Abstract

Spherical CeO2:Ho3+/Yb3+ particles were synthesized using spray pyrolysis, and the upconversion (UC) properties were investigated with changing the preparation conditions and the infrared pumping power. The resulting particles had a size of about 1 μm and hollow structure. The prepared CeO2:Ho3+/Yb3+ particles exhibited intense green emission due to the 5F4/5S25I8 transition of Ho3+ and showed weak red or near-IR peaks. In terms of achieving the highest UC emission, the optimal concentrations of Ho3+ and Yb3+ were 0.3% and 2.0%, respectively. The UC emission intensity of prepared CeO2:Ho3+/Yb3+ particles had a linear relationship with crystallite size and concentration quenching was caused by dipole-dipole interaction between the same ions. Based on the dependency of UC emission on the pumping power, the observed green upconversion was achieved through a typical two-photon process and concluded that the main energy transfer from Yb3+ to Ho3+ was involved in the ground-state adsorption (GSA) process.

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  33. S. H. Lee, D. S. Jung, J. M. Han, H. Y. Koo, and Y. C. KangFine-sized Y3Al5O12:Ce phosphor powders prepared by spray pyrolysis from the spray solution with barium fluoride fluxJ. Alloys Compd.2009477776779
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  37. Y. Lei, H. Song, L. Yang, L. Yu, Z. Liu, G. Pan, X. Bai, and L. FanUpconversion luminescence, intensity saturation effect, and thermal effect in Gd2O3:Er3+,Yb3+ nanowiresJ. Chem. Phys.2005123174710

Other (37)

P. Kumar, K. Nagpal, and B. K. GuptaUnclonable security codes designed from multicolor luminescent lanthanide-doped Y2O3 nanorods for anticounterfeitingACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces201791430114308

K. Y. Jung, J. C. Lee, D. S. Kim, B.-K. Choi, and W.-J. KangCo-doping effect of monovalent alkali metals on optical properties of CeO2:Eu nanophosphor prepared by spray pyrolysis and application for preparing pearlescent pigments with red emissionJ. Lumin.201719213131321

P. Kumar, S. Singh, and B. K. GuptaFuture prospects of luminescent nanomaterial based security inks: from synthesis to anti-counterfeiting applicationsNanoscale201681429714340

J. Andres, R. D. Hersch, J. E. Moser, and A. S. ChauvinA new anti-counterfeiting feature relying on invisible luminescent full color images printed with lanthanide-based inksAdv. Funct. Mater.20142450295036

Y. Liu, K. Ai, and L. LuDesigning lanthanide-doped nanocrystals with both up-and down-conversion luminescence for anti-counterfeitingNanoscale2011348044810

G. Chen, H. Qiu, P. N. Prasad, and X. ChenUpconversion nanoparticles: design, nanochemistry, and applications in theranosticsChem. Rev.201411451615214

J. Zhou, Q. Liu, W. Feng, Y. Sun, and F. LiUpconversion luminescent materials: advances and applicationsChem. Rev.2015115395465

H. Suo, C. Guo, Z. Yang, S. Zhou, C. Duan, and M. YinThermometric and optical heating bi-functional properties of upconversion phosphor Ba5Gd8Zn4O21:Yb3+/Tm3+J. Mater. Chem. C2015373797385

Huang F., Gao Y., Zhou J., Xu J., and Wang Y.Yb3+/Er3+ co-doped CaMoO4: a promising green upconversion phosphor for optical temperature sensingJ. Alloys Compd.2015639325329

S. P. Tiwari, K. Kumar, and V. K. RaiLatent fingermarks detection for La2O3:Er3+/Yb3+ phosphor material in upcon version emission mode: A comparative studyJ. Appl. Phys.2015118183109

Y. Yang, C. Mi, F. Jiao, X. Su, X. Li, L. Liu, J. Zhang, F. Yu, Y. Liu, and Y. MaiA novel multifunctional upconversion phosphor: Yb3+/Er3+ codoped La2S3J. Am. Ceram. Soc.20149717691775

G. BoulonWhy so deep research on Yb3+-doped optical inorganic materials?J. Alloys Compd.2008451111

I. Porosnicu, D. Avram, B. Cojocaru, M. Florea, and C. TiseanuUp-conversion luminescence of Er(Yb)-CeO2: Status and new resultsJ. Alloys Compd.2017711627636

G. Han, M. Wang, D. Li, J. Bai, and G. DiaoNovel upconversion Er, Yb-CeO2 hollow spheres as scattering layer materials for efficient dye-sensitized solar cellsSol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells20171605459

J. Kim, Y. Ryou, G. Hwang, J. Bang, J. Jung, Y. Bang, and D. H. KimOxychlorination of methane over FeOx/CeO2 catalystsKorean J. Chem. Eng.20183521852190

J.-H. Park, H. Noh, T.-S. Chang, and C.-H. ShinLowtemperature CO oxidation of Pt/Al0.1Ce0.9O x catalysts: Effects of supports prepared with different precipitantsKorean J. Chem. Eng.201835645653

M. Yada, T. Miyaguchi, D. Watanabe, Y. Hayashi, T. Ayabe, T. Torikai, and T. WatariMorphological control and upconversion luminescence of hollow CeO2 and Er3+-Yb3+ codoped CeO2 particlesCrystEngComm20161883778387

D. Han, Y. Yang, F. Gu, and Z. WangTuning the morphology and upconversion fluorescence of CeO2:Er/Yb nano-octahedraJ. Alloys Compd.2016656524529

Y. Guo, D. Wang, and F. WangEffect of Li+ ions doping on microstructure and upconversion luminescence of CeO2:Er3+ translucent ceramicsOpt. Mater.201542390393

A. Pandey, V. K. Rai, R. Dey, and K. KumarEnriched green upconversion emission in combustion synthesized Y2O3:Ho3+-Yb3+ phosphorMater. Chem. Phys.2013139483488

Y. Q. Sheng, L. L. Xu, J. Liu, D. Zhai, and Z. G. ZhangImproving monochromaticity of upconversion luminescence by codoping Eu3+ ions in Y2O3:Ho3+, Yb3+ nanocrystalsJ. Lumin.2010130338341

A. Pandey and V. K. RaiImproved luminescence and temperature sensing performance of Ho3+-Yb3+-Zn2+:Y2O3 phosphorDalton Trans.2013421100511011

P. Du, E.-J. Kim, and J. S. YuLocal symmetry distortioninduced enhancement of upconversion luminescence in Gd2O3:Ho3+/Yb3+/Zn2+ nanoparticles for solid-state lighting and bioimagingCurr. Appl. Phys.201818310316

A. Kumar, S. P. Tiwari, K. Kumar, and V. K. RaiStructural and optical properties of thermal decomposition assisted Gd2O3:Ho3+/Yb3+ upconversion phosphor annealed at different temperaturesSpectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.2016167134141

S. Babu, J.-H. Cho, J. M. Dowding, E. Heckert, C. Komanski, S. Das, J. Colon, C. H. Baker, M. Bass, W. T. Self, and S. SealMulticolored redox active upconverter cerium oxide nanoparticle for bio-imaging and therapeuticsChem. Commun.20104669156917

D. Avram, I. Porosnicu, B. Cojocaru, M. Florea, and C. TiseanuTime-gated down-/up-conversion emission of Ho-CeO2 and Ho, Yb-CeO2 nanoparticlesJ. Lumin.2016179265271

S. Mondal, A. T. Derebe, and K. WangSurface functionalized carbon microspheres for the recovery of copper ion from refinery wastewaterKorean J. Chem. Eng.201835147152

B. H. Min and K. Y. JungSynthesis and luminescence characteristics of fine-sized Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu green phosphor through spray pyrolysis using TEOS/Si3N4 mixed precursorsRSC Adv.201774475944765

J. Choi, K. S. Yoo, and J. KimSpray pyrolysis synthesis of mesoporous TiO2 microspheres and their post modification for improved photocatalytic activityKorean J. Chem. Eng.20183524802486

B. H. Min, J.-H. Choi, and K. Y. JungImprovement of capacitive deionization performance via using a Tiron-grafted TiO2 nanoparticle layer on porous carbon electrodeKorean J. Chem. Eng.201827272282

K. Y. Jung, D. Y. Lee, Y. C. Kang, and H. D. ParkImproved photoluminescence of BaMgAl10O17 blue phosphor prepared by spray pyrolysisJ. Lumin.2003105127133

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. J. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. JungCorrelation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln = Gd and La) phosphor with their crystal structureSolid State Commun.2005133651656

S. H. Lee, D. S. Jung, J. M. Han, H. Y. Koo, and Y. C. KangFine-sized Y3Al5O12:Ce phosphor powders prepared by spray pyrolysis from the spray solution with barium fluoride fluxJ. Alloys Compd.2009477776779

G. BlasseEnergy transfer in oxidic phosphorsPhys. Lett. A196828444445

L. Jiang, C. Chang, D. Mao, and C. FengConcentration quenching of Eu2+ in Ca2MgSi2O7:Eu2+ phosphorMater. Sci. Eng. B2003103271275

M. Pollnau, D. R. Gamelin, S. R. Lüthi, and H. U. GüdelPower dependence of upconversion luminescence in lanthanide and transition-metal-ion systemsPhys. Rev. B20006133373346

Y. Lei, H. Song, L. Yang, L. Yu, Z. Liu, G. Pan, X. Bai, and L. FanUpconversion luminescence, intensity saturation effect, and thermal effect in Gd2O3:Er3+,Yb3+ nanowiresJ. Chem. Phys.2005123174710

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