Abstract

A new all-optical flip-flop (AOFF) method based on the absorption nulls of an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode (FP-LD) in transverse magnetic (TM) mode is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. For the set and reset operations of the AOFF, injection locking and the destructive minus of beating in transverse electric (TE) mode are used. The absorption nulls on the TM mode are modulated according to the operations, and then non-inverted (Q) and inverted (Q) outputs can be obtained simultaneously. Thanks to the use of several absorption nulls, the proposed AOFF can achieve multiple outputs with extinction ratios of more than 15 dB. Even though the experiment is demonstrated at 100 Mbit/s, the results of previous experiments using the injection of a CW holding beam imply that the operation speed can increase to 10 Gbit/s.

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  1. H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. KhoOptical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methodsJ. Lightwave Technol.200321212
  2. P. K. A. Wai, L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, L. Y. Chan, C. C. Lee, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. DemokanAll-optical add-drop node for optical packet-switched networksOpt. Lett.20053015151517
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  4. R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. MartíAll-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZIIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.200517843845
  5. M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. DorrenAll-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodesIEEE J. Quantum Electron.200137405413
  6. Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. DorrenAll-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switchesElectron. Lett.200238904906
  7. Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee, and H. YooAll-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diodeOpt. Express20061440584063
  8. N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, and Y. D. JeongAll-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodesOpt. Express20071551665171
  9. B. Nakarmi, T. Q. Hoai, Y. H. Won, and X. ZhangAnalysis of hysteresis width on optical bistability for the realization of optical SR flip-flop Using SMFP-LDs with simultaneous inverted and non-inverted outputsIEEE Photon. J.201466600512
  10. J. Kim, H. J. Lee, and C.-S. ParkAll-optical flip-flop based on optical beating and bistability in an injection-locked Fabry-Perot Laser DiodeJ. Opt. Soc. Korea201620698703
  11. H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. LeeAll-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodeIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.200416536538
  12. H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. WonAll-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beamMicrow. Opt. Technol. Lett.200547508511
  13. T. Q. Hoai, J. S. Cho, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. WonAll-optical multi-wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked FP-LDIEICE Electron. Express20074612616
  14. H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. WonAll-optical logic gates using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodeProc. International Conference on Photonics in SwitchingOct. 16-18. 2006Heraklion, Greece13
  15. Y. D. Jeong, H. J. Lee, H. Yoo, and Y. H. WonAll-optical NRZ-to-PRZ converter at 10 Gb/s based on selfphase modulation of Fabry-Perot laser diodeIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20041611791181
  16. H. J. Lee and Y. H. WonExternal optical modulator using a low-cost Fabry-Perot laser diode for optical access networksJ. Opt. Soc. Korea20048163167
  17. R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, S. Cotter, and J. K. LucekEnhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumpingElectron. Lett.199430787788

Other (17)

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. KhoOptical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methodsJ. Lightwave Technol.200321212

P. K. A. Wai, L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, L. Y. Chan, C. C. Lee, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. DemokanAll-optical add-drop node for optical packet-switched networksOpt. Lett.20053015151517

K. OtsukaAll-optical flip-flop operations in a coupled element bistable deviceElectron. Lett.198824800801

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. MartíAll-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZIIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.200517843845

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. DorrenAll-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodesIEEE J. Quantum Electron.200137405413

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. DorrenAll-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switchesElectron. Lett.200238904906

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee, and H. YooAll-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diodeOpt. Express20061440584063

N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, and Y. D. JeongAll-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodesOpt. Express20071551665171

B. Nakarmi, T. Q. Hoai, Y. H. Won, and X. ZhangAnalysis of hysteresis width on optical bistability for the realization of optical SR flip-flop Using SMFP-LDs with simultaneous inverted and non-inverted outputsIEEE Photon. J.201466600512

J. Kim, H. J. Lee, and C.-S. ParkAll-optical flip-flop based on optical beating and bistability in an injection-locked Fabry-Perot Laser DiodeJ. Opt. Soc. Korea201620698703

H. Yoo, Y. D. Jeong, Y. H. Won, M. Kang, and H. J. LeeAll-optical wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodeIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.200416536538

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. WonAll-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beamMicrow. Opt. Technol. Lett.200547508511

T. Q. Hoai, J. S. Cho, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. WonAll-optical multi-wavelength conversion using absorption modulation of an injection-locked FP-LDIEICE Electron. Express20074612616

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. WonAll-optical logic gates using absorption modulation of an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodeProc. International Conference on Photonics in SwitchingOct. 16-18. 2006Heraklion, Greece13

Y. D. Jeong, H. J. Lee, H. Yoo, and Y. H. WonAll-optical NRZ-to-PRZ converter at 10 Gb/s based on selfphase modulation of Fabry-Perot laser diodeIEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20041611791181

H. J. Lee and Y. H. WonExternal optical modulator using a low-cost Fabry-Perot laser diode for optical access networksJ. Opt. Soc. Korea20048163167

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, S. Cotter, and J. K. LucekEnhanced recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers using optical pumpingElectron. Lett.199430787788

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