Abstract

A tunable slow light of 2.5-Gb/s pseudo-random binary sequence signal using a 1550-nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) is experimentally demonstrated. The influences of the bias current and the gain saturation on the slow light are investigated. With bias current increasing, tunable optical group delay up to 98 ps is obtained at room temperature. Demonstration of the time delay between 16 and 24 ps by signal intensity change is reported. Under an appropriate bias current, by tuning the input signal to track the peak gain wavelength of the VCSEL, slow light of a power penalty as low as 1 dB is achieved. With such a low power penalty, the VCSEL has a great potential application as a compact optical buffer.

© 2011 Chinese Optics Letters

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  6. C. F. Wang, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 115 (2010).
  7. C. Li, H. Tian, H. Lu, and Y. Ji, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2108 (2010).
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  15. G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

2010 (3)

C. F. Wang, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 115 (2010).

C. Li, H. Tian, H. Lu, and Y. Ji, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2108 (2010).

J. Zhao, X. Yang, Y. Li, Z. Tong, Y. Liu, and Q. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2437 (2010).

2008 (1)

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. S. Yan, and I. Fazal, IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 691 (2008).

2007 (1)

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Lett. 32, 1 (2007).

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

X. Zhao, P. Palinginis, B. Pesala, and C. J. C. hang-Hasnain, Opt. Express 13, 7899 (2005).

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

2003 (1)

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. C. Ku, I. Kim, and S. L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).

2001 (2)

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, and R. E. Slusher, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 525 (2001).

J. Piprek, E. S. Bj¨orlin, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 37, 298 (2001).

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

Bj¨orlin, E. S.

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

J. Piprek, E. S. Bj¨orlin, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 37, 298 (2001).

Bowers, J. E.

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

J. Piprek, E. S. Bj¨orlin, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 37, 298 (2001).

Boyd, R. W.

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Lett. 32, 1 (2007).

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

Chan, C.-Y.

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain and S. L. Chuang, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4642 (2006).

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. C. Ku, I. Kim, and S. L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).

Chen, Q.

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

Cheng, J.

Chuang, S. L.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain and S. L. Chuang, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4642 (2006).

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. C. Ku, I. Kim, and S. L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).

Cole, G. D.

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

Eggleton, B. J.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, and R. E. Slusher, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 525 (2001).

Fazal, I.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. S. Yan, and I. Fazal, IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 691 (2008).

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

Gauthier, D. J.

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Lett. 32, 1 (2007).

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

Han, S. S.

hang-Hasnain, C. J. C.

Ji, Y.

C. Li, H. Tian, H. Lu, and Y. Ji, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2108 (2010).

Kim, I.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. C. Ku, I. Kim, and S. L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).

Ku, P. C.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. C. Ku, I. Kim, and S. L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).

Lenz, G.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, and R. E. Slusher, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 525 (2001).

Li, C.

C. Li, H. Tian, H. Lu, and Y. Ji, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2108 (2010).

Li, Y.

J. Zhao, X. Yang, Y. Li, Z. Tong, Y. Liu, and Q. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2437 (2010).

Liu, Y.

J. Zhao, X. Yang, Y. Li, Z. Tong, Y. Liu, and Q. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2437 (2010).

Lu, H.

C. Li, H. Tian, H. Lu, and Y. Ji, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2108 (2010).

MacDonald, N. C.

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

Madsen, C. K.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, and R. E. Slusher, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 525 (2001).

Neifeld, M. A.

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Lett. 32, 1 (2007).

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

Palinginis, P.

Pant, R.

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Lett. 32, 1 (2007).

Pesala, B.

Piprek, J.

J. Piprek, E. S. Bj¨orlin, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 37, 298 (2001).

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

Shi, Z.

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Lett. 32, 1 (2007).

Slusher, R. E.

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, and R. E. Slusher, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 525 (2001).

Stenner, M. D.

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Lett. 32, 1 (2007).

Tian, H.

C. Li, H. Tian, H. Lu, and Y. Ji, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2108 (2010).

Tong, Z.

J. Zhao, X. Yang, Y. Li, Z. Tong, Y. Liu, and Q. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2437 (2010).

Wang, C. F.

Wang, S.

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

Willner, A. E.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. S. Yan, and I. Fazal, IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 691 (2008).

Wu, S.

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

Yan, L. S.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. S. Yan, and I. Fazal, IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 691 (2008).

Yang, X.

J. Zhao, X. Yang, Y. Li, Z. Tong, Y. Liu, and Q. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2437 (2010).

Zhang, B.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. S. Yan, and I. Fazal, IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 691 (2008).

Zhang, L.

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. S. Yan, and I. Fazal, IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 691 (2008).

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao, X. Yang, Y. Li, Z. Tong, Y. Liu, and Q. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2437 (2010).

Zhao, Q.

J. Zhao, X. Yang, Y. Li, Z. Tong, Y. Liu, and Q. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2437 (2010).

Zhao, X.

Zhu, Z.

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Lett. 32, 1 (2007).

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (2)

C. Li, H. Tian, H. Lu, and Y. Ji, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2108 (2010).

J. Zhao, X. Yang, Y. Li, Z. Tong, Y. Liu, and Q. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2437 (2010).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Piprek, E. S. Bj¨orlin, and J. E. Bowers, Electron. Lett. 37, 298 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

G. D. Cole, E. S. Bj¨orlin, Q. Chen, C.-Y. Chan, S. Wu, S. Wang, N. C. MacDonald, and J. E. Bowers, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 390 (2005).

G. Lenz, B. J. Eggleton, C. K. Madsen, and R. E. Slusher, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 525 (2001).

IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

A. E. Willner, B. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. S. Yan, and I. Fazal, IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 691 (2008).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Z. Shi, R. W. Boyd, R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, Z. Zhu, and D. J. Gauthier, Opt. Lett. 32, 1 (2007).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. L. Gaeta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).

Proc. IEEE (1)

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. C. Ku, I. Kim, and S. L. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).

Other (3)

P. C. Peng, F. M. Wu, C. T. Lin, J. H. Chen, P. T. Shih, W. C. Kao, W. J. Jiang, H. C. Kuo, and S. Chi, in Proceedings of Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2008 and 2008 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science JThA2 (2008).

P. C. Peng, C. T. Lin, H. C. Kuo, J. N. Liu, W. K. Tsai, G. Lin, H. P. Yang, K. F. Lin, J. Y. Chi, S. C. Chi, and S. C. Wang, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference OThT6 (2007).

C. S. Chou, R. K. Lee, P. C. Peng, H. C. Kuo, G. Lin, H. P. Yang, and J. Y. Chi, in Proceedings of IEEE Optical MEMS and Nanophotonics 15 (2007).

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