Abstract

A four-primary liquid crystal display (LCD) by hybrid color processing in spatial and temporal domains is presented. By integrating with quantum dots, the number of LED can be reduced and the emission spectrum optimized. This approach exhibits following advantages over conventional three-primary LCDs: 1) it has 1.5X higher spatial resolution and 2X higher light efficiency; 2) it can achieve 130% color gamut in CIE 1931 and 155% in CIE 1976 color space; and 3) it has a more relaxed LC response time requirement and can be readily integrated into commercial LCD products.

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2013 (2)

2011 (3)

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, S. T. Wu, "Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications," J. Mater. Chem. 21, 7870-7877 (2011).

K. Tomizawa, K. Nakamura, S. Ueki, Y. Yoshida, T. Mori, M. Hasegawa, A. Yoshida, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, Y. Yoshida, M. Teragawa, "Multi-primary-color LCD: Its characteristics and extended applications," J. Soc. Inf. Display 19, 369-379 (2011).

Y. Chen, J. Yan, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, X. Liang, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, J. W. Shiu, "A microsecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201105 (2011).

2010 (3)

2009 (4)

C. H. Chen, F. C. Lin, Y. T. Hsu, Y. P. Huang, H. P. D. Shieh, "A field sequential color LCD based on color fields arrangement for color breakup and flicker reduction," J. Display Technol. 5, 34-39 (2009).

E. H. A. Langendijk, G. Cennini, O. Belik, "Color-breakup evaluation of spatio-temporal color displays with two-and three-color fields," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 933-940 (2009).

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, C. M. Wei, H. P. D. Shieh, "Color-breakup suppression and low-power consumption by using the stencil-FSC method in field-sequential LCDs," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 221-228 (2009).

S. Coe-Sullivan, "Quantum dot developments," Nat. Photon. 3, 315-316 (2009).

2008 (2)

T. Ishinabe, K. Wako, K. Sekiya, T. Kishimoto, T. Miyashita, T. Uchida, "High-performance OCB-mode field-sequential-color LCD," J. Soc. Inf. Display 16, 251-256 (2008).

M. Anandan, "Progress of LED backlights for LCDs," J. Soc. Inf. Display 16, 287-310 (2008).

2007 (2)

S. Gauza, X. Zhu, S. T. Wu, W. Piecek, R. Dabrowski, "Fast-switching liquid crystals for color-sequential LCDs," J. Display Technol. 3, 250-252 (2007).

E. H. A. Langendijk, "A novel spectrum-sequential display design with a wide color gamut and reduced color breakup," J. Soc. Inf. Display 15, 261-266 (2007).

2006 (1)

M. Reyes-Sierra, C. A. C. Coello, "Multi-Objective particle swarm optimizers: A survey of the state-of-the-art," Int. J. Comput. Intell. Res. 2, 287-308 (2006).

2005 (2)

R. Lu, X. Zhu, S. T. Wu, Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, "Ultrawide-view liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 1, 3-14 (2005).

S. Wen, "Design of relative primary luminances for four-primary displays," Displays 26, 171-176 (2005).

2002 (1)

F. Yamada, H. Nakamura, Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Taira, "Sequential-color LCD based on OCB with an LED backlight," J. Soc. Inf. Displays 10, 81-85 (2002).

1999 (1)

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, N. Terashima, "Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors," J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 257-259 (1999).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Chen, J. Yan, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, X. Liang, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, J. W. Shiu, "A microsecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 201105 (2011).

Displays (1)

S. Wen, "Design of relative primary luminances for four-primary displays," Displays 26, 171-176 (2005).

Int. J. Comput. Intell. Res. (1)

M. Reyes-Sierra, C. A. C. Coello, "Multi-Objective particle swarm optimizers: A survey of the state-of-the-art," Int. J. Comput. Intell. Res. 2, 287-308 (2006).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (2)

K. Tomizawa, K. Nakamura, S. Ueki, Y. Yoshida, T. Mori, M. Hasegawa, A. Yoshida, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, Y. Yoshida, M. Teragawa, "Multi-primary-color LCD: Its characteristics and extended applications," J. Soc. Inf. Display 19, 369-379 (2011).

E. H. A. Langendijk, G. Cennini, O. Belik, "Color-breakup evaluation of spatio-temporal color displays with two-and three-color fields," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 933-940 (2009).

J. Display Technol. (7)

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, S. T. Wu, "Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications," J. Mater. Chem. 21, 7870-7877 (2011).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (5)

E. H. A. Langendijk, "A novel spectrum-sequential display design with a wide color gamut and reduced color breakup," J. Soc. Inf. Display 15, 261-266 (2007).

M. Mori, T. Hatada, K. Ishikawa, T. Saishouji, O. Wada, J. Nakamura, N. Terashima, "Mechanism of color breakup in field-sequential-color projectors," J. Soc. Inf. Display 7, 257-259 (1999).

M. Anandan, "Progress of LED backlights for LCDs," J. Soc. Inf. Display 16, 287-310 (2008).

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, C. M. Wei, H. P. D. Shieh, "Color-breakup suppression and low-power consumption by using the stencil-FSC method in field-sequential LCDs," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 221-228 (2009).

T. Ishinabe, K. Wako, K. Sekiya, T. Kishimoto, T. Miyashita, T. Uchida, "High-performance OCB-mode field-sequential-color LCD," J. Soc. Inf. Display 16, 251-256 (2008).

J. Soc. Inf. Displays (1)

F. Yamada, H. Nakamura, Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Taira, "Sequential-color LCD based on OCB with an LED backlight," J. Soc. Inf. Displays 10, 81-85 (2002).

Nat. Photon. (1)

S. Coe-Sullivan, "Quantum dot developments," Nat. Photon. 3, 315-316 (2009).

Opt. Express (1)

Other (8)

J. Chen, V. Hardev, J. Hartlove, J. Hofler, E. Lee, "A high-efficiency wide-color-gamut solid-state backlight system for LCDs using quantum dot enhancement film," SID Dig. Tech. Papers (2012) pp. 895-896.

J. S. Steckel, R. Colby, W. Liu, K. Hutchinson, C. Breen, J. Ritter, S. Coe-Sullivan, "Quantum dot manufacturing requirements for the high volume LCD market," SID Dig. Tech. Papers (2013) pp. 943-945.

J. H. Lee, D. N. Liu, S. T. Wu, Introduction to Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2008).

S. Kobayashi, S. Mikoshiba, S. Lim, LCD Backlights (Wiley, 2009).

E. Chino, K. Tajiri, H. Kawakami, H. Ohira, K. Kamijo, H. Kaneko, S. Kato, Y. Ozawa, T. Kurumisawa, K. Inoue, K. Endo, H. Moriya, T. Aragaki, K. Murai, "Development of wide-color-gamut mobile displays with four-primary-color LCDs," SID Dig. Tech. Papers (2006) pp. 1221-1224.

S. Ueki, K. Nakamura, Y. Yoshida, T. Mori, K. Tomizawa, Y. Narutaki, Y. Itoh, K. Okamoto, "Five-primary-color 60-inch LCD with novel wide color gamut and wide viewing angle," SID Dig. Tech. Papers (2009) pp. 927-930.

Y.-C. Yang, K. Song, S. Rho, N.-S. Rho, S. J. Hong, K. B. Deul, M. Hong, K. Chung, W. H. Choe, S. Lee, C. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, H. R. Kim, "Development of six primary-color LCD," SID Dig. Tech. Papers (2005) pp. 1210-1213.

K. Sekiya, T. Miyashita, T. Uchida, "A simple and practical way to cope with color breakup on field sequential color LCDs," SID Dig. Tech. Papers (2006) pp. 1661-1664.

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