A survey of 3DTV displays: Techniques and technologies," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. 17, 1647-1658 (2007).

2006 (2)

K. W. Chien, H. P. D. Shieh, "Time-multiplexed three-dimensional display based on directional backlights with fast-switching liquid-crystal displays," Appl. Opt. 45, 3106-3110 (2006).

Y. G. Lee, J. B. Ra, "Image distortion correction for lenticula misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays," Opt. Eng. 45, (2006) Art. ID 017007.

2005 (2)

D. J. Sandin, T. Margolis, J. Ge, J. Girado, T. Peterka, T. A. DeFanti, "The Varrier™ autostereoscopic virtual reality display," ACM Trans. Graphic. 24, 894-903 (2005).

N. A. Dodgson, "Autostereoscopic 3D displays," Computer 38, 31-36 (2005).

3D Res. (1)

Y. P. Huang, C. W. Chen, T. C. Shen, J. F. Huang, "Autostereoscopic 3D display with scanning multi-electrode driven liquid crystal (MeD-LC) lens," 3D Res. 1, 39-42 (2010).

ACM Trans. Graphic. (1)

D. J. Sandin, T. Margolis, J. Ge, J. Girado, T. Peterka, T. A. DeFanti, "The Varrier™ autostereoscopic virtual reality display," ACM Trans. Graphic. 24, 894-903 (2005).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Y. C. Chang, L. C. Tang, C. Y. Yin, "Efficient simulation of intensity profile of light through subpixel-matched lenticular lens array for two- and four-view auto-stereoscopic liquid-crystal display," Appl. Opt. 52, A356-A359 (2013).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Computer (1)

N. A. Dodgson, "Autostereoscopic 3D displays," Computer 38, 31-36 (2005).

IEEE Signal Process. Mag. (1)

J. Konrad, M. Halle, "3-D displays and signal processing," IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 24, 97-111 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. (1)

P. Benzie, J. Watson, P. Surman, I. Rakkolainen, K. Hopf, H. Urey, V. Sainov, C. von Kopylow, "A survey of 3DTV displays: Techniques and technologies," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. 17, 1647-1658 (2007).

J. Display Technol. (1)

Y. P. Huang, C. W. Chen, Y. C. Huang, "Superzone Fresnel liquid crystal lens for temporal scanning auto-stereoscopic display," J. Display Technol. 8, 650-655 (2012).

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

W. Mphepö, Y. P. Huang, H. P. D. Shieh, "Enhancing the brightness of parallax barrier based 3D flat panel mobile displays without compromising power consumption," J. Disp. Technol. 6, 60-64 (2010).

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. Soc. Inf. Displays (1)

A. Hayashi, T. Kometani, A. Sakai, H. Ito, "A 23-in. full-panel-resolution autostereoscopic LCD with a novel directional backlight system," J. Soc. Inf. Displays 18, 507-512 (2010).

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

Y. K. Liu, S. C. Wang, Y. Y. Li, L. Y. Song, X. S. Xie, M. N. Feng, Z. M. Xiao, S. Z. Deng, J. Y. Zhou, J. T. Li, K. S. Wong, T. F. Krauss, "Efficient color routing with a dispersion-controlled waveguide array," Light: Sci. Appl. e52 (2013).

Opt. Eng. (1)

Y. G. Lee, J. B. Ra, "Image distortion correction for lenticula misalignment in three-dimensional lenticular displays," Opt. Eng. 45, (2006) Art. ID 017007.

Opt. Express (1)

J. C. Liou, F. H. Chen, "Design and fabrication of optical system for time-multiplex autostereoscopic display," Opt. Express 19, 11007-11017 (2011).

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

U. Vogel, L. Kroker, K. Seidl, J. Knobbe, Ch. Grillberger, J. Amelung, M. Scholles, "OLED backlight for autostereoscopic displays," Proc. SPIE 7237, (2009) Art. ID 72370U.

SID Dig. (1)

Y. Y. Hsieh, J. S. Liao, H. H. Chen, "Analysis of directional backlight autostereoscopic display timing crosstalk," SID Dig. 43, 1058-1060 (2012).

SID Dig. (3)

Y. Y. Kao, Y. P. Huang, K. X. Yang, P. C. P. Chao, C. C. Tsai, C. N. Mo, "An auto-stereoscopic 3D display using tunable liquid crystal lens array that mimics effects of GRIN lenticular lens array," SID Dig. 40, 111-114 (2009).

C. H. Yang, C. Y. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, H. P. D. Shieh, "High resolution time-multiplexed backlight with tracking system for multi-user applicable wide-viewing auto-stereoscopic LCD," SID Dig. 43, 301-304 (2012).

C. H. Ting, C. Y. Hsu, C. H. Yang, Y. P. Huang, H. W. Tsai, C. C. Yu, "Multi-user 3D film on directional sequential backlight system," SID Dig. 42, 460-463 (2011).

Other (7)

H. Kwon, H. J. Choi, "A time-sequential mutli-view autostereoscopic display without resolution loss using a multi-directional backlight unit and an LCD panel," Proc. SPIE (2012).

C. van Berkel, "Image preparation for 3D-LCD," Proc. SPIE (1999) pp. 84-91.

R. Braspenning, E. Brouwer, G. de Haan, "Visual quality assessment of lenticular based 3D-displays," Proc. 13th Eur. Signal Process. Conf. (2006) pp. 1-4.

T. Saishu, K. Taira, "Resolution analysis of lenticular-sheet 3D display system," Proc. SPIE (2007) pp. 67780E.

M. Barkowsky, P. Campisi, P. le Callet, V. Rizzo, "Crosstalk measurement and mitigation for autostereoscopic displays," Proc. SPIE (2010) pp. 75260R.

C. H. Kim, B. Ra, "Noninteger view multiplexing for 3D lenticular display," Proc. 3DTV Conf. (2007) pp. 1-4.

S. M. Jung, J. H. Jang, H. Y. Kang, K. J. Lee, J. N. Kang, S. C. Lee, K. M. Lim, S. K. Yao, "Optical modeling of a lenticular array for autostereoscopic displays," Proc. SPIE (2013) pp. 864805.

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