Abstract

In this study, multilayered graphene was easily transferred to the target substrate in one step using thermal release tape. The transmittance of the transferred graphene according to the number of layers was measured using a spectrophotometer. The sheet resistance was measured using a four-point probe system. Graphene formed using this transfer method showed almost the same electrical and optical properties as that formed using the conventional poly (methyl methacrylate) transfer method. This method is suitable for the mass production of graphene because of the short process time and easy large-area transfer. In addition, multilayered graphene can be transferred on various substrates without wetting problem using the one-step dry transfer method. In this work, this easy transfer method was used for dielectric substrates such as glass, paper and polyethylene terephthalate, and a sheet resistance of ~240 ohm/sq was obtained with three-layer graphene. By fabricating organic solar cells, we verified the feasibility of using this method for optoelectronic devices.

© 2017 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. T. Minami, “Transparent conducting oxide semiconductors for transparent electrodes,” Semiconductor Science and Technology 20, 35-42 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  2. C. G. Granqvist, “Transparent conductors as solar energy materials: a panoramic review,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 91, 1529-1598 (2007).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  5. H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Muller-Meskamp, and K. Leo “High conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cell”, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1076-1081 (2011)
    [Crossref]
  7. L. Hu, H. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee, P. Peumans, and Y. Cui, “Scalable coating and properties of transparent, flexible, silver nanowire electrodes”, ACS Nano 4, 2955-2963 (2010)
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Zhang, J. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer, and P. Kim, “Graphene calling”, Nature 438, 201-204 (2005)
    [Crossref]
  11. R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)
  12. K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
    [Crossref]
  13. K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453 (2005)
  14. X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
    [Crossref]
  15. A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nature Materials 6, 183-191 (2007)
    [Crossref]

2013 (1)

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Muller-Meskamp, and K. Leo “High conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cell”, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1076-1081 (2011)
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

L. Hu, H. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee, P. Peumans, and Y. Cui, “Scalable coating and properties of transparent, flexible, silver nanowire electrodes”, ACS Nano 4, 2955-2963 (2010)
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

D. S. Ghosh, L. Martinez, S. Giurgola, P. Vergani, and V. Pruneri, “Widely transparent electrodes based on ultrathin metals,” Optics Letters 34, 325-327 (2009)
[Crossref]

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

S. V. Morozov, K. S. Novoselov, M. I. Katsnelson, F. Schedin, D. C. Elias, J. A. Jaszczak, and A. K. Geim, “Giant intrinsic carrier mobilities in graphene and its bilayer”, Physical Review Letters 100, 016602 (2008)
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

C. G. Granqvist, “Transparent conductors as solar energy materials: a panoramic review,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 91, 1529-1598 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nature Materials 6, 183-191 (2007)
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

T. Minami, “Transparent conducting oxide semiconductors for transparent electrodes,” Semiconductor Science and Technology 20, 35-42 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, J. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer, and P. Kim, “Graphene calling”, Nature 438, 201-204 (2005)
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

Atomny, F.

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

Betz, U.

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

Blake, P.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

Bolotin, K. I.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

Booth, T. J.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453 (2005)

Borysiak, M.

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

Cai, W. W.

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

Carney, T. J.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

Colombo, L.

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

L. Hu, H. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee, P. Peumans, and Y. Cui, “Scalable coating and properties of transparent, flexible, silver nanowire electrodes”, ACS Nano 4, 2955-2963 (2010)
[Crossref]

Demarco, F.

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

Dubonos, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

Elias, D. C.

S. V. Morozov, K. S. Novoselov, M. I. Katsnelson, F. Schedin, D. C. Elias, J. A. Jaszczak, and A. K. Geim, “Giant intrinsic carrier mobilities in graphene and its bilayer”, Physical Review Letters 100, 016602 (2008)
[Crossref]

Escola, M. F.

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

Fan, S.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

Firsov, A. A.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

Fudenberg, G.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

Geim, A. K.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

S. V. Morozov, K. S. Novoselov, M. I. Katsnelson, F. Schedin, D. C. Elias, J. A. Jaszczak, and A. K. Geim, “Giant intrinsic carrier mobilities in graphene and its bilayer”, Physical Review Letters 100, 016602 (2008)
[Crossref]

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nature Materials 6, 183-191 (2007)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453 (2005)

Ghosh, D. S.

D. S. Ghosh, L. Martinez, S. Giurgola, P. Vergani, and V. Pruneri, “Widely transparent electrodes based on ultrathin metals,” Optics Letters 34, 325-327 (2009)
[Crossref]

Giurgola, S.

D. S. Ghosh, L. Martinez, S. Giurgola, P. Vergani, and V. Pruneri, “Widely transparent electrodes based on ultrathin metals,” Optics Letters 34, 325-327 (2009)
[Crossref]

Granqvist, C. G.

C. G. Granqvist, “Transparent conductors as solar energy materials: a panoramic review,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 91, 1529-1598 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grigorenko, A. N.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

Grigorieva, I. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

Han, B. Y.

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

Hone, J.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

Hsu, P.-C.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

L. Hu, H. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee, P. Peumans, and Y. Cui, “Scalable coating and properties of transparent, flexible, silver nanowire electrodes”, ACS Nano 4, 2955-2963 (2010)
[Crossref]

Jaszczak, J. A.

S. V. Morozov, K. S. Novoselov, M. I. Katsnelson, F. Schedin, D. C. Elias, J. A. Jaszczak, and A. K. Geim, “Giant intrinsic carrier mobilities in graphene and its bilayer”, Physical Review Letters 100, 016602 (2008)
[Crossref]

Jiang, D.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453 (2005)

jiang, Z.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

Katsnelson, M. I.

S. V. Morozov, K. S. Novoselov, M. I. Katsnelson, F. Schedin, D. C. Elias, J. A. Jaszczak, and A. K. Geim, “Giant intrinsic carrier mobilities in graphene and its bilayer”, Physical Review Letters 100, 016602 (2008)
[Crossref]

Kharrazi, M.

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

Khotkevich, V. V.

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453 (2005)

Kim, H. S.

L. Hu, H. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee, P. Peumans, and Y. Cui, “Scalable coating and properties of transparent, flexible, silver nanowire electrodes”, ACS Nano 4, 2955-2963 (2010)
[Crossref]

Kim, P.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, J. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer, and P. Kim, “Graphene calling”, Nature 438, 201-204 (2005)
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. H.

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Muller-Meskamp, and K. Leo “High conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cell”, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1076-1081 (2011)
[Crossref]

Klima, M.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

Kong, D.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

Lee, J. Y.

L. Hu, H. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee, P. Peumans, and Y. Cui, “Scalable coating and properties of transparent, flexible, silver nanowire electrodes”, ACS Nano 4, 2955-2963 (2010)
[Crossref]

Leo, K.

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Muller-Meskamp, and K. Leo “High conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cell”, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1076-1081 (2011)
[Crossref]

Leterrier, Y.

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

Machala, M. L.

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Muller-Meskamp, and K. Leo “High conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cell”, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1076-1081 (2011)
[Crossref]

Manson, J. A. E.

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

Martinez, L.

D. S. Ghosh, L. Martinez, S. Giurgola, P. Vergani, and V. Pruneri, “Widely transparent electrodes based on ultrathin metals,” Optics Letters 34, 325-327 (2009)
[Crossref]

May, C.

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Muller-Meskamp, and K. Leo “High conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cell”, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1076-1081 (2011)
[Crossref]

Medico, L.

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

Minami, T.

T. Minami, “Transparent conducting oxide semiconductors for transparent electrodes,” Semiconductor Science and Technology 20, 35-42 (2005).
[Crossref]

Morozov, S. V.

S. V. Morozov, K. S. Novoselov, M. I. Katsnelson, F. Schedin, D. C. Elias, J. A. Jaszczak, and A. K. Geim, “Giant intrinsic carrier mobilities in graphene and its bilayer”, Physical Review Letters 100, 016602 (2008)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453 (2005)

Muller-Meskamp, L.

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Muller-Meskamp, and K. Leo “High conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cell”, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1076-1081 (2011)
[Crossref]

Nair, R. R.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

Novoselov, K. S.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

S. V. Morozov, K. S. Novoselov, M. I. Katsnelson, F. Schedin, D. C. Elias, J. A. Jaszczak, and A. K. Geim, “Giant intrinsic carrier mobilities in graphene and its bilayer”, Physical Review Letters 100, 016602 (2008)
[Crossref]

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nature Materials 6, 183-191 (2007)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453 (2005)

Peres, N. M. R.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

Peumans, P.

L. Hu, H. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee, P. Peumans, and Y. Cui, “Scalable coating and properties of transparent, flexible, silver nanowire electrodes”, ACS Nano 4, 2955-2963 (2010)
[Crossref]

Piner, R. D.

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

Pruneri, V.

D. S. Ghosh, L. Martinez, S. Giurgola, P. Vergani, and V. Pruneri, “Widely transparent electrodes based on ultrathin metals,” Optics Letters 34, 325-327 (2009)
[Crossref]

Ruan, Z.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

Ruoff, R. S.

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

Sachse, C.

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Muller-Meskamp, and K. Leo “High conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cell”, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1076-1081 (2011)
[Crossref]

Schedin, F.

S. V. Morozov, K. S. Novoselov, M. I. Katsnelson, F. Schedin, D. C. Elias, J. A. Jaszczak, and A. K. Geim, “Giant intrinsic carrier mobilities in graphene and its bilayer”, Physical Review Letters 100, 016602 (2008)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453 (2005)

Sikes, K. J.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

Stauber, T.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

Stormer, H. L.

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, J. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer, and P. Kim, “Graphene calling”, Nature 438, 201-204 (2005)
[Crossref]

Tan, J. W.

Y. Zhang, J. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer, and P. Kim, “Graphene calling”, Nature 438, 201-204 (2005)
[Crossref]

Vergani, P.

D. S. Ghosh, L. Martinez, S. Giurgola, P. Vergani, and V. Pruneri, “Widely transparent electrodes based on ultrathin metals,” Optics Letters 34, 325-327 (2009)
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, J. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer, and P. Kim, “Graphene calling”, Nature 438, 201-204 (2005)
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y. W.

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

L. Hu, H. S. Kim, J. Y. Lee, P. Peumans, and Y. Cui, “Scalable coating and properties of transparent, flexible, silver nanowire electrodes”, ACS Nano 4, 2955-2963 (2010)
[Crossref]

Advanced Functional Materials (1)

Y. H. Kim, C. Sachse, M. L. Machala, C. May, L. Muller-Meskamp, and K. Leo “High conductive PEDOT:PSS electrode with optimized solvent and thermal post-treatment for ITO-free organic solar cell”, Advanced Functional Materials 21, 1076-1081 (2011)
[Crossref]

Nano Letters (1)

X. Li, Y. W. Zhu, W. W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Y. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area grapheme films for high performance transparent conductive electrodes” Nano Letters 9, 4359-4363 (2009)
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

Y. Zhang, J. W. Tan, H. L. Stormer, and P. Kim, “Graphene calling”, Nature 438, 201-204 (2005)
[Crossref]

Nature Materials (1)

A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nature Materials 6, 183-191 (2007)
[Crossref]

Nature Nanotechnology (1)

H. Wu, D. Kong, Z. Ruan, P.-C. Hsu, S. Wang, Z. Yu, T. J. Carney, L. Hu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “A transparent electrode based on a metal nanotrough network”, Nature Nanotechnology 8, 421-425(2013)
[Crossref]

Optics Letters (1)

D. S. Ghosh, L. Martinez, S. Giurgola, P. Vergani, and V. Pruneri, “Widely transparent electrodes based on ultrathin metals,” Optics Letters 34, 325-327 (2009)
[Crossref]

Physical Review Letters (1)

S. V. Morozov, K. S. Novoselov, M. I. Katsnelson, F. Schedin, D. C. Elias, J. A. Jaszczak, and A. K. Geim, “Giant intrinsic carrier mobilities in graphene and its bilayer”, Physical Review Letters 100, 016602 (2008)
[Crossref]

Science (2)

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene”, Science 300, 1308 (2008)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films”, Science 306, 666-669 (2004)
[Crossref]

Semiconductor Science and Technology (1)

T. Minami, “Transparent conducting oxide semiconductors for transparent electrodes,” Semiconductor Science and Technology 20, 35-42 (2005).
[Crossref]

Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells (1)

C. G. Granqvist, “Transparent conductors as solar energy materials: a panoramic review,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 91, 1529-1598 (2007).
[Crossref]

Solid State Communications (1)

K. I. Bolotin, K. J. Sikes, Z. jiang, M. Klima, G. Fudenberg, J. Hone, P. Kim, and H. L. Stormer, “Ultrahigh electron mobility in suspended graphene,” Solid State Communications 146, 351-355 (2008)
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

Y. Leterrier, L. Medico, F. Demarco, J. A. E. Manson, U. Betz, M. F. Escola, M. Kharrazi, and F. Atomny, “Mechanical integrity of transparent conductive oxide films for flexible polymer-based displays,” Thin Solid Films 460, 156-166 (2004)
[Crossref]

Other (1)

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 102, 10451-10453 (2005)

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