Abstract

This paper presents a new 2D–3D switchable driving method for a 3D thin-film transistor liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD) TV. The proposed driving method, which uses a film-type patterned retarder (FPR), can reduce unnecessary power consumption while displaying 2D images. The proposed driving method can change a part of a pixel according to the driving mode; the part is operated as a black matrix in a 3D display mode, whereas in a 2D display mode, the part is operated as a normal pixel. To realize the proposed driving method without increasing the data signal rates, the number of gate driver integrated circuits (ICs), and the bezel size of the panel, a novel pixel structure and an integrated a-Si:H gate driver, which can be implemented in a small size, are developed. The power consumption of the proposed driving method measured at the full white gray level is 67 W in a 47-in full-high-definition (FHD) TFT-LCD TV. This result shows that the power consumption of the proposed driving method decreases by 28% compared with that of the conventional driving method in the 2D display mode.

© 2014 IEEE

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  21. M. S. Kwon, J. W. Choi, S. W. Lee, "Multi-point of common electrode for highly uniform liquid crystal display television," IEEE Trans. Consum, Electron. 547, 1459-1464 (2008).
  22. M. S. Son, K. H. Yoo, J. Jin, "Electrical simulation of the flicker in ploy-Si TFT-LCD pixels for the large-area and high-quality TFT-LCD development and manufacturing," Solid-State Electron. 48, 2307-2313 (2004).
  23. Y. H. Jang, S. Y. Yoon, B. Kim, M. D. Chun, H. N. Cho, N. W. Cho, C.-D. Kim, I. J. Chung, "Integrated a-Si:H gate driver circuit for TFT-LCD panel," IDW Dig. (2004) pp. 333-336.
  24. H. J. Shin, M. Y. Son, B. H. Kim, Y. H. Kim, C. H. Lee, K. S. Kim, J. H. Choi, J. J. Kim, C. H. Oh, I. B. Kang, "A novel high speed integrated gate driver circuit using a-Si TFT for 240Hz FHD LCD TVs," SID Dig. (2010) pp. 186-189.

2012 (4)

W. S. Kang, B. J. Mun, G. D. Lee, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, H. C. Choi, Y. J. Lim, S. H. Lee, "Optimal design of quarter-wave plate with wideband and wide viewing angle for three-dimensional liquid crystal display," J. Appl. Phys. 111, 103-119 (2012).

C. G. Luo, C. C. Ji, F. N. Wang, Y. Z. Wang, Q. H. Wang, "Crosstalk-free integral imaging display with wide viewing angle using periodic black mask," J. Display Technol. 8, 634-638 (2012).

C. Chen, Y. Su, Y. Huang, C. Tsai, "Scanning liquid crystal prism array for glasses-free 3D display," SID Dig. 43, 1470-1473 (2012).

D. Liang, J. Y. Luo, W. X. Zhao, D. H. Li, Q. H. Wang, "2D/3D switchable autostereoscopic display based on polymer-stabilized blue-phase crystal lens," J. Display Technol. 8, 609-612 (2012).

2011 (3)

J. G. Lu, X. F. Sun, Y. Song, H. P. D. Shieh, "2-D/3-D switchable display by fresnel-type LC lens," J. Display Technol. 7, 215-219 (2011).

J. M. Ra, M. J. Jeon, J. H. Lee, S. H. Moon, Y. H. Kim, "A simulation model of 3D crosstalk phenomenon on 3D plasma display with active shutter glasses," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 57, 1541-1459 (2011).

T. Kim, J. M. Ra, J. H. Lee, S. H. Moon, K. Y. Choi, "3D crosstalk compensation to enhance 3D image quality of plasma display panel," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 57, 1471-1477 (2011).

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

M. S. Kwon, J. W. Choi, S. W. Lee, "Multi-point of common electrode for highly uniform liquid crystal display television," IEEE Trans. Consum, Electron. 547, 1459-1464 (2008).

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

S. M. Jahinuzzaman, A. Sultana, K. Sakariya, P. Servati, A. Nathan, "Threshold voltage instability of amorphous silicon thin-film transistors under constant current stress," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, (2005) Art. ID 023502.

2004 (2)

K. S. Karim, A. Nathan, M. Hack, W. I. Milne, "Drain-bias dependence of threshold voltage stability of amorphous silicon TFTs," IEEE Electron Device Lett. 25, 188-190 (2004).

M. S. Son, K. H. Yoo, J. Jin, "Electrical simulation of the flicker in ploy-Si TFT-LCD pixels for the large-area and high-quality TFT-LCD development and manufacturing," Solid-State Electron. 48, 2307-2313 (2004).

2000 (1)

J. Konrad, B. Lacotte, E. Dubois, "Cancellation of image crosstalk in time-sequential displays of stereoscopic video," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 9, 897-908 (2000).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. M. Jahinuzzaman, A. Sultana, K. Sakariya, P. Servati, A. Nathan, "Threshold voltage instability of amorphous silicon thin-film transistors under constant current stress," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, (2005) Art. ID 023502.

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

K. S. Karim, A. Nathan, M. Hack, W. I. Milne, "Drain-bias dependence of threshold voltage stability of amorphous silicon TFTs," IEEE Electron Device Lett. 25, 188-190 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Consum, Electron. (1)

M. S. Kwon, J. W. Choi, S. W. Lee, "Multi-point of common electrode for highly uniform liquid crystal display television," IEEE Trans. Consum, Electron. 547, 1459-1464 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. (2)

J. M. Ra, M. J. Jeon, J. H. Lee, S. H. Moon, Y. H. Kim, "A simulation model of 3D crosstalk phenomenon on 3D plasma display with active shutter glasses," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 57, 1541-1459 (2011).

T. Kim, J. M. Ra, J. H. Lee, S. H. Moon, K. Y. Choi, "3D crosstalk compensation to enhance 3D image quality of plasma display panel," IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 57, 1471-1477 (2011).

IEEE Trans. Image Process. (1)

J. Konrad, B. Lacotte, E. Dubois, "Cancellation of image crosstalk in time-sequential displays of stereoscopic video," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 9, 897-908 (2000).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. S. Kang, B. J. Mun, G. D. Lee, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, H. C. Choi, Y. J. Lim, S. H. Lee, "Optimal design of quarter-wave plate with wideband and wide viewing angle for three-dimensional liquid crystal display," J. Appl. Phys. 111, 103-119 (2012).

J. Display Technol. (5)

SID Dig. (1)

C. Chen, Y. Su, Y. Huang, C. Tsai, "Scanning liquid crystal prism array for glasses-free 3D display," SID Dig. 43, 1470-1473 (2012).

Solid-State Electron. (1)

M. S. Son, K. H. Yoo, J. Jin, "Electrical simulation of the flicker in ploy-Si TFT-LCD pixels for the large-area and high-quality TFT-LCD development and manufacturing," Solid-State Electron. 48, 2307-2313 (2004).

Other (10)

Y. H. Jang, S. Y. Yoon, B. Kim, M. D. Chun, H. N. Cho, N. W. Cho, C.-D. Kim, I. J. Chung, "Integrated a-Si:H gate driver circuit for TFT-LCD panel," IDW Dig. (2004) pp. 333-336.

H. J. Shin, M. Y. Son, B. H. Kim, Y. H. Kim, C. H. Lee, K. S. Kim, J. H. Choi, J. J. Kim, C. H. Oh, I. B. Kang, "A novel high speed integrated gate driver circuit using a-Si TFT for 240Hz FHD LCD TVs," SID Dig. (2010) pp. 186-189.

S. J. Hong, J. S. Kang, C. H. Lee, O. K. Kwon, "Low-power and small-sized scan driver using amorphous oxide tfts," SID Dig. (2012) pp. 1108-1111.

H. Kang, S. D. Roh, I. S. Baik, H. J. Jung, W. N. Jung, J. K. Shin, I. J. Jung, "A novel polarizer glasses-type 3D displays with a patterned retarder," SID Dig. (2010) pp. 1-4.

S. Y. Yoon, Y. H. Jang, B. Kim, M. D. Chun, H. N. Cho, W. Cho, C. Y. Sohn, S. H. Jo, C. D. Kim, I. J. Chung, "Highly stable integrated gate driver circuit using a-Si TFT with dual pull-down structure," SID Dig. (2005) pp. 348-351.

J. H. Oh, W. H. Park, B. S. Oh, D. H. Kang, H. J. Kim, S. M. Hong, J. H. Hur, J. Jang, "Stereoscopic TFT-LCD with wire grid polarizer and retarder," SID Dig. (2000) pp. 444-447.

Y. J. Wu, Y. S. Jeng, P. C. Yeh, "Stereoscopic 3D display using patterned retarder," SID Dig. (2008) pp. 260-263.

A. J. Woods, "Understanding crosstalk in stereoscopic displays," Three-Dimensional Syst. and Applicat. (3DSA) Conf. TokyoJapan (2010).

A. Hanazato, M. Okui, I. Yuyama, "Subjective evaluation of crosstalk disturbance in stereoscopic displays," Proc. IDRC (2000) pp. 288-291.

B. Javidi, F. Okano, Three-Dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technologies (Springer-Verlag, 2002) pp. 13-13.

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