Abstract

The 4f7 6s(9S)np 8PJ (J=5/2, 7/2, 9/2) Rydberg series converging to the first ionization limit 4f7 6s 9S4 of the Eu atom using the three-step laser excitation and electric-field-ionization (EFI) method are studied. First, the Eu atom is excited from the 4f7 6s2 8So7/2 ground state to the 4f76s7s 8So7/2 state through the 4f7 6s6p 10P9/2 state by the first two dye lasers. Next, it is populated to many higher-n members of the 4f7 6s(9S)np 8PJ Rydberg series by the third dye laser whose wavelength is scanned within a certain range. Finally, the atom in these higher-n states is ionized by the external pulsed electric field. With the field strength up to 2 kV/cm, we can detect the atom in 4f76s(9S)np 8PJ states with n>40. With the given laser line width, the level energies of Rydberg states with n as high as 72 can be determined. We not only confirm the previous data on the 4f76s(9S) np 8PJ Rydberg series, but also extend the n-value assignment significantly by detecting more states.

© 2011 Chinese Optics Letters

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. J. Dai, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4416 (1995).
  2. C. J. Dai, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2951 (1995).
  3. J. Lu, C. Dai, C. Lee, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Tang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 908 (2000).
  4. J. Xie, C. Dai, and M. Li, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2142 (2010).
  5. S. G. Nakhate, M. A. N. Razvi, J. P. Connerade, and S. A. Ahmad, J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33, 5191 (2000).
  6. S. Bhattacharyya, R. D'souza, P. M. Rao, and M. A. N. Razvi, Spectrochimica Acta Part B 58, 469 (2003).
  7. S. Bhattacharyya, M. A. N. Razvi, S. Cohen, and S. G. Nakhate, Phys. Rev. A. 76, 012502 (2007).
  8. Y. Xiao, C.-J. Dai, and W.-J. Qin, Chin. Phys. B 18, 4251 (2009).
  9. G. Smith and F. S. Tomkins, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 342, 149 (1975).
  10. M. D. Lindsay, C. J. Dai, B. J. Lyons, C. R. Mahon, and T. F. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 50, 5058 (1994).
  11. S. Li and C. Dai, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 136, 247 (2004).
  12. C. J. Dai, S. Zhang, X. W. Shu, D. W. Fang, and J. Li, J. Quant. Spectro. Radia. Trans. 53, 179 (1995).

2010 (1)

J. Xie, C. Dai, and M. Li, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2142 (2010).

2009 (1)

Y. Xiao, C.-J. Dai, and W.-J. Qin, Chin. Phys. B 18, 4251 (2009).

2007 (1)

S. Bhattacharyya, M. A. N. Razvi, S. Cohen, and S. G. Nakhate, Phys. Rev. A. 76, 012502 (2007).

2004 (1)

S. Li and C. Dai, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 136, 247 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. Bhattacharyya, R. D'souza, P. M. Rao, and M. A. N. Razvi, Spectrochimica Acta Part B 58, 469 (2003).

2000 (2)

J. Lu, C. Dai, C. Lee, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Tang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 908 (2000).

S. G. Nakhate, M. A. N. Razvi, J. P. Connerade, and S. A. Ahmad, J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33, 5191 (2000).

1995 (3)

C. J. Dai, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4416 (1995).

C. J. Dai, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2951 (1995).

C. J. Dai, S. Zhang, X. W. Shu, D. W. Fang, and J. Li, J. Quant. Spectro. Radia. Trans. 53, 179 (1995).

1994 (1)

M. D. Lindsay, C. J. Dai, B. J. Lyons, C. R. Mahon, and T. F. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 50, 5058 (1994).

1975 (1)

G. Smith and F. S. Tomkins, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 342, 149 (1975).

Ahmad, S. A.

S. G. Nakhate, M. A. N. Razvi, J. P. Connerade, and S. A. Ahmad, J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33, 5191 (2000).

Bhattacharyya, S.

S. Bhattacharyya, M. A. N. Razvi, S. Cohen, and S. G. Nakhate, Phys. Rev. A. 76, 012502 (2007).

S. Bhattacharyya, R. D'souza, P. M. Rao, and M. A. N. Razvi, Spectrochimica Acta Part B 58, 469 (2003).

Cohen, S.

S. Bhattacharyya, M. A. N. Razvi, S. Cohen, and S. G. Nakhate, Phys. Rev. A. 76, 012502 (2007).

Connerade, J. P.

S. G. Nakhate, M. A. N. Razvi, J. P. Connerade, and S. A. Ahmad, J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33, 5191 (2000).

Dai, C.

J. Xie, C. Dai, and M. Li, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2142 (2010).

S. Li and C. Dai, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 136, 247 (2004).

J. Lu, C. Dai, C. Lee, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Tang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 908 (2000).

Dai, C. J.

C. J. Dai, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4416 (1995).

C. J. Dai, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2951 (1995).

C. J. Dai, S. Zhang, X. W. Shu, D. W. Fang, and J. Li, J. Quant. Spectro. Radia. Trans. 53, 179 (1995).

M. D. Lindsay, C. J. Dai, B. J. Lyons, C. R. Mahon, and T. F. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 50, 5058 (1994).

Dai, C.-J.

Y. Xiao, C.-J. Dai, and W.-J. Qin, Chin. Phys. B 18, 4251 (2009).

D'souza, R.

S. Bhattacharyya, R. D'souza, P. M. Rao, and M. A. N. Razvi, Spectrochimica Acta Part B 58, 469 (2003).

Fang, D. W.

C. J. Dai, S. Zhang, X. W. Shu, D. W. Fang, and J. Li, J. Quant. Spectro. Radia. Trans. 53, 179 (1995).

Gallagher, T. F.

M. D. Lindsay, C. J. Dai, B. J. Lyons, C. R. Mahon, and T. F. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 50, 5058 (1994).

Lee, C.

J. Lu, C. Dai, C. Lee, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Tang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 908 (2000).

Li, J.

C. J. Dai, S. Zhang, X. W. Shu, D. W. Fang, and J. Li, J. Quant. Spectro. Radia. Trans. 53, 179 (1995).

Li, M.

J. Xie, C. Dai, and M. Li, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2142 (2010).

Li, S.

S. Li and C. Dai, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 136, 247 (2004).

Lindsay, M. D.

M. D. Lindsay, C. J. Dai, B. J. Lyons, C. R. Mahon, and T. F. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 50, 5058 (1994).

Liu, Z.

J. Lu, C. Dai, C. Lee, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Tang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 908 (2000).

Lu, J.

J. Lu, C. Dai, C. Lee, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Tang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 908 (2000).

Lyons, B. J.

M. D. Lindsay, C. J. Dai, B. J. Lyons, C. R. Mahon, and T. F. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 50, 5058 (1994).

Mahon, C. R.

M. D. Lindsay, C. J. Dai, B. J. Lyons, C. R. Mahon, and T. F. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 50, 5058 (1994).

Nakhate, S. G.

S. Bhattacharyya, M. A. N. Razvi, S. Cohen, and S. G. Nakhate, Phys. Rev. A. 76, 012502 (2007).

S. G. Nakhate, M. A. N. Razvi, J. P. Connerade, and S. A. Ahmad, J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33, 5191 (2000).

Qin, W.-J.

Y. Xiao, C.-J. Dai, and W.-J. Qin, Chin. Phys. B 18, 4251 (2009).

Rao, P. M.

S. Bhattacharyya, R. D'souza, P. M. Rao, and M. A. N. Razvi, Spectrochimica Acta Part B 58, 469 (2003).

Razvi, M. A. N.

S. Bhattacharyya, M. A. N. Razvi, S. Cohen, and S. G. Nakhate, Phys. Rev. A. 76, 012502 (2007).

S. Bhattacharyya, R. D'souza, P. M. Rao, and M. A. N. Razvi, Spectrochimica Acta Part B 58, 469 (2003).

S. G. Nakhate, M. A. N. Razvi, J. P. Connerade, and S. A. Ahmad, J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33, 5191 (2000).

Shu, X. W.

C. J. Dai, S. Zhang, X. W. Shu, D. W. Fang, and J. Li, J. Quant. Spectro. Radia. Trans. 53, 179 (1995).

Smith, G.

G. Smith and F. S. Tomkins, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 342, 149 (1975).

Tang, J.

J. Lu, C. Dai, C. Lee, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Tang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 908 (2000).

Tomkins, F. S.

G. Smith and F. S. Tomkins, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 342, 149 (1975).

Xiao, Y.

Y. Xiao, C.-J. Dai, and W.-J. Qin, Chin. Phys. B 18, 4251 (2009).

Xie, J.

J. Xie, C. Dai, and M. Li, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2142 (2010).

Xu, Y.

J. Lu, C. Dai, C. Lee, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Tang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 908 (2000).

Zhang, S.

C. J. Dai, S. Zhang, X. W. Shu, D. W. Fang, and J. Li, J. Quant. Spectro. Radia. Trans. 53, 179 (1995).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (2)

J. Lu, C. Dai, C. Lee, Y. Xu, Z. Liu, and J. Tang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 908 (2000).

J. Xie, C. Dai, and M. Li, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 2142 (2010).

Chin. Phys. B (1)

Y. Xiao, C.-J. Dai, and W.-J. Qin, Chin. Phys. B 18, 4251 (2009).

J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. (1)

S. Li and C. Dai, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 136, 247 (2004).

J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

S. G. Nakhate, M. A. N. Razvi, J. P. Connerade, and S. A. Ahmad, J. Phys. B At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 33, 5191 (2000).

J. Quant. Spectro. Radia. Trans. (1)

C. J. Dai, S. Zhang, X. W. Shu, D. W. Fang, and J. Li, J. Quant. Spectro. Radia. Trans. 53, 179 (1995).

Phys. Rev. A (3)

M. D. Lindsay, C. J. Dai, B. J. Lyons, C. R. Mahon, and T. F. Gallagher, Phys. Rev. A 50, 5058 (1994).

C. J. Dai, Phys. Rev. A 52, 4416 (1995).

C. J. Dai, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2951 (1995).

Phys. Rev. A. (1)

S. Bhattacharyya, M. A. N. Razvi, S. Cohen, and S. G. Nakhate, Phys. Rev. A. 76, 012502 (2007).

Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A (1)

G. Smith and F. S. Tomkins, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 342, 149 (1975).

Spectrochimica Acta Part B (1)

S. Bhattacharyya, R. D'souza, P. M. Rao, and M. A. N. Razvi, Spectrochimica Acta Part B 58, 469 (2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.