Abstract

A tunable low-phase-noise microwave generation structure that utilizes an optoelectronic oscillator (OEO) and a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated in this article. This structure has no particular requirement for the band width of the laser, and its tunability is realized through adjusting the central frequency of the tunable FBG. A detailed theoretical analysis is established and confirmed via an experiment. A high-purity microwave signal with a frequency tunable from 6 to 12 GHz is generated. The single-sideband phase noise of the generated signal at 10.2 GHz is −117.2 dBc/Hz, at a frequency offset of 10 kHz.

© 2018 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(7), 1141-1149 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  2. X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “High frequency optical subcarrier generator,” Electron, Lett. 30(18), 1525-1526 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  3. Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, and P. Zhang, “Tunable single-mode injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator with low phase-noise,” Optik 127(10), 4312-4314 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. W. Li and J. Yao, “Optically tunable frequency-multiplying optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(10), 812-814 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. W Li and J. Yao, “A wideband frequency tunable optoelectronic oscillator incorporating a tunable microwave photonic filter based on phase-modulation to intensity-modulation conversion using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 60(6), 1735-1742 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. Zhu, S. Pan, and D. Ben, “Tunable frequency-quadrupling dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(3), 194-196 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Chin and L. Thévenaz, “Recent advancement of slow light in microwave photonics applications,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2010), pp. 385-388.
  8. X. Xie, C. Zhang, T. Sun, P. Guo, X. Zhu, L. Zhu, W. Hu, and Z. Chen, “Wideband tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a phase modulator and a tunable optical filter,” Opt. Lett. 38(5), 655-662 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).
  10. B. Yang, X. Jin, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, H. Chi, and Y. Wang, “A wideband frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a narrowband phase-shifted FBG and wavelength tuning of laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 73-75 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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  12. N. Q. Ngo, S. Y. Li, L. N. Binh, and S. C. Tjin, “A phaseshifted linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating with tunable bandwidth,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 438-441 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  13. B. Lin and S. C. Tjin, “Advanced fiber Bragg grating for tunable microwave generation,” in International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks IEEE (2017).
  14. B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, M. Jiang, and P. Shum, “Tunable microwave generation based on a dual-wavelength fiber laser with an inverse-Gaussian apodized fiber Bragg grating,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), 4912-4916 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  15. K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightw. Technol. 15(8), 1263-1276 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

2017 (1)

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

2016 (2)

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, and P. Zhang, “Tunable single-mode injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator with low phase-noise,” Optik 127(10), 4312-4314 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).

2013 (1)

2012 (4)

B. Yang, X. Jin, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, H. Chi, and Y. Wang, “A wideband frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a narrowband phase-shifted FBG and wavelength tuning of laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 73-75 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Li and J. Yao, “Optically tunable frequency-multiplying optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(10), 812-814 (2012).
[Crossref]

W Li and J. Yao, “A wideband frequency tunable optoelectronic oscillator incorporating a tunable microwave photonic filter based on phase-modulation to intensity-modulation conversion using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 60(6), 1735-1742 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, S. Pan, and D. Ben, “Tunable frequency-quadrupling dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(3), 194-196 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2006 (1)

N. Q. Ngo, S. Y. Li, L. N. Binh, and S. C. Tjin, “A phaseshifted linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating with tunable bandwidth,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 438-441 (2006).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightw. Technol. 15(8), 1263-1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(7), 1141-1149 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “High frequency optical subcarrier generator,” Electron, Lett. 30(18), 1525-1526 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ben, D.

D. Zhu, S. Pan, and D. Ben, “Tunable frequency-quadrupling dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(3), 194-196 (2012).
[Crossref]

Binh, L. N.

N. Q. Ngo, S. Y. Li, L. N. Binh, and S. C. Tjin, “A phaseshifted linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating with tunable bandwidth,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 438-441 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).

Chen, W.

W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).

Chen, Y.

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, and P. Zhang, “Tunable single-mode injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator with low phase-noise,” Optik 127(10), 4312-4314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

Chi, H.

B. Yang, X. Jin, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, H. Chi, and Y. Wang, “A wideband frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a narrowband phase-shifted FBG and wavelength tuning of laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 73-75 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chin, S.

S. Chin and L. Thévenaz, “Recent advancement of slow light in microwave photonics applications,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2010), pp. 385-388.

Gao, Y.

W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).

Ge, Y.

B. Lin, M. Jiang, S. C. Tjin, P. P. Shum, Y. Ge, and Y. He, “Tunable microwave generation based on a phase-shifted chirped fiber Bragg grating,” in Eighth International Conference on Wireless and Optical Communications Networks IEEE (2011), pp. 1-3.

Guo, P.

He, Y.

B. Lin, M. Jiang, S. C. Tjin, P. P. Shum, Y. Ge, and Y. He, “Tunable microwave generation based on a phase-shifted chirped fiber Bragg grating,” in Eighth International Conference on Wireless and Optical Communications Networks IEEE (2011), pp. 1-3.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightw. Technol. 15(8), 1263-1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hu, W.

Jiang, M.

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, M. Jiang, and P. Shum, “Tunable microwave generation based on a dual-wavelength fiber laser with an inverse-Gaussian apodized fiber Bragg grating,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), 4912-4916 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Lin, M. Jiang, S. C. Tjin, P. P. Shum, Y. Ge, and Y. He, “Tunable microwave generation based on a phase-shifted chirped fiber Bragg grating,” in Eighth International Conference on Wireless and Optical Communications Networks IEEE (2011), pp. 1-3.

Jin, X.

B. Yang, X. Jin, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, H. Chi, and Y. Wang, “A wideband frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a narrowband phase-shifted FBG and wavelength tuning of laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 73-75 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, and P. Zhang, “Tunable single-mode injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator with low phase-noise,” Optik 127(10), 4312-4314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, S. Y.

N. Q. Ngo, S. Y. Li, L. N. Binh, and S. C. Tjin, “A phaseshifted linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating with tunable bandwidth,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 438-441 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, W

W Li and J. Yao, “A wideband frequency tunable optoelectronic oscillator incorporating a tunable microwave photonic filter based on phase-modulation to intensity-modulation conversion using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 60(6), 1735-1742 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

W. Li and J. Yao, “Optically tunable frequency-multiplying optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(10), 812-814 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, B.

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, M. Jiang, and P. Shum, “Tunable microwave generation based on a dual-wavelength fiber laser with an inverse-Gaussian apodized fiber Bragg grating,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), 4912-4916 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Lin and S. C. Tjin, “Advanced fiber Bragg grating for tunable microwave generation,” in International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks IEEE (2017).

B. Lin, M. Jiang, S. C. Tjin, P. P. Shum, Y. Ge, and Y. He, “Tunable microwave generation based on a phase-shifted chirped fiber Bragg grating,” in Eighth International Conference on Wireless and Optical Communications Networks IEEE (2011), pp. 1-3.

Lu, L.

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, and P. Zhang, “Tunable single-mode injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator with low phase-noise,” Optik 127(10), 4312-4314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maleki, L.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(7), 1141-1149 (1996).
[Crossref]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “High frequency optical subcarrier generator,” Electron, Lett. 30(18), 1525-1526 (1994).
[Crossref]

Meltz, G.

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightw. Technol. 15(8), 1263-1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ngo, N. Q.

N. Q. Ngo, S. Y. Li, L. N. Binh, and S. C. Tjin, “A phaseshifted linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating with tunable bandwidth,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 438-441 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pan, S.

D. Zhu, S. Pan, and D. Ben, “Tunable frequency-quadrupling dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(3), 194-196 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shum, P.

Shum, P. P.

B. Lin, M. Jiang, S. C. Tjin, P. P. Shum, Y. Ge, and Y. He, “Tunable microwave generation based on a phase-shifted chirped fiber Bragg grating,” in Eighth International Conference on Wireless and Optical Communications Networks IEEE (2011), pp. 1-3.

Sun, T.

Teng, Y.

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, and P. Zhang, “Tunable single-mode injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator with low phase-noise,” Optik 127(10), 4312-4314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Thévenaz, L.

S. Chin and L. Thévenaz, “Recent advancement of slow light in microwave photonics applications,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2010), pp. 385-388.

Tjin, S. C.

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, M. Jiang, and P. Shum, “Tunable microwave generation based on a dual-wavelength fiber laser with an inverse-Gaussian apodized fiber Bragg grating,” Appl. Opt. 50(25), 4912-4916 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Q. Ngo, S. Y. Li, L. N. Binh, and S. C. Tjin, “A phaseshifted linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating with tunable bandwidth,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 438-441 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Lin and S. C. Tjin, “Advanced fiber Bragg grating for tunable microwave generation,” in International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks IEEE (2017).

B. Lin, M. Jiang, S. C. Tjin, P. P. Shum, Y. Ge, and Y. He, “Tunable microwave generation based on a phase-shifted chirped fiber Bragg grating,” in Eighth International Conference on Wireless and Optical Communications Networks IEEE (2011), pp. 1-3.

Wang, Y.

W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).

B. Yang, X. Jin, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, H. Chi, and Y. Wang, “A wideband frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a narrowband phase-shifted FBG and wavelength tuning of laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 73-75 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wen, A.

W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).

Xiang, S.

W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).

Xie, X.

Yang, B.

B. Yang, X. Jin, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, H. Chi, and Y. Wang, “A wideband frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a narrowband phase-shifted FBG and wavelength tuning of laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 73-75 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, J.

W. Li and J. Yao, “Optically tunable frequency-multiplying optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(10), 812-814 (2012).
[Crossref]

W Li and J. Yao, “A wideband frequency tunable optoelectronic oscillator incorporating a tunable microwave photonic filter based on phase-modulation to intensity-modulation conversion using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 60(6), 1735-1742 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, N.

W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).

Yao, X. S.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(7), 1141-1149 (1996).
[Crossref]

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “High frequency optical subcarrier generator,” Electron, Lett. 30(18), 1525-1526 (1994).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, and P. Zhang, “Tunable single-mode injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator with low phase-noise,” Optik 127(10), 4312-4314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, P.

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, and P. Zhang, “Tunable single-mode injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator with low phase-noise,” Optik 127(10), 4312-4314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

B. Yang, X. Jin, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, H. Chi, and Y. Wang, “A wideband frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a narrowband phase-shifted FBG and wavelength tuning of laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 73-75 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zheng, S.

B. Yang, X. Jin, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, H. Chi, and Y. Wang, “A wideband frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a narrowband phase-shifted FBG and wavelength tuning of laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 73-75 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, D.

D. Zhu, S. Pan, and D. Ben, “Tunable frequency-quadrupling dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(3), 194-196 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L.

Zhu, X.

Zhu, Y.

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron, Lett. (1)

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “High frequency optical subcarrier generator,” Electron, Lett. 30(18), 1525-1526 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, “Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(7), 1141-1149 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (2)

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, Y. Zhu, and P. Zhang, “Generation of low phase-noise frequency-sextupled signals based on multimode optoelectronic oscillator and cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(4), 1-8 (2017).

W. Chen, A. Wen, Y. Gao, N. Yao, Y. Wang, M. Chen, and S. Xiang, “Photonic generation of binary and quaternary phase-coded microwave waveforms with frequency quadrupling,” IEEE Photon. J. 8(2), 1-8 (2016).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

B. Yang, X. Jin, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, H. Chi, and Y. Wang, “A wideband frequency-tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a narrowband phase-shifted FBG and wavelength tuning of laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 73-75 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Zhu, S. Pan, and D. Ben, “Tunable frequency-quadrupling dual-loop optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(3), 194-196 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Li and J. Yao, “Optically tunable frequency-multiplying optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(10), 812-814 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. (1)

W Li and J. Yao, “A wideband frequency tunable optoelectronic oscillator incorporating a tunable microwave photonic filter based on phase-modulation to intensity-modulation conversion using a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Techn. 60(6), 1735-1742 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

K. O. Hill and G. Meltz, “Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamentals and overview,” J. Lightw. Technol. 15(8), 1263-1276 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Q. Ngo, S. Y. Li, L. N. Binh, and S. C. Tjin, “A phaseshifted linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating with tunable bandwidth,” Opt. Commun. 260(2), 438-441 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optik (1)

Y. Teng, Y. Chen, B. Zhang, J. Li, L. Lu, and P. Zhang, “Tunable single-mode injection-locked optoelectronic oscillator with low phase-noise,” Optik 127(10), 4312-4314 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

S. Chin and L. Thévenaz, “Recent advancement of slow light in microwave photonics applications,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (2010), pp. 385-388.

B. Lin and S. C. Tjin, “Advanced fiber Bragg grating for tunable microwave generation,” in International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks IEEE (2017).

B. Lin, M. Jiang, S. C. Tjin, P. P. Shum, Y. Ge, and Y. He, “Tunable microwave generation based on a phase-shifted chirped fiber Bragg grating,” in Eighth International Conference on Wireless and Optical Communications Networks IEEE (2011), pp. 1-3.

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