Abstract

A 7$\times$11 pixel blue OLED display was fabricated using a patterned indium–tin–oxide (ITO) substrate. The fabrication process for an $M \times N$ pixel organic light-emitting diode (OLED) video display including an electrical insulating layer and a physical pixel separator layer is presented. An efficient and thermally stable blue fluorescent organic material, ${\hbox{6}},{\hbox{6}}^{\prime}$-bis((2-$p$-biphenyl)-4-phenylquinoline) (B2PPQ), was used in combination with an evaporated hole-transport small molecule with a high ionization potential.

© 2009 IEEE

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  1. L. S. Hung, C. H. Chen, "Recent progress of molecular organic electroluminescent materials and devices," Mater. Sci. Eng.: R: Reps. 39, 143-222 (2002).
  2. W. Shih-Wen, L. Meng-Ting, C. H. Chen, "Recent development of blue fluorescent OLED materials and devices," J. Display Technol. 1, 90-99 (2005).
  3. X. H. Yang, D. C. Muller, D. Neher, K. Meerholz, "Highly efficient polymeric electrophosphorescent diodes," Adv. Mater. 18, 948-954 (2006).
  4. C. J. Tonzola, A. P. Kulkarni, A. P. Gifford, W. Kaminsky, S. A. Jenekhe, "Blue-light-emitting oligoquinolines: Synthesis, properties, and high-efficiency blue-light-emitting diodes," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 863-874 (2007).
  5. Y. H. Tak, C. N. Kim, M. S. Kim, K. B. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. T. Kim, "Novel patterning method using Nd : YAG and Nd : YVO4 lasers for organic light emitting diodes," Synth. Metals 138, 497-500 (2003).
  6. D. Braun, J. Rowe, G. Yu, "Crosstalk and image uniformity in passive matrix polymer LED displays," Synth. Metals 102, 920-921 (1999).
  7. K. Nagayama, T. Yahagi, H. Nakada, T. Tohma, T. Watanabe, K. Yoshida, S. Miyaguchi, "Micropatterning method for the cathode of the organic electroluminescent device," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Pt. 2—Lett. 36, L1555-L1557 (1997).
  8. C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Metals 91, 3-7 (1997).
  9. C. Py, M. D'Iorio, Y. Tao, J. Stapledon, P. Marshall, "A passive matrix addressed organic electroluminescent display using a stack of insulators as row separators," Synth. Metals 113, 155-159 (2000).
  10. Z. H. Huang, G. J. Qi, X. T. Zeng, W. M. Su, "A method for undercut formation of integrated shadow mask used in passive matrix displays," Thin Solid Films 503, 246-249 (2006).
  11. R. Okuda, K. Miyoshi, N. Arai, M. Tomikawa, "Polyimide coatings for OLED applications," J. Photopolymer Sci. Technol. 17, 207-213 (2004).
  12. A. C. Morteani, A. S. Dhoot, J. S. Kim, C. Silva, N. C. Greenham, C. Murphy, E. Moons, S. Cina, J. H. Burroughes, R. H. Friend, "Barrier-free electron-hole capture in polymer blend heterojunction light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 15, 1708-1712 (2003).
  13. J. D. Anderson, E. M. McDonald, P. A. Lee, M. L. Anderson, E. L. Ritchie, H. K. Hall, T. Hopkins, E. Mash, J. Wang, A. Padias, S. Thayumanavan, S. Barlow, S. Marder, G. Jabbour, S. Shaheen, B. Kippelen, N. Peyghambarian, R. Wightman, N. Armstrong, "Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence processes of the components of aluminum quinolate/triarylamine, and related organic light-emitting diodes," J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 120, 9646-9655 (1998).
  14. S. Thayumanavan, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, "Synthesis of unsymmetrical triarylamines for photonic applications via one-pot palladium-catalyzed aminations," Chem. Mater. 9, 3231-3235 (1997).
  15. C. Giebeler, H. Antoniadis, D. D. C. Bradley, Y. Shirota, "Influence of the hole transport layer on the performance of organic light-emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 608-615 (1999).
  16. A. Haldi, B. Domercq, R. D. Hreha, J. Y. Cho, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, "Highly efficient green phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with simplified device geometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253502 (2008).
  17. H. S. Kim, Device and method for controlling luminance of flat display U.S. Patent 6 661 428 B1 (2003).
  18. Y. Kijima, N. Asai, N. Kishii, S. I. Tamura, "RGB luminescence from passive-matrix organic LED'S," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 1222-1228 (1997).
  19. H. S. Kim, Y. S. Na, Current control circuit for display device of passive matrix type U.S. Patent 6 633 136 B2 (2003).

2008 (1)

A. Haldi, B. Domercq, R. D. Hreha, J. Y. Cho, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, "Highly efficient green phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with simplified device geometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253502 (2008).

2007 (1)

C. J. Tonzola, A. P. Kulkarni, A. P. Gifford, W. Kaminsky, S. A. Jenekhe, "Blue-light-emitting oligoquinolines: Synthesis, properties, and high-efficiency blue-light-emitting diodes," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 863-874 (2007).

2006 (2)

X. H. Yang, D. C. Muller, D. Neher, K. Meerholz, "Highly efficient polymeric electrophosphorescent diodes," Adv. Mater. 18, 948-954 (2006).

Z. H. Huang, G. J. Qi, X. T. Zeng, W. M. Su, "A method for undercut formation of integrated shadow mask used in passive matrix displays," Thin Solid Films 503, 246-249 (2006).

2005 (1)

W. Shih-Wen, L. Meng-Ting, C. H. Chen, "Recent development of blue fluorescent OLED materials and devices," J. Display Technol. 1, 90-99 (2005).

2004 (1)

R. Okuda, K. Miyoshi, N. Arai, M. Tomikawa, "Polyimide coatings for OLED applications," J. Photopolymer Sci. Technol. 17, 207-213 (2004).

2003 (2)

A. C. Morteani, A. S. Dhoot, J. S. Kim, C. Silva, N. C. Greenham, C. Murphy, E. Moons, S. Cina, J. H. Burroughes, R. H. Friend, "Barrier-free electron-hole capture in polymer blend heterojunction light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 15, 1708-1712 (2003).

Y. H. Tak, C. N. Kim, M. S. Kim, K. B. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. T. Kim, "Novel patterning method using Nd : YAG and Nd : YVO4 lasers for organic light emitting diodes," Synth. Metals 138, 497-500 (2003).

2002 (1)

L. S. Hung, C. H. Chen, "Recent progress of molecular organic electroluminescent materials and devices," Mater. Sci. Eng.: R: Reps. 39, 143-222 (2002).

2000 (1)

C. Py, M. D'Iorio, Y. Tao, J. Stapledon, P. Marshall, "A passive matrix addressed organic electroluminescent display using a stack of insulators as row separators," Synth. Metals 113, 155-159 (2000).

1999 (2)

D. Braun, J. Rowe, G. Yu, "Crosstalk and image uniformity in passive matrix polymer LED displays," Synth. Metals 102, 920-921 (1999).

C. Giebeler, H. Antoniadis, D. D. C. Bradley, Y. Shirota, "Influence of the hole transport layer on the performance of organic light-emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 608-615 (1999).

1998 (1)

J. D. Anderson, E. M. McDonald, P. A. Lee, M. L. Anderson, E. L. Ritchie, H. K. Hall, T. Hopkins, E. Mash, J. Wang, A. Padias, S. Thayumanavan, S. Barlow, S. Marder, G. Jabbour, S. Shaheen, B. Kippelen, N. Peyghambarian, R. Wightman, N. Armstrong, "Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence processes of the components of aluminum quinolate/triarylamine, and related organic light-emitting diodes," J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 120, 9646-9655 (1998).

1997 (4)

S. Thayumanavan, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, "Synthesis of unsymmetrical triarylamines for photonic applications via one-pot palladium-catalyzed aminations," Chem. Mater. 9, 3231-3235 (1997).

Y. Kijima, N. Asai, N. Kishii, S. I. Tamura, "RGB luminescence from passive-matrix organic LED'S," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 1222-1228 (1997).

K. Nagayama, T. Yahagi, H. Nakada, T. Tohma, T. Watanabe, K. Yoshida, S. Miyaguchi, "Micropatterning method for the cathode of the organic electroluminescent device," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Pt. 2—Lett. 36, L1555-L1557 (1997).

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Metals 91, 3-7 (1997).

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

C. J. Tonzola, A. P. Kulkarni, A. P. Gifford, W. Kaminsky, S. A. Jenekhe, "Blue-light-emitting oligoquinolines: Synthesis, properties, and high-efficiency blue-light-emitting diodes," Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 863-874 (2007).

Adv. Mater. (2)

X. H. Yang, D. C. Muller, D. Neher, K. Meerholz, "Highly efficient polymeric electrophosphorescent diodes," Adv. Mater. 18, 948-954 (2006).

A. C. Morteani, A. S. Dhoot, J. S. Kim, C. Silva, N. C. Greenham, C. Murphy, E. Moons, S. Cina, J. H. Burroughes, R. H. Friend, "Barrier-free electron-hole capture in polymer blend heterojunction light-emitting diodes," Adv. Mater. 15, 1708-1712 (2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Haldi, B. Domercq, R. D. Hreha, J. Y. Cho, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, "Highly efficient green phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with simplified device geometry," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 253502 (2008).

Chem. Mater. (1)

S. Thayumanavan, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, "Synthesis of unsymmetrical triarylamines for photonic applications via one-pot palladium-catalyzed aminations," Chem. Mater. 9, 3231-3235 (1997).

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (1)

Y. Kijima, N. Asai, N. Kishii, S. I. Tamura, "RGB luminescence from passive-matrix organic LED'S," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 1222-1228 (1997).

J. Display Technol. (1)

W. Shih-Wen, L. Meng-Ting, C. H. Chen, "Recent development of blue fluorescent OLED materials and devices," J. Display Technol. 1, 90-99 (2005).

J. Amer. Chem. Soc. (1)

J. D. Anderson, E. M. McDonald, P. A. Lee, M. L. Anderson, E. L. Ritchie, H. K. Hall, T. Hopkins, E. Mash, J. Wang, A. Padias, S. Thayumanavan, S. Barlow, S. Marder, G. Jabbour, S. Shaheen, B. Kippelen, N. Peyghambarian, R. Wightman, N. Armstrong, "Electrochemistry and electrogenerated chemiluminescence processes of the components of aluminum quinolate/triarylamine, and related organic light-emitting diodes," J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 120, 9646-9655 (1998).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Giebeler, H. Antoniadis, D. D. C. Bradley, Y. Shirota, "Influence of the hole transport layer on the performance of organic light-emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 85, 608-615 (1999).

J. Photopolymer Sci. Technol. (1)

R. Okuda, K. Miyoshi, N. Arai, M. Tomikawa, "Polyimide coatings for OLED applications," J. Photopolymer Sci. Technol. 17, 207-213 (2004).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Pt. 2—Lett. (1)

K. Nagayama, T. Yahagi, H. Nakada, T. Tohma, T. Watanabe, K. Yoshida, S. Miyaguchi, "Micropatterning method for the cathode of the organic electroluminescent device," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Pt. 2—Lett. 36, L1555-L1557 (1997).

Mater. Sci. Eng.: R: Reps. (1)

L. S. Hung, C. H. Chen, "Recent progress of molecular organic electroluminescent materials and devices," Mater. Sci. Eng.: R: Reps. 39, 143-222 (2002).

Synth. Metals (1)

C. Py, M. D'Iorio, Y. Tao, J. Stapledon, P. Marshall, "A passive matrix addressed organic electroluminescent display using a stack of insulators as row separators," Synth. Metals 113, 155-159 (2000).

Synth. Metals (3)

C. Hosokawa, M. Eida, M. Matsuura, K. Fukuoka, H. Nakamura, T. Kusumoto, "Organic multi-color electroluminescence display with fine pixels," Synth. Metals 91, 3-7 (1997).

Y. H. Tak, C. N. Kim, M. S. Kim, K. B. Kim, M. H. Lee, S. T. Kim, "Novel patterning method using Nd : YAG and Nd : YVO4 lasers for organic light emitting diodes," Synth. Metals 138, 497-500 (2003).

D. Braun, J. Rowe, G. Yu, "Crosstalk and image uniformity in passive matrix polymer LED displays," Synth. Metals 102, 920-921 (1999).

Thin Solid Films (1)

Z. H. Huang, G. J. Qi, X. T. Zeng, W. M. Su, "A method for undercut formation of integrated shadow mask used in passive matrix displays," Thin Solid Films 503, 246-249 (2006).

Other (2)

H. S. Kim, Device and method for controlling luminance of flat display U.S. Patent 6 661 428 B1 (2003).

H. S. Kim, Y. S. Na, Current control circuit for display device of passive matrix type U.S. Patent 6 633 136 B2 (2003).

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