Abstract

In recent years, television systems having a wider field of view (FOV) and higher spatial resolution than conventional systems have been proposed to offer an immersive viewing experience. However, few studies have investigated the effects of increasing the temporal resolution or frame rate of television systems. Assuming that people will likely use wide-FOV TVs at home in the future, we quantitatively analyzed the effects of increased frame rate and the viewing distance through a subjective evaluation of the moving picture quality. The results indicated that the moving picture quality improved more with an increase in frame rate from 60 to 120 frames per second (fps) than from 120 to 240 fps when viewing from a distance of 3 H (three times the image height). Furthermore, the effect of viewing distance on the moving picture quality was not statistically significant, and the degree of improvement depended upon the picture content.

© 2014 IEEE

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  1. M. Kanazawa, K. Hamada, I. Kondoh, F. Okano, Y. Haino, M. Sato, K. Doi, "An ultrahigh-definition display using the pixel-offset method," J. SID 12, 93-103 (2004).
  2. M. Sugawara, M. Kanazawa, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, T. Yamashita, F. Okano, "Ultrahigh-definition video system with 4000 scanning lines," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 112, 339-346 (2003).
  3. E. Nakasu, Y. Nishida, M. Maeda, M. Kanazawa, S. Yano, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, K. Hamasaki, Y. Nojiri, "Technical development toward implementation of ultra high-definition TV system," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 116, 279-286 (2007).
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  5. T. Yamashita, K. Masaoka, K. Ohmura, M. Emoto, Y. Nishida, M. Sugawara, "Super hi-vision video parameters for next-generation television," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 121, 63-68 (2012).
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  7. M. Emoto, K. Masaoka, M. Sugawara, Y. Nojiri, "The viewing angle dependency in the presence of wide field image viewing and its relationship to the evaluation indices," Displays 27, 80-89 (2006).
  8. M. Emoto, M. Sugawara, Y. Nojiri, "Viewing angle dependency of visually-induced motion sickness in viewing wide-field images by subjective and autonomic nervous indices," Displays 29, 90-99 (2008).
  9. Parameter Values for the HDTV Standards for Production and International Programme Exchange Recommendation ITU-R BT.709-5International Telecommunication Union (ITU)GenevaSwitzerland (2002).
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  12. Y. Shimodaira, "Fundamental phenomena underlying artifacts induced by image motion and the solutions for decreasing the artifacts on FPDs," SID Int. Symp. (2003) pp. 1034-1037.
  13. K. Sueoka, H. Nakamura, T. Taira, "Improving moving-image quality of TFT-LCDs," Dig. IDRC (1997) pp. 203-207.
  14. J. H. Jongseo, L. Souk, "Recent picture quality enhancement technology based on human visual perception in LCD TVs," J. Display Technol. 3, 371-376 (2007).
  15. Y. Yoshida, T. Fujine, K. Yamamoto, H. Furukawa, M. Ueno, Y. Kikuchi, S. Kohashikawa, A. Yamada, N. Takeda, M. Sugino, "A development of large-screen full HD LCD TV with frame-rate-conversion technology," SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers (2007) pp. 1721-1721.
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  17. Methodology for the Subjective Assessment of the Quality of Television Pictures Recommendation ITU-R BT.500-10International Television Union (ITU)GenevaSwitzerland (2000).
  18. Subjective Assessment Methods for Image Quality in High-Definition Television Recommendation ITU-R BT.710-4International Television Union ITUGenevaSwitzerland (1998).
  19. J. H. D. M. Westerink, J. A. J. Roufs, "Subjective image quality as a function of viewing distance, resolution, and picture size," SMPTE J. 98, 113-119 (1989).
  20. M. Saffir, "A comparative study of scales constructed by three psychophysical methods," Psychometrika 2, 179-198 (1937).
  21. J. R. Jennings, "Editorial policy on analyses of variance with repeated measures," Psychophysiol. 24, 474-475 (1987).
  22. H. Huynh, L. S. Feldt, "Conditions under which mean square ratios in repeated measures designs have exact F distributions," J. Amer. Stat. Assoc. 65, 1582-1589 (1970).
  23. H. Huynh, L. S. Feldt, "Estimation of the box correction for degrees of freedom from sample data in randomized block and splitplot designs," J. Educ. Stat. 1, 69-82 (1976).

2012 (2)

T. Yamashita, K. Masaoka, K. Ohmura, M. Emoto, Y. Nishida, M. Sugawara, "Super hi-vision video parameters for next-generation television," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 121, 63-68 (2012).

M. Emoto, M. Sugawara, "Critical fusion frequency for bright and wide field-of-view image display," J. Display Technol. 8, 424-429 (2012).

2008 (2)

M. Emoto, M. Sugawara, Y. Nojiri, "Viewing angle dependency of visually-induced motion sickness in viewing wide-field images by subjective and autonomic nervous indices," Displays 29, 90-99 (2008).

M. Sugawara, K. Masaoka, M. Emoto, Y. Matsuo, Y. Nojiri, "Research on human factors in ultrahigh-definition television (UHDTV) to determine its specifications," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 117, 23-29 (2008).

2007 (2)

E. Nakasu, Y. Nishida, M. Maeda, M. Kanazawa, S. Yano, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, K. Hamasaki, Y. Nojiri, "Technical development toward implementation of ultra high-definition TV system," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 116, 279-286 (2007).

J. H. Jongseo, L. Souk, "Recent picture quality enhancement technology based on human visual perception in LCD TVs," J. Display Technol. 3, 371-376 (2007).

2006 (1)

M. Emoto, K. Masaoka, M. Sugawara, Y. Nojiri, "The viewing angle dependency in the presence of wide field image viewing and its relationship to the evaluation indices," Displays 27, 80-89 (2006).

2004 (1)

M. Kanazawa, K. Hamada, I. Kondoh, F. Okano, Y. Haino, M. Sato, K. Doi, "An ultrahigh-definition display using the pixel-offset method," J. SID 12, 93-103 (2004).

2003 (1)

M. Sugawara, M. Kanazawa, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, T. Yamashita, F. Okano, "Ultrahigh-definition video system with 4000 scanning lines," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 112, 339-346 (2003).

1989 (1)

J. H. D. M. Westerink, J. A. J. Roufs, "Subjective image quality as a function of viewing distance, resolution, and picture size," SMPTE J. 98, 113-119 (1989).

1987 (1)

J. R. Jennings, "Editorial policy on analyses of variance with repeated measures," Psychophysiol. 24, 474-475 (1987).

1980 (1)

T. Hatada, H. Sakata, H. Kusaka, "Psychophysical analysis of the sensation of reality induced by a visual wide-field display," SMPTE J. 89, 560-569 (1980).

1979 (1)

T. Fukuda, "Relation between flicker fusion threshold and retinal positions," Perceptual and Motor Skills 49, 3-17 (1979).

1976 (1)

H. Huynh, L. S. Feldt, "Estimation of the box correction for degrees of freedom from sample data in randomized block and splitplot designs," J. Educ. Stat. 1, 69-82 (1976).

1970 (1)

H. Huynh, L. S. Feldt, "Conditions under which mean square ratios in repeated measures designs have exact F distributions," J. Amer. Stat. Assoc. 65, 1582-1589 (1970).

1937 (1)

M. Saffir, "A comparative study of scales constructed by three psychophysical methods," Psychometrika 2, 179-198 (1937).

Displays (2)

M. Emoto, K. Masaoka, M. Sugawara, Y. Nojiri, "The viewing angle dependency in the presence of wide field image viewing and its relationship to the evaluation indices," Displays 27, 80-89 (2006).

M. Emoto, M. Sugawara, Y. Nojiri, "Viewing angle dependency of visually-induced motion sickness in viewing wide-field images by subjective and autonomic nervous indices," Displays 29, 90-99 (2008).

J. Display Technol. (2)

J. H. Jongseo, L. Souk, "Recent picture quality enhancement technology based on human visual perception in LCD TVs," J. Display Technol. 3, 371-376 (2007).

M. Emoto, M. Sugawara, "Critical fusion frequency for bright and wide field-of-view image display," J. Display Technol. 8, 424-429 (2012).

J. Amer. Stat. Assoc. (1)

H. Huynh, L. S. Feldt, "Conditions under which mean square ratios in repeated measures designs have exact F distributions," J. Amer. Stat. Assoc. 65, 1582-1589 (1970).

J. Educ. Stat. (1)

H. Huynh, L. S. Feldt, "Estimation of the box correction for degrees of freedom from sample data in randomized block and splitplot designs," J. Educ. Stat. 1, 69-82 (1976).

J. SID (1)

M. Kanazawa, K. Hamada, I. Kondoh, F. Okano, Y. Haino, M. Sato, K. Doi, "An ultrahigh-definition display using the pixel-offset method," J. SID 12, 93-103 (2004).

Perceptual and Motor Skills (1)

T. Fukuda, "Relation between flicker fusion threshold and retinal positions," Perceptual and Motor Skills 49, 3-17 (1979).

Psychometrika (1)

M. Saffir, "A comparative study of scales constructed by three psychophysical methods," Psychometrika 2, 179-198 (1937).

Psychophysiol. (1)

J. R. Jennings, "Editorial policy on analyses of variance with repeated measures," Psychophysiol. 24, 474-475 (1987).

SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. (1)

M. Sugawara, K. Masaoka, M. Emoto, Y. Matsuo, Y. Nojiri, "Research on human factors in ultrahigh-definition television (UHDTV) to determine its specifications," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 117, 23-29 (2008).

SMPTE J. (2)

T. Hatada, H. Sakata, H. Kusaka, "Psychophysical analysis of the sensation of reality induced by a visual wide-field display," SMPTE J. 89, 560-569 (1980).

J. H. D. M. Westerink, J. A. J. Roufs, "Subjective image quality as a function of viewing distance, resolution, and picture size," SMPTE J. 98, 113-119 (1989).

SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. (3)

T. Yamashita, K. Masaoka, K. Ohmura, M. Emoto, Y. Nishida, M. Sugawara, "Super hi-vision video parameters for next-generation television," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 121, 63-68 (2012).

M. Sugawara, M. Kanazawa, K. Mitani, H. Shimamoto, T. Yamashita, F. Okano, "Ultrahigh-definition video system with 4000 scanning lines," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 112, 339-346 (2003).

E. Nakasu, Y. Nishida, M. Maeda, M. Kanazawa, S. Yano, M. Sugawara, K. Mitani, K. Hamasaki, Y. Nojiri, "Technical development toward implementation of ultra high-definition TV system," SMPTE Mot. Imag. J. 116, 279-286 (2007).

Other (7)

Parameter Values for the HDTV Standards for Production and International Programme Exchange Recommendation ITU-R BT.709-5International Telecommunication Union (ITU)GenevaSwitzerland (2002).

Y. Shimodaira, "Fundamental phenomena underlying artifacts induced by image motion and the solutions for decreasing the artifacts on FPDs," SID Int. Symp. (2003) pp. 1034-1037.

K. Sueoka, H. Nakamura, T. Taira, "Improving moving-image quality of TFT-LCDs," Dig. IDRC (1997) pp. 203-207.

Y. Yoshida, T. Fujine, K. Yamamoto, H. Furukawa, M. Ueno, Y. Kikuchi, S. Kohashikawa, A. Yamada, N. Takeda, M. Sugino, "A development of large-screen full HD LCD TV with frame-rate-conversion technology," SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers (2007) pp. 1721-1721.

Y. Kuroki, T. Nishi, S. Kobayashi, H. Oyaizu, S. Yoshimura, "Improvement of motion image quality by high frame rate," SID'06 (2006) pp. 14-17.

Methodology for the Subjective Assessment of the Quality of Television Pictures Recommendation ITU-R BT.500-10International Television Union (ITU)GenevaSwitzerland (2000).

Subjective Assessment Methods for Image Quality in High-Definition Television Recommendation ITU-R BT.710-4International Television Union ITUGenevaSwitzerland (1998).

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