Abstract

In this paper, we describe the experimental techniques and numerical modeling approaches to understand the alternating current plasma display panel (ac PDP) discharge physics. Conventional ac PDP uses microscale dielectric barrier discharge, and the spatio-temporal visualization of discharge not only helps to understand the discharge dynamics, but also validates the models adopted in the computer simulation study of PDP cell. The experimental observations using optical spectroscopy and imaging method turned out to be very helpful especially for the understanding of discharge dynamics including gas reactions and wall charge formation. The numerical simulation shows good agreement with experimental observations which allows us to use the computer simulation to extract more useful information with more confidence. Some parametric study, such as the effects of the variations of cell pitches, address electrode width, barrier rib height, and geometrical structure, etc., on the luminous characteristics of PDP had been carried out and could now well be explained.

© 2005 IEEE

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  1. K. Y. Choi, J. P. Choi, M. S. Chang, E. H. Yoo, W. T. Kim, J. Y. Kim, E. C. Park, S. T. Park and J. H. Ryu, "Recent research and development on 71-in.-diagonal color PDPs", in Proc. Soc. Information Display '04, May 2004, pp. 399-404.
  2. M. S. Yoo, J. N. Kim, S. H. Yim, D. J. Woo, Y. H. Cho, C. K. Yoon, J. K. Kim, B. H. Lee and K. S. Lee, "Development of performance-and cost-oriented HD-PDP TV with high-picture quality using high-efficiency hexagonal array structure", in Proc. Information Display Workshop '03, Dec. 2003, pp. 813-816.
  3. C. Punset, J. P. Boeuf and L. C. Pitchford, "Two-dimensional simulation of an alternating current matrix plasma display cell: cross-talk and other geometric effects", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 1884-1897, 1998 .
  4. C. Punset, S. Cany and J. P. Boeuf, "Addressing and sustaining in AC coplanar plasma display panels", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 124-133, 1999.
  5. S. Rauf and M. J. Kushner, "Dynamics of a coplanar-electrode plasma display panel cell. I. Basic operation", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 85, no. 7, pp. 3460-3469, 1999.
  6. S. Rauf and M. J. Kushner, "Dynamics of a coplanar-electrode plasma display panel cell. II. Cell optimization", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 85, no. 7, pp. 3470-3476, 1999.
  7. J. H. Seo, W. J. Chung, C. K. Yoon, J. K. Kim, K. W. Whang and J. W. Shon, "Two dimensional modeling of a surface type alternating current plasma display panel cell: Discharge dynamics and address voltage effects", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 824-831, Oct. 2001.
  8. M. Sawa, H. Uchiike, S. Zhang and K. Yoshida, "Direct observation of VUV rays for surface-discharge AC plasma displays by using an ultra-high-speed electronic cameras", in Proc. Soc. Information Display '98, 1998, pp. 361-364.
  9. T. Shiga, K. Igarashi and S. Mikoshiba, "Visualization of a PDP discharge growth and an interpretation of the growth mechanism", in Proc. Int. Display Workshop '98, 1998, pp. 487- 490.
  10. K. Tachibana, K. Mizokami, N. Kosugi and T. Sakai, "Three dimensional diagnostics of dynamic behaviors of exited atoms in microPlasma for plasma display panels", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 68-73, Feb. 2003.
  11. C. K. Yoon, J. H. Seo and K.-W. Whang, "Spatio-temporal characteristics of infrared and vacuum ultraviolet emission from a surface discharge type AC plasma display panel cell with He-Xe and N-Xe gas mixture", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 1029-1034, Jun. 2000.
  12. H. G. Slottow, "The voltage transfer curve and stability criteria in the theory of the AC plasma display", IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-24, no. 7, pp. 848-852, Jul. 1977 .
  13. K. Sakita, K. Takayama, K. Awamoto and Y. Hashimoto, "High-speed address driving wavefrom analysis using wall voltage transfer function for three terminal and Vt close curve in three-electrode surface-discharege AC-PDPs", in Proc. Soc. Information Display '04, May 2001, pp. 1022- 1025.
  14. H. Kim, J. Jeong, K. Kang, J. Seo, I. Son, K. W. Whang and C. Park, "Voltage domain analysis and wall voltage measurement for surface-discharge type AC-PDP", in Proc. Soc. Information Display '04, May 2001, pp. 1026- 1029.
  15. J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, K. W. Whang and Y. W. Choi, "Temporal behavior of the wall voltage in a surface-type alternating current plasma display panel cell using laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 89, pp. 2539-2542, 2001.
  16. D. C. Jeong, H. S. Bae and K. W. Whang, "Measurement of the spatiotemporal surface charge distribution in an AC plasma display cell using Pockels effect", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 97, no. 1, Jan. 2005.
  17. J. H. Seo, H. S. Jeong, J. Y. Lee, C. K. Yoon, J. K. Kim and K. W. Whang, "Vacuum ultraviolet emission characteristics from He-Ne-Xe gas discharge in an alternating current plasma display panel", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 88, pp. 1257-1261, 2000.
  18. H. S. Jeong, B. J. Shin and K. W. Whang, "Two-dimensional mutifluid modeling of the He-Xe discharge in an AC plasma display panel", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 171-181, 1999.
  19. J. K. Kim, J. H. Yang, W. J. Chung and K. W. Whang, "The addressing characteristics of an alternating current plasma display panel adopting a ramping reset pulse", IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-48, no. 8, pp. 1556-1563, Aug. 2001.
  20. K. Wani, "A novel driving scheme and panel design for realization of a picture quality equivalent to CRTs", in Proc. Int. Display Workshop '99, 1999, pp. 775-778.
  21. W. J. Chung, J. H. Seo, D. C. Jeong and K. W. Whang, "Three-dimensional modeling of a surface type alternating current plasma display panel cell: the effect of cell geometry on the discharge characteristics", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 1023-1031, Oct. 2003.
  22. J. M. Bennett, Handbook of Optics, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995,vol. 1, pp. 5.2-5.30.
  23. C. K. Yoon, J. H. Yang, W. J. Chung, K. C. Choi and K. W. Whang, "High luminance and efficacy AC-PDP with segmented electrode in delta color arrayed rectangular subpixels", in Proc. Int. Display Workshop '00, 2000, pp. 627-630.

Other (23)

K. Y. Choi, J. P. Choi, M. S. Chang, E. H. Yoo, W. T. Kim, J. Y. Kim, E. C. Park, S. T. Park and J. H. Ryu, "Recent research and development on 71-in.-diagonal color PDPs", in Proc. Soc. Information Display '04, May 2004, pp. 399-404.

M. S. Yoo, J. N. Kim, S. H. Yim, D. J. Woo, Y. H. Cho, C. K. Yoon, J. K. Kim, B. H. Lee and K. S. Lee, "Development of performance-and cost-oriented HD-PDP TV with high-picture quality using high-efficiency hexagonal array structure", in Proc. Information Display Workshop '03, Dec. 2003, pp. 813-816.

C. Punset, J. P. Boeuf and L. C. Pitchford, "Two-dimensional simulation of an alternating current matrix plasma display cell: cross-talk and other geometric effects", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 1884-1897, 1998 .

C. Punset, S. Cany and J. P. Boeuf, "Addressing and sustaining in AC coplanar plasma display panels", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 124-133, 1999.

S. Rauf and M. J. Kushner, "Dynamics of a coplanar-electrode plasma display panel cell. I. Basic operation", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 85, no. 7, pp. 3460-3469, 1999.

S. Rauf and M. J. Kushner, "Dynamics of a coplanar-electrode plasma display panel cell. II. Cell optimization", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 85, no. 7, pp. 3470-3476, 1999.

J. H. Seo, W. J. Chung, C. K. Yoon, J. K. Kim, K. W. Whang and J. W. Shon, "Two dimensional modeling of a surface type alternating current plasma display panel cell: Discharge dynamics and address voltage effects", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 824-831, Oct. 2001.

M. Sawa, H. Uchiike, S. Zhang and K. Yoshida, "Direct observation of VUV rays for surface-discharge AC plasma displays by using an ultra-high-speed electronic cameras", in Proc. Soc. Information Display '98, 1998, pp. 361-364.

T. Shiga, K. Igarashi and S. Mikoshiba, "Visualization of a PDP discharge growth and an interpretation of the growth mechanism", in Proc. Int. Display Workshop '98, 1998, pp. 487- 490.

K. Tachibana, K. Mizokami, N. Kosugi and T. Sakai, "Three dimensional diagnostics of dynamic behaviors of exited atoms in microPlasma for plasma display panels", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 68-73, Feb. 2003.

C. K. Yoon, J. H. Seo and K.-W. Whang, "Spatio-temporal characteristics of infrared and vacuum ultraviolet emission from a surface discharge type AC plasma display panel cell with He-Xe and N-Xe gas mixture", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 1029-1034, Jun. 2000.

H. G. Slottow, "The voltage transfer curve and stability criteria in the theory of the AC plasma display", IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-24, no. 7, pp. 848-852, Jul. 1977 .

K. Sakita, K. Takayama, K. Awamoto and Y. Hashimoto, "High-speed address driving wavefrom analysis using wall voltage transfer function for three terminal and Vt close curve in three-electrode surface-discharege AC-PDPs", in Proc. Soc. Information Display '04, May 2001, pp. 1022- 1025.

H. Kim, J. Jeong, K. Kang, J. Seo, I. Son, K. W. Whang and C. Park, "Voltage domain analysis and wall voltage measurement for surface-discharge type AC-PDP", in Proc. Soc. Information Display '04, May 2001, pp. 1026- 1029.

J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, K. W. Whang and Y. W. Choi, "Temporal behavior of the wall voltage in a surface-type alternating current plasma display panel cell using laser induced fluorescence spectroscopy", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 89, pp. 2539-2542, 2001.

D. C. Jeong, H. S. Bae and K. W. Whang, "Measurement of the spatiotemporal surface charge distribution in an AC plasma display cell using Pockels effect", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 97, no. 1, Jan. 2005.

J. H. Seo, H. S. Jeong, J. Y. Lee, C. K. Yoon, J. K. Kim and K. W. Whang, "Vacuum ultraviolet emission characteristics from He-Ne-Xe gas discharge in an alternating current plasma display panel", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 88, pp. 1257-1261, 2000.

H. S. Jeong, B. J. Shin and K. W. Whang, "Two-dimensional mutifluid modeling of the He-Xe discharge in an AC plasma display panel", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 171-181, 1999.

J. K. Kim, J. H. Yang, W. J. Chung and K. W. Whang, "The addressing characteristics of an alternating current plasma display panel adopting a ramping reset pulse", IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. ED-48, no. 8, pp. 1556-1563, Aug. 2001.

K. Wani, "A novel driving scheme and panel design for realization of a picture quality equivalent to CRTs", in Proc. Int. Display Workshop '99, 1999, pp. 775-778.

W. J. Chung, J. H. Seo, D. C. Jeong and K. W. Whang, "Three-dimensional modeling of a surface type alternating current plasma display panel cell: the effect of cell geometry on the discharge characteristics", IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 1023-1031, Oct. 2003.

J. M. Bennett, Handbook of Optics, 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995,vol. 1, pp. 5.2-5.30.

C. K. Yoon, J. H. Yang, W. J. Chung, K. C. Choi and K. W. Whang, "High luminance and efficacy AC-PDP with segmented electrode in delta color arrayed rectangular subpixels", in Proc. Int. Display Workshop '00, 2000, pp. 627-630.

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