Abstract

The electro-optic properties of Kerr effect based liquid crystal display (LCD) with zigzag electrode structure are studied using a three-dimensional simulator. The optimal bending angle of the zigzag in-plane switching (IPS) electrodes is found to be 90$^{\circ}$, which is different from the conventional strip electrodes. Although the zigzag structure exhibits a slightly lower transmittance than the strip IPS electrodes, it significantly suppresses the color shift while providing a relatively wide viewing angle.

© 2010 IEEE

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  1. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hiskado, H. Yang, T. Kajiyama, "Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases," Nat. Mater. 1, 64-68 (2002).
  2. Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, T. Kajiyama, "Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide temperature range," Adv. Mater. 17, 2311 (2005).
  3. Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, T. Kajiyama, "Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases," Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).
  4. S.-W. Choi, S.-I. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, H. Kikuchi, "Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043119 (2008).
  5. Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, S. T. Wu, "Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).
  6. L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, "Low driving voltage blue phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 231101 (2009).
  7. P. G. de Gennes, J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Clarendon, 1993).
  8. S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, W. P. Anderson, W. F. Brinkman, "Theory of the blue phase cholesteric liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 1216-1219 (1981).
  9. J. Kerr, "A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent," Phil. Mag. 50, 337-348 (1875).
  10. H. Kikuchi1, Y. Haseba, S.-I. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, H. Higuchi, "Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications," SID Symp. Dig. (2009) pp. 578-581.
  11. Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, S. T. Wu, "Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 5, 250-256 (2009).
  12. R. Lu, S. T. Wu, Z. Ge, Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, "Bending angle effects on the multi-domain in-plane-switching liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 1, 207-216 (2005).
  13. M. Jiao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, "Broadband wide-view LCDs with small color shift," J. Display Technol. 5, 331-334 (2009).
  14. S. T. Wu, "Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A. 33, 1270-1274 (1986).
  15. S. T. Wu, C. S. Wu, M. Warenghem, M. Ismaili, "Refractive index dispersions of liquid crystals," Opt. Eng. 32, 1775-1780 (1993).
  16. S. Aratani, H. Klausmann, M. Oh-e, M. Ohta, K. Ashizawa, K. Yanagawa, K. Kondo, "Complete suppression of color shift in in-plane switching mode liquid crystal displays with a multidomain structure obtained by unidirectional rubbing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L27-L29 (1997).

2009

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, S. T. Wu, "Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, "Low driving voltage blue phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 231101 (2009).

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, S. T. Wu, "Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 5, 250-256 (2009).

M. Jiao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, "Broadband wide-view LCDs with small color shift," J. Display Technol. 5, 331-334 (2009).

2008

S.-W. Choi, S.-I. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, H. Kikuchi, "Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043119 (2008).

2005

Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, T. Kajiyama, "Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide temperature range," Adv. Mater. 17, 2311 (2005).

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, T. Kajiyama, "Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases," Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).

R. Lu, S. T. Wu, Z. Ge, Q. Hong, T. X. Wu, "Bending angle effects on the multi-domain in-plane-switching liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 1, 207-216 (2005).

2002

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hiskado, H. Yang, T. Kajiyama, "Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases," Nat. Mater. 1, 64-68 (2002).

1997

S. Aratani, H. Klausmann, M. Oh-e, M. Ohta, K. Ashizawa, K. Yanagawa, K. Kondo, "Complete suppression of color shift in in-plane switching mode liquid crystal displays with a multidomain structure obtained by unidirectional rubbing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L27-L29 (1997).

1993

S. T. Wu, C. S. Wu, M. Warenghem, M. Ismaili, "Refractive index dispersions of liquid crystals," Opt. Eng. 32, 1775-1780 (1993).

1986

S. T. Wu, "Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A. 33, 1270-1274 (1986).

1981

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, W. P. Anderson, W. F. Brinkman, "Theory of the blue phase cholesteric liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 1216-1219 (1981).

1875

J. Kerr, "A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent," Phil. Mag. 50, 337-348 (1875).

Adv. Mater.

Y. Haseba, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, T. Kajiyama, "Large electro-optic Kerr effect in nanostructured chiral liquid-crystal composites over a wide temperature range," Adv. Mater. 17, 2311 (2005).

Y. Hisakado, H. Kikuchi, T. Nagamura, T. Kajiyama, "Large electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized liquid-crystalline blue phases," Adv. Mater. 17, 96 (2005).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S.-W. Choi, S.-I. Yamamoto, Y. Haseba, H. Higuchi, H. Kikuchi, "Optically isotropic-nanostructured liquid crystal composite with high Kerr constant," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043119 (2008).

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, S. T. Wu, "Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101104 (2009).

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, "Low driving voltage blue phase liquid crystal displays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 231101 (2009).

J. Display Technol.

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

S. Aratani, H. Klausmann, M. Oh-e, M. Ohta, K. Ashizawa, K. Yanagawa, K. Kondo, "Complete suppression of color shift in in-plane switching mode liquid crystal displays with a multidomain structure obtained by unidirectional rubbing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L27-L29 (1997).

Nat. Mater.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hiskado, H. Yang, T. Kajiyama, "Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases," Nat. Mater. 1, 64-68 (2002).

Opt. Eng.

S. T. Wu, C. S. Wu, M. Warenghem, M. Ismaili, "Refractive index dispersions of liquid crystals," Opt. Eng. 32, 1775-1780 (1993).

Phil. Mag.

J. Kerr, "A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent," Phil. Mag. 50, 337-348 (1875).

Phys. Rev. A.

S. T. Wu, "Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A. 33, 1270-1274 (1986).

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Meiboom, J. P. Sethna, W. P. Anderson, W. F. Brinkman, "Theory of the blue phase cholesteric liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 1216-1219 (1981).

Other

H. Kikuchi1, Y. Haseba, S.-I. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, H. Higuchi, "Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications," SID Symp. Dig. (2009) pp. 578-581.

P. G. de Gennes, J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Clarendon, 1993).

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