Abstract

Borate nonlinear optical crystals have been used as frequency conversion devices in many fields due to their unique transparency and nonlinearity from ultraviolet to visible spectral range. In this study, we theoretically and numerically investigate the properties of broadband second harmonic generation (SHG) in the recently reported Pna21-Ba3Mg3(BO3)3F3 (BMBF) crystal. The technique is based on the simultaneous achievement of birefringence phase matching and group velocity matching between interacting waves. We discussed all factors required for broadband SHG in the BMBF in terms of two types of phase matching and group velocity matching conditions, the beam propagation direction and the corresponding effective nonlinearity and spatial walk-off, and the spectral responses. The results show that bandwidths calculated in the broadband SHG scheme are 220.90 nm (for Type I) and 165.85 nm (for Type II) in full-width-half-maximum (FWHM). The central wavelength in each case is 2047.76 nm for Type I and 1828.66 nm for Type II at room temperature. The results were compared with the non-broadband scheme at the telecom C-band.

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  1. C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, S. Uda, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda2012Nonlinear Optical Borate Crystals: Principles and ApplicationsWiley-VCHWeinheim, Germany
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  4. S. Zhao, P. Gong, L. Bai, X. Xu, S. Zhang, Z. Sun, Z. Lin, M. Hong, C. Chen, and J. Luo2014Beryllium-free Li4Sr(BO3)2 for deep-ultraviolet nonlinear optical applicationsNat. Commun.54019
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  12. N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira2002Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications bandOpt. Lett.2710461048
  13. S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, and T. Taira2003Group-velocity-matched cascaded quadratic nonlinearities of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3Opt. Lett.2814421444
  14. Red OptronicsBIBO Crystal (BiB3O6) - New Blue Laser CrystalRed Optronicshttp://www.redoptronics.com/BIBO-crystal.htmlAccessed date: 15 July 2021
  15. K. J. Lee, S. Liu, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson2010OTDM to WDM format conversion based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguideOpt. Express181028210288

Other (15)

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, S. Uda, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda2012Nonlinear Optical Borate Crystals: Principles and ApplicationsWiley-VCHWeinheim, Germany

C. T. Chen, G. L. Wang, X. Y. Wang, and Z. Y. Xu2009Deep-UV nonlinear optical crystal KBe2BO3F2-discovery, growth, optical properties and applicationsAppl. Phys. B97925

H. Huang, J. Yao, Z. Lin, X. Wang, R. He, W. Yao, N. Zhai, and C. Chen2011NaSr3Be3B3O9F4: a promising deep‐ultraviolet nonlinear optical material resulting from the cooperative alignment of the [Be3B3O12F]10− anionic groupAngew. Chem.5091419144

S. Zhao, P. Gong, L. Bai, X. Xu, S. Zhang, Z. Sun, Z. Lin, M. Hong, C. Chen, and J. Luo2014Beryllium-free Li4Sr(BO3)2 for deep-ultraviolet nonlinear optical applicationsNat. Commun.54019

M. Mutailipu, M. Zhang, H. Wu, Z. Yang, Y. Shen, J. Sun, and S. Pan2018Ba3Mg3(BO3)3F3 polymorphs with reversible phase transition and high performances as ultraviolet nonlinear optical materialsNat. Commun.93089

D. Lee, I. Kim, and K. J. Lee2020Numerical investigation of high-purity entangled photon-pair generation in Ba3Mg3(BO3)3F3 crystalsCrystals101164

A. Yariv and P. Yeh2006Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications6th edOxford University PressNY, USA

K. J. Lee, S. Lee, and H. Shin2016Extended phase matching properties of periodically poled potassium niobate crystals for mid-infrared polarization-entangled photon-pair generationAppl. Opt.5597919796

V. G. Dmitriev and D. N. Nikogosyan1993Effective nonlinearity coefficients for three-wave interactions in biaxial crystals of mm2 point group symmetryOpt. Commun.95173182

R. W. Boyd2020Nonlinear Optics4th edAcademic PressSan Diego, CA, USA

F. Brehat and B. Wyncke1989Calculation of double-refraction walk-off angle along the phase-matching directions in nonlinear biaxial crystalsJ. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.2218911898

N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira2002Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications bandOpt. Lett.2710461048

S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, and T. Taira2003Group-velocity-matched cascaded quadratic nonlinearities of femtosecond pulses in periodically poled MgO:LiNbO3Opt. Lett.2814421444

Red OptronicsBIBO Crystal (BiB3O6) - New Blue Laser CrystalRed Optronicshttp://www.redoptronics.com/BIBO-crystal.htmlAccessed date: 15 July 2021

K. J. Lee, S. Liu, F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. J. Richardson2010OTDM to WDM format conversion based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguideOpt. Express181028210288

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