Abstract

We demonstrate that the local resonance of metamaterials can be tuned by the effects of organic thin films under photoexcitation. Tris (8-hydroxyquinolinato) aluminum (Alq3) layers are deposited on metamaterial/silicon hybrid structures. By varying the thickness of the Alq3 layer on the subwavelength scale, the resonant peak of the metamaterial becomes very adjustable, due to the effect of a thin dielectric substrate. In addition, under photoexcitation all the spectral peaks of the resonance shift to higher frequencies. This originates from the reduction of the capacitive response generated inside the gaps of split-ring resonators. The adjustability of the electromagnetic spectrum may be useful for developing optical systems requiring refractive-index engineering and active optical devices.

© 2017 Optical Society of Korea

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  14. E. Hendry, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Gómez Rivas, M. Bonn, A. P. Hibbins, M. J. Lockyear, "Optical control over surface-plasmon-polariton-assisted THz transmission through a slit aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123901 (2008)
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  15. H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. J. Taylor, "A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator," Nat. Photonics 3, 148‒151 (2009)
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  20. H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, M. Liu, J. P. Mondia, E. Ekmekci, K. Fan, D. L. Kaplan, W. J. Padilla, Z. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, F. G. Omenetto, "Performance enhancement of terahertz metamaterials on ultrathin substrates for sensing applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261909 (2010)
    [Crossref]
  21. Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, T. C. Chong, "Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181101 (2010)
    [Crossref]
  22. D. J. Park, M. S. Jeong, S. B. Choi, "Effect of a dielectric substrate with a subwavelength thickness of light diffraction by rectangular hole arrays on metallic film," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 65, 1390‒1398 (2014)
    [Crossref]
  23. S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Dielectric constant measurements of thin films and liquids using terahertz metamaterials," RSC. Adv. 6, 69381‒69386 (2016)
    [Crossref]
  24. A. Lukyanov, D. Andrienko, "Extracting nondispersive charge carrier mobilities of organic semiconductors from simulation of small systems," Phys. Rev. B 82, 193202 (2010)
    [Crossref]
  25. M. M. El-Nahass, A. M. Farid, A. A. Atta, "Structural and optical properties of Tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (III) (Alq3) thermal evaporated thin films," J. All. Com. 507, 112‒119 (2010)
    [Crossref]
  26. M. van Exter, D. Grischkowsky, "Optical and electric properties of doped silicon from 0.1 to 2 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1694‒1696 (1990)
    [Crossref]
  27. Z. Jiang, M. Li, X. C. Zhang, "Dielectric constant measurement of thin films by differential time domain spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3221‒3223 (2000)
    [Crossref]
  28. J. W. Lee, J. K. Yang, I. B. Sohn, H. K. Choi, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, "Relationship between the order of rotation symmetry in perforated apertures and terahertz transmission characteristics," Opt. Eng. 51, 119002 (2012)
    [Crossref]
  29. C. G. Hu, M. B. Pu, X. Li, M. Wang, Q. Feng, X. G. Luo, "Extraordinary optical transmission induced by electric resonance ring and its dynamic manipulation at far-infrared regime," Opt. Express 19, 18109‒18115 (2011)
    [Crossref]
  30. R. Singh, A. K. Azad, Q. X. Jia, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, "Thermal tunability in terahertz metamaterials fabricated on strontium titanate single-crystal substrates," Opt. Lett. 36, 1230‒1232 (2011)
    [Crossref]
  31. Y. Yang, R. Huang, L. Cong, Z. Zhu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Han, W. Zhang, "Modulating the fundamental inductive-capacitive resonance in asymmetric double-split ring terahertz metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121114 (2011)
    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Dielectric constant measurements of thin films and liquids using terahertz metamaterials," RSC. Adv. 6, 69381‒69386 (2016)
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

D. J. Park, M. S. Jeong, S. B. Choi, "Effect of a dielectric substrate with a subwavelength thickness of light diffraction by rectangular hole arrays on metallic film," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 65, 1390‒1398 (2014)
[Crossref]

H. K. Yoo, Y. W. Yoon, K. Lee, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, I. W. Hwang, J. W. Lee, "Highly efficient terahertz wave modulators by photo-excitation of organics/silicon bilayers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 011115 (2014)
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, R. D. Averitt, "Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial," Nature 487, 345‒348 (2012)
[Crossref]

J. W. Lee, J. K. Yang, I. B. Sohn, H. K. Choi, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, "Relationship between the order of rotation symmetry in perforated apertures and terahertz transmission characteristics," Opt. Eng. 51, 119002 (2012)
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

C. G. Hu, M. B. Pu, X. Li, M. Wang, Q. Feng, X. G. Luo, "Extraordinary optical transmission induced by electric resonance ring and its dynamic manipulation at far-infrared regime," Opt. Express 19, 18109‒18115 (2011)
[Crossref]

R. Singh, A. K. Azad, Q. X. Jia, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, "Thermal tunability in terahertz metamaterials fabricated on strontium titanate single-crystal substrates," Opt. Lett. 36, 1230‒1232 (2011)
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, R. Huang, L. Cong, Z. Zhu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Han, W. Zhang, "Modulating the fundamental inductive-capacitive resonance in asymmetric double-split ring terahertz metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121114 (2011)
[Crossref]

H. K. Yoo, C. Kang, Y. W. Yoon, H. J. Lee, J. W. Lee, K. Lee, C. S. Kee, "Organic conjugated material-based broadband terahertz wave modulators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 061108 (2011)
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, M. Liu, J. P. Mondia, E. Ekmekci, K. Fan, D. L. Kaplan, W. J. Padilla, Z. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, F. G. Omenetto, "Performance enhancement of terahertz metamaterials on ultrathin substrates for sensing applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261909 (2010)
[Crossref]

Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, T. C. Chong, "Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181101 (2010)
[Crossref]

A. Lukyanov, D. Andrienko, "Extracting nondispersive charge carrier mobilities of organic semiconductors from simulation of small systems," Phys. Rev. B 82, 193202 (2010)
[Crossref]

M. M. El-Nahass, A. M. Farid, A. A. Atta, "Structural and optical properties of Tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (III) (Alq3) thermal evaporated thin films," J. All. Com. 507, 112‒119 (2010)
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. J. Taylor, "A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator," Nat. Photonics 3, 148‒151 (2009)
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

D. G. Cooke, P. U. Jepsen, "Optical modulation of terahertz pulses in a parallel plate waveguide," Opt. Express 16, 15123‒15129 (2008)
[Crossref]

E. Hendry, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Gómez Rivas, M. Bonn, A. P. Hibbins, M. J. Lockyear, "Optical control over surface-plasmon-polariton-assisted THz transmission through a slit aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123901 (2008)
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. Gómez Rivas, L. Kuipers, M. Bonn, "Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007)
[Crossref]

M. Tonouchi, "Cutting-edge terahertz technology," Nat. Photonics 1, 97‒105 (2007)
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

J. W. Lee, M. A. Seo, D. J. Park, D. S. Kim, S. C. Jeoung, C. Lienau, Q. H. Park, P. C. M. Planken, "Shape resonance omni-directional terahertz filters with near-unity transmittance," Opt. Express 14, 1253 (2006)
[Crossref]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, R. D. Averitt, "Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 107401 (2006)
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz metamaterial devices," Nature 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

T. Kleine-Ostmann, P. Dawson, K. Pierz, G. Hein, M. Koch, "Room-temperature operation of an electrically driven terahertz modulator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3555‒3557 (2004)
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

P. H. Siegel, "Terahertz technology," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory. Tech. 50, 910‒928 (2002)
[Crossref]

B. Ferguson, X.-C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nat. Mater. 1, 26‒33 (2002)
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, "An optically controllable terahertz filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821‒2823 (2000)
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, M. Li, X. C. Zhang, "Dielectric constant measurement of thin films by differential time domain spectroscopy," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3221‒3223 (2000)
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, M. Koch, "Recent advances in terahertz imaging," Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085‒1094 (1999)
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

J. N. Heyman, R. Kersting, K. Unterrainer, "Time-domain measurement of intersubband oscillations in a quantum well," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 644‒646 (1998)
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. van Exter, D. Grischkowsky, "Optical and electric properties of doped silicon from 0.1 to 2 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1694‒1696 (1990)
[Crossref]

Ahn, Y. H.

S. J. Park, S. A. N. Yoon, Y. H. Ahn, "Dielectric constant measurements of thin films and liquids using terahertz metamaterials," RSC. Adv. 6, 69381‒69386 (2016)
[Crossref]

Andrienko, D.

A. Lukyanov, D. Andrienko, "Extracting nondispersive charge carrier mobilities of organic semiconductors from simulation of small systems," Phys. Rev. B 82, 193202 (2010)
[Crossref]

Atta, A. A.

M. M. El-Nahass, A. M. Farid, A. A. Atta, "Structural and optical properties of Tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (III) (Alq3) thermal evaporated thin films," J. All. Com. 507, 112‒119 (2010)
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, R. D. Averitt, "Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial," Nature 487, 345‒348 (2012)
[Crossref]

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, M. Liu, J. P. Mondia, E. Ekmekci, K. Fan, D. L. Kaplan, W. J. Padilla, Z. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, F. G. Omenetto, "Performance enhancement of terahertz metamaterials on ultrathin substrates for sensing applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261909 (2010)
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. J. Taylor, "A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator," Nat. Photonics 3, 148‒151 (2009)
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz metamaterial devices," Nature 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, R. D. Averitt, "Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 107401 (2006)
[Crossref]

Azad, A. K.

R. Singh, A. K. Azad, Q. X. Jia, A. J. Taylor, H. T. Chen, "Thermal tunability in terahertz metamaterials fabricated on strontium titanate single-crystal substrates," Opt. Lett. 36, 1230‒1232 (2011)
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. J. Taylor, "A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator," Nat. Photonics 3, 148‒151 (2009)
[Crossref]

Baraniuk, R. G.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, M. Koch, "Recent advances in terahertz imaging," Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085‒1094 (1999)
[Crossref]

Baumgärtner, S.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, "An optically controllable terahertz filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821‒2823 (2000)
[Crossref]

Bonn, M.

E. Hendry, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Gómez Rivas, M. Bonn, A. P. Hibbins, M. J. Lockyear, "Optical control over surface-plasmon-polariton-assisted THz transmission through a slit aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123901 (2008)
[Crossref]

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. Gómez Rivas, L. Kuipers, M. Bonn, "Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007)
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

Chen, H. T.

Chen, H.-T.

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. J. Taylor, "A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator," Nat. Photonics 3, 148‒151 (2009)
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz metamaterial devices," Nature 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. C.

Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, T. C. Chong, "Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181101 (2010)
[Crossref]

Choi, H. K.

J. W. Lee, J. K. Yang, I. B. Sohn, H. K. Choi, C. Kang, C. S. Kee, "Relationship between the order of rotation symmetry in perforated apertures and terahertz transmission characteristics," Opt. Eng. 51, 119002 (2012)
[Crossref]

Choi, S. B.

D. J. Park, M. S. Jeong, S. B. Choi, "Effect of a dielectric substrate with a subwavelength thickness of light diffraction by rectangular hole arrays on metallic film," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 65, 1390‒1398 (2014)
[Crossref]

Chong, T. C.

Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, T. C. Chong, "Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181101 (2010)
[Crossref]

Cich, M. J.

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, A. J. Taylor, "A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator," Nat. Photonics 3, 148‒151 (2009)
[Crossref]

Cong, L.

Y. Yang, R. Huang, L. Cong, Z. Zhu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Han, W. Zhang, "Modulating the fundamental inductive-capacitive resonance in asymmetric double-split ring terahertz metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121114 (2011)
[Crossref]

Cooke, D. G.

Dawson, P.

T. Kleine-Ostmann, P. Dawson, K. Pierz, G. Hein, M. Koch, "Room-temperature operation of an electrically driven terahertz modulator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3555‒3557 (2004)
[Crossref]

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, "An optically controllable terahertz filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821‒2823 (2000)
[Crossref]

Ekmekci, E.

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, M. Liu, J. P. Mondia, E. Ekmekci, K. Fan, D. L. Kaplan, W. J. Padilla, Z. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, F. G. Omenetto, "Performance enhancement of terahertz metamaterials on ultrathin substrates for sensing applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261909 (2010)
[Crossref]

El-Nahass, M. M.

M. M. El-Nahass, A. M. Farid, A. A. Atta, "Structural and optical properties of Tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (III) (Alq3) thermal evaporated thin films," J. All. Com. 507, 112‒119 (2010)
[Crossref]

Fan, K.

M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, R. D. Averitt, "Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial," Nature 487, 345‒348 (2012)
[Crossref]

H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, M. Liu, J. P. Mondia, E. Ekmekci, K. Fan, D. L. Kaplan, W. J. Padilla, Z. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, F. G. Omenetto, "Performance enhancement of terahertz metamaterials on ultrathin substrates for sensing applications," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 261909 (2010)
[Crossref]

Farid, A. M.

M. M. El-Nahass, A. M. Farid, A. A. Atta, "Structural and optical properties of Tris (8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (III) (Alq3) thermal evaporated thin films," J. All. Com. 507, 112‒119 (2010)
[Crossref]

Feldmann, J.

I. H. Libon, S. Baumgärtner, M. Hempel, N. E. Hecker, J. Feldmann, M. Koch, P. Dawson, "An optically controllable terahertz filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2821‒2823 (2000)
[Crossref]

Feng, Q.

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson, X.-C. Zhang, "Materials for terahertz science and technology," Nat. Mater. 1, 26‒33 (2002)
[Crossref]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

E. Hendry, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Gómez Rivas, M. Bonn, A. P. Hibbins, M. J. Lockyear, "Optical control over surface-plasmon-polariton-assisted THz transmission through a slit aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123901 (2008)
[Crossref]

Gómez Rivas, J.

E. Hendry, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, J. Gómez Rivas, M. Bonn, A. P. Hibbins, M. J. Lockyear, "Optical control over surface-plasmon-polariton-assisted THz transmission through a slit aperture," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 123901 (2008)
[Crossref]

E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. Gómez Rivas, L. Kuipers, M. Bonn, "Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007)
[Crossref]

Gossard, A. C.

H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, "Active terahertz metamaterial devices," Nature 444, 597‒600 (2006)
[Crossref]

Grischkowsky, D.

M. van Exter, D. Grischkowsky, "Optical and electric properties of doped silicon from 0.1 to 2 THz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1694‒1696 (1990)
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

Y. Yang, R. Huang, L. Cong, Z. Zhu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Han, W. Zhang, "Modulating the fundamental inductive-capacitive resonance in asymmetric double-split ring terahertz metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121114 (2011)
[Crossref]

Gupta, M.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. G. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, M. Koch, "Recent advances in terahertz imaging," Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085‒1094 (1999)
[Crossref]

Han, J.

Y. Yang, R. Huang, L. Cong, Z. Zhu, J. Gu, Z. Tian, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Han, W. Zhang, "Modulating the fundamental inductive-capacitive resonance in asymmetric double-split ring terahertz metamaterials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 121114 (2011)
[Crossref]

Han, N. R.

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T. Kleine-Ostmann, P. Dawson, K. Pierz, G. Hein, M. Koch, "Room-temperature operation of an electrically driven terahertz modulator," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3555‒3557 (2004)
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E. Hendry, M. J. Lockyear, J. Gómez Rivas, L. Kuipers, M. Bonn, "Ultrafast optical switching of the THz transmission through metallic subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. B 75, 235305 (2007)
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H. K. Yoo, C. Kang, Y. W. Yoon, H. J. Lee, J. W. Lee, K. Lee, C. S. Kee, "Organic conjugated material-based broadband terahertz wave modulators," Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 061108 (2011)
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W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, R. D. Averitt, "Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 107401 (2006)
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, R. D. Averitt, "Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial," Nature 487, 345‒348 (2012)
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, R. D. Averitt, "Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial," Nature 487, 345‒348 (2012)
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Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, T. C. Chong, "Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181101 (2010)
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M. Liu, H. Y. Hwang, H. Tao, A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, G. R. Keiser, A. J. Sternbach, K. G. West, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, F. G. Omenetto, X. Zhang, K. A. Nelson, R. D. Averitt, "Terahertz-field-induced insulator-to-metal transition in vanadium dioxide metamaterial," Nature 487, 345‒348 (2012)
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