Abstract

Stimulated polariton scattering (SPS) from the A1 transverse optical (TO) modes of BaTiO3 bulk crystal generating a terahertz (THz) wave with the noncollinear phase-matching (NPM) condition is theoretically investigated. To our best knowledge, this is the first report on THz wave generation from BaTiO3 bulk crystal via SPS. Phase-matching (PM) characteristics in the NPM configuration are analyzed. Effective parametric gain lengths for the Stokes and THz waves in the NPM configuration are calculated. The effective parametric gain coefficient and absorption coefficient of the THz wave in BaTiO3 are theoretically simulated. The THz phonon flux densities generated via SPS in BaTiO3 are theoretically calculated by solving the coupled wave equations under the NPM condition. The PM characteristics and THz-wave parametric gain characteristics in BaTiO3 are compared to those in MgO:LiNbO3. The results of the analysis indicate that BaTiO3 is an attractive optical crystal for efficient THz wave generation via SPS.

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  1. K. Kawase, J. Shikata, and H. ItoTerahertz wave parametric sourceJ. Phys D: Appl. Phys.200235R1R14
  2. T. Ikari, X. Zhang, H. Minamide, and H. ItoTHz-wave parametric oscillator with a surface-emitted configurationOpt. Express20061416041610
  3. T. A. Ortega, H. M. Pask, D. J. Spence, and A. J. LeeTHz polariton laser using an intracavity Mg:LiNbO3 crystal with protective Teflon coatingOpt. Express20172539913999
  4. R. Zhang, Y. Qu, W. Zhao, and Z. ChenHigh energy, widely tunable Si-prism-array coupled terahertz-wave parametric oscillator with a deformed pump and optimal crystal location for angle tuningAppl. Opt.20175624122417
  5. Y. Wang, L. Tang, D. Xu, C. Yan, Y. He, J. Shi, D. Yan, H. Liu, M. Nie, J. Feng, and J. YaoEnergy scaling and extended tunability of terahertz wave parametric oscillator with MgO-doped near-stoichiometric LiNbO3 crystalOpt. Express20172589268936
  6. H. Jang, G. Strömqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and C. CanaliasControl of forward stimulated polariton scattering in periodically-poled KTP crystalsOpt. Express2013212727727283
  7. H. Jang, A. Viotti, G. Strömqvist, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and V. PasiskeviciusCounter-propagating parametric interaction with phonon-polaritons in periodically poled KTiOPO4Opt. Express20172526772686
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  9. W. Wang, Z. Cong, X. Chen, X. Zhang, Z. Qin, G. Tang, N. Li, C. Wang, and Q. LuTerahertz parametric oscillator based on KTiOPO4 crystalOpt. Lett.20143937063709
  10. W. Wang, Z. Cong, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. Qin, G. Tang, N. Li, Y. Zhang, and Q. LuTHz-wave generation via stimulated polariton scattering in KTiOAsO4 crystalOpt. Express2014221709217098
  11. A. J. Lee and H. M. PaskContinuous wave, frequency-tunable terahertz laser radiation generated via stimulated polariton scatteringOpt. Lett.201439442445
  12. T. A. Ortega, H. M. Pask, D. J. Spence, and A. J. LeeStimulated polariton scattering in an intracavity RbTiOPO4 crystal generating frequency-tunable THz outputOpt. Express2016241025410264
  13. T. D. Wang, Y. C. Huang, M. Y. Chuang, Y. H. Lin, C. H. Lee, Y. Y. Lin, F. Y. Lin, and G. Kh. KitaevaLong range parametric amplification of THz wave with absorption loss exceeding parametric gainOpt. Express20132124522462
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  15. A. Pinczuk, W. Taylor, and E. BursteinThe Raman spectrum of BaTiO3Solid State Commun.19675429433
  16. A. Scalabrin, A. S. Chaves, D. S. Shim, and S. P. S. PortoTemperature dependence of the A1 and E optical phonons in BaTiO3Phys. Stat. Sol. (b)197779731742
  17. D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and P. SchunemannRefractive index measurements of barium titanate from .4 to 5.0 microns and implications for periodically poled frequency conversion devicesMRS Online Proc. Libr.1484537541
  18. D. N. NikogosyanNonlinear optical crystals: a complete surveySpringer Science & Business Media2006
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  21. J. B. Khurgin, D. Yang, and Y. J. DingGeneration of mid-infrared radiation in the highly-absorbing nonlinear mediumJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B200118340343
  22. Y. J. DingEfficient generation of high-frequency terahertz waves from highly lossy second-order nonlinear medium at polariton resonance under transverse-pumping geometryOpt. Lett.201035262264
  23. Y. J. DingEfficient generation of far-infrared radiation from a periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide based on surface-emitting geometryJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B201128977981
  24. S. J. Brosnan and R. L. ByerOptical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studiesIEEE J. Quantum Electron.197915415431
  25. Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. MinamideTerahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scatteringPhys. Rev. A201693043836
  26. D. A. WalshIntracavity terahertz optical parametric oscillators, Doctoral dissertationUniversity of St Andrews2011
  27. U. T. Schwarz and M. MaierDamping mechanisms of phonon polaritons, exploited by stimulated Raman gain measurementsPhys. Rev. B199858766775
  28. A. YarivQuantum Electronic3rd ed.Wiley1988Chapter 16
  29. W. D. Johnston and I. P. KaminowContributions to optical nonlinearity in GaAs as determined from Raman scattering efficienciesPhys. Rev.196918812091211
  30. A. R. Johnston and J. M. WeingartDetermination of the low-frequency linear electro-optic effect in tetragonal BaTiO3J. Opt. Soc. Am.196555828834
  31. W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, N. Fernelius, and K. L. VodopyanovAn efficient, tunable, and coherent 0.18-5.27 THz source based on GaSe crystalOpt. Lett.20022714541456
  32. Y. J. DingEfficient generation of high-Power quasi-single-cycle THz pulses from single infrared beam in second-order nonlinear mediumOpt. Lett.20042926502652
  33. Y. J. DingQuasi-single-cycle THz pulses based on broadband-phase-matched difference-frequency generation in second-order nonlinear medium: High output powers and conversion efficienciesIEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.20041011711179
  34. S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. MinamideUltrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperatureSci. Rep.201445045
  35. G. Kh. Kitaeva and A. N. PeninParametric frequency conversion in layered nonlinear mediaJ. Exp. Theor. Phys.200498272286

Other (35)

K. Kawase, J. Shikata, and H. ItoTerahertz wave parametric sourceJ. Phys D: Appl. Phys.200235R1R14

T. Ikari, X. Zhang, H. Minamide, and H. ItoTHz-wave parametric oscillator with a surface-emitted configurationOpt. Express20061416041610

T. A. Ortega, H. M. Pask, D. J. Spence, and A. J. LeeTHz polariton laser using an intracavity Mg:LiNbO3 crystal with protective Teflon coatingOpt. Express20172539913999

R. Zhang, Y. Qu, W. Zhao, and Z. ChenHigh energy, widely tunable Si-prism-array coupled terahertz-wave parametric oscillator with a deformed pump and optimal crystal location for angle tuningAppl. Opt.20175624122417

Y. Wang, L. Tang, D. Xu, C. Yan, Y. He, J. Shi, D. Yan, H. Liu, M. Nie, J. Feng, and J. YaoEnergy scaling and extended tunability of terahertz wave parametric oscillator with MgO-doped near-stoichiometric LiNbO3 crystalOpt. Express20172589268936

H. Jang, G. Strömqvist, V. Pasiskevicius, and C. CanaliasControl of forward stimulated polariton scattering in periodically-poled KTP crystalsOpt. Express2013212727727283

H. Jang, A. Viotti, G. Strömqvist, A. Zukauskas, C. Canalias, and V. PasiskeviciusCounter-propagating parametric interaction with phonon-polaritons in periodically poled KTiOPO4Opt. Express20172526772686

S. S. SussmanTunable light scattering from transverse optical modes in lithium niobateStanford UniversityStanford, California1970Microwave Laboratory Report No. 1851

W. Wang, Z. Cong, X. Chen, X. Zhang, Z. Qin, G. Tang, N. Li, C. Wang, and Q. LuTerahertz parametric oscillator based on KTiOPO4 crystalOpt. Lett.20143937063709

W. Wang, Z. Cong, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Z. Qin, G. Tang, N. Li, Y. Zhang, and Q. LuTHz-wave generation via stimulated polariton scattering in KTiOAsO4 crystalOpt. Express2014221709217098

A. J. Lee and H. M. PaskContinuous wave, frequency-tunable terahertz laser radiation generated via stimulated polariton scatteringOpt. Lett.201439442445

T. A. Ortega, H. M. Pask, D. J. Spence, and A. J. LeeStimulated polariton scattering in an intracavity RbTiOPO4 crystal generating frequency-tunable THz outputOpt. Express2016241025410264

T. D. Wang, Y. C. Huang, M. Y. Chuang, Y. H. Lin, C. H. Lee, Y. Y. Lin, F. Y. Lin, and G. Kh. KitaevaLong range parametric amplification of THz wave with absorption loss exceeding parametric gainOpt. Express20132124522462

J. A. Sanjurjo, R. S. Katiyar, and S. P. S. PortoTemperature dependence of dipolar modes in ferroeiectric BaTiO3 by infrared studiesPhys. Rev. B19802223962403

A. Pinczuk, W. Taylor, and E. BursteinThe Raman spectrum of BaTiO3Solid State Commun.19675429433

A. Scalabrin, A. S. Chaves, D. S. Shim, and S. P. S. PortoTemperature dependence of the A1 and E optical phonons in BaTiO3Phys. Stat. Sol. (b)197779731742

D. E. Zelmon, D. L. Small, and P. SchunemannRefractive index measurements of barium titanate from .4 to 5.0 microns and implications for periodically poled frequency conversion devicesMRS Online Proc. Libr.1484537541

D. N. NikogosyanNonlinear optical crystals: a complete surveySpringer Science & Business Media2006

T. F. Boggess, J. O. White, and G. C. ValleyTwo-photon absorption and anisotropic transient energy transfer in BaTiO3 with 1-psec excitationJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B1990722552258

G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, and J. R. RotgeIntensity-dependent absorption and photorefractive effects in barium titanateJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B1988518791885

J. B. Khurgin, D. Yang, and Y. J. DingGeneration of mid-infrared radiation in the highly-absorbing nonlinear mediumJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B200118340343

Y. J. DingEfficient generation of high-frequency terahertz waves from highly lossy second-order nonlinear medium at polariton resonance under transverse-pumping geometryOpt. Lett.201035262264

Y. J. DingEfficient generation of far-infrared radiation from a periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguide based on surface-emitting geometryJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B201128977981

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. ByerOptical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studiesIEEE J. Quantum Electron.197915415431

Y. Takida, J. Shikata, K. Nawata, Y. Tokizane, Z. Han, M. Koyama, T. Notake, S. Hayashi, and H. MinamideTerahertz-wave parametric gain of stimulated polariton scatteringPhys. Rev. A201693043836

D. A. WalshIntracavity terahertz optical parametric oscillators, Doctoral dissertationUniversity of St Andrews2011

U. T. Schwarz and M. MaierDamping mechanisms of phonon polaritons, exploited by stimulated Raman gain measurementsPhys. Rev. B199858766775

A. YarivQuantum Electronic3rd ed.Wiley1988Chapter 16

W. D. Johnston and I. P. KaminowContributions to optical nonlinearity in GaAs as determined from Raman scattering efficienciesPhys. Rev.196918812091211

A. R. Johnston and J. M. WeingartDetermination of the low-frequency linear electro-optic effect in tetragonal BaTiO3J. Opt. Soc. Am.196555828834

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, N. Fernelius, and K. L. VodopyanovAn efficient, tunable, and coherent 0.18-5.27 THz source based on GaSe crystalOpt. Lett.20022714541456

Y. J. DingEfficient generation of high-Power quasi-single-cycle THz pulses from single infrared beam in second-order nonlinear mediumOpt. Lett.20042926502652

Y. J. DingQuasi-single-cycle THz pulses based on broadband-phase-matched difference-frequency generation in second-order nonlinear medium: High output powers and conversion efficienciesIEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.20041011711179

S. Hayashi, K. Nawata, T. Taira, J. Shikata, K. Kawase, and H. MinamideUltrabright continuously tunable terahertz-wave generation at room temperatureSci. Rep.201445045

G. Kh. Kitaeva and A. N. PeninParametric frequency conversion in layered nonlinear mediaJ. Exp. Theor. Phys.200498272286

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