Abstract

We have developed a compact, wavelength-selectable, Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at mid ultraviolet for chemical warfare agent detection. The fundamental wave at 1064 nm is delivered by a pulsed solid state laser incorporating with a square-type Nd:YAG rod in a resonator closed by two crossed Porro prisms for environmental reliability. The output energy at 213 nm (5ω) and 266 nm (4ω) by χ(2) process in the sequentially disposed BBO crystals are measured to be 6.8 mJ and 15.1 mJ, respectively. The output wavelength is selected for 5ω and 4ω by a motorized wavelength switch. The energy ratio of the 5ω to the 4ω is varied from 0.05 to 0.85 by controlling the phase matching temperature of the nonlinear crystal for sum-frequency generation without change of the output pulse parameters.

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Other (28)

D. B. Coyle, R. B. Kay, P. R. Stysley, and D. PouliosEfficient, reliable, long-lifetime, diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser for space-based vegetation topographical altimetryAppl. Opt.20044352365242

D. Carr and G. TuellEstimating field-of-view loss in bathymetric lidar: application to large-scale simulationsAppl. Opt.20145347164721

B. TanDeep microhole drilling in a silicon substrate using multi-bursts of nanosecond UV laser pulsesJ. Micromech. Microeng.20061614

A. Bertsch, H. Lorenz, and P. Renaud3d microfabrication by combining microstereolithography and thick resist UV lithographySens. Actuators, A1999731423

J. Kim, D. Haubrich, and D. MeschedeEfficient sub-Doppler laser cooling of an indium atomic beamOpt. Express2009172121621221

A. Okamoto, H. Kuniyasu, and T. HattoriDetection of 30-40 nm particles on bulk -silicon and SOI wafers using deep UV laser scatteringIEEE Trans. Semicond. Manuf.200619372380

R. T. Rewick, M. L. Schumacher, and D. L. HaynesUV absorption spectra of chemical agents and simulantsAppl. Spectrosc.198640152156

S. D. ChristesenRaman cross sections of chemical agents and simulantsAppl. Spectrosc.198842318321

V. Pajcini, C. H. Munro, R. W. Bormett, R. E. Witkowski, and S. A. AsherUV Raman microspectroscopy: Spectral and spatial selectivity with sensitivity and simplicityAppl. Spectrosc.1997518186

R. Bhartia, W. F. Hugb, and R. D. ReidImproved sensing using simultaneous deep UV Raman and fluorescence detectionProc. SPIE2012835883581A

S. Jin, Z. Feng, F. Fan, and C. LiUV Raman spectroscopic characterization of catalysts and catalytic active sitesCatal. Lett.2015145468481

Y. C. Ha, J. H. Lee, Y. J. Koh, S. K. Lee, and Y. K. KimDevelopment of an ultraviolet Raman spectrometer for standoff detection of chemicalsCurr. Opt. Photon.20171247251

S. D. Christesen, J. P. Jones, J. M. Lochner, and A. M. HyreUltraviolet raman spectra and cross-sections of the G-series nerve agentsAppl. Spectrosc.20086210781083

F. Kullander, L. Landström, H. Lundé, A. Mohammed, G. Olofsson, and P. WästerbyMeasurements of Raman scattering in the middle ultraviolet band from persistent chemical warfare agentsProc. SPIE2014907390730C

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. TangUltraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4Appl. Phys. Lett.1989541315

R. B. Bapna, C. S. Rao, and K. DasguptaLow-threshold operation of a 355-nm pumped nanosecond β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillatorOpt. Laser Technol.200840832837

F. Kullander, L. Landström, H. Lundé, and P. WästerbyExperimental examination of ultraviolet Raman cross sections of chemical warfare agent simulantsProc. SPIE2015945594550S

M. K. Chun and E. A. TeppoLaser resonator: an electrooptically Q-switched Porro prism deviceAppl. Opt.19761519421946

I. Singh, A. Kumar, and O. P. NijhawanDesign of a high-power Nd:YAG Q-switched laser cavityAppl. Opt.19953433493351

A. Rapaport, L. Weichman, B. Brickeen, S. Green, and M. BassLaser resonator design using optical ray tracing software: comparison with simple analytical models and experimental resultsIEEE J. Quantum Electron.20013710411048

K. Lee, Y. Yoon, J. Lee, K. Cho, J. Kim, and J. ChoLinearly aligned multiple pumping apparatus for solid-state solid lasersKR Patent201810-2018-0106942

Y. Yoon, K. Cho, K. Lee, J. Yoo, J. Lee, J. Kim, S. Lee, and P. JungLaser gain medium assembly solid-state solid lasers and assembling method thereofKR Patent201910-2019-0001547

Y. Ha, J. Lee, Y. Kang, K. Cho, J. Kim, and J. ChoHigh-order harmonic wave generation apparatus capable of selecting wavelengthU.S. Patent2017US9620927B2

W. KoechnerSolid-State Laser EngineeringSpringer-Verlag1996

SNLO Programhttp://www.as-photonics.com/snlo

J. P. Phillips, S. Banerjee, J. Smith, M. Fitton, T. Davenne, K. Ertel, P. Mason, T. Butcher, M. Vido, J. Greenhalgh, C. Edwards, C. H. Gomez, and J. CollierHigh energy, high repetition rate, second harmonic generation in large aperture DKDP, YCOB, and LBO crystalsOpt. Express2016241968219694

A. V. Smith and M. BowersPhase distortions in sum- and difference-frequency mixing in crystalsJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B1995124957

A. V. Smith, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and M. S. BowersComparison of a numerical model with measured performance of a seeded, nanosecond KTP optical parametric oscillatorJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B19951222532267

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