Abstract

We report the precipitation of ZnO nanocrystals, Ag-clusters, and Ag nanoparticles in Ag/Er/Yb doped borate glasses by furnace annealing and CO2 laser annealing. The XRD analysis revealed the precipitation of ZnO and Ag phases. The absorption spectra, the TEM and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) revealed the incorporation of Er and Yb ions into ZnO nanocrystals formed by a laser technique and showed the surface plasmon band of Ag nanoparticles. The down-converted blue emission intensity of Er3+ ions obtained under 365 nm excitation was enhanced by more than a hundred times in the glass treated by furnace annealing, mainly due to the energy transfer from Ag-clusters. Moreover, we discussed the contribution of Ag nanoparticles and defects to emission characteristics in the glasses treated by two annealing techniques. Up-conversion emissions of the Er3+ ions under 980 nm excitation were enhanced due to the incorporation of Er3+ and Yb3+ ions into ZnO nanocrystals after thermal treatments.

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  23. A. Bahadur, Y. Dwivedi, and S. B. RaiStructural and spectroscopic diagnosis of Eu:ZnO and Eu:Yb:ZnO glass and ceramicsSpectrochim. Acta, Part A201291217221
  24. A. S. Kuznetsov, J. J. Velázquez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Mendez-Ramos, and V. V. MoshchalkovQuantum yield of luminescence of Ag nanoclusters dispersed within transparent bulk glass vs. glass composition and temperatureAppl. Phys. Lett.2012101251106
  25. L. Vijayalakshmi, K. N. Kumar, P. Hwang, and G. KaurEnhancement of up-conversion emission and emerging cool white light emission in co-doped Yb3+/Er3+: Li2O-LiF-B2O3-ZnO glasses for photonic applicationsCeram. Int.2017431088110888
  26. T. Som and B. KarmakarNanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er:Ag-antimony glass nanocompositesJ. Appl. Phys.2009105013102

Other (26)

M. C. Gonçalves, L. F. Santos, and R. M. AlmeidaRare-earth-doped transparent glass ceramicsC. R. Chim.20025845854

Q. Luo, X. Qiao, X. Fan, and X. ZhangNear-infrared emission of Yb3+ through energy transfer from ZnO to Yb3+ in glass ceramic containing ZnO nanocrystalsOpt. Lett.20113627672769

J. Wang, M. J. Zhou, S. K. Hark, Q. Li, D. Tang, M. W. Chu, and C. H. ChenLocal electronic structure and luminescence properties of Er doped ZnO nanowiresAppl. Phys. Lett.20068922197

G. Lusvardi, G. Malavasi, L. Menabue, and M. C. MenzianiSynthesis, characterization, and molecular dynamics simulation of Na2O-CaO-SiO2-ZnO glassesJ. Phys. Chem. B200210697539760

Y. Liu, Q. Yang, and C. XuSingle-narrow-band red upconversion fluorescence of ZnO nanocrystals codoped with Er and Yb and its achieving mechanismJ. Appl. Phys.2008104064701

X.-H. Zhang, J. Chen, Y. Wu, Z. Xie, J. Kang, and L. ZhengA simple route to fabricate high sensibility gas sensors based on erbium doped ZnO nanocrystalsColloids Surf.2011A 384580584

H. Masai, T. Toda, T. Ueno, Y. Takahashi, and T. FujiwaraZnO glass-ceramics: An alternative way to produce semiconductor materialsAppl. Phys. Lett.200994151908

R. Das, N. Khichar, and S. ChawlaDual mode luminescence in rare earth (Er3+/Ho3+) doped ZnO nanoparticles fabricated by inclusive co precipitation techniqueJ. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron.20152671747182

M. Eichelbaum and K. RademannPlasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? on the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devicesAdv. Funct. Mater.20091920452052

M. Mattarelli, M. Montagna, K. Vishnubhatla, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. C. RighiniMechanisms of Ag to Er energy transfer in silicate glasses: a photoluminescence studyPhys. Rev. B200775125102

D. Rajesh, R. J. Amjad, M. R. Dousti, and A. S. S. de CamargoEnhanced VIS and NIR emissions of Pr3+ ions in TZYN glasses containing silver ions and nanoparticlesJ. Alloys Compd.2017695607612

J. Qiu, Q. Jiao, D. Zhou, and Z. YangRecent progress on upconversion luminescence enhancement in rare-earth doped transparent glass-ceramicsJ. Rare Earths201634341367

R. Das, P. Phadke, N. Khichar, and S. ChawlaThe effect of plasmonic near field tuning on spontaneous emission intensity of dual emitting ZnO:Er3+ nanoparticlesSuperlattices Microstruct.201583642650

H. Chen, T. Ming, L. Zhao, F. Wang, L.-D. Sun, J. Wang, and C.-H. YanPlasmon—molecule interactionsNano Today20105494505

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. LiuPhotoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glassesJ. Appl. Phys.2008104054313

M. Kusatsugu, M. Kanno, T. Honma, and T. KomatsuSpatially selected synthesis of LaF3 and Er3+-doped CaF2 crystals in oxyfluoride glasses by laser-induced crystallizationJ. Solid State Chem.200818111761183

J. Qi, Y. Xu, F. Huang, L. Chen, Y. Han, B. Xue, S. Zhang, T. Xu, and S. DaiPhotoluminescence of Ag nanoparticles and Tm3+ ions in the bismuth germanate glasses for the blue light-excited W-LEDJ. Am. Ceram. Soc.20149714711474

L. Gama, M. A. Ribeiro, B. S. Barros, R. H. A. Kiminami, I. T. Weber, and A. C. F. M. CostaSynthesis and characterization of the NiAl2O4, CoAl2O4 and ZnAl2O4 spinels by the polymeric precursors methodJ. Alloys Compd.2009483453455

V. N. Sigaev, P. D. Sarkisov, N. V. Golubev, D. V. Volovova, V. I. Savnikov, A. G. Malashkevich, and A. V. MudryiGlass formation, crystallization, and spectral-luminescence properties of glasses of the Er2O3-Yb2O3-B2O3-GeO2 systemGlass Ceram.200865340343

D.-S. Kim, J.-H. Lee, and K.-S. LimSpatially selective Er/Yb-doped CaF2 crystal formation by CO2 laser exposureAppl. Surf. Sci.201431798102

A. L. PattersonThe Scherrer formula for x-ray particle size determinatioPhys. Rev.193956978981

R. E. de Lamaestre, H. Béa, H. Bernas, J. Belloni, and J. L. MarignierIrradiation-induced Ag nanocluster nucleation in silicate glasses: Analogy with photographyPhys. Rev. B200776205431

A. Bahadur, Y. Dwivedi, and S. B. RaiStructural and spectroscopic diagnosis of Eu:ZnO and Eu:Yb:ZnO glass and ceramicsSpectrochim. Acta, Part A201291217221

A. S. Kuznetsov, J. J. Velázquez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Mendez-Ramos, and V. V. MoshchalkovQuantum yield of luminescence of Ag nanoclusters dispersed within transparent bulk glass vs. glass composition and temperatureAppl. Phys. Lett.2012101251106

L. Vijayalakshmi, K. N. Kumar, P. Hwang, and G. KaurEnhancement of up-conversion emission and emerging cool white light emission in co-doped Yb3+/Er3+: Li2O-LiF-B2O3-ZnO glasses for photonic applicationsCeram. Int.2017431088110888

T. Som and B. KarmakarNanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er:Ag-antimony glass nanocompositesJ. Appl. Phys.2009105013102

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