Expand this Topic clickable element to expand a topic
OSA Publishing
162 papers in 18 sessions Change year:
Actions

Holographic Bragg Reflectors and Other Planar Waveguide Devices Enabled by Deep UV Photolithographic Patterning

BTuA1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Optofluidics

BWA1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Waves in Photonic Lattices: From Interacting Photonic Quasi-Crystals to Anderson Localization

JMB1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007

Spontaneous Pattern Formation upon Random Phase Waves: From Modulation-Instability to Dynamic Equilibrium

JMB2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Spatial Soliton Dynamics in Two-Dimensional Quadratic Photonic Crystals

JMB3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nematicon Deflection at a Voltage Controlled Dielectric Interface

JMB4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Polychromatic Gap Solitons and Breathers in Nonlinear Waveguide Arrays

JMB5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Anderson Localization and Nonlinearity in One Dimensional Disordered Waveguide Arrays

JMB6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Recent Advances in Nanostructuring of Glass: From Poling to Femtosecond Laser Writing

JMC1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Electric Surface Potential and Frozen-in Field Measurements in Thermally Poled Silica

JMC2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Quasi-Phase-Matched Frequency Doubling in Femtosecond Laser-Written Waveguides in Lithium Niobate

JMC3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Light Reflection of Broadband Nonlinear Optical Pulses in Narrowband Fiber Bragg Gratings

JMC4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Dispersionless Slow Light with 5-Pulse-Width Delay in a Long Fibre Bragg Grating

JMC5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

All Optical Signal Processing Using Quadratic Nonlinear Photonic Crystals

JMD1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Soliton Transitions in Waveguide Arrays

JMD2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Experimental Observation of One-Dimensional Saturable Discrete Vector Solitons

JMD5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Fabrication of Microstructure in Ag+-Containing Tellurite Glass via Thermal Poling

JMD6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Lab Trials of an Electricity Transmission Line Voltage Sensor Based on Thermally Poled Silica Fibre

JMD7 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Second-Harmonic Generation in Thermally Poled Tellurite Glass Containing Silver Nanoparticles

JMD8 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Higher-Band Modulational Instability in Photonic Lattices

JMD9 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Stationary Solutions in Bragg Grating of χ(3)

JMD10 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Midband Cavity Solitons in a Degenerate Optical Parametric Oscillator

JMD11 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Interaction-Induced Localization of Self-Defocusing Discrete Solitons

JMD12 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Drift Instability of Multidimensional Solitons in Inhomogeneous Kerr Media

JMD14 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Wave Guiding in a Circular Fiber Array Equipped with a Spiral Grating

JMD15 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Surface Solitons at the Interface between Two Different Lattices: Analytical Solutions

JMD17 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Revealing Non-Collinear Five-Wave Bragg Coupled States and Studying Their Multi-Pulse Optical Components in Crystals

JMD18 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Formation of Complex Dark-Bright Soliton Pairs in Nonlocal Nonlinear Normal Dispersive Materials

JMD21 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Induced Symmetry-Breaking and Polarization Switching of Spatial Solitons through Vector Collision

JMD22 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Soliton Families in Highly Nonlocal Nonlinear Media

JMD23 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Collinear Three-Wave Acousto-Optical Coupled States in a Medium with a Square-Law Nonlinearity and Losses

JMD24 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nonlinear Long-Period Fiber Grating Coupler

JMD25 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Efficient Method for Launching In-Gap Solitons in Fiber Bragg Gratings

JMD26 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Slow-Light with Flat and Offset Band Edges in Multi-Mode Fibers with Superstructure Bragg Gratings

JMD27 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Dispersive Shock Waves in Nonlocal Nonlinear Media

JMD28 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Forward Four-Wave Mixing with Defocusing Nonlinearity

JMD29 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

A New Design of Apodized Step-Chirped Gratings for Broadband Wavelength Converters

JMD30 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Helmholtz Solitons: A New Angle in Nonlinear Optics

JMD31 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Photonic Devices Based on Programmable Optical Nonlinearity: Tunable Bragg Grating

JMD32 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Multidimensional Solitons in Irregular-Lattice Media

JME1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Spatio-Temporal Antiphase Dynamics in Mutually Coupled Kerr Optical Media

JME2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nonlinear Transport and Spectrum Reshaping of a Stripe Beam in Optically Induced Photonic Structures

JME3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nonlinear Diffusion and Self-Trapping of Light in Diffraction-Managed Photonic Lattices

JME4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nonlinear Scattering and Trapping by Local Photonic Potentials

JME5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Raman-Induced Slow Light on Spatial Soliton in Kerr Media

JME6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Random-Phase Surface-Wave Solitons in Nonlocal Nonlinear Media

JME7 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Gap Solitons and Defect Modes in Two-Dimensional Photonic Lattices

JME8 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nonlinear High Index-Contrast Waveguides with Optimum Geometry

JWA2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Stability of Transverse Field Structures in Two-Dimensional Optical Parametric Oscillators

JWA3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Propagating Pulses in Optical Fibers Using Second Order Moments

JWA4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

A Self-Consistent CW Model of Unstable Cavity Semiconductor Lasers including Symmetrical and Antisymmetrical Solutions

JWA5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Multicanonical Monte Carlo Simulations of the Dynamic Power Transfer Characteristic of an All-Optical 2R Regenerator

JWA6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Effect of the Gain Non-Locality on Bright Dissipative Optical Solitons in Multi-Domained Semiconductor Laser Waveguides with a Slowly Saturable Gain and a Fast-Relaxing Absorption

JWA7 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

TIRE of 2D Binary Gratings with Combined Fe-SiO2Dots

JWA8 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

High Extinction Ratio Switching Using Two-Photon Absorption in a Silicon Waveguide Resonator

JWA9 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Cooperative Effects of Different Nonlinearities on the Composite Effective Susceptibility

JWA10 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Removing and Controlling Modulational Instabilities in Low Dispersion Fiber Ring Cavities

JWA13 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Spectral Filtering for Ultra-Fast Mode-Locking in the Normal Dispersive Regime

JWA16 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Multi-Frequency Mode-Locking with Waveguide Arrays

JWA17 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nonlinear-Spectronic Similariton of Single-Mode Fiber without Gain

JWA18 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Waveform Degradation and Spectral Broadening Due to Self-Phase Modulation in Optical BPSK-SSB Transmission

JWA19 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

All-Optical Triode Using InAs Quantum Dot Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers

JWA22 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Snaking of Cavity Solitons in Theory and Experiment

JWA23 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Simulation of Guiding-Centre Soliton Transmission System Stability in the Presence of Polarisation Mode Dispersion

JWA24 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Multi-Watt Supercontinuum Generation in a Nonlinear Fiber Amplifier

JWA25 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Raman Self-Frequency Shift in a Passively Mode-Locked Fibre Laser Containing a Long-Period Fibre Grating

JWA26 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Two-Dimensional Surface Lattice Solitons

JWA28 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

A Visual Interpretation of Fiber Optic Circular Vortex Modes Generated by an Acoustic Long-Period Grating

JWA29 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Annealing Properties of Femtosecond Laser Inscribed Point-by-Point Fiber Bragg Gratings

JWA30 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Numerical Optimization of Passband Fiber Bragg Gratings

JWA31 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Bending Characteristics of Holey Fiber-Based Long-Period Fiber Grating Depending on Rotational Orientation

JWA32 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Effect of the Grating Parameters on the Polarization Properties of Uniform FBGs

JWA34 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Dependence of Type IA FBG Growth on Inscription Intensity

JWA36 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Energetically-Efficient Sub-Picosecond Flat-Top Waveform Generation Using Long-Period Fiber Grating

JWA38 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Inscription of Fiber Bragg Gratings in Multicore Fiber

JWA39 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Integrated-Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer for DWDM in Lithium Niobate

JWA40 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

An Ultrahigh Resolution FBG Dynamic Strain Sensing System

JWA41 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

All-Fiber Ultrafast Second-Order Differentiator Based on a Single Uniform Long-Period Fiber Grating

JWA42 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Novel Amplitude FBG Sensor Made with fs-IR Radiation in SMF-28 Fiber for Multi-Parameter Bend Sensing

JWA43 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

High-Speed Control of Fiber Bragg Gratings

JWA44 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Realisation of Single Polarisation State of Fibre Ring Laser by Utilising Intracavity 45° Tilted Fibre Bragg Grating

JWA46 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Optical Logic Gates Based on Soliton Interaction in Fiber Bragg Gratings

JWA47 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Purely Axial Compression of Fiber Bragg Gratings Written with UV and Femtosecond Pulses

JWA48 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Tilted Fiber Bragg Gratings Stubs for Vibration and Bend Sensing

JWA49 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Reconfigurable Multi-Wavelength Semiconductor Fiber Laser Using Thermally Induced Phase-Shifts in a Chirped Grating

JWA50 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Development of an Optical Fiber Bragg Grating Fabrication Technique by a Near-Ultraviolet Laser

JWA51 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Study of Refractive Index Change in Ge-Doped Fibers with Vacuum Ultraviolet Light Irradiation

JWA54 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Absence of UV-Induced Stress in Bragg Gratings Recorded by High-Intensity 264 nm Laser Pulses in a Hydrogenated SMF-28

JWA55 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

UV Excited Luminescence Behavior in H2-Loaded Ge-Doped Silica Preform Plates Exposed to 193nm Laser Light

JWA57 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

UV Excited Luminescence Behavior in OH-Flooded Ge-Doped Silica Preform Plates Exposed to 193nm Laser Light

JWA58 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

A Comparative Study on the Type IIA Photosensitivity of a B-Ge Optical Fiber Using Ultraviolet, Femtosecond Radiation

JWA59 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

EIT and STIRAP in Waveguides: Linear and Nonlinear Effects in a Three-Core Coupled System

JWBPDP1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Monolithic Waveguide-Laser Created Using the Direct Write Technique

JWBPDP2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Dissipative Solitons in Normal-Dispersion Fiber Lasers: Exact Pulse Solutions of the Complex Ginzburg-Landau Equation

JWBPDP3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Refractometer Based on a Liquid Core FBG Device

JWBPDP4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Novel Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Fiber Structures for Second and Third Harmonic Generation

JWBPDP5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Thermal Poling of Glass: A Nonlinear Ionic RC Circuit

JWBPDP6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Self-Organized Supercontinuum Generation from a Nonlinear Fiber Resonator

JWBPDP7 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

A Multi-Fiber-Channel Wavelength Converter Based on a Passive Ultrafast Switch

JWBPDP8 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Pulse Dynamics in Mode-Locked Lasers

NThA1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Spatial Dynamics of Shock Waves in Nonlocal Media

NThA2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nonlinear All-Photonic Crystal Fabry-Pérot Resonator

NThA3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Self-Propelled Solitons in Dissipative Systems

NThA4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Generation of Multiply Charged Optical Vortices and Spatiotemporal Helical Beams Using Cascaded Four-Wave Mixing

NThA5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

High-Order Numerical Method for the Nonlinear Helmholtz Equation with Material Discontinuities

NThA6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

From Turing Instability to Fractals

NThA7 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

All-Fiber Ultra-Fast Optical Switch Based on Bragg Scattering

NThB1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Pulse Compression at 1.06μm in Dispersion Decreasing Photonic Crystal Fibers

NThB2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Spectro-Temporal Imaging through Aberration-Free Temporal Lensing: An Ultrafast Optical Oscilloscope

NThB3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Solitons and Antisolitons in Dissipative Systems

NThB4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Gravity-Like Potential Traps Light and Stretches Optical Supercontinuum

NThB5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Dynamics of Passive Harmonic Mode-Locking

NThB6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Soliton Pulse Delivery and Compression Using Hollow-Core Photonic Bandgap Fibers

NThC1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Highly Coherent Supercontinuum Generation in Dispersion Increasing Fibers

NThC2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Parabolic Pulse Generation with Dispersion Decreasing Optical Fiber

NThC3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Multi-Wavelength Generation in Yb-Doped Fiber Laser through Four-Wave Mixing

NThC4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

What is the Exact Soliton Content of Pulses in Lossy Fibers? An Uncertainty Relation for Solitons

NThC5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Measurement of the Phase and Amplitude Profile of Temporal Soliton Molecules

NThC6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

All-Fibered High-Quality Low Duty-Cycle 20-GHz and 40-GHz Picosecond Pulse Sources

NThC7 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Localization Phenomena in Disordered Optical Fiber Arrays

NThC8 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Ultra-High Nonlinear Chalcogenide Planar Waveguide for Four-Wave Mixing Based Time-Division Demultiplexing of a 160 Gb/s Optical Signal

NTuA1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Multi-Wavelength Mid-Infrared Light Source Using Multi-Quasi-Phase-Matched LiNbO3Waveguide and Tunable Laser Diode Array

NTuA2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Generation of Aperiodic Picosecond Pulses Sequences from Incoherent Optical Waves

NTuA3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nonlinear Carbon-Nanotube Photonics

NTuA4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Dual-Band Laser Transmitter for Above- and Under-Water Communications Using Third-Harmonic Generation of Fiber-Laser System at 1.5µm

NTuA5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

6.5-nJ Pulse Formation by Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

NTuA6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Deposition Process Monitoring for Optimum Carbon Nanotube Thinfilm Condition Control

NTuA7 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

All-Optical Regenerative Memory Using a Single Loop Mirror with Feedback

NTuB1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Regenerative Properties of Interferometric Cross-Gain and Cross-Phase Modulation DPSK Wavelength Converters

NTuB2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Optical Code-Label Processing Based OPS System and Related Technologies

NTuB3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Dispersion-Managed Multichannel 2R Regeneration with Large Anomalous Average Dispersion

NTuB4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

All-Optical Swap of Spectral Labels Using Cascaded Cross Gain Modulation in Semiconductor Fiber Ring Lasers

NTuB5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Dispersion-Compensation in High-Q Silica Microspheres for Parametric Oscillation

NTuC1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Discrete Spatial Surface Solitons at the Interface Between Dissimilar Arrays

NTuC2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

High Speed Optical Amplification Based on Quantum Dots for the 100 G Ethernet

NTuC3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Transverse Second Harmonic Generation in Random Nonlinear Photonic Structures

NTuC4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

2D+1 Spatial Solitons in Heavy Metal Oxide Glass

NTuC5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Criterion for Removing a Delayed Peak from the Ultrafast Nonlinear Response of Photonic Crystal / Quantum Dot Waveguides

NTuC6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Dependence of Discrete Surface Soliton Power Thresholds on Inter-Channel Coupling and Distance into Array

NTuC7 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

All-Optical Delay Line Based on Semiconductor Cavity Solitons

NTuD1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Random-Phase Spatial Solitons in Effectively-Instantaneous Nonlocal Nonlinear Media

NTuD2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Compact Tunable Narrow-Band IR Source Based on a Microchip Pump Laser and Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate

NTuD3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

High-Efficiency, Low-Loss AlGaAs/AlOx Waveguides for Parametric Down-Conversion

NTuD4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Entanglement Generation and Propagation in Optical Fiber

NTuD5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007

Extreme Temporal Pulse Propagation in Quadratic Nonlinear Media

NWA1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Microscopic Cascading in Fifth-Order Nonlinearity Induced by Local-Field Effects

NWA2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Cascaded Quadratic Soliton Compression at 800 nm

NWA3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Thermalization of Incoherent Nonlinear Wave-Packets

NWA4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Waveguide Arrays for Mode-Locking X-Wave Lasers

NWA5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Similariton Interactions in Nonlinear Gain Media

NWA6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Observation of All-Optical Bump-on-Tail Instability

NWB1 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Control of the Filamentation Distance and Pattern in Long Range Atmospheric Propagation

NWB2 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Cavity Solitons in Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers with Frequency-Selective Feedback

NWB3 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Nonlinear Optical Shock Waves: Properties and Interactions

NWB4 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Lattice Shock Waves in Nonlinear Waveguide Arrays

NWB5 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Optics in Curved Space

NWB6 Nonlinear Photonics (NP) 2007 View: PDF

Select as filters


    Select Topics Cancel
    © Copyright 2017 | The Optical Society. All Rights Reserved