Abstract

Field-sequential-color displays can have low power consumption and high spatial resolution, but can suffer from annoying color breakup. Various approaches to suppress color breakup have been presented in recent literature. However, a suitable color breakup measure is necessary to compare the performances of those approaches, and is also helpful for quick evaluation of algorithms and parameter settings. A perception experiment was carried out to investigate the perceived color breakup with different field color combinations, different light intensities, and different backgrounds. The results indicate that the color difference and the relative contrast between fields have a significant effect on the perceived color breakup, rather than the absolute luminance value, which is different from existing metrics for color breakup visibility. Based on this new insight, a computational metric for color breakup visibility is proposed and discussed, which has a high correlation with the subjective scores (R<sup>2</sup>=0.945).

© 2012 IEEE

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  2. F. Yamada, H. Nakamura, Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Taira, "Sequential-color LCD based on OCB with an LED backlight," J. Soc. Inf. Display 10, 81-85 (2002).
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  4. T. Järvenpää, "Measuring color breakup of stationary images in field-sequential-color displays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 13, 139-144 (2005).
  5. F. Lin, Y. Huang, C. Wei, H. Shieh, "Color breakup suppression and low-power consumption by using the stencil-FSC method in field-sequential LCDs," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 221-228 (2009).
  6. F. Lin, Y. Huang, H. D. Shieh, "Color breakup reduction by 180 Hz stencil-FSC method in large-sized color filter-less LCDs," J. Display Technol. 6, 107-112 (2010).
  7. Y. Cheng, Y. Huang, Y. Cheng, H. Shieh, "Two field scheme: Spatiotemporal modulation for field sequential color LCDs," J Display Tech. 5, 385-390 (2009).
  8. H. Cheng, L. Rao, S. Wu, "Color breakup suppression in field-sequential five-primary-color LCDs," J. Display Technol. 6, 229-234 (2010).
  9. Y. Zhang, F. Lin, E. H. A. Langendijk, "A field sequential color display with local primary desaturation backlight scheme," J. Soc. Inf. Display 19, 262-268 (2011).
  10. F. C. Lin, Y. Zhang, E. H. A. Langendijk, "Color breakup suppression by local primary desaturation in field-sequential color LCDs," J. Display Technol. 7, 55-61 (2011).
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  13. Y. K. Cheng, H. P. Shieh, "Relative contrast sensitivity for color breakup evaluation in field-sequential-color LCDs," J. Display Technol. 5, 379-384 (2009).
  14. G. M. Johnson, M. D. Fairchild, "A top down description of s-CIELab and CIEDE2000," Color Res. Appl. 28, 425-435 (2003).
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  16. E. H. A. Langendijk, G. Cennini, O. Belik, "Color-breakup evaluation of spatio-temporal color displays with two- and three-color fields," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 933-940 (2009).
  17. R. Hunt, The Reproduction of Colour (Wiley, 2004).
  18. J. Pallant, SPSS Survival Manual (Open Univ. Press, 2007).
  19. G. Ward, Graphics Gems IV (, 1994) pp. 415-421.

2011 (2)

Y. Zhang, F. Lin, E. H. A. Langendijk, "A field sequential color display with local primary desaturation backlight scheme," J. Soc. Inf. Display 19, 262-268 (2011).

F. C. Lin, Y. Zhang, E. H. A. Langendijk, "Color breakup suppression by local primary desaturation in field-sequential color LCDs," J. Display Technol. 7, 55-61 (2011).

2010 (2)

2009 (4)

Y. Cheng, Y. Huang, Y. Cheng, H. Shieh, "Two field scheme: Spatiotemporal modulation for field sequential color LCDs," J Display Tech. 5, 385-390 (2009).

F. Lin, Y. Huang, C. Wei, H. Shieh, "Color breakup suppression and low-power consumption by using the stencil-FSC method in field-sequential LCDs," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 221-228 (2009).

Y. K. Cheng, H. P. Shieh, "Relative contrast sensitivity for color breakup evaluation in field-sequential-color LCDs," J. Display Technol. 5, 379-384 (2009).

E. H. A. Langendijk, G. Cennini, O. Belik, "Color-breakup evaluation of spatio-temporal color displays with two- and three-color fields," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 933-940 (2009).

2005 (1)

T. Järvenpää, "Measuring color breakup of stationary images in field-sequential-color displays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 13, 139-144 (2005).

2003 (1)

G. M. Johnson, M. D. Fairchild, "A top down description of s-CIELab and CIEDE2000," Color Res. Appl. 28, 425-435 (2003).

2002 (1)

F. Yamada, H. Nakamura, Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Taira, "Sequential-color LCD based on OCB with an LED backlight," J. Soc. Inf. Display 10, 81-85 (2002).

2001 (1)

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, B. Rigg, "The development of the CIE2000 colour difference formula," Color Res. Appl. 26, 340-350 (2001).

1974 (1)

D. Boghen, B. T. Troost, R. B. Daroff, L. F. Dell'osso, J. E. Birkett, "Velocity characteristics of normal human saccades," Investigative Ophthalmol. 13, 619-623 (1974).

Color Res. Appl. (2)

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, B. Rigg, "The development of the CIE2000 colour difference formula," Color Res. Appl. 26, 340-350 (2001).

G. M. Johnson, M. D. Fairchild, "A top down description of s-CIELab and CIEDE2000," Color Res. Appl. 28, 425-435 (2003).

Investigative Ophthalmol. (1)

D. Boghen, B. T. Troost, R. B. Daroff, L. F. Dell'osso, J. E. Birkett, "Velocity characteristics of normal human saccades," Investigative Ophthalmol. 13, 619-623 (1974).

J Display Tech. (1)

Y. Cheng, Y. Huang, Y. Cheng, H. Shieh, "Two field scheme: Spatiotemporal modulation for field sequential color LCDs," J Display Tech. 5, 385-390 (2009).

J. Display Technol. (4)

J. Soc. Inf. Display (5)

E. H. A. Langendijk, G. Cennini, O. Belik, "Color-breakup evaluation of spatio-temporal color displays with two- and three-color fields," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 933-940 (2009).

Y. Zhang, F. Lin, E. H. A. Langendijk, "A field sequential color display with local primary desaturation backlight scheme," J. Soc. Inf. Display 19, 262-268 (2011).

F. Yamada, H. Nakamura, Y. Sakaguchi, Y. Taira, "Sequential-color LCD based on OCB with an LED backlight," J. Soc. Inf. Display 10, 81-85 (2002).

T. Järvenpää, "Measuring color breakup of stationary images in field-sequential-color displays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 13, 139-144 (2005).

F. Lin, Y. Huang, C. Wei, H. Shieh, "Color breakup suppression and low-power consumption by using the stencil-FSC method in field-sequential LCDs," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 221-228 (2009).

Other (6)

X. Zhang, J. Farrel, "Sequential color breakup measured with induced saccades," Proc. SPIE (2003) pp. 210-217.

H. Hasebe, S. Kobayashi, "A full-color field sequential LCD using modulated backlight," SID Symp. Dig. Tech Papers (1985) pp. 81-83.

R. Hunt, The Reproduction of Colour (Wiley, 2004).

J. Pallant, SPSS Survival Manual (Open Univ. Press, 2007).

G. Ward, Graphics Gems IV (, 1994) pp. 415-421.

K. Sekiya, T. Miyashita, T. Uchida, "A simple and practical way to cope with color breakup on field sequential color LCDs," SID Symp. Dig.Tech. Papers (2006) pp. 1661-1664.

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