Abstract

Many remote sensing image classifiers are limited in their ability to combine spectral features with spatial features. Multi-kernel classifiers, however, are capable of integrating spectral features with spatial or structural features using multiple kernels and summing them for final outputs. Using a support vector machine (SVM) as classifier, different multi-kernel classifiers are constructed and tested using 64-band Operational Modular Imaging Spectrometer II hyperspectral image of Changping Area, Beijing City. Results show that by integrating spectral and wavelet texture information, multi-kernel SVM classifiers can obtain more accurate classification results than sole-kernel SVM classifiers and cross-information SVM kernel classifiers. Moreover, when the multi-kernel SVM classifier is used, the combination of the first four principal components from principal component analysis and wavelet texture provides the highest accuracy (97.06%). Multi-kernel SVM is therefore an effective approach to improve the accuracy of hyperspectral image classification and to expand possibilities for remote sensing image interpretation and application.

© 2011 Chinese Optics Letters

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2008 (11)

K. Tan and P. Du, Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 28, 2009 (2008).

K. Tan and P. J. Du, J. Infrared Millim Waves 27, 123 (2008).

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. L. Rojo-Alvarez, and M. Mart?nez-Ramon, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1822 (2008).

Y. O. Ouma, J. Tetuko, and R. Tateishi, Int. J. Remote Sensing 29, 3417 (2008).

S. R. Garrity, L. A. Vierling, A. M. S. Smith, M. J. Falkowski, and D. B. Hann, Can. J. Remote Sensing 34, S376 (2008).

X. Huang, L. Zhang, and P. Li, Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing 74, 1585 (2008).

G. Mercier, G. Moser, and S. B. Serpico, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1428 (2008).

Z. Du, X. Jin, and Y. Yang, HVAC&R Res. 14, 959 (2008).

Z.-Z. Wang and J.-H. Yong, IEEE Trans. Image Processing 17, 1421 (2008).

L. Jiang, Y. Luo, J. Zhao, and T. Zhuang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 495 (2008).

Y. Wang, T. Liu, and J. Jiang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 657 (2008).

2007 (2)

S. Borah, E. L. Hines, and M. Bhuyan, J. Food Eng. 79, 629 (2007).

L. Gueguen and M. Datcu, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing. 45, 827 (2007).

2006 (3)

S. Arivazhagan, L. Ganesan, and S. P. Priyal, Pattern Recognition Lett. 27, 1976 (2006).

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. Vila-Frances, and J. Calpe-Maravilla, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 3, 93 (2006).

Y. Bazi and F. Melgani, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, 3374 (2006).

2005 (1)

G. Camps-Valls and L. Bruzzone, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 43, 1351 (2005).

2004 (2)

G. M. Foody and A. Mathur, Remote Sensing of Environment 93, 107 (2004).

F. Melgani and L. Bruzzone, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 42, 1778 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. Arivazhagan and L. Ganesan, Pattern Recognition Lett. 24, 3197 (2003).

2002 (1)

D. Landgrebe, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine 19, (1) 17 (2002).

1998 (1)

V. Manian and R. Vasquez, Pattern Recognition 31, 1937 (1998).

1990 (1)

I. Daubechies, IEEE Trans. Information Theory 36, 961 (1990).

1989 (1)

S. G. Mallat, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 11, 674 (1989).

1968 (1)

G. F. Hughes, IEEE Trans. Information Theory 14, 55 (1968).

Arivazhagan, S.

S. Arivazhagan, L. Ganesan, and S. P. Priyal, Pattern Recognition Lett. 27, 1976 (2006).

S. Arivazhagan and L. Ganesan, Pattern Recognition Lett. 24, 3197 (2003).

Bazi, Y.

Y. Bazi and F. Melgani, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, 3374 (2006).

Bhuyan, M.

S. Borah, E. L. Hines, and M. Bhuyan, J. Food Eng. 79, 629 (2007).

Borah, S.

S. Borah, E. L. Hines, and M. Bhuyan, J. Food Eng. 79, 629 (2007).

Bruzzone, L.

G. Camps-Valls and L. Bruzzone, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 43, 1351 (2005).

F. Melgani and L. Bruzzone, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 42, 1778 (2004).

Calpe-Maravilla, J.

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. Vila-Frances, and J. Calpe-Maravilla, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 3, 93 (2006).

Camps-Valls, G.

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. L. Rojo-Alvarez, and M. Mart?nez-Ramon, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1822 (2008).

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. Vila-Frances, and J. Calpe-Maravilla, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 3, 93 (2006).

G. Camps-Valls and L. Bruzzone, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 43, 1351 (2005).

Datcu, M.

L. Gueguen and M. Datcu, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing. 45, 827 (2007).

Daubechies, I.

I. Daubechies, IEEE Trans. Information Theory 36, 961 (1990).

Du, P.

K. Tan and P. Du, Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 28, 2009 (2008).

Du, P. J.

K. Tan and P. J. Du, J. Infrared Millim Waves 27, 123 (2008).

Du, Z.

Z. Du, X. Jin, and Y. Yang, HVAC&R Res. 14, 959 (2008).

Falkowski, M. J.

S. R. Garrity, L. A. Vierling, A. M. S. Smith, M. J. Falkowski, and D. B. Hann, Can. J. Remote Sensing 34, S376 (2008).

Foody, G. M.

G. M. Foody and A. Mathur, Remote Sensing of Environment 93, 107 (2004).

Ganesan, L.

S. Arivazhagan, L. Ganesan, and S. P. Priyal, Pattern Recognition Lett. 27, 1976 (2006).

S. Arivazhagan and L. Ganesan, Pattern Recognition Lett. 24, 3197 (2003).

Garrity, S. R.

S. R. Garrity, L. A. Vierling, A. M. S. Smith, M. J. Falkowski, and D. B. Hann, Can. J. Remote Sensing 34, S376 (2008).

Gomez-Chova, L.

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. L. Rojo-Alvarez, and M. Mart?nez-Ramon, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1822 (2008).

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. Vila-Frances, and J. Calpe-Maravilla, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 3, 93 (2006).

Gueguen, L.

L. Gueguen and M. Datcu, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing. 45, 827 (2007).

Hann, D. B.

S. R. Garrity, L. A. Vierling, A. M. S. Smith, M. J. Falkowski, and D. B. Hann, Can. J. Remote Sensing 34, S376 (2008).

Hines, E. L.

S. Borah, E. L. Hines, and M. Bhuyan, J. Food Eng. 79, 629 (2007).

Huang, X.

X. Huang, L. Zhang, and P. Li, Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing 74, 1585 (2008).

Hughes, G. F.

G. F. Hughes, IEEE Trans. Information Theory 14, 55 (1968).

Jiang, J.

Jiang, L.

Jin, X.

Z. Du, X. Jin, and Y. Yang, HVAC&R Res. 14, 959 (2008).

Landgrebe, D.

D. Landgrebe, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine 19, (1) 17 (2002).

Li, P.

X. Huang, L. Zhang, and P. Li, Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing 74, 1585 (2008).

Liu, T.

Luo, Y.

Mallat, S. G.

S. G. Mallat, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 11, 674 (1989).

Manian, V.

V. Manian and R. Vasquez, Pattern Recognition 31, 1937 (1998).

Mart?nez-Ramon, M.

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. L. Rojo-Alvarez, and M. Mart?nez-Ramon, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1822 (2008).

Mathur, A.

G. M. Foody and A. Mathur, Remote Sensing of Environment 93, 107 (2004).

Melgani, F.

Y. Bazi and F. Melgani, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, 3374 (2006).

F. Melgani and L. Bruzzone, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 42, 1778 (2004).

Mercier, G.

G. Mercier, G. Moser, and S. B. Serpico, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1428 (2008).

Moser, G.

G. Mercier, G. Moser, and S. B. Serpico, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1428 (2008).

Munoz-Mar?, J.

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. L. Rojo-Alvarez, and M. Mart?nez-Ramon, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1822 (2008).

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. Vila-Frances, and J. Calpe-Maravilla, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 3, 93 (2006).

Ouma, Y. O.

Y. O. Ouma, J. Tetuko, and R. Tateishi, Int. J. Remote Sensing 29, 3417 (2008).

Priyal, S. P.

S. Arivazhagan, L. Ganesan, and S. P. Priyal, Pattern Recognition Lett. 27, 1976 (2006).

Rojo-Alvarez, J. L.

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. L. Rojo-Alvarez, and M. Mart?nez-Ramon, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1822 (2008).

Serpico, S. B.

G. Mercier, G. Moser, and S. B. Serpico, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1428 (2008).

Smith, A. M. S.

S. R. Garrity, L. A. Vierling, A. M. S. Smith, M. J. Falkowski, and D. B. Hann, Can. J. Remote Sensing 34, S376 (2008).

Tan, K.

K. Tan and P. Du, Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 28, 2009 (2008).

K. Tan and P. J. Du, J. Infrared Millim Waves 27, 123 (2008).

Tateishi, R.

Y. O. Ouma, J. Tetuko, and R. Tateishi, Int. J. Remote Sensing 29, 3417 (2008).

Tetuko, J.

Y. O. Ouma, J. Tetuko, and R. Tateishi, Int. J. Remote Sensing 29, 3417 (2008).

Vasquez, R.

V. Manian and R. Vasquez, Pattern Recognition 31, 1937 (1998).

Vierling, L. A.

S. R. Garrity, L. A. Vierling, A. M. S. Smith, M. J. Falkowski, and D. B. Hann, Can. J. Remote Sensing 34, S376 (2008).

Vila-Frances, J.

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. Vila-Frances, and J. Calpe-Maravilla, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 3, 93 (2006).

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.-Z.

Z.-Z. Wang and J.-H. Yong, IEEE Trans. Image Processing 17, 1421 (2008).

Yang, Y.

Z. Du, X. Jin, and Y. Yang, HVAC&R Res. 14, 959 (2008).

Yong, J.-H.

Z.-Z. Wang and J.-H. Yong, IEEE Trans. Image Processing 17, 1421 (2008).

Zhang, L.

X. Huang, L. Zhang, and P. Li, Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing 74, 1585 (2008).

Zhao, J.

Zhuang, T.

Can. J. Remote Sensing (1)

S. R. Garrity, L. A. Vierling, A. M. S. Smith, M. J. Falkowski, and D. B. Hann, Can. J. Remote Sensing 34, S376 (2008).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

HVAC&R Res. (1)

Z. Du, X. Jin, and Y. Yang, HVAC&R Res. 14, 959 (2008).

IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. (1)

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. Vila-Frances, and J. Calpe-Maravilla, IEEE Geosci. Remote Sensing Lett. 3, 93 (2006).

IEEE Signal Processing Magazine (1)

D. Landgrebe, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine 19, (1) 17 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing (5)

G. Camps-Valls and L. Bruzzone, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 43, 1351 (2005).

Y. Bazi and F. Melgani, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 44, 3374 (2006).

F. Melgani and L. Bruzzone, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 42, 1778 (2004).

G. Mercier, G. Moser, and S. B. Serpico, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1428 (2008).

G. Camps-Valls, L. Gomez-Chova, J. Munoz-Mar?, J. L. Rojo-Alvarez, and M. Mart?nez-Ramon, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 46, 1822 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing. (1)

L. Gueguen and M. Datcu, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing. 45, 827 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Image Processing (1)

Z.-Z. Wang and J.-H. Yong, IEEE Trans. Image Processing 17, 1421 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Information Theory (2)

I. Daubechies, IEEE Trans. Information Theory 36, 961 (1990).

G. F. Hughes, IEEE Trans. Information Theory 14, 55 (1968).

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. (1)

S. G. Mallat, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 11, 674 (1989).

Int. J. Remote Sensing (1)

Y. O. Ouma, J. Tetuko, and R. Tateishi, Int. J. Remote Sensing 29, 3417 (2008).

J. Food Eng. (1)

S. Borah, E. L. Hines, and M. Bhuyan, J. Food Eng. 79, 629 (2007).

J. Infrared Millim Waves (1)

K. Tan and P. J. Du, J. Infrared Millim Waves 27, 123 (2008).

Pattern Recognition (1)

V. Manian and R. Vasquez, Pattern Recognition 31, 1937 (1998).

Pattern Recognition Lett. (2)

S. Arivazhagan and L. Ganesan, Pattern Recognition Lett. 24, 3197 (2003).

S. Arivazhagan, L. Ganesan, and S. P. Priyal, Pattern Recognition Lett. 27, 1976 (2006).

Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing (1)

X. Huang, L. Zhang, and P. Li, Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sensing 74, 1585 (2008).

Remote Sensing of Environment (1)

G. M. Foody and A. Mathur, Remote Sensing of Environment 93, 107 (2004).

Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. (1)

K. Tan and P. Du, Spectrosc. Spectral Anal. 28, 2009 (2008).

Other (3)

W. Y. Ma and B. S. Manjunath, in Proceedings of the IEEE Int. Conf. Image Processing 256 (1995).

B. Scholkopf, C. Burges, and A. Smola, (eds.) Advances in Kernel Methods: Support Vector Learning (MIT Press, Cambridge, 1999).

V. N. Vapnik, Statistical Learning Theory (Springer, New York, 1998).

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