Abstract

A combined fringe and in-plane switching (FIS) mode single-cell-gap transflective display using blue-phase liquid crystal (BPLC) is proposed. The structure makes use of the space above the pixel electrodes of this FIS mode as reflective regions and the space between pixel electrodes as transmissive regions. The structure which can be optimized to balance the optical phase retardation between transmissive region and reflective region with simple fabrication process exhibits relatively high optical efficiency and well matched voltage of transmittance and reflectance curves.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. X. Y. Zhu, Z. B. Ge, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, "Transflective liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 1, 15-29 (2005).
  2. H. D. Liu, S. C. Lin, "A novel design wide view angle partially reflective super multi-domain homeotropically aligned LCD," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 558-561 (2002).
  3. C. L. Yang, "Electro-optics of a transflective liquid crystal display with hybrid-aligned liquid crystal texture," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 14273-4275 (2004).
  4. T. B. Jung, J. C. Kim, S. H. Lee, "Wide-viewing-angle transflective display associated with a fringe-field driven homogeneously aligned nematic liquid crystal display," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 2L464-L467 (2003).
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  6. Y. Li, Z. B. Ge, S. T. Wu, "A simple transflective LCD for mobile applications," J. Display Technol. 5, 319-322 (2009).
  7. Y. Li, S. T. Wu, "Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with enhanced protrusion electrodes," J. Display Technol. 7, 359-361 (2011).
  8. Y. P. Huang, M. J. Su, H. P. D. Shieh, S. T. Wu, "A single cell-gap transflective color TFT-LCD by using image-enhanced reflector," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 86-89 (2003).
  9. Z. B. Ge, X. Y. Zhu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, C. K. Wei, "Switchable transmissive and reflective liquid crystal display using a multi-domain vertical alignment," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 561-566 (2009).
  10. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, T. Kajiyama, "Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases," Nat. Mater. 1, 64-68 (2002).
  11. Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, W. Y. Li, "Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 113505 (2010).
  12. Y. Li, M. Z. Jiao, S. T. Wu, "Transflective display using a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal," Opt. Express 18, 16486-16491 (2010).
  13. J. P. Cui, F. Zhou, Q. H. Wang, D. Wu, D. H. Li, "Transflective blue-phase liquid crystal display using an etched in-plane switching structure," J. Display Technol. 7, 398-401 (2011).
  14. F. Zhou, J. P. Cui, Q. H. Wang, D. Wu, D. H. Li, "A single-cell-gap transflective display using a blue-phase liquid crystal," J. Display Technol. 7, 170-173 (2011).
  15. L. H. Rao, Z. B. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. H. Lee, "Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett 95, 231101-1-231101-3 (2009).
  16. J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, S. T. Wu, "Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields," Appl. Phys. Lett 93, 081103-1-081103-3 (2008).
  17. K. Bae, M. Kim, Y. Kim, C. J. Yu, J. H. Kim, "High transmittance polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal display with fringe field switching electrodes," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 1393-1395 (2012).
  18. E. W. Zhong, S. B. Ni, J. Tan, Y. Song, J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, "A novel transflective display using blue phase liquid crystal," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 1382-1385 (2012).
  19. L. H. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. I. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, "A large Kerr constant polymer-stablized blue phase liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 081109-1-081109-3 (2011).

2012 (2)

K. Bae, M. Kim, Y. Kim, C. J. Yu, J. H. Kim, "High transmittance polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal display with fringe field switching electrodes," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 1393-1395 (2012).

E. W. Zhong, S. B. Ni, J. Tan, Y. Song, J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, "A novel transflective display using blue phase liquid crystal," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 1382-1385 (2012).

2011 (4)

L. H. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. I. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, "A large Kerr constant polymer-stablized blue phase liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 081109-1-081109-3 (2011).

J. P. Cui, F. Zhou, Q. H. Wang, D. Wu, D. H. Li, "Transflective blue-phase liquid crystal display using an etched in-plane switching structure," J. Display Technol. 7, 398-401 (2011).

F. Zhou, J. P. Cui, Q. H. Wang, D. Wu, D. H. Li, "A single-cell-gap transflective display using a blue-phase liquid crystal," J. Display Technol. 7, 170-173 (2011).

Y. Li, S. T. Wu, "Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with enhanced protrusion electrodes," J. Display Technol. 7, 359-361 (2011).

2010 (2)

Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, W. Y. Li, "Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 113505 (2010).

Y. Li, M. Z. Jiao, S. T. Wu, "Transflective display using a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal," Opt. Express 18, 16486-16491 (2010).

2009 (3)

L. H. Rao, Z. B. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. H. Lee, "Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett 95, 231101-1-231101-3 (2009).

Z. B. Ge, X. Y. Zhu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, C. K. Wei, "Switchable transmissive and reflective liquid crystal display using a multi-domain vertical alignment," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 561-566 (2009).

Y. Li, Z. B. Ge, S. T. Wu, "A simple transflective LCD for mobile applications," J. Display Technol. 5, 319-322 (2009).

2008 (1)

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, S. T. Wu, "Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields," Appl. Phys. Lett 93, 081103-1-081103-3 (2008).

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

C. L. Yang, "Electro-optics of a transflective liquid crystal display with hybrid-aligned liquid crystal texture," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 14273-4275 (2004).

T. B. Jung, J. H. Song, D. S. Seo, S. H. Lee, "Viewing angle characteristics of transflective display in a homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell driven by fringe-field," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2L1211-L1213 (2004).

2003 (2)

Y. P. Huang, M. J. Su, H. P. D. Shieh, S. T. Wu, "A single cell-gap transflective color TFT-LCD by using image-enhanced reflector," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 86-89 (2003).

T. B. Jung, J. C. Kim, S. H. Lee, "Wide-viewing-angle transflective display associated with a fringe-field driven homogeneously aligned nematic liquid crystal display," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 2L464-L467 (2003).

2002 (2)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, T. Kajiyama, "Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases," Nat. Mater. 1, 64-68 (2002).

H. D. Liu, S. C. Lin, "A novel design wide view angle partially reflective super multi-domain homeotropically aligned LCD," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 558-561 (2002).

Appl. Phys. Lett (2)

L. H. Rao, Z. B. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. H. Lee, "Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett 95, 231101-1-231101-3 (2009).

J. W. Park, Y. J. Ahn, J. H. Jung, S. H. Lee, R. Lu, H. Y. Kim, S. T. Wu, "Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields," Appl. Phys. Lett 93, 081103-1-081103-3 (2008).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

L. H. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. I. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, "A large Kerr constant polymer-stablized blue phase liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 081109-1-081109-3 (2011).

Y. H. Lin, H. S. Chen, H. C. Lin, Y. S. Tsou, H. K. Hsu, W. Y. Li, "Polarizer-free and fast response microlens arrays using polymer stabilized blue phase liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 113505 (2010).

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. P. Cui, F. Zhou, Q. H. Wang, D. Wu, D. H. Li, "Transflective blue-phase liquid crystal display using an etched in-plane switching structure," J. Display Technol. 7, 398-401 (2011).

J. Display Technol. (4)

J. Soc. Inf. Display (1)

Z. B. Ge, X. Y. Zhu, T. X. Wu, S. T. Wu, W. Y. Li, C. K. Wei, "Switchable transmissive and reflective liquid crystal display using a multi-domain vertical alignment," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 561-566 (2009).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

C. L. Yang, "Electro-optics of a transflective liquid crystal display with hybrid-aligned liquid crystal texture," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 14273-4275 (2004).

T. B. Jung, J. C. Kim, S. H. Lee, "Wide-viewing-angle transflective display associated with a fringe-field driven homogeneously aligned nematic liquid crystal display," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, 2L464-L467 (2003).

T. B. Jung, J. H. Song, D. S. Seo, S. H. Lee, "Viewing angle characteristics of transflective display in a homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell driven by fringe-field," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2L1211-L1213 (2004).

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, T. Kajiyama, "Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases," Nat. Mater. 1, 64-68 (2002).

Opt. Express (1)

SID Dig. Tech. Papers (1)

K. Bae, M. Kim, Y. Kim, C. J. Yu, J. H. Kim, "High transmittance polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal display with fringe field switching electrodes," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 1393-1395 (2012).

SID Dig. Tech. Papers (3)

E. W. Zhong, S. B. Ni, J. Tan, Y. Song, J. L. Zhu, J. G. Lu, "A novel transflective display using blue phase liquid crystal," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 1382-1385 (2012).

H. D. Liu, S. C. Lin, "A novel design wide view angle partially reflective super multi-domain homeotropically aligned LCD," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 558-561 (2002).

Y. P. Huang, M. J. Su, H. P. D. Shieh, S. T. Wu, "A single cell-gap transflective color TFT-LCD by using image-enhanced reflector," SID Dig. Tech. Papers 86-89 (2003).

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