Abstract

This paper investigates the performance of a hybrid single input multiple output radio frequency/free-space optics (SIMO-RF/FSO) communication system. Each SIMO-RF link is modeled as an independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) Rayleigh distribution, while the FSO link follows a generalized Málaga (M) distribution. Considering the fixed gain amplify-and-forward (AF) relay and misalignment errors, novel expressions for the outage probability (OP), average bit error rate (ABER) and average capacity are derived. Numerical results show that atmospheric turbulence and misalignment errors can seriously impair the system performance, and the hybrid RF/FSO communication system using SIMO-RF links can greatly improve system performance. We also analyze system performance under different types of modulation schemes. Numerical results are verified by Monte Carlo simulations.

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. V. W. S. ChanFree-space optical communicationsJ. Lightwave Technol.20062447504762
  2. M. A. Khalighi and M. UysalSurvey on free space optical communication: A communication theory perspectiveIEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts.20141622312258
  3. H. Lei, Z. Dai, K. H. Park, W. Lei, G. Pan, and M. S. AlouiniSecrecy outage analysis of mixed RF-FSO downlink SWIPT systemsIEEE Trans. Commun.20186663846395
  4. M. O. Hasna and M. S. AlouiniA performance study of dual-hop transmissions with fixed gain relaysIEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.2004319631968
  5. M. Torabi and R. EffatpanahiPerformance analysis of hybrid RF-FSO systems with amplify-and-forward selection relayingOpt. Commun.20194348090
  6. E. Balti and M. GuizaniMixed RF/FSO cooperative relaying systems with co-channel interferenceIEEE Trans. Commun.20186640144027
  7. J. Vellakudiyan, I. S. Ansari, V. Palliyembil, P. Muthuchidambaranathan, and K. A. QaraqeChannel capacity analysis of a mixed dual-hop radio-frequency-free space optical transmission system with Málaga distributionIET Commun.20161021192124
  8. J. Feng and X. ZhaoPerformance analysis of mixed RF/FSO systems with STBC usersOpt. Commun.2016381244252
  9. J. Zhao, S. H. Zhao, W. H. Zhao, Y. Liu, and X. LiPerformance of mixed RF/FSO systems in exponentiated Weibull distributed channelsOpt. Commun.2017405244252
  10. L. Yang, M. O. Hasna, and X. GaoPerformance of mixed RF/FSO with variable gain over generalized atmospheric turbulence channelsIEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.20153319131924
  11. E. Soleimani-Nasab and M. UysalGeneralized performance analysis of mixed RF/FSO cooperative systemsIEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.201615714727
  12. J. Zhang, L. Dai, Y. Zhang, and Z. WangUnified performance analysis of mixed radio frequency/free-space optical dual-hop transmission systemsJ. Lightwave Technol.20153322862293
  13. M. I. Petkovic and Z. TrpovskiExact outage probability analysis of the mixed RF/FSO system with variable gain relaysIEEE Photonics J.201810114
  14. P. V. Trinh, T. C. Thang, and A. T. PhamMixed mmWave RF/FSO relaying systems over generalized fading channels with pointing errorsIEEE Photonics J.20179114
  15. V. Palliyembil, J. Vellakudiyan, P. Muthuchidamdaranathan, and T. A. TsiftsisCapacity and outage probability analysis of asymmetric dual-hop RF-FSO communication systemsIET Commun.20181219791983
  16. L. Kong, W. Xu, L. Hanzo, H. Zhang, and C. ZhaoPerformance of a free-space-optical relay-assisted hybrid RF/FSO system in generalized M-distributed channelsIEEE Photonics J.20157119
  17. L. Chen and W. WangMulti-diversity combining and selection for relay-assisted mixed RF/FSO systemOpt. Commun.201740517
  18. A. H. A. El-Malek, A. M. Salhab, S. A. Zummo, and M. S. AlouiniSecurity-reliability trade-off analysis for multiuser SIMO mixed RF/FSO relay networks with opportunistic user schedulingIEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.20161559045918
  19. N. Singhal, A. Bansal, and A. KumarPerformance evaluation of decode-and-forward-based asymmetric SIMO-RF/FSO system with pointing errorsIET Commun.20171122442252
  20. M. K. Simon and M. S. AlouiniDigital Communication Over Fading Channels2nd edJohn Wiley & Sons, New Jersey2005
  21. Y. C. Ko, M. S. Alouini, and M. K. SimonOutage probability of diversity systems over generalized fading channelsIEEE Trans. Commun.20004817831787
  22. H. G. Sandalidis, T. A. Tsiftsis, and G. K. KaragiannidisOptical wireless communications with heterodyne detection over turbulence channels with pointing errorsJ. Lightwave Technol.20092744404445
  23. S. WolframModified Bessel function of the second kind (Wolfram: Computation Meets Knowledge, 2001)2018http://functions.wolfram.com/Bessel-TypeFunctions/BesselK/
  24. I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M. S. AlouiniPerformance analysis of free-space optical links over Málaga (M) turbulence channels with pointing errorsIEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.20161591102
  25. A. Papoulis and S. U. PillaiProbability, Random Variables, and Stochastic Processes4th edTata McGraw-Hill EducationEurope2002
  26. I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. RyzhikTable of Integrals, Series, and Products: Corrected and enlarged editionAcademic PressLondon, UK2014
  27. V. S. Adamchik and O. I. MarichevThe algorithm for calculating integrals of hypergeometric type functions and its realization in REDUCE systemProc. The international symposium on Symbolic and algebraic computationACMTokyo, Japan1990212224
  28. S. WolframMeijer G-function (Wolfram: Computation Meets Knowledge, 2001)2018http://functions.wolfram.com/HypergeometricFunctions/MeijerG/
  29. E. Zedini, I. S. Ansari, and M. S. AlouiniPerformance analysis of mixed Nakagami- m and Gamma-Gamma dualhop FSO transmission systemsIEEE Photonics J.20157120
  30. A. M. Mathai and R. K. SaxenaThe H-function With Applications in Statistics and Other DisciplinesWiley Eastern, New Delhi, India & Halsted PressNew York, USA1978
  31. B. L. SharmaSome formulae for generalized function of two variablesMatematički Vesnik196854352
  32. I. S. Ansari, S. Al-Ahmadi, F. Yilmaz, M. S. Alouini, and H. YanikomerogluA new formula for the BER of binary modulations with dual-branch selection over Generalized-K composite fading channelsIEEE Trans. Commun.20115926542658
  33. A. Jurado-Navas, J. M. Garrido-Balsells, J. F. Paris, and A. Puerta-NotarioJ. AwrejcewiczNumerical Simulations of Physical and Engineering ProcessesIntechOpenUK2011A unifying statistical model for atmospheric optical scintillation, Chapter 8

Other (33)

V. W. S. ChanFree-space optical communicationsJ. Lightwave Technol.20062447504762

M. A. Khalighi and M. UysalSurvey on free space optical communication: A communication theory perspectiveIEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts.20141622312258

H. Lei, Z. Dai, K. H. Park, W. Lei, G. Pan, and M. S. AlouiniSecrecy outage analysis of mixed RF-FSO downlink SWIPT systemsIEEE Trans. Commun.20186663846395

M. O. Hasna and M. S. AlouiniA performance study of dual-hop transmissions with fixed gain relaysIEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.2004319631968

M. Torabi and R. EffatpanahiPerformance analysis of hybrid RF-FSO systems with amplify-and-forward selection relayingOpt. Commun.20194348090

E. Balti and M. GuizaniMixed RF/FSO cooperative relaying systems with co-channel interferenceIEEE Trans. Commun.20186640144027

J. Vellakudiyan, I. S. Ansari, V. Palliyembil, P. Muthuchidambaranathan, and K. A. QaraqeChannel capacity analysis of a mixed dual-hop radio-frequency-free space optical transmission system with Málaga distributionIET Commun.20161021192124

J. Feng and X. ZhaoPerformance analysis of mixed RF/FSO systems with STBC usersOpt. Commun.2016381244252

J. Zhao, S. H. Zhao, W. H. Zhao, Y. Liu, and X. LiPerformance of mixed RF/FSO systems in exponentiated Weibull distributed channelsOpt. Commun.2017405244252

L. Yang, M. O. Hasna, and X. GaoPerformance of mixed RF/FSO with variable gain over generalized atmospheric turbulence channelsIEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.20153319131924

E. Soleimani-Nasab and M. UysalGeneralized performance analysis of mixed RF/FSO cooperative systemsIEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.201615714727

J. Zhang, L. Dai, Y. Zhang, and Z. WangUnified performance analysis of mixed radio frequency/free-space optical dual-hop transmission systemsJ. Lightwave Technol.20153322862293

M. I. Petkovic and Z. TrpovskiExact outage probability analysis of the mixed RF/FSO system with variable gain relaysIEEE Photonics J.201810114

P. V. Trinh, T. C. Thang, and A. T. PhamMixed mmWave RF/FSO relaying systems over generalized fading channels with pointing errorsIEEE Photonics J.20179114

V. Palliyembil, J. Vellakudiyan, P. Muthuchidamdaranathan, and T. A. TsiftsisCapacity and outage probability analysis of asymmetric dual-hop RF-FSO communication systemsIET Commun.20181219791983

L. Kong, W. Xu, L. Hanzo, H. Zhang, and C. ZhaoPerformance of a free-space-optical relay-assisted hybrid RF/FSO system in generalized M-distributed channelsIEEE Photonics J.20157119

L. Chen and W. WangMulti-diversity combining and selection for relay-assisted mixed RF/FSO systemOpt. Commun.201740517

A. H. A. El-Malek, A. M. Salhab, S. A. Zummo, and M. S. AlouiniSecurity-reliability trade-off analysis for multiuser SIMO mixed RF/FSO relay networks with opportunistic user schedulingIEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.20161559045918

N. Singhal, A. Bansal, and A. KumarPerformance evaluation of decode-and-forward-based asymmetric SIMO-RF/FSO system with pointing errorsIET Commun.20171122442252

M. K. Simon and M. S. AlouiniDigital Communication Over Fading Channels2nd edJohn Wiley & Sons, New Jersey2005

Y. C. Ko, M. S. Alouini, and M. K. SimonOutage probability of diversity systems over generalized fading channelsIEEE Trans. Commun.20004817831787

H. G. Sandalidis, T. A. Tsiftsis, and G. K. KaragiannidisOptical wireless communications with heterodyne detection over turbulence channels with pointing errorsJ. Lightwave Technol.20092744404445

S. WolframModified Bessel function of the second kind (Wolfram: Computation Meets Knowledge, 2001)2018http://functions.wolfram.com/Bessel-TypeFunctions/BesselK/

I. S. Ansari, F. Yilmaz, and M. S. AlouiniPerformance analysis of free-space optical links over Málaga (M) turbulence channels with pointing errorsIEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.20161591102

A. Papoulis and S. U. PillaiProbability, Random Variables, and Stochastic Processes4th edTata McGraw-Hill EducationEurope2002

I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. RyzhikTable of Integrals, Series, and Products: Corrected and enlarged editionAcademic PressLondon, UK2014

V. S. Adamchik and O. I. MarichevThe algorithm for calculating integrals of hypergeometric type functions and its realization in REDUCE systemProc. The international symposium on Symbolic and algebraic computationACMTokyo, Japan1990212224

S. WolframMeijer G-function (Wolfram: Computation Meets Knowledge, 2001)2018http://functions.wolfram.com/HypergeometricFunctions/MeijerG/

E. Zedini, I. S. Ansari, and M. S. AlouiniPerformance analysis of mixed Nakagami- m and Gamma-Gamma dualhop FSO transmission systemsIEEE Photonics J.20157120

A. M. Mathai and R. K. SaxenaThe H-function With Applications in Statistics and Other DisciplinesWiley Eastern, New Delhi, India & Halsted PressNew York, USA1978

B. L. SharmaSome formulae for generalized function of two variablesMatematički Vesnik196854352

I. S. Ansari, S. Al-Ahmadi, F. Yilmaz, M. S. Alouini, and H. YanikomerogluA new formula for the BER of binary modulations with dual-branch selection over Generalized-K composite fading channelsIEEE Trans. Commun.20115926542658

A. Jurado-Navas, J. M. Garrido-Balsells, J. F. Paris, and A. Puerta-NotarioJ. AwrejcewiczNumerical Simulations of Physical and Engineering ProcessesIntechOpenUK2011A unifying statistical model for atmospheric optical scintillation, Chapter 8

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.