Abstract

We propose a new video conference display that replicates the eye contact back channel information available to the attendees of actual conferences. The display consists of multiple screens that present remote participants' faces so as to show their gaze direction, i.e., the direction in which they are looking. We introduce a prototype video conference terminal with two screens and demonstrate that it offers eye contact with directivity of up to 17 deg. In addition, the screens replicate the participants' gaze direction from the relative positions of the face and eyes.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. K. Okada, F. Maeda, Y. Ichikawa, Y. Matsushita, "Multiparty videoconferencing at virtual social distance: Majic design," CSCW'94: Proc. 1994 ACM Conf. on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSW'94) (1994) pp. 385-393.
  2. A. J. Sellen, "Speech patterns in video-mediated conversations," CHI'92: Proc. SIGCHI Conf. on Human Factors in Computing Syst. (CHI'92) (1992) pp. 49-59.
  3. R. Vertegaal, I. Weevers, C. Sohn, C. Cheung, "Gaze-2: Conveying eye contact in group video conferencing using eye-controlled camera direction," Proc. SIGCHI Conf. on Human Factors in Computing Syst. (CHI'03) (2003) pp. 521-528.
  4. D. Nguyen, J. Canny, "Multiview: Spatially faithful group video conferencing," Proc. SIGCHI Conf. on Human Factors in Computing Syst. (CHI'05) (2005) pp. 799-808.
  5. S. Tachi, N. Kawakami, H. Nii, K. Watanabe, K. Minamizawa, "Telesarphone: Mutual telexistence master-slave communication system based on retroreflective projection technology," J. Control, Meas., System Integration 1, 335-344 (2008).
  6. Y. Takaki, T. Dairiki, "72-directional display having VGA resolution for high-appearance image generation," Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. XIII 6055, 60550X (2006).
  7. A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, P. Debevec, "Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system," ACM Trans. Graph. 28, 1-8 (2009).
  8. S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, "Apparent 3-d image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-d images displayed at different depths," Vision Res. 44, 785-793 (2004).
  9. M. Date, Y. Andoh, H. Takada, Y. Otani, N. Matsuura, "Depth reproducibility of multiview depth-fused 3-D display," J. SID 470-475 (2010).

2010

M. Date, Y. Andoh, H. Takada, Y. Otani, N. Matsuura, "Depth reproducibility of multiview depth-fused 3-D display," J. SID 470-475 (2010).

2009

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, P. Debevec, "Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system," ACM Trans. Graph. 28, 1-8 (2009).

2008

S. Tachi, N. Kawakami, H. Nii, K. Watanabe, K. Minamizawa, "Telesarphone: Mutual telexistence master-slave communication system based on retroreflective projection technology," J. Control, Meas., System Integration 1, 335-344 (2008).

2006

Y. Takaki, T. Dairiki, "72-directional display having VGA resolution for high-appearance image generation," Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. XIII 6055, 60550X (2006).

2004

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, "Apparent 3-d image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-d images displayed at different depths," Vision Res. 44, 785-793 (2004).

ACM Trans. Graph.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, P. Debevec, "Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system," ACM Trans. Graph. 28, 1-8 (2009).

J. Control, Meas., System Integration

S. Tachi, N. Kawakami, H. Nii, K. Watanabe, K. Minamizawa, "Telesarphone: Mutual telexistence master-slave communication system based on retroreflective projection technology," J. Control, Meas., System Integration 1, 335-344 (2008).

J. SID

M. Date, Y. Andoh, H. Takada, Y. Otani, N. Matsuura, "Depth reproducibility of multiview depth-fused 3-D display," J. SID 470-475 (2010).

Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. XIII

Y. Takaki, T. Dairiki, "72-directional display having VGA resolution for high-appearance image generation," Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Syst. XIII 6055, 60550X (2006).

Vision Res.

S. Suyama, S. Ohtsuka, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, "Apparent 3-d image perceived from luminance-modulated two 2-d images displayed at different depths," Vision Res. 44, 785-793 (2004).

Other

K. Okada, F. Maeda, Y. Ichikawa, Y. Matsushita, "Multiparty videoconferencing at virtual social distance: Majic design," CSCW'94: Proc. 1994 ACM Conf. on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSW'94) (1994) pp. 385-393.

A. J. Sellen, "Speech patterns in video-mediated conversations," CHI'92: Proc. SIGCHI Conf. on Human Factors in Computing Syst. (CHI'92) (1992) pp. 49-59.

R. Vertegaal, I. Weevers, C. Sohn, C. Cheung, "Gaze-2: Conveying eye contact in group video conferencing using eye-controlled camera direction," Proc. SIGCHI Conf. on Human Factors in Computing Syst. (CHI'03) (2003) pp. 521-528.

D. Nguyen, J. Canny, "Multiview: Spatially faithful group video conferencing," Proc. SIGCHI Conf. on Human Factors in Computing Syst. (CHI'05) (2005) pp. 799-808.

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