Abstract

In this paper we discuss under which conditions standard stereo visual acuity tests can be implemented on 3D TV monitors. In particular, we emphasize the role of environmental lighting conditions, on the measurement of the stereo visual acuity, when using conventional Stereoscopic 3D tests, such as Wirt stereotests. We investigate the impact of parameters such as luminance, backlight and contrast when these tests are implemented on 3D TV monitors. We demonstrate that some deviations are observed when modifying the room luminance and the type of displays used (e.g. plasma (PDP) or liquid crystal (LCD) displays). Our measurements carried out on an human sample are supervised by pupil size measurements, using an eyes-tracker, enabling a better interpretation of the results. Finally, we discuss the benefit of using Stereoscopic 3D tools to implement stereo visual acuity measurements.

© 2012 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. C. A. Johnson, E. J. Casson, "Effects of luminance, contrast and blur on visual acuity," Optometry Vision Sci. 73, 864-889 (1995).
  2. J. S. Pointer, "Influence of selected variables on monocular, interocular and binocular visual acuity," Optometry Vision Sci. 85, 135-142 (2008).
  3. C. H. Y. Chiu, A. H. S. Chan, "Effect of screen contrast ratio and luminance level on visual lobe shape," Proc. Int. Multi-Conf. Engineers and Comput. Scientists (IMECS'08) (2008) pp. 19-21.
  4. M. T. M. Lambooija, W. A. Ijsselsteijna, I. Heynderickx, "Visual discomfort in stereoscopic displays: A review," Proc. SPIE (2007) pp. 64900I-6490013.
  5. T. Shibata, J. Kim, D. M. Hoffman, M. S. Banks, "The zone of comfort: Predicting visual discomfort with stereo displays," J. Vision 11, 1-29 (2011).
  6. Subjective Assessment of Stereoscopic Television Pictures Rec. ITU-R BT.1438ITU (2000).
  7. L. M. J. Meesters, W. A. IJsselsteijn, P. J. H. Seuntiens, "A survey of perceptual evaluations and requirements of three-dimensional TV," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. 14, 381-391 (2004).
  8. LG 3D TV Specifications LG Inc. (2010) http://www.lg.com/fr/tv-audio-video/televiseurs/tv-3d/LG-42LX6500.jsp.
  9. Panasonic Plasma 3D TV Specifications Panasonic Inc. (2010) http://panasonic.net/avc/viera/eu2010/product/gt_plasma_spec.html.
  10. J. Chen, W. Cranton, M. Fihn, Handbook of Visual Display Technology (Springer Verlag, 2011).
  11. A. G. Bennett, P. B. Rabbetts, Clinical Visual Optics (Elsevier, 1998).
  12. R. C. L. Lenne, A. J. Vingrys, G. Smith, "Automated visual acuity testing," Clin. Exp. Optcom. 77, 190-195 (2007).
  13. J. L de Bougrenet, A. Srivastava, L. Dupont, "Liquid crystal actives glasses for 3-D cinema," J. Display Technol. 6, 522-530 (2010).
  14. J. V. Lovasik, M. Szymkiw, "Effects of aniseikonia, anisometropia, accommodation, retinal illuminance, and pupil size on stereopsis," Invest. Ophtalmol. Visual Sci. 26, 741-750 (1985).
  15. J. M. Diverrez, G. Coppin, D. Iorgovan, "Development of a procedure to examine the behavioural patterns relating to the perception of a virtual 3D image," Proc. Measuring Behaviour (2010) pp. 212-214.
  16. E. C. Lee, J. W. Lee, K. R. Park, "Experimental investigations of pupil accommodation factors," IOVS 52, 6478-6485 (2011).
  17. F. W. Campbell, R. W. Gubisch, "Optical quality of human eye," J. Physiol. 186, 558 (1966).
  18. L. Blondé, D. Doyen, C. Thébault, Q. Huynh-Thu, D. Stoenescu, E. Daniel, J. L. de Bougrenet de la Tocnaye, S. Bentahar, "Towards adapting current 3DTV for an improved 3D experience," Proc. SPIE 8288, Stereoscopic Displays and Appl. XXIII (2012).

2011 (2)

T. Shibata, J. Kim, D. M. Hoffman, M. S. Banks, "The zone of comfort: Predicting visual discomfort with stereo displays," J. Vision 11, 1-29 (2011).

E. C. Lee, J. W. Lee, K. R. Park, "Experimental investigations of pupil accommodation factors," IOVS 52, 6478-6485 (2011).

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

J. S. Pointer, "Influence of selected variables on monocular, interocular and binocular visual acuity," Optometry Vision Sci. 85, 135-142 (2008).

2007 (1)

R. C. L. Lenne, A. J. Vingrys, G. Smith, "Automated visual acuity testing," Clin. Exp. Optcom. 77, 190-195 (2007).

2004 (1)

L. M. J. Meesters, W. A. IJsselsteijn, P. J. H. Seuntiens, "A survey of perceptual evaluations and requirements of three-dimensional TV," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. 14, 381-391 (2004).

1995 (1)

C. A. Johnson, E. J. Casson, "Effects of luminance, contrast and blur on visual acuity," Optometry Vision Sci. 73, 864-889 (1995).

1985 (1)

J. V. Lovasik, M. Szymkiw, "Effects of aniseikonia, anisometropia, accommodation, retinal illuminance, and pupil size on stereopsis," Invest. Ophtalmol. Visual Sci. 26, 741-750 (1985).

1966 (1)

F. W. Campbell, R. W. Gubisch, "Optical quality of human eye," J. Physiol. 186, 558 (1966).

Clin. Exp. Optcom. (1)

R. C. L. Lenne, A. J. Vingrys, G. Smith, "Automated visual acuity testing," Clin. Exp. Optcom. 77, 190-195 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. (1)

L. M. J. Meesters, W. A. IJsselsteijn, P. J. H. Seuntiens, "A survey of perceptual evaluations and requirements of three-dimensional TV," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol. 14, 381-391 (2004).

Invest. Ophtalmol. Visual Sci. (1)

J. V. Lovasik, M. Szymkiw, "Effects of aniseikonia, anisometropia, accommodation, retinal illuminance, and pupil size on stereopsis," Invest. Ophtalmol. Visual Sci. 26, 741-750 (1985).

IOVS (1)

E. C. Lee, J. W. Lee, K. R. Park, "Experimental investigations of pupil accommodation factors," IOVS 52, 6478-6485 (2011).

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. Physiol. (1)

F. W. Campbell, R. W. Gubisch, "Optical quality of human eye," J. Physiol. 186, 558 (1966).

J. Vision (1)

T. Shibata, J. Kim, D. M. Hoffman, M. S. Banks, "The zone of comfort: Predicting visual discomfort with stereo displays," J. Vision 11, 1-29 (2011).

Optometry Vision Sci. (1)

J. S. Pointer, "Influence of selected variables on monocular, interocular and binocular visual acuity," Optometry Vision Sci. 85, 135-142 (2008).

Optometry Vision Sci. (1)

C. A. Johnson, E. J. Casson, "Effects of luminance, contrast and blur on visual acuity," Optometry Vision Sci. 73, 864-889 (1995).

Other (9)

L. Blondé, D. Doyen, C. Thébault, Q. Huynh-Thu, D. Stoenescu, E. Daniel, J. L. de Bougrenet de la Tocnaye, S. Bentahar, "Towards adapting current 3DTV for an improved 3D experience," Proc. SPIE 8288, Stereoscopic Displays and Appl. XXIII (2012).

J. M. Diverrez, G. Coppin, D. Iorgovan, "Development of a procedure to examine the behavioural patterns relating to the perception of a virtual 3D image," Proc. Measuring Behaviour (2010) pp. 212-214.

C. H. Y. Chiu, A. H. S. Chan, "Effect of screen contrast ratio and luminance level on visual lobe shape," Proc. Int. Multi-Conf. Engineers and Comput. Scientists (IMECS'08) (2008) pp. 19-21.

M. T. M. Lambooija, W. A. Ijsselsteijna, I. Heynderickx, "Visual discomfort in stereoscopic displays: A review," Proc. SPIE (2007) pp. 64900I-6490013.

Subjective Assessment of Stereoscopic Television Pictures Rec. ITU-R BT.1438ITU (2000).

LG 3D TV Specifications LG Inc. (2010) http://www.lg.com/fr/tv-audio-video/televiseurs/tv-3d/LG-42LX6500.jsp.

Panasonic Plasma 3D TV Specifications Panasonic Inc. (2010) http://panasonic.net/avc/viera/eu2010/product/gt_plasma_spec.html.

J. Chen, W. Cranton, M. Fihn, Handbook of Visual Display Technology (Springer Verlag, 2011).

A. G. Bennett, P. B. Rabbetts, Clinical Visual Optics (Elsevier, 1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.