Abstract

Stereoscopic, or multi-view, display systems are considered as better alternatives to conventional two-dimensional (2D) displays, since such systems can provide important visual cues for the human brain to process three-dimensional (3D) objects. An auto-stereoscopic display is a device that can render 3D images for viewers without the aid of special headgear or glasses. In this paper, we present a new design of an auto-stereoscopic swept-volume display (SVD) system based on light-emitting diode (LED) arrays. This system is constituted of a display device and a graphics control sub-system. The display device is a 2D rotating panel of LEDs, relying on “persistence of vision” to generate 3D images. The graphics control sub-system is composed of a combination of PC software, field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), and supporting circuitry. The primary task of the graphics control sub-system is to process 3D data and control each LED. In addition, a new 3D image generation and rendering method was developed to reduce the bandwidth requirement and to facilitate 3D image display. Demonstrated in the experiments, a prototype of this system is capable of displaying 3D images and videos with full 360° view angles.

© 2011 IEEE

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2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

B. Blundell, "Baird and the volumetric display," ITE Eng. Technol. 1, 37-40 (2006).

J. Son, B. Javidi, K. Kwack, "Methods for displaying three-dimensional images," Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. Sullivan, "3-Deep: New displays render images you can almost reach out and touch," IEEE Spectrum 42, 30-35 (2005).

2003 (1)

D. Hwang, D. Fu, A. Willson, "400-MHz processor for the conversion of rectangular to polar coordinates in 0.25-m CMOS," IEEE J. Solid State Circuits 38, 1771-1775 (2003).

1968 (1)

1967 (1)

1965 (1)

J. Bresenham, "Algorithm for computer control of a digital plotter," IBM Syst. J. 4, 2530 (1965).

Appl. Opt. (2)

IBM Syst. J. (1)

J. Bresenham, "Algorithm for computer control of a digital plotter," IBM Syst. J. 4, 2530 (1965).

IEEE J. Solid State Circuits (1)

D. Hwang, D. Fu, A. Willson, "400-MHz processor for the conversion of rectangular to polar coordinates in 0.25-m CMOS," IEEE J. Solid State Circuits 38, 1771-1775 (2003).

IEEE Spectrum (1)

A. Sullivan, "3-Deep: New displays render images you can almost reach out and touch," IEEE Spectrum 42, 30-35 (2005).

ITE Eng. Technol. (1)

B. Blundell, "Baird and the volumetric display," ITE Eng. Technol. 1, 37-40 (2006).

J. Display Technol. (3)

Proc. IEEE (1)

J. Son, B. Javidi, K. Kwack, "Methods for displaying three-dimensional images," Proc. IEEE 94, 502-523 (2006).

Other (14)

M. Sayinta, H. Urey, "Scanning LED array based volumetric display," Proc. IEEE 3DTV Conf. (2007) pp. 1-4.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, P. Debevec, "Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display," Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH'07 (2007).

K. Langhans, D. Bezecny, D. Homann, D. Bahr, C. Vogt, C. Blohm, K.-H. Scharschmidt, "New portable FELIX 3D display," Proc. SPIE Projection Displays IV (1998).

Fabricast Inc.Fabricast: Slip Ring Assemblies Catalog: 1100-s (2009) www.fabricast.com/catalog/1100-s/1100-s.pdf.

E. Weisstein, "Cylindrical coordinates," CRC concise encyclopedia of mathematics 2nd (2002) pp. 653.

W. Fulton, Algebraic Topology: A First Course (Springer-Verlag, 1995) pp. 68.

G. Favalora, J. Napoli, D. Hall, R. Dorval, M. Giovinco, M. Richmond, W. Chun, "100 million-voxel volumetric display," Proc. SPIE Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applicatiaons (2002) pp. 300-312.

A. Sullivan, "A solid-state multi-planar volumetric display," SID Dig. Tech. Papers (2003) pp. 1531-1533.

V. Yucesoy, D. Tunaoglu, M. Kovachev, R. Ilieva, L. Onural, "Design and implementation of a DMD based volumetric 3D display," Proc. 3DTV Conf.: The True Vision—Capture, Transmission and Display of 3D Video (2008) pp. 29-32.

E. Berlin, Three-dimensional display U.S. Patent 4160973 (1979).

D. Jansson, E. Berlin, I. Straus, J. Goodhue, "A three-dimensional computer display," Computer Graphics in CAD/CAM Syst. Annu. Conf. CambridgeU.K. (1979).

T. Yendo, N. Kawakami, S. Tachi, "Seelinder: The cylindrical lightfield display," Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH 2005 Emerging Technologies (2005).

M. Kawasaki, Y. Watanabe, T. Yamaguchi, Y. Sakamoto, "Volumetric 3D display with scanned 1D LED arrays and its application to animation contents," Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH'06 (2006).

M. Ercegovac, T. Lang, Digital Arithmetic (Morgan Kaufmann, 2004) pp. 609-622.

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