Abstract

The present paper computes the refractive indices of different corona viruses (H5N1, H5N2, H9N2, H4N6, FAdV and IBV) through reflectance analysis of a virus solution. The computational analysis indicates that the refractive indices of all viruses are negative at the signal of 412 nm. Further the numerical output shows that the infectious bronchitis viruses (family of novel corona viruses, COVID-19) have higher negative refractive indices as compared to other corona viruses. Finally refractive indices of the family of COVID-19 are investigated with respect to the EID (Electronic infusion Device) concentration of the viruses, showing that the refractive index which ranges from “−0.96725 to −0.999998” corresponds to ‘0.01 to 10000’ EID virus concentration.

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  17. A. I. Karasin, I. H. Brown, S. Carman, and C. W. OlsenIsolation and characterization of H4N6 avian influenza viruses from pigs with pneumonia in CanadaJ. Virol.20007493229327
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Other (18)

J. Cui, F. Li, and Z.-L. ShiOrigin and evolution of pathogenic coronavirusesNature Rev. Microbiol.201917181192

D. Forni, R. Cagliani, M. Clerici, and M. SironiMolecular evolution of human coronavirus genomesTrends Microbiol.2017253548

S. R. Ahmed, S. W. Kang, S. Oh, J. Lee, and S. NeethirajanChiral zirconiumquantum dots: A new class of nanocrystals for optical detection of coronavirusHeliyon20184e00766

B. M. Crossley, R. E. Mock, S. A. Callison, and S. K. HietalaIdentification and characterization of a novel alpaca respiratory coronavirus most closely related to the human coronavirus 229EViruses2012436893700

A. M. Martya and M. K. JonesEditorial commentaryOne Helth20209100123

Z. Hamzavi-Zarghani, A. Yahaghi, L. Matekovits, and A. FarmaniTunable mantle cloaking utilizing graphene metasurface for terahertz sensing applicationsOpt. Express2019273482434837

F. Moradiani, A. Farmani, M. Yavarian, A. Mir, and F. BehzadfarA multimode graphene plasmonic perfect absorber at terahertz frequenciesPhys. E: Low-Dimens. Syst. Nanostruct.2020122114159

M. H. Mozaffari and A. FarmaniOn-chip single-mode optofluidic microresonator dye laser sensorIEEE Sens. J.20202035563563

A. Farmani, M. Soroosh, M. H. Mozaffari, and T. DaghooghiB. Han, V. K. Tomer, T. A. Nguyen, A. Farmani, and P. K. SinghNanosensors for Smart Cities (Micro and Nano Technologies Sereies)ElsevierAmsterdam, Nederlands2020419432Optical nanosensors for cancer and virus detections, Chapter 25

N. Amoosoltani, N. Yasrebi, A. Farmani, and A. ZarifkarA plasmonic nano-biosensor based on two consecutive disk resonators and unidirectional reflectionless propagation effectIEEE Sens. J.20202090979104

A. K. Tomar, S. Mahendia, R. P. Chahal, and S. KumarPhotoluminescence and refractive index behavior of PMMA-PAni blendsAIP Conf. Proc.20121447591

M. D. Migahed and H. M. ZidanInfluence of UV-irradiation on the structure and optical properties of polycarbonate filmsCurr. Appl. Phys.200669196

I. S. Amiri, M. K. Sahoo, S. K. Sahu, S. Behera, and G. PalaiRealization of white LED using plasmonic-based photonic structure through reflection, absorption and transmission analysisOptik2020207163863

A. Gambaryan, A. Tuzikov, G. Pazynina, N. Bovin, A. Balish, and A. KlimovEvolution of the receptor binding phenotype of influenza A (H5) virusesVirology2006344432438

T. Horimoto, E. Rivera, J. Pearson, D. Senne, S. Krauss, Y. Kawaoka, and R. G. WebsterOrigin and molecular changes associated with emergence of a highly pathogenic H5N2 influenza virus in MexicoVirology1995213223230

C. Li, K. Yu, G. Tian, D. Yu, L. Liu, B. Jing, J. Ping, and H. ChenEvolution of H9N2 influenza viruses from domestic poultry in Mainland ChinaVirology20053407083

A. I. Karasin, I. H. Brown, S. Carman, and C. W. OlsenIsolation and characterization of H4N6 avian influenza viruses from pigs with pneumonia in CanadaJ. Virol.20007493229327

Y. Pei, J. C. Corredor, B. D. Griffin, P. J. Krell, and E. NagyFowl adenovirus 4 (FAdV-4)-based infectious clone for vaccine vector development and viral gene function studiesViruses20181097

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