Abstract

In this article, we proposed hybrid polarization singularity configurations, based on the superposition of two orthogonal circularly polarized components, one of which is a light beam with two optical vortices. The topological configurations are the hybridization of lowest-order polarization singularities, but are different from high-order polarization singularities. Our numerical simulation may provide a theoretical basis for expanding the variety of polarization singularity configuration.

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  2. J. V. HajnalSingularities in the transverse fields of electromagnetic waves. I. TheoryProc. R. Soc. Lond. A1987414433446
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  4. M. R. Dennis, K. O’Holleran, and M. J. PadgettSingularity optics: optical vortices and polarization singularitiesProg. Opt.200953293363
  5. M. R. DennisPolarization singularities in paraxial vector fields: morphology and statisticsOpt. Common.2002213201221
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  8. I. Freund and D. A. KesslerSingularities in speckled speckleOpt. Lett.200833479481
  9. E. J. Galvez, S. Khadka, W. H. Schubert, and S. NomotoPoincaré-beam patterns produced by nonseparable superpositions of Laguerre-Gauss and polarization modes of lightAppl. Opt.20125129253934
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  12. V. Kumar and N. K. ViswanthanPolarization singularities and fiber modal decompositionjavascript:;Proc. SPIE2013863786371A
  13. E. J. Galvez, B. L. Rojec, and K. R. McCulloughImaging optical singularities: understanding the duality of C-points and optical vorticesProc. SPIE20138637863706
  14. E. J. Galvez and B. L. RojecGeneration of isolated asymmetric umbilics in light’s polarizationPhys. Rev. A.201489031801
  15. E. J. Galvez, B. L. Rojec, and K. BeachMapping of all polarization singularity C-point morphologiesProc. SPIE20148999899901
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  18. N. A. Panov, V. A. Makarov, K. S. Grigoriev, M. S. Yatskevitch, and O. G. KosarevaGeneration of polarization singularities in the self-focusing of an elliptically polarized laser beam in an isotropic Kerr mediumPhys. D.20163327378
  19. E. Otte, C. Alpmann, and C. DenzHigher-order polarization singularities in tailored vector beamsJ. Opt.201618074012
  20. E. J. Galvez and B. KhajaviHigh-order disclinations in the polarization of lightProc. SPIE2016976497640R-1
  21. E. J. Galvez and B. KhajaviMonstar disclinations in the polarization of singular optical beamsJ. Opt. Soc. Am. A.201734568575
  22. R. Yu, Y. Xin, Q. Zhao, Y. Chen, and Q. SongArray of polarization singularities in interference of three wavesJ. Opt. Soc. Am. A.20133025562560
  23. D. Ye, X. Peng, Q. Zhao, and Y. ChenNumerical generation of a polarization singularity array with modulated amplitude and phaseJ. Opt. Soc. Am. A.20163317051709
  24. S. K. Pal, Ruchi, and P. SenthilkumaranC-point and V-point singularity lattice formation and index sign conversion methodsOpt. Common.2017393156168
  25. D. Rozas, C. T. Law, and G. A. SwartzlanderPropagation dynamics of optical vorticesJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B.19971430543065
  26. I. Freund, N. Shvartsman, and V. FreilikherOptical dislocation networks in highly random mediaOpt. Common.1993101247264
  27. D. P. Ghai, P. Senthilkumaran, and R. S. SirohiShearograms of an optical phase singularityOpt. Common.200828113151322
  28. A. M. Beckley, T. G. Brown, and M. A. AlonsoFull Poincaré beamsOpt. Express.2010181077710785
  29. Y. Jiang, K. Huang, and X. LuPropagation dynamics of abruptly autofocusing Airy beams with optical vorticesOpt. Express2012201857918584
  30. B. Chen, C. Chen, X. Peng, Y. Peng, M. Zhou, and D. DongPropagation of sharply autofocused ring Airy Gaussian vortex beamsOpt. Express2015231928819298
  31. M. V. Vasnetsov, M. S. Sonkin, and V. A. Pas’koTopological configurations of cross-coupled polarization singularities in a space-variant vector fieldOpt. Common.2016363181187
  32. B. S. B. Ram, A. Sharma, and P. SenthilkumaranDiffraction of V-point singularities through triangular aperturesOpt. Express2017251027010275

Other (32)

J. F. NyeLines of circular polarization in electromagnetic wave fieldsProc. R. Soc. Lond. A1983389279290

J. V. HajnalSingularities in the transverse fields of electromagnetic waves. I. TheoryProc. R. Soc. Lond. A1987414433446

M. S. Soskin and M. V. VasnetsovSingular opticsProg. Opt.200142219276

M. R. Dennis, K. O’Holleran, and M. J. PadgettSingularity optics: optical vortices and polarization singularitiesProg. Opt.200953293363

M. R. DennisPolarization singularities in paraxial vector fields: morphology and statisticsOpt. Common.2002213201221

I. FreundPolarization singularity indices in Gaussian laser beamsOpt. Common.2002201251270

F. Flossmann, K. O’Holleran, M. R. Dennis, and M. J. PadgettPolarization singularities in 2D and 3D speckle fieldsPhys. Rev. Lett.2008100203902

I. Freund and D. A. KesslerSingularities in speckled speckleOpt. Lett.200833479481

E. J. Galvez, S. Khadka, W. H. Schubert, and S. NomotoPoincaré-beam patterns produced by nonseparable superpositions of Laguerre-Gauss and polarization modes of lightAppl. Opt.20125129253934

F. Cardano, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, C. D. Lisio, and E. SantamatoGeneration and dynamics of optical beams with polarization singularitiesOpt. Express.20132188158820

S. Vyas, Y. Kozawa, and S. SatoPolarization singularities in superposition of vector beamsOpt. Express.20132189728986

V. Kumar and N. K. ViswanthanPolarization singularities and fiber modal decompositionjavascript:;Proc. SPIE2013863786371A

E. J. Galvez, B. L. Rojec, and K. R. McCulloughImaging optical singularities: understanding the duality of C-points and optical vorticesProc. SPIE20138637863706

E. J. Galvez and B. L. RojecGeneration of isolated asymmetric umbilics in light’s polarizationPhys. Rev. A.201489031801

E. J. Galvez, B. L. Rojec, and K. BeachMapping of all polarization singularity C-point morphologiesProc. SPIE20148999899901

V. Shvedov, P. Karpinski, Y. Sheng, X. Chen, W. Zhu, W. Krolikowski, and C. HnatovskyVisualizing polarization singularities in Bessel-Poincaré beamsOpt. Express.2015231244412453

B. Khajavi and E. J. GalvezPreparation of Poincaré beams with a same-path polarization/spatial-mode interferometerOpt. Eng.201554111305

N. A. Panov, V. A. Makarov, K. S. Grigoriev, M. S. Yatskevitch, and O. G. KosarevaGeneration of polarization singularities in the self-focusing of an elliptically polarized laser beam in an isotropic Kerr mediumPhys. D.20163327378

E. Otte, C. Alpmann, and C. DenzHigher-order polarization singularities in tailored vector beamsJ. Opt.201618074012

E. J. Galvez and B. KhajaviHigh-order disclinations in the polarization of lightProc. SPIE2016976497640R-1

E. J. Galvez and B. KhajaviMonstar disclinations in the polarization of singular optical beamsJ. Opt. Soc. Am. A.201734568575

R. Yu, Y. Xin, Q. Zhao, Y. Chen, and Q. SongArray of polarization singularities in interference of three wavesJ. Opt. Soc. Am. A.20133025562560

D. Ye, X. Peng, Q. Zhao, and Y. ChenNumerical generation of a polarization singularity array with modulated amplitude and phaseJ. Opt. Soc. Am. A.20163317051709

S. K. Pal, Ruchi, and P. SenthilkumaranC-point and V-point singularity lattice formation and index sign conversion methodsOpt. Common.2017393156168

D. Rozas, C. T. Law, and G. A. SwartzlanderPropagation dynamics of optical vorticesJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B.19971430543065

I. Freund, N. Shvartsman, and V. FreilikherOptical dislocation networks in highly random mediaOpt. Common.1993101247264

D. P. Ghai, P. Senthilkumaran, and R. S. SirohiShearograms of an optical phase singularityOpt. Common.200828113151322

A. M. Beckley, T. G. Brown, and M. A. AlonsoFull Poincaré beamsOpt. Express.2010181077710785

Y. Jiang, K. Huang, and X. LuPropagation dynamics of abruptly autofocusing Airy beams with optical vorticesOpt. Express2012201857918584

B. Chen, C. Chen, X. Peng, Y. Peng, M. Zhou, and D. DongPropagation of sharply autofocused ring Airy Gaussian vortex beamsOpt. Express2015231928819298

M. V. Vasnetsov, M. S. Sonkin, and V. A. Pas’koTopological configurations of cross-coupled polarization singularities in a space-variant vector fieldOpt. Common.2016363181187

B. S. B. Ram, A. Sharma, and P. SenthilkumaranDiffraction of V-point singularities through triangular aperturesOpt. Express2017251027010275

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