Abstract

Highlights of the recent development of highly efficient and robust blue fluorescent organic light-emitting device (OLED) materials and devices are reviewed with emphasis on work accomplished at the OLED Laboratory of Display Institute, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.

© 2005 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. C. W. Tang, S. A. VanSlyke and C. H. Chen, "Electroluminescence of doped organic thin film", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 3610-3616, 1989.
  2. T. Tsuji, S. Kawami, S. Miyaguchi, T. Naijo, T. Yuki, S. Matsuo and H. Miyazaki, "Red-phosphorescent OLEDs employing Bis-(8-quinolinolato)-phenolato-aluminum (III) complexes as emission-layer hosts", in Proc. Soc. Inf. Display , Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 900-903.
  3. M. S. Weaver, V. Adamovich, M. Hack, R. Kwong and J. J. Beown, "High efficiency and long lifetime phosphorescent OLEDs", in Proc. Int. Conf. Electroluminescence of Molecular Materials and Related Phenomena, Jejn Island, Korea, 2003, p. O-35.
  4. J.-W. Chung, H.-R. Guo, C.-T. Wu, K.-C. Wang, W.-J. Hsieh, T.-M. Wu and C.-T. Chung, "Long-operating lifetime of green phosphorescence top-emitting organic light emitting devices", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf. , Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 278-280.
  5. H. Becker, H. Vestweber, A. Gerhard, P. Stoessel and R. Fortte, "Novel host materials for efficient and stable phosphorescent OLED devices", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf. , Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 329-330.
  6. K. Okinaka, A. Saitoh, T. Kawai, A. Senoo and K. Ueno, "High-performable green-emitting OLEDs", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 686-689.
  7. M. Heck and J. J. Brown, "OLED excitement", Inf. Display, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 12-17, 2004.
  8. J. Y. Lee and J. H. Kwon, "Performance improvement of active matrix light emitting diodes", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf., Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 329-330.
  9. S.-J. Yeh, M.-F. Wu, C.-T. Chen, Y.-H. Song, Y. Chi, M.-H. Ho, S.-F. Hsu and C. H. Chen, "New dopant and host materials for blue-light-emitting phosphorescent organic electroluminescent devices", Adv. Mater., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 285-289, 2005.
  10. J. Shi and C. W. Tang, "Anthracene derivatives for stable blue-emittingorganic electroluminescence devices", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 80, no. 17, pp. 3201-3203, 2002.
  11. C. Hosokawa, H. Higashi, H. Nakamura and T. Kusumoto, "Highly efficient blue electroluminescence from a distyrylene emitting layer with a new dopant", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 67, no. 26, pp. 3853-3855, 1995.
  12. A. Saitoh, N. Yamada, M. Yashima, K. Okinaka, A. Senoo, K. Ueno, D. Tanaka and R. Yashiro, "Novel fluroene-based blue emitters for high oerformance OLEDs", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 150-153.
  13. C. C. Yeh, M. T. Lee, H. H. Chen and C. H. Chen, "High-performance blue OLEDs based on sterically hindered pyrene host material", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 788-792.
  14. W. J. Shen, B. Banumathy, H. H. Chen and C. H. Chen, "Sterically hindered blue host emitters based on anthracene", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf., Taipei, Taiwan, 2003, pp. 741-743.
  15. J. Shi, "Method of Using Predoped Materials for Making an Organic Light-Emitting Device", Eur. Patent 1 156 536, Nov. 21, 2001.
  16. S. K. So, S. C. Tse, H. H. Fong and C. H. Chen, "Charge conduction in fused aromatec compounds for OLED's applications", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf., Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 275-277.
  17. M. T. Lee, Y. S. Wu, H. H. Chen, C. T. Tsai, C. H. Liao and C. H. Chen, "Efficient blue organic electroluminescent devices based on a stable blue host material", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 710-714.
  18. K. F. Li, K. W. Cheah, K.-T. Yeung, Y.-K. Cheng, Y.-S. Wu and C. H. Chen, "Emission characteristics of ADN derivatives", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf., Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 136- 138.
  19. T. A. Ali, G. W. Jones and W. E. Howard, "Dual doped high Tg white organic light emitting devices on silicon", Proc. Soc. Information Display, pp. 1012-1015, 2004.
  20. M. T. Lee, H. H. Chen, C. H. Tsai, C. H. Liao and C. H. Chen, "Development of highly efficient and stable OLEDs", in Proc. Int. Meeting Information Display, Daegu, Korea, 2004, pp. 265- 268.
  21. K. Suzuki, A. Seno, H. Tanabe and K. Ueno, "New host materials for blue emitters", Syn. Met., vol. 143, pp. 89-96, 2004.
  22. C. Hosokawa, S. Toshio, K. Fukuoka, H. Tokailin, Y. Hironaka, H. Ikada, M. Funahashi and T. Kusumoto, "Organic EL materials based on styryl and amine derivatives", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Boston, MA, 2002, pp. 522-525.
  23. J. M. Kauffman and G. Moyna, "Diarylamion groups as photostable auxofluors in 2-benzoxazolyfluorene, 2,5-diphenyloxazoles, 1,3,5-hexatrienes, 1.4-distyrybenzenes and 2,7-distyrylfluorenes", J. Org. Chem., vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 839 -853, 2003.
  24. M. T. Lee, H. H. Chen, C. H. Liao, C. H. Tsai and C. H. Chen, "Stable styrylamine-doped blue organic electroluminescent device based on 2-methyl-9, 10-di (2-nphthyl)anthracene", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 85, no. 15, pp. 3301-3303, 2004 .
  25. C. H. Liao, M. T. Lee and C. H. Chen, "Highly efficient blue OLEDs incorporating a composite hole transport layer", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf. , Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 723-725.
  26. K. Memeno, et al. "Development of 2.2-inch full color AM-OLED display for mobile applications", in Proc. 9th Int. Display Workshops, Hiroshima, Japan,Dec. 2002, pp. 235-237.
  27. T. H. Liu, Y. S. Wu, M. T. Lee, H. H. Chen, C. H. Liao and C. H. Chen, "Highly efficient yellow and white organic electroluminescent devices doped with 2, 8-di (t -butyl)-5,11-di [4-( t -butyl)phenyl]-6,12-diphenylnaphthacene", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 85, no. 19, pp. 4304-4306, 2004.
  28. Y. Kijima, N. Asai and S.-i. Tamura, "A blue organic light emitting diode", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol. 38, pp. 5274-5277, 1999.
  29. M. T. Lee, C. M. Yeh and C. H. Chen, "Deep blue dopants for high performance organic electroluminescent devices", in Proc. 11th Int. Display Workshops, Niigata, Japan, 2004, pp. 1315-1318.
  30. Z. Y. Xie, L. S. Hung and S. T. Lee, "High-efficiency red electroluminescence from a narrow recombination zone confined by an organic double heterostructure", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 79, no. 7, pp. 1048-1050, 2001.
  31. C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen and Y. Y. Chien, "Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties", Adv. Mater., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 61-65, 2004.
  32. C. T. Brown and D. Kondakov, "A new generation of high-efficiency red-emitting electroluminescent devices with exceptional stability", J. SID, vol. 12/3, pp. 323-327, 2004.
  33. H. Becker, H. Vestweber, A. Gerhard, P. Stoessel and R. Fortte, "Novel host materials for efficient and stable phosphorescent OLED devices", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 796-797.

Other (33)

C. W. Tang, S. A. VanSlyke and C. H. Chen, "Electroluminescence of doped organic thin film", J. Appl. Phys., vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 3610-3616, 1989.

T. Tsuji, S. Kawami, S. Miyaguchi, T. Naijo, T. Yuki, S. Matsuo and H. Miyazaki, "Red-phosphorescent OLEDs employing Bis-(8-quinolinolato)-phenolato-aluminum (III) complexes as emission-layer hosts", in Proc. Soc. Inf. Display , Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 900-903.

M. S. Weaver, V. Adamovich, M. Hack, R. Kwong and J. J. Beown, "High efficiency and long lifetime phosphorescent OLEDs", in Proc. Int. Conf. Electroluminescence of Molecular Materials and Related Phenomena, Jejn Island, Korea, 2003, p. O-35.

J.-W. Chung, H.-R. Guo, C.-T. Wu, K.-C. Wang, W.-J. Hsieh, T.-M. Wu and C.-T. Chung, "Long-operating lifetime of green phosphorescence top-emitting organic light emitting devices", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf. , Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 278-280.

H. Becker, H. Vestweber, A. Gerhard, P. Stoessel and R. Fortte, "Novel host materials for efficient and stable phosphorescent OLED devices", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf. , Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 329-330.

K. Okinaka, A. Saitoh, T. Kawai, A. Senoo and K. Ueno, "High-performable green-emitting OLEDs", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 686-689.

M. Heck and J. J. Brown, "OLED excitement", Inf. Display, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 12-17, 2004.

J. Y. Lee and J. H. Kwon, "Performance improvement of active matrix light emitting diodes", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf., Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 329-330.

S.-J. Yeh, M.-F. Wu, C.-T. Chen, Y.-H. Song, Y. Chi, M.-H. Ho, S.-F. Hsu and C. H. Chen, "New dopant and host materials for blue-light-emitting phosphorescent organic electroluminescent devices", Adv. Mater., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 285-289, 2005.

J. Shi and C. W. Tang, "Anthracene derivatives for stable blue-emittingorganic electroluminescence devices", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 80, no. 17, pp. 3201-3203, 2002.

C. Hosokawa, H. Higashi, H. Nakamura and T. Kusumoto, "Highly efficient blue electroluminescence from a distyrylene emitting layer with a new dopant", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 67, no. 26, pp. 3853-3855, 1995.

A. Saitoh, N. Yamada, M. Yashima, K. Okinaka, A. Senoo, K. Ueno, D. Tanaka and R. Yashiro, "Novel fluroene-based blue emitters for high oerformance OLEDs", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 150-153.

C. C. Yeh, M. T. Lee, H. H. Chen and C. H. Chen, "High-performance blue OLEDs based on sterically hindered pyrene host material", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 788-792.

W. J. Shen, B. Banumathy, H. H. Chen and C. H. Chen, "Sterically hindered blue host emitters based on anthracene", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf., Taipei, Taiwan, 2003, pp. 741-743.

J. Shi, "Method of Using Predoped Materials for Making an Organic Light-Emitting Device", Eur. Patent 1 156 536, Nov. 21, 2001.

S. K. So, S. C. Tse, H. H. Fong and C. H. Chen, "Charge conduction in fused aromatec compounds for OLED's applications", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf., Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 275-277.

M. T. Lee, Y. S. Wu, H. H. Chen, C. T. Tsai, C. H. Liao and C. H. Chen, "Efficient blue organic electroluminescent devices based on a stable blue host material", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 710-714.

K. F. Li, K. W. Cheah, K.-T. Yeung, Y.-K. Cheng, Y.-S. Wu and C. H. Chen, "Emission characteristics of ADN derivatives", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf., Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 136- 138.

T. A. Ali, G. W. Jones and W. E. Howard, "Dual doped high Tg white organic light emitting devices on silicon", Proc. Soc. Information Display, pp. 1012-1015, 2004.

M. T. Lee, H. H. Chen, C. H. Tsai, C. H. Liao and C. H. Chen, "Development of highly efficient and stable OLEDs", in Proc. Int. Meeting Information Display, Daegu, Korea, 2004, pp. 265- 268.

K. Suzuki, A. Seno, H. Tanabe and K. Ueno, "New host materials for blue emitters", Syn. Met., vol. 143, pp. 89-96, 2004.

C. Hosokawa, S. Toshio, K. Fukuoka, H. Tokailin, Y. Hironaka, H. Ikada, M. Funahashi and T. Kusumoto, "Organic EL materials based on styryl and amine derivatives", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Boston, MA, 2002, pp. 522-525.

J. M. Kauffman and G. Moyna, "Diarylamion groups as photostable auxofluors in 2-benzoxazolyfluorene, 2,5-diphenyloxazoles, 1,3,5-hexatrienes, 1.4-distyrybenzenes and 2,7-distyrylfluorenes", J. Org. Chem., vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 839 -853, 2003.

M. T. Lee, H. H. Chen, C. H. Liao, C. H. Tsai and C. H. Chen, "Stable styrylamine-doped blue organic electroluminescent device based on 2-methyl-9, 10-di (2-nphthyl)anthracene", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 85, no. 15, pp. 3301-3303, 2004 .

C. H. Liao, M. T. Lee and C. H. Chen, "Highly efficient blue OLEDs incorporating a composite hole transport layer", in Proc. Int. Display Manufacturing Conf. , Taipei, Taiwan, 2005, pp. 723-725.

K. Memeno, et al. "Development of 2.2-inch full color AM-OLED display for mobile applications", in Proc. 9th Int. Display Workshops, Hiroshima, Japan,Dec. 2002, pp. 235-237.

T. H. Liu, Y. S. Wu, M. T. Lee, H. H. Chen, C. H. Liao and C. H. Chen, "Highly efficient yellow and white organic electroluminescent devices doped with 2, 8-di (t -butyl)-5,11-di [4-( t -butyl)phenyl]-6,12-diphenylnaphthacene", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 85, no. 19, pp. 4304-4306, 2004.

Y. Kijima, N. Asai and S.-i. Tamura, "A blue organic light emitting diode", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., vol. 38, pp. 5274-5277, 1999.

M. T. Lee, C. M. Yeh and C. H. Chen, "Deep blue dopants for high performance organic electroluminescent devices", in Proc. 11th Int. Display Workshops, Niigata, Japan, 2004, pp. 1315-1318.

Z. Y. Xie, L. S. Hung and S. T. Lee, "High-efficiency red electroluminescence from a narrow recombination zone confined by an organic double heterostructure", Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 79, no. 7, pp. 1048-1050, 2001.

C. C. Wu, Y. T. Lin, K. T. Wong, R. T. Chen and Y. Y. Chien, "Efficient organic blue-light-emitting devices with double confinement on terfluorenes with ambipolar carrier transport properties", Adv. Mater., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 61-65, 2004.

C. T. Brown and D. Kondakov, "A new generation of high-efficiency red-emitting electroluminescent devices with exceptional stability", J. SID, vol. 12/3, pp. 323-327, 2004.

H. Becker, H. Vestweber, A. Gerhard, P. Stoessel and R. Fortte, "Novel host materials for efficient and stable phosphorescent OLED devices", in Proc. Soc. Information Display, Seattle, WA, 2004, pp. 796-797.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.