Abstract

The fast response superzone Fresnel liquid crystal (LC) lens with multiple transparent electrodes was proposed for temporal scanning auto-stereoscopic display. The experimental results indicated that the superzone Fresnel LC lens not only performed fast switching time (~0.2 s), but also had the benefit of low driving voltage (~5 V<sub>rms</sub>). A 4-inch 2D/3D switchable auto-stereoscopic display with superzone Fresnel LC lens was further demonstrated. Finally, by driving the multiple electrodes alternatively, the superzone Fresnel LC lens array could be moved on horizontal direction for increasing the resolution of auto-stereoscopic display.

© 2012 IEEE

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2012 (1)

C. W. Chen, Y. P. Huang, P. C. Chen, "Dual direction overdriving method for accelerating 2D/3D switching time of liquid crystal lens on auto-stereoscopic display," J. Display Technol. 8, 551-561 (2012).

2011 (3)

J. G. Lu, X. F. Sun, Y. Song, H. P. D. Shieh, "2-D/3-D switchable display by Fresnel-type LC lens," J. Display Technol 7, 215-219 (2011).

M. Gately, Y. Zhai, M. Yeary, E. Petrich, L. Sawalha, "A three-dimensional swept volume display based on LED arrays," J. Display Technol. 7, 503-514 (2011).

Y. Takaki, K. Tanaka, J. Nakamura, "Super multi-view display with a lower resolution flat-panel display," Opt. Express 19, 4129-4139 (2011).

2010 (8)

M. Tsuboi, S. Kimura, Y. Takaki, T. Horikoshi, "Design conditions for attractive reality in mobile-type 3-D display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 698-703 (2010).

Y. Takaki, "Multi-view 3-D display employing a flat-panel display with slanted pixel arrangement," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 476-482 (2010).

W. Maphepo, Y. P. Huang, H. P. D. Shieh, "Enhancing the brightness of parallax barrier based 3D flat panel mobile displays without compromising power consumption," J. Display Technol 6, 60-64 (2010).

J. Y. Son, B. Javidi, S. Yano, K. H. Choi, "Recent developments in 3D image technologies," J. Display Technol. 6, 394-403 (2010).

Y. P. Huang, C. W. Chen, T. C. Shen, J. F. Huang, "Autostereoscopic 3D display with scanning multi-electrode driven liquid crystal(MeD-LC) lens," J. 3D Res. 1, 39-42 (2010).

Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. W. Chen, "2-D/3-D switchable autostereoscopic display with multi-electrically driven liquid-crystal (MeD-LC) lenses," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 642-646 (2010).

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, S. T. Wu, "Submillisecond gray-level response time of polymer-stablized blue-phase liquid crystal," J. Display Technol. 6, 49-51 (2010).

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, S. T. Wu, "Hysteresis effects in blue-phase liquid crystals," J. Display Technol. 6, 318-322 (2010).

2009 (3)

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, S. T. Wu, "Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal dsipalys," J. Display Technol. 5, 250-256 (2009).

H. K. Hong, S. M. Jung, B. J. Lee, H. H. Shin, "Electric-field-driven LC lens for 3D/2D autostereoscopic display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 399-406 (2009).

H. H. Rakki, "Static volumetric three-dimensional display," J. Display Technol 5, 391-397 (2009).

2007 (4)

H. W. Ren, D. W. Fox, B. Wu, S. T. Wu, "Liquid crystal lens with large focal length tunability and low operating voltage," Opt. Express 15, 11328-11335 (2007).

G. J. Woodgate, J. Harrold, "Efficiency analysis for multi-view spatially multiplexed autostereoscopic 2-D/3-D displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 873-881 (2007).

L. C. Lin, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. G. Fuh, "High efficient and polarization-independent fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal," Opt. Express 15, 2900-2906 (2007).

X. H. Li, A. Muruuski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, V. G. Chgrinov, "Grayscale generation and stabilizaion in ferroelectric liquid crystal display," J. Display Technol 3, 273-279 (2007).

2006 (2)

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. De Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, O. Willemsen, "2-D/3-D switchable displays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 14, 715-722 (2006).

G. J. Woodgate, J. Harrold, "Key design issue for autostereoscopic 2-D/3-D displays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 14, 421-426 (2006).

2005 (1)

S. J. Young, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image methods based on multi-view images," J. Display Technol 1, 125-140 (2005).

2004 (3)

H. W. Ren, Y. H. Fan, S. Gauza, S. T. Wu, "Tunable-focus cylindrical liquid crystal lens," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 652-653 (2004).

M. T. Gale, M. Rossi, J. Pedersen, H. Schutz, "Fabrication of continuous-relief micro-optical elements by direct laser writing in phottoresist," Opt. Eng. 33, 3556-3566 (2004).

S. Gauza, C. H. Wen, S. T. Wu, N. Janarthanan, C. S. Hsu, "Super high birefringence isothiocyanato biphyenyl-bistolane liquid crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 7634-7638 (2004).

2003 (4)

S. Gauza, H. Wang, C. H. Wen, S. T. Wu, A. J. Seed, R. Dabrowski, "High birefringence isothiocyanato tolane liquid crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 42, 3463-3466 (2003).

Y. H. Fan, H. W. Ren, S. T. Wu, "Switchable fresnel lens using polymer-stabilized liquid crystals," Opt. Express 11, 3080-3086 (2003).

H. W. Ren, Y. H. Fan, S. T. Wu, "Tunable fresnel lens using nanoscale polymer-stabilized liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1515-1517 (2003).

O. D. Lavrentovich, "Fluorescence confocal polarizing microscopy: Three-dimensional imaging of the director," J. Phys. 61, 3.-384 (2003).

2000 (1)

B. Javidi, E. Tajahuerce, "Three dimensional object recognition using digital holography," Opt. Lett 25, 610-612 (2000).

1997 (3)

1995 (1)

P. Soltan, J. Trias, W. Dahlke, M. Lasher, M. McDonald, "Laser based 3-D volumetric display system," Naval Engineers J. 107, 233-243 (1995).

1991 (1)

K. Rastani, A. Marrakchi, S. F. Habiby, W. M. Hubbard, H. Gilchrist, R. E. Nahory, "Binary phase Fresnel lenses for generation of two-dimensional beam arrays," Appl. Opt. 30, 1347-1354 (1991).

1990 (1)

S. T. Wu, "Nematic liquid crystal modulator with response time less than 100 us at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett 57, 986-988 (1990).

1988 (1)

S. T. Wu, C. S. Wu, "Small angle relaxation of highly deformed nematic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1794-1796 (1988).

1984 (1)

S. T. Kowel, D. S. Cleverly, P. G. Kornreich, "Focusing by electrical modulation of refraction in a liquid crystal cell," Appl. Opt. 23, 278-289 (1984).

1980 (1)

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, "Submicrosecond bistable electro-optic switching in liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett 36, 899-901 (1980).

1979 (1)

S. Sato, "Liquid-crystal lens-cells with variable focal length," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1679-1684 (1979).

Appl. Opt. (2)

S. T. Kowel, D. S. Cleverly, P. G. Kornreich, "Focusing by electrical modulation of refraction in a liquid crystal cell," Appl. Opt. 23, 278-289 (1984).

K. Rastani, A. Marrakchi, S. F. Habiby, W. M. Hubbard, H. Gilchrist, R. E. Nahory, "Binary phase Fresnel lenses for generation of two-dimensional beam arrays," Appl. Opt. 30, 1347-1354 (1991).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett (2)

S. T. Wu, "Nematic liquid crystal modulator with response time less than 100 us at room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett 57, 986-988 (1990).

N. A. Clark, S. T. Lagerwall, "Submicrosecond bistable electro-optic switching in liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett 36, 899-901 (1980).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. T. Wu, C. S. Wu, "Small angle relaxation of highly deformed nematic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1794-1796 (1988).

H. W. Ren, Y. H. Fan, S. T. Wu, "Tunable fresnel lens using nanoscale polymer-stabilized liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 1515-1517 (2003).

J. Phys. (1)

O. D. Lavrentovich, "Fluorescence confocal polarizing microscopy: Three-dimensional imaging of the director," J. Phys. 61, 3.-384 (2003).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (1)

Y. Takaki, "Multi-view 3-D display employing a flat-panel display with slanted pixel arrangement," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 476-482 (2010).

J. 3D Res. (1)

Y. P. Huang, C. W. Chen, T. C. Shen, J. F. Huang, "Autostereoscopic 3D display with scanning multi-electrode driven liquid crystal(MeD-LC) lens," J. 3D Res. 1, 39-42 (2010).

J. Display Technol (1)

X. H. Li, A. Muruuski, A. Muravsky, P. Z. Xu, H. L. Cheung, V. G. Chgrinov, "Grayscale generation and stabilizaion in ferroelectric liquid crystal display," J. Display Technol 3, 273-279 (2007).

J. Display Technol (4)

J. G. Lu, X. F. Sun, Y. Song, H. P. D. Shieh, "2-D/3-D switchable display by Fresnel-type LC lens," J. Display Technol 7, 215-219 (2011).

H. H. Rakki, "Static volumetric three-dimensional display," J. Display Technol 5, 391-397 (2009).

S. J. Young, B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image methods based on multi-view images," J. Display Technol 1, 125-140 (2005).

W. Maphepo, Y. P. Huang, H. P. D. Shieh, "Enhancing the brightness of parallax barrier based 3D flat panel mobile displays without compromising power consumption," J. Display Technol 6, 60-64 (2010).

J. Display Technol. (6)

J. Soc. Inf. Display (2)

H. K. Hong, S. M. Jung, B. J. Lee, H. H. Shin, "Electric-field-driven LC lens for 3D/2D autostereoscopic display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 17, 399-406 (2009).

M. Tsuboi, S. Kimura, Y. Takaki, T. Horikoshi, "Design conditions for attractive reality in mobile-type 3-D display," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 698-703 (2010).

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

G. J. Woodgate, J. Harrold, "Efficiency analysis for multi-view spatially multiplexed autostereoscopic 2-D/3-D displays," J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 15, 873-881 (2007).

J. Soc. Inf. Display (3)

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. De Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, O. Willemsen, "2-D/3-D switchable displays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 14, 715-722 (2006).

G. J. Woodgate, J. Harrold, "Key design issue for autostereoscopic 2-D/3-D displays," J. Soc. Inf. Display 14, 421-426 (2006).

Y. P. Huang, L. Y. Liao, C. W. Chen, "2-D/3-D switchable autostereoscopic display with multi-electrically driven liquid-crystal (MeD-LC) lenses," J. Soc. Inf. Display 18, 642-646 (2010).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Gauza, C. H. Wen, S. T. Wu, N. Janarthanan, C. S. Hsu, "Super high birefringence isothiocyanato biphyenyl-bistolane liquid crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 7634-7638 (2004).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys (1)

S. Gauza, H. Wang, C. H. Wen, S. T. Wu, A. J. Seed, R. Dabrowski, "High birefringence isothiocyanato tolane liquid crystals," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 42, 3463-3466 (2003).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Sato, "Liquid-crystal lens-cells with variable focal length," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 1679-1684 (1979).

H. W. Ren, Y. H. Fan, S. Gauza, S. T. Wu, "Tunable-focus cylindrical liquid crystal lens," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 652-653 (2004).

Naval Engineers J. (1)

P. Soltan, J. Trias, W. Dahlke, M. Lasher, M. McDonald, "Laser based 3-D volumetric display system," Naval Engineers J. 107, 233-243 (1995).

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. T. Gale, M. Rossi, J. Pedersen, H. Schutz, "Fabrication of continuous-relief micro-optical elements by direct laser writing in phottoresist," Opt. Eng. 33, 3556-3566 (2004).

Opt. Express (2)

L. C. Lin, H. C. Jau, T. H. Lin, Y. G. Fuh, "High efficient and polarization-independent fresnel lens based on dye-doped liquid crystal," Opt. Express 15, 2900-2906 (2007).

Y. Takaki, K. Tanaka, J. Nakamura, "Super multi-view display with a lower resolution flat-panel display," Opt. Express 19, 4129-4139 (2011).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett (1)

B. Javidi, E. Tajahuerce, "Three dimensional object recognition using digital holography," Opt. Lett 25, 610-612 (2000).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

C. V. Berkel, J. A. Clarke, "Characterization and optimization of 3D-LCD module design," Proc. SPIE 3012, 179-187 (1997).

Other (2)

C. W. Chen, Y. C. Huang, Y. P. Huang, J. F. Huang, "Fast switching fresnel liquid crystal lens for autostereoscopic 2D/3D display," SID Symp. Dig. (2010) pp. 428-431.

S. T. Wu, D. K. Yang, Reflective Liquid Crystal Displays (Wiley, 2001).

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