Abstract

We investigate the temperature dependence of efficiency droop in InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well (MQW) blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) in the temperature range from 20 to 80°C. When the external quantum efficiency (EQE) and the wall-plug efficiency (WPE) of the LED sample were measured as injection current and temperature varied, the droop of EQE and WPE was found to be reduced with increasing temperature. As the temperature increased from 20 to 80°C, the droop ratio of EQE was decreased from 16% to 14%. This reduction in efficiency droop with temperature can be interpreted by a temperature-dependent carrier distribution in the MQWs. When the carrier distribution and radiative recombination rate in MQWs were simulated and compared for different temperatures, the carrier distribution was found to become increasingly homogeneous as the temperature increased, which is believed to partly contribute to the reduction in efficiency droop with increasing temperature.

© 2018 Optical Society of Korea

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