Abstract

In this paper, we developed a temperature measurement system based on an infrared temperature imaging module for thermal safety verification of a plasma skin treatment device (PSTD). We tested a pilot product of the low-temperature PSTD using the system, and the temperature increase of each plasma torch was well-monitored in real-time. Additionally, through the approximation of the temperature increase of the plasma torches, a certain limitation of the plasma treatment time on skin was established with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) guideline. We determined an appropriate plasma treatment time (TSafe < 24 minutes) using the configured temperature measurement system. We believe that the temperature measurement system has a potential to be employed for testing thermal safety and suitability of various medical devices and industrial instruments.

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  1. P. A. SturrockPlasma physics: an introduction to the theory of astrophysical, geophysical and laboratory plasmasCambridge University PressCambridge, UK1994
  2. Q. Z. Luo, N. D’angelo, and R. L. MerlinoShock formation in a negative ion plasmaPhys. Plasmas1998528682870
  3. F. F. ChenPlasma ionization by helicon wavesPlasma Phys. Contr. F.199133339
  4. A. Schutze, J. Y. Jeong, S. E. Babayan, J. Park, G. S. Selwyn, and R. F. HicksThe atmospheric-pressure plasma jet: a review and comparison to other plasma sourcesIEEE T. Plasma Sci.19982616851694
  5. L. Martinu and D. PoitrasPlasma deposition of optical films and coatings: a reviewJ. Vac. Sci. Technol. A20001826192645
  6. H. H. KimNonthermal plasma processing for air‐pollution control: a historical review, current issues, and future prospectsPlasma Process. Polym.2004191110
  7. E. Gomez, D. A. Rani, C. R. Cheeseman, D Deegan, M. Wise, and A. R. BoccacciniThermal plasma technology for the treatment of wastes: a critical reviewJ. Hazard. Mater.2009161614626
  8. S. Gopi, A. Sarma, A. Patel, and G. RaviNon-thermal plasma at atmospheric pressure: system design and developmentInstrument. Sci. Technol.201341651665
  9. B. Jiang, J. Zheng, S. Qiu, M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Z. Yan, and Q. XueReview on electrical discharge plasma technology for wastewater remediationChem. Eng. J.2014236348368
  10. J. F. Waymouth and F. BitterAnalysis of the plasma of fluorescent lampsJ. Appl. Phys.195627122131
  11. F. Reymond, J. S. Rossier, and H. H. GiraultPolymer microchips bonded by O2-plasma activationElectrophor.200223782790
  12. K. Haubert, T. Drier, and D. BeebePDMS bonding by means of a portable, low-cost corona systemLab Chip2006615481549
  13. N. Ferrell, R. R. Desai, A. J. Fleischman, S. Roy, H. D. Humes, and W. H. FissellA microfluidic bioreactor with integrated transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurement electrodes for evaluation of renal epithelial cellsBiotechnol. Bioeng.2010107707716
  14. M. Kamruzzaman, A.-M. Alam, K. M. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, G.-M. Kim, and T. D. DangMicrofluidic chip based chemiluminescence detection of L-phenylalanine in pharmaceutical and soft drinksFood Chem.20121355762
  15. H. N. Chan, Y. Chen, Y. Shu, Y. Chen, Q. Tian, and H. WuDirect, one-step molding of 3D-printed structures for convenient fabrication of truly 3D PDMS microfluidic chipsMicrofluid. Nanofluid.201519918
  16. T. Shimizu, B. Steffes, R. Pompl, F. Jamitzky, W. Bunk, K. Ramrath, M. Georgi, W. Stolz, H.-U. Schmidt, T. Urayama, S. Fujii, and G. E. MorfillCharacterization of microwave plasma torch for decontaminationPlasma Process. Polym.20085577582
  17. A. Popelka, I. Novák, M. Lehocký, I. Chodák, J. Sedliačik, M. Gajtanska, M. Sedliačiková, A. Vesel, I. Junkar, A. Kleinová, M. Špírková, and F. BílekAnti-bacterial treatment of polyethylene by cold plasma for medical purposesMolecules201217762785
  18. J. Schlegel, J. Köritzer, and V. BoxhammerPlasma in cancer treatmentClin. Plasma Med.2013127
  19. G. Isbary, T. Shimizu, Y. F. Li, W. Stolz, H. M. Thomas, G. E. Morfill, and J. L. ZimmermannCold atmospheric plasma devices for medical issuesExpert Rev. Med. Devices201310367377
  20. T. Von Woedtke, H. R. Metelmann, and K. D. WeltmannClinical plasma medicine: state and perspectives of in vivo application of cold atmospheric plasmaContrib. Plasm. Phys.201454104117
  21. X. Zhu, K. S. Chian, M. B. E. Chan-Park, and S. T. LeeEffect of argon-plasma treatment on proliferation of human-skin-derived fibroblast on chitosan membrane in vitroJ. Biomed. Mater. Res. A200573264274
  22. O. Lademann, H. Richter, M. C. Meinke, A. Patzelt, A. Kramer, P. Hinz, K.-D. Weltmann, B. Hartmann, and S. KochDrug delivery through the skin barrier enhanced by treatment with tissue-tolerable plasmaExp. Dermatol.201120488490
  23. S. Rupf, A. Lehmann, M. Hanning, B. Schäfer, A. Schubert, U. Feldmann, and A. SchindlerKilling of adherent oral microbes by a non-thermal atmospheric plasma jetJ. Med. Microbiol.201059206212
  24. M. A. Bogle, K. A. Arndt, and J. S. DoverEvaluation of plasma skin regeneration technology in low-energy full-facial rejuvenationArch. Dermatol.2007143168174
  25. K. D. Weltmann, E. Kindel, T. von Woedtke, M. Hähnel, M. Stieber, and R. BrandenburgAtmospheric-pressure plasma sources: prospective tools for plasma medicinePure Appl. Chem.20108212231237
  26. J. Heinlin, G. Morfill, M. Landthaler, W. Stolz, G. Isbary, J. Zimmermann, T. Shimizu, and S. KarrerPlasma medicine: possible applications in dermatologyJ. Dtsch. Dermatol. Ges.20108968976
  27. IEC 60601-1: changes from 2nd to 3rd editionIntertek2008
  28. D. Dobrynin, A. Wu, S. Kalghatgi, S. Park, N. Shainsky, K. Wasko, E. Dumani, R. Ownbey, S. Joshi, R. Sensnig, and A. D. BrooksLive pig skin tissue and wound toxicity of cold plasma treatmentPlasma Med.2011193108
  29. K. Knoerzer, A. B. Murphy, M. Fresewinkel, P. Sanguansri, and J. CoventryEvaluation of methods for determining food surface temperature in the presence of low-pressure cool plasmaInno. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol.2012152330
  30. C. A. Balaras and A. A. ArgiriouInfrared thermography for building diagnosticsEnergy Build.200234171183
  31. A. M. Ovechkin and G. YoonInfrared imaging for screening breast cancer metastasis based on abnormal temperature distributionJ. Opt. Soc. Korea20059157161
  32. H. G. JonesApplication of thermal imaging and infrared sensing in plant physiology and ecophysiologyAdv. Bot. Res.200441107163

Other (32)

P. A. SturrockPlasma physics: an introduction to the theory of astrophysical, geophysical and laboratory plasmasCambridge University PressCambridge, UK1994

Q. Z. Luo, N. D’angelo, and R. L. MerlinoShock formation in a negative ion plasmaPhys. Plasmas1998528682870

F. F. ChenPlasma ionization by helicon wavesPlasma Phys. Contr. F.199133339

A. Schutze, J. Y. Jeong, S. E. Babayan, J. Park, G. S. Selwyn, and R. F. HicksThe atmospheric-pressure plasma jet: a review and comparison to other plasma sourcesIEEE T. Plasma Sci.19982616851694

L. Martinu and D. PoitrasPlasma deposition of optical films and coatings: a reviewJ. Vac. Sci. Technol. A20001826192645

H. H. KimNonthermal plasma processing for air‐pollution control: a historical review, current issues, and future prospectsPlasma Process. Polym.2004191110

E. Gomez, D. A. Rani, C. R. Cheeseman, D Deegan, M. Wise, and A. R. BoccacciniThermal plasma technology for the treatment of wastes: a critical reviewJ. Hazard. Mater.2009161614626

S. Gopi, A. Sarma, A. Patel, and G. RaviNon-thermal plasma at atmospheric pressure: system design and developmentInstrument. Sci. Technol.201341651665

B. Jiang, J. Zheng, S. Qiu, M. Wu, Q. Zhang, Z. Yan, and Q. XueReview on electrical discharge plasma technology for wastewater remediationChem. Eng. J.2014236348368

J. F. Waymouth and F. BitterAnalysis of the plasma of fluorescent lampsJ. Appl. Phys.195627122131

F. Reymond, J. S. Rossier, and H. H. GiraultPolymer microchips bonded by O2-plasma activationElectrophor.200223782790

K. Haubert, T. Drier, and D. BeebePDMS bonding by means of a portable, low-cost corona systemLab Chip2006615481549

N. Ferrell, R. R. Desai, A. J. Fleischman, S. Roy, H. D. Humes, and W. H. FissellA microfluidic bioreactor with integrated transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) measurement electrodes for evaluation of renal epithelial cellsBiotechnol. Bioeng.2010107707716

M. Kamruzzaman, A.-M. Alam, K. M. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. H. Kim, G.-M. Kim, and T. D. DangMicrofluidic chip based chemiluminescence detection of L-phenylalanine in pharmaceutical and soft drinksFood Chem.20121355762

H. N. Chan, Y. Chen, Y. Shu, Y. Chen, Q. Tian, and H. WuDirect, one-step molding of 3D-printed structures for convenient fabrication of truly 3D PDMS microfluidic chipsMicrofluid. Nanofluid.201519918

T. Shimizu, B. Steffes, R. Pompl, F. Jamitzky, W. Bunk, K. Ramrath, M. Georgi, W. Stolz, H.-U. Schmidt, T. Urayama, S. Fujii, and G. E. MorfillCharacterization of microwave plasma torch for decontaminationPlasma Process. Polym.20085577582

A. Popelka, I. Novák, M. Lehocký, I. Chodák, J. Sedliačik, M. Gajtanska, M. Sedliačiková, A. Vesel, I. Junkar, A. Kleinová, M. Špírková, and F. BílekAnti-bacterial treatment of polyethylene by cold plasma for medical purposesMolecules201217762785

J. Schlegel, J. Köritzer, and V. BoxhammerPlasma in cancer treatmentClin. Plasma Med.2013127

G. Isbary, T. Shimizu, Y. F. Li, W. Stolz, H. M. Thomas, G. E. Morfill, and J. L. ZimmermannCold atmospheric plasma devices for medical issuesExpert Rev. Med. Devices201310367377

T. Von Woedtke, H. R. Metelmann, and K. D. WeltmannClinical plasma medicine: state and perspectives of in vivo application of cold atmospheric plasmaContrib. Plasm. Phys.201454104117

X. Zhu, K. S. Chian, M. B. E. Chan-Park, and S. T. LeeEffect of argon-plasma treatment on proliferation of human-skin-derived fibroblast on chitosan membrane in vitroJ. Biomed. Mater. Res. A200573264274

O. Lademann, H. Richter, M. C. Meinke, A. Patzelt, A. Kramer, P. Hinz, K.-D. Weltmann, B. Hartmann, and S. KochDrug delivery through the skin barrier enhanced by treatment with tissue-tolerable plasmaExp. Dermatol.201120488490

S. Rupf, A. Lehmann, M. Hanning, B. Schäfer, A. Schubert, U. Feldmann, and A. SchindlerKilling of adherent oral microbes by a non-thermal atmospheric plasma jetJ. Med. Microbiol.201059206212

M. A. Bogle, K. A. Arndt, and J. S. DoverEvaluation of plasma skin regeneration technology in low-energy full-facial rejuvenationArch. Dermatol.2007143168174

K. D. Weltmann, E. Kindel, T. von Woedtke, M. Hähnel, M. Stieber, and R. BrandenburgAtmospheric-pressure plasma sources: prospective tools for plasma medicinePure Appl. Chem.20108212231237

J. Heinlin, G. Morfill, M. Landthaler, W. Stolz, G. Isbary, J. Zimmermann, T. Shimizu, and S. KarrerPlasma medicine: possible applications in dermatologyJ. Dtsch. Dermatol. Ges.20108968976

IEC 60601-1: changes from 2nd to 3rd editionIntertek2008

D. Dobrynin, A. Wu, S. Kalghatgi, S. Park, N. Shainsky, K. Wasko, E. Dumani, R. Ownbey, S. Joshi, R. Sensnig, and A. D. BrooksLive pig skin tissue and wound toxicity of cold plasma treatmentPlasma Med.2011193108

K. Knoerzer, A. B. Murphy, M. Fresewinkel, P. Sanguansri, and J. CoventryEvaluation of methods for determining food surface temperature in the presence of low-pressure cool plasmaInno. Food Sci. Emerg. Technol.2012152330

C. A. Balaras and A. A. ArgiriouInfrared thermography for building diagnosticsEnergy Build.200234171183

A. M. Ovechkin and G. YoonInfrared imaging for screening breast cancer metastasis based on abnormal temperature distributionJ. Opt. Soc. Korea20059157161

H. G. JonesApplication of thermal imaging and infrared sensing in plant physiology and ecophysiologyAdv. Bot. Res.200441107163

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