Abstract

The work reports on the fabrication of an optical planar waveguide in the Nd:CNGG crystal by the 0.4-MeV hydrogen ion implantation with a fluence of 8.0 × 1016 ions/cm2. The nuclear energy loss of the implanted hydrogen ions was derived by using SRIM 2013 code. The microscope image of the proton-implanted Nd:CNGG crystal cross section was captured by a metallographic microscope. The transmittance spectra were recorded before and after the ion implantation. The light intensity distribution of the planar waveguide at 632.8 nm was experimentally measured to validate its effect on one dimension confinement. The investigation shows that the proton-implanted Nd:CNGG waveguide is a candidate for an optoelectronic integrated device.

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  3. M. Zhang, C. Wang, R. Cheng, A. Shams-Ansari, and M. LoncarMonolithic ultra-high-Q lithium niobate microring resonatorOptica2017415361537
  4. Y. Tan, X. B. Liu, Z. L. He, Y. R. Liu, M. W. Zhao, H. Zhang, and F. ChenTuning of interlayer coupling in large-area graphene/WSe2 van der Waals Heterostructure via ion irradiation: optical evidences and photonic applicationsACS Photonics2017415311538
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  20. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. JiangHigh-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystalsOpt. Lett.200934151153
  21. C. X. Liu, M. Chen, L. L. Fu, R. L. Zheng, H. T. Guo, Z. G. Zhou, W. N. Li, S. B. Lin, and W. WeiPlanar waveguides in neodymium-doped calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals produced by proton implantationChin. Phys. B201625044211
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  23. B. X. Xiang and L. WangNear-infrared waveguide in gallium nitride single crystal produced by carbon ion implantationJpn. J. Appl. Phys.201756050306
  24. R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and M. MarangoniTwo straight-forward methods for the measurement of optical losses in planar waveguidesRev. Sci. Instrum.20027311171121
  25. L. Wang, C. E. Haunhorst, M. F. Volk, F. Chen, and D. KipQuasi-phase-matched frequency conversion in ridge waveguides fabricated by ion implantation and diamond dicing of MgO:LiNbO3 crystalsOpt. Express2015233018830194

Other (25)

I. Bányász, Z. Zolnai, M. Fried, S. Berneschi, S. Pelli, and G. Nunzi-ContiLeaky mode suppression in planar optical waveguides written in Er:TeO2-WO3 glass and CaF2 crystal via double energy implantation with MeV N+ ionsNucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. B20143268185

G. S. Seo and T. J. AhnProtection method for diameter downsized fiber Bragg gratings for highly sensitive ultraviolet light sensorsCurr. Opt. Photon.20182221225

M. Zhang, C. Wang, R. Cheng, A. Shams-Ansari, and M. LoncarMonolithic ultra-high-Q lithium niobate microring resonatorOptica2017415361537

Y. Tan, X. B. Liu, Z. L. He, Y. R. Liu, M. W. Zhao, H. Zhang, and F. ChenTuning of interlayer coupling in large-area graphene/WSe2 van der Waals Heterostructure via ion irradiation: optical evidences and photonic applicationsACS Photonics2017415311538

J. D. B. Bradley and M. PollnauErbium-doped integrated waveguide amplifiers and lasersLaser Photon. Rev.20115368403

X. H. Li, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, X. H. Hu, and H. LuTunable and switchable multiwavelength fiber lasers with broadband range based on nonlinear polarization rotation techniqueOpt. Eng.201049094301094304

Y. Wang, X. L. Shen, R. L. Zheng, P. Lv, C. X. Liu, and H. T. GuoOptical planar waveguides fabricated by using carbon ion implantation in terbium gallium garnetJ. Korean Phys. Soc.201872765769

Y. Tan, L. N. Ma, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Q. Zhou, and F. ChenIon irradiated Er:YAG ceramic cladding waveguide amplifier in C and L bandsOpt. Mater. Express20166711716

X. L. Shen, Q. F. Zhu, R. L. Zheng, P. Lv, H. T. Guo, and C. X. LiuNear-infrared optical properties of Yb3+-doped silicate glass waveguides prepared by double-energy proton implantationResults Phys.20188352356

H. Hu, R. Ricken, and W. SohlerLow-loss ridge waveguides on lithium niobate fabricated by local diffusion doping with titaniumAppl. Phys. B201098677679

A. Tervonen, B. R. West, and S. HonkanenIon-exchanged glass waveguide technology: a reviewOpt. Eng.201150071107

L. N. Ma, Y. Tan, M. Ghorbani-Asl, R. Boettger, S. Kretschmer, S. Zhou, Z. Huang, A. V. Krasheninnikov, and F. ChenTailoring the optical properties of atomically-thin WS2 via ion irradiationNanoscale201791102711034

F. Meriche, T. Touam, A. Chelouche, M. Dehimi, J. Solard, A. Fischer, A. Boudrioua, and L. H. PengPost-annealing effects on the physical and optical waveguiding properties of RF sputtered ZnO thin filmsElectron. Mater. Lett.201511862870

F. ChenMicro- and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applicationsLaser Photon. Rev.20126622640

G. V. Vázquez, R. Valiente, S. Gómez-Salces, E. Flores-Romero, J. Rickards, and R. Trejo-LunaCarbon implanted waveguides in soda lime glass doped with Yb3+ and Er3+ for visible light emissionOpt. Laser Technol.201679132136

D. KipPhotorefractive waveguides in oxide crystals: fabrication, properties, and applicationsAppl. Phys. B199867131150

C. X. Liu, L. L. Fu, L. L. Cheng, X. F. Zhu, S. B. Lin, R. L. Zheng, Z. G. Zhou, H. T. Guo, W. N. Li, and W. WeiOptimization effect of annealing treatment on oxygen-implanted Nd:CNGG waveguidesMod. Phys. Lett. B2016301650261

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S. K. Sharma, and T. P. S. Nathan1.6 W of TEM00 cw output at 1.06 µm from Nd:CNGG laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser arrayOpt. Laser Technol.200335173180

Y. Tan, F. Chen, G. V. Vázquez, H. H. Yu, and H. J. ZhangQuasi-three-level laser emissions of neodymiumdoped disordered crystal waveguidesIEEE J. Quantum Electron.2015211601905

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. JiangHigh-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystalsOpt. Lett.200934151153

C. X. Liu, M. Chen, L. L. Fu, R. L. Zheng, H. T. Guo, Z. G. Zhou, W. N. Li, S. B. Lin, and W. WeiPlanar waveguides in neodymium-doped calcium niobium gallium garnet crystals produced by proton implantationChin. Phys. B201625044211

J. F. ZieglerSRIM - The stopping and range of ions in matterhttp://www.srim.org

B. X. Xiang and L. WangNear-infrared waveguide in gallium nitride single crystal produced by carbon ion implantationJpn. J. Appl. Phys.201756050306

R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, and M. MarangoniTwo straight-forward methods for the measurement of optical losses in planar waveguidesRev. Sci. Instrum.20027311171121

L. Wang, C. E. Haunhorst, M. F. Volk, F. Chen, and D. KipQuasi-phase-matched frequency conversion in ridge waveguides fabricated by ion implantation and diamond dicing of MgO:LiNbO3 crystalsOpt. Express2015233018830194

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