Abstract

A compact plasmonic switching scheme, based on the phase change of a thin-film chalcogenide material (Ge2Sb2Te5), is proposed and numerically investigated at optical-communication wavelengths. Surface plasmon polariton modal analysis is conducted for various thicknesses of dielectric and phase-change material layers, and the optimized condition is induced by finding the region of interest that shows a high extinction ratio of surface plasmon polariton modes before and after the phase transition. Full electromagnetic simulations show that multiple reflections inside the active region may conditionally increase the overall efficiency of the on/off ratio at a specific length of the active region. However, it is shown that the optimized geometrical condition, which shows generally large on/off ratio for any length of active region, can be distinguished by observing the multiple-reflection characteristic inside the active region. The proposed scheme shows an on/off switching ratio greater than 30 dB for a length of a few micrometers, which can be potentially applied to integrated active plasmonic systems.

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  31. E. D. PalikHandbook of Optical Constants of SolidsAcademic PressNew York1991
  32. J. Park, K.-Y. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. LeeComplete tunneling through the surface mode in a metal-insulator-metal waveguideJ. Korean Phys. Soc.201566929934
  33. H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. LeeExtended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysisJ. Opt. Soc. Am. A20072423132327
  34. H. Kim, J. Park, and B. LeeFourier modal method and its application in computational nanophotonicsCRC PressNew York2012
  35. S.-Y. Lee, I.-M. Lee, J. Park, S. Oh, W. Lee, K.-Y. Kim, and B. LeeRole of magnetic induction currents in nanoslit excitation of surface plasmon polaritonsPhys. Rev. Lett.2012108article 213907
  36. S. Roh, T. Chung, and B. LeeOverview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensorsSensors20111115651588

Other (36)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. EbbesenSurface plasmon subwavelength opticsNature2003424824830

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. WolffExtraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arraysNature1998391667669

B. Lee, S. Kim, H. Kim, and Y. LimThe use of plasmonics in light beaming and focusingProg. Quant. Electron.2010344787

S.-Y. Lee, J. Park, I. Woo, N. Park, and B. LeeSurface plasmon beam splitting by the photon tunneling through the plasmonic nanogapAppl. Phys. Lett.201097133113

S.-Y. Lee, J. Park, M. Kang, and B. LeeHighly efficient plasmonic interconnector based on the asymmetric junction between metal-dielectric-metal and dielectric slab waveguidesOpt. Express20111995629574

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. EbbesenChannel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonatorsNature2006440508511

M. Z. Alam, J. Niklas Caspers, J. S. Aitchison, and M. MojahediCompact low loss and broadband hybrid plasmonic directional couplerOpt. Express2013211602916034

R. A. Pala, K. T. Shimizu, N. A. Melosh, and M. L. BrongersmaA nonvolatile plasmonic switch employing photochromic moleculesNano Lett.2008815061510

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. CapassoPolarization-controlled tunable directional coupling of surface plasmon polaritonsScience2013340331334

S.-Y. Lee, K. Kim, S.-J. Kim, H. Park, K.-Y. Kim, and B. LeePlasmonic meta-slit: shaping and controlling near-field focusOptica20152613

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R.-M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal1, and X. ZhangPlasmon lasers at deep subwavelength scaleNature2009461629632

T. P. H. Sidiropoulos, R. Röder, S. Geburt, O. Hess, S. A. Maier, C. Ronning, and R. F. OultonUltrafast plasmonic nanowire lasers near the surface plasmon frequencyNature Physics201410870876

K.F. MacDonald and N.I. ZheludevActive plasmonics: current statusLaser Photon. Rev.20104562567

A. V. Krasavin, A. V. Zayats, and N. I. ZheludevActive control of surface plasmon-polariton wavesJ. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt.20057S85S89

S. Roh, T. Chung, and B. LeeOverview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensorsSensors20111115651588

D. Pacifici, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. AtwaterAll-optical modulation by plasmonic excitation of CdSe quantum dotsNat. Photon.20071402406

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. ZheludevUltrafast active plasmonicsNat. Photon.200935558

Y. W. Huang, H. W. Lee, R. Sokhoyan, K. Thyagarajan, R. Pala, S. Han, D. P. Tsai, and H. A. AtwaterGate-tunable conducting oxide metasurfacesNano Lett.20161653195325

H. W. Lee, G. Papadakis, S. P. Burgos, K. Chander, A. Kriesch, R. Pala, U. Peschel, and H. A. AtwaterNanoscale conducting oxide plasMOStorNano Lett.20141464636468

M. Seo, J. Kyoung, H. Park, S. Koo, H.-S. Kim, H. Bernien, B. J. Kim, J. H. Choe, Y. H. Ahn, H.-T. Kim, N. Park, Q-H. Park, K. Ahn, and D.-S. KimActive terahertz nano-antennas based on VO2 phase transitionNano Lett.20101020642068

K. Appavoo and R. F. HaglundDetecting nanoscale size dependence in VO2 phase transition using a split-ring resonator metamaterialNano Lett.20111110251031

A. V. Kolobov, P. Fons, A. I. Frenkel, A. L. Ankudinov, J. Tominaga, and T. UrugaUnderstanding the phase-change mechanism of rewritable optical mediaNat. Material20043703708

P. Hosseini, C. D. Wright, and H. BhaskaranAn optoelectronic framework enabled by low-dimensional phase-change filmNature2014511206211

A. Tittl, A. U. Michel, M. Schäferling, X. Yin, B. Gholipour, L. Cui, M. Wuttig, T. Taubner, F. Neubrech, and H. GiessenA switchable mid-infrared plasmonic perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capabilityAdvanced Material20152745974603

C. Ríos, M. Stegmaier, P. Hosseini, D. Wang, T. Scherer, C. D. Wright, H. Bhaskaran, and W. HP. PerniceIntegrated all-photonic non-volatile multi-level memoryNature Photon.20159725733

B. Ma, P. Zhang, H. Wang, T. Zhang, J. Zeng, Q. Zhang, G. Wang, P. Xu, W. Zhang, and S. DaiPhotonic-crystal switch divider based on Ge2Sb2Te2 thin filmsAppl. Opt.20165592059210

Q. Wang, E. T. F. Rogers, B. Gholipour, C.-M. Wang, G. Yuan, J. Teng, and N. I. ZheludevOptically reconfigurable metasurfaces and photonic devices based on phase change materialsNat. Photon.2016106065

S.-Y. Lee, Y.-H. Kim, S.-M Cho, G. H. Kim, T.-Y. Kim, H. Ryu, H. N. Kim, H. B. Kang, C.-Y. Hwang, and C.-S. HwangHolographic image generation with a thin-film resonance caused by chalcogenide phase-change materialSci. Rep.2017

C. H. Chu, M. L. Tseng, J. Chen, P. C. Wu, Y.-H. Chen, H.-C. Wang, T.-Y. Chen, W. T. Hsieh, H. J. Wu, G. Sun, and D. P. TsaiActive dielectric metasurface based on phase-change mediumLaser Photon. Rev.2016

J.-W. Park, S. H. Eom, H. Lee, J. L. F. Da Silva, Y.-S. Kang, T.-Y. Lee, and Y. H. KhanOptical properties of pseudo binary GeTe, Ge2Sb2Te5, GeSb2Te4, GeSb4Te7, and Sb2Te3 from ellipsometry and density functional theoryPhys. Rev. B200980115209

E. D. PalikHandbook of Optical Constants of SolidsAcademic PressNew York1991

J. Park, K.-Y. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. LeeComplete tunneling through the surface mode in a metal-insulator-metal waveguideJ. Korean Phys. Soc.201566929934

H. Kim, I.-M. Lee, and B. LeeExtended scattering-matrix method for efficient full parallel implementation of rigorous coupled-wave analysisJ. Opt. Soc. Am. A20072423132327

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. LeeFourier modal method and its application in computational nanophotonicsCRC PressNew York2012

S.-Y. Lee, I.-M. Lee, J. Park, S. Oh, W. Lee, K.-Y. Kim, and B. LeeRole of magnetic induction currents in nanoslit excitation of surface plasmon polaritonsPhys. Rev. Lett.2012108article 213907

S. Roh, T. Chung, and B. LeeOverview of the characteristics of micro- and nano-structured surface plasmon resonance sensorsSensors20111115651588

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