Abstract

Photoelectron angular distributions (PADs) from two-photon ionization of atoms in linearly polarized strong laser fields are obtained in accordance with the nonperturbative quantum scattering theory. We also study the influence of laser wavelength on PADs. For two-photon ionization very close to the ionization threshold, most of the ionized electrons are vertically ejected to the laser polarization. PADs from two-photon ionization of atoms are determined by the second order generalized phased Bessel function at which the ponderomotive parameter plays a key role. In terms of dependence of PADs on laser wavelength, corresponding variations for the ponderomotive parameter are demonstrated.

© 2011 Chinese Optics Letters

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  2. M. Bashkansky, P. Bucksbaum, and D. Schumacher, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2458 (1988).
  3. S. Basile, F. Trombetta, and G. Ferrante, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2435 (1988).
  4. Y. Li, J. Liu, R. Fan, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 2865 (2009).
  5. Y. Li, R. Fan, J. Liu, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 551 (2010).
  6. J. Zhang, X. Feng, Z. Xu, and D. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 69, 043409 (2004).
  7. S. Dionissopoulou, T. Mercouris, A. Lyras, and C. Nicolaides, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4397 (1997).
  8. V. Schvja, T. Lang, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3692 (1998).
  9. D. Guo and G. Drake, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6622 (1992).
  10. J. Zhang, S. Li, and Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053410 (2004).
  11. A. Dodhy, R. Compton, and J. Stockdale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 422 (1985).
  12. D. Guo, T. Aberg, and C. Crasemann, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4997 (1989).
  13. P. H. Bucksbaum, D. W. Schumacher, and M. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1182 (1988).
  14. M. Nandor, M. Walker, and L. Woerkom, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31, 4617 (1998).
  15. J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).
  16. D. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. Freeman, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043404 (2003).
  17. J. Gao, D. Guo, and Y. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 61, 043406 (2000).
  18. X. Hu, H. Wang, and D. Guo, Can. J. Phys. 86, 863 (2008).
  19. R. Reichle, H. Helm, and I. Kiyan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243001 (2001).

2010 (1)

Y. Li, R. Fan, J. Liu, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 551 (2010).

2009 (1)

Y. Li, J. Liu, R. Fan, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 2865 (2009).

2008 (1)

X. Hu, H. Wang, and D. Guo, Can. J. Phys. 86, 863 (2008).

2004 (2)

J. Zhang, X. Feng, Z. Xu, and D. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 69, 043409 (2004).

J. Zhang, S. Li, and Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053410 (2004).

2003 (1)

D. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. Freeman, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043404 (2003).

2002 (1)

J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).

2001 (1)

R. Reichle, H. Helm, and I. Kiyan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243001 (2001).

2000 (1)

J. Gao, D. Guo, and Y. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 61, 043406 (2000).

1998 (2)

M. Nandor, M. Walker, and L. Woerkom, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31, 4617 (1998).

V. Schvja, T. Lang, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3692 (1998).

1997 (1)

S. Dionissopoulou, T. Mercouris, A. Lyras, and C. Nicolaides, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4397 (1997).

1992 (1)

D. Guo and G. Drake, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6622 (1992).

1989 (1)

D. Guo, T. Aberg, and C. Crasemann, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4997 (1989).

1988 (3)

P. H. Bucksbaum, D. W. Schumacher, and M. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1182 (1988).

M. Bashkansky, P. Bucksbaum, and D. Schumacher, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2458 (1988).

S. Basile, F. Trombetta, and G. Ferrante, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2435 (1988).

1986 (1)

R. Freeman, T. McIlrath, P. Bucksbaum andM. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3156 (1986).

1985 (1)

A. Dodhy, R. Compton, and J. Stockdale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 422 (1985).

Aberg, T.

D. Guo, T. Aberg, and C. Crasemann, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4997 (1989).

Bashkansky, M.

M. Bashkansky, P. Bucksbaum, and D. Schumacher, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2458 (1988).

Bashkan-sky, M.

P. H. Bucksbaum, D. W. Schumacher, and M. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1182 (1988).

Bashkan-sky, P. Bucksbaum andM.

R. Freeman, T. McIlrath, P. Bucksbaum andM. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3156 (1986).

Basile, S.

S. Basile, F. Trombetta, and G. Ferrante, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2435 (1988).

Bucksbaum, P.

M. Bashkansky, P. Bucksbaum, and D. Schumacher, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2458 (1988).

Bucksbaum, P. H.

P. H. Bucksbaum, D. W. Schumacher, and M. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1182 (1988).

Compton, R.

A. Dodhy, R. Compton, and J. Stockdale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 422 (1985).

Crasemann, C.

D. Guo, T. Aberg, and C. Crasemann, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4997 (1989).

Dionissopoulou, S.

S. Dionissopoulou, T. Mercouris, A. Lyras, and C. Nicolaides, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4397 (1997).

Dodhy, A.

A. Dodhy, R. Compton, and J. Stockdale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 422 (1985).

Drake, G.

D. Guo and G. Drake, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6622 (1992).

Fan, R.

Y. Li, R. Fan, J. Liu, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 551 (2010).

Y. Li, J. Liu, R. Fan, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 2865 (2009).

Feng, X.

J. Zhang, X. Feng, Z. Xu, and D. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 69, 043409 (2004).

Ferrante, G.

S. Basile, F. Trombetta, and G. Ferrante, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2435 (1988).

Freeman, R.

D. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. Freeman, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043404 (2003).

J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).

R. Freeman, T. McIlrath, P. Bucksbaum andM. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3156 (1986).

Fu, P.

D. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. Freeman, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043404 (2003).

J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).

Gao, J.

J. Gao, D. Guo, and Y. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 61, 043406 (2000).

Guo, D.

X. Hu, H. Wang, and D. Guo, Can. J. Phys. 86, 863 (2008).

J. Zhang, X. Feng, Z. Xu, and D. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 69, 043409 (2004).

D. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. Freeman, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043404 (2003).

J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).

J. Gao, D. Guo, and Y. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 61, 043406 (2000).

D. Guo and G. Drake, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6622 (1992).

D. Guo, T. Aberg, and C. Crasemann, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4997 (1989).

Helm, H.

R. Reichle, H. Helm, and I. Kiyan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243001 (2001).

V. Schvja, T. Lang, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3692 (1998).

Hu, X.

X. Hu, H. Wang, and D. Guo, Can. J. Phys. 86, 863 (2008).

Kiyan, I.

R. Reichle, H. Helm, and I. Kiyan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243001 (2001).

Lang, T.

V. Schvja, T. Lang, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3692 (1998).

Li, S.

J. Zhang, S. Li, and Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053410 (2004).

Li, X.

D. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. Freeman, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043404 (2003).

J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).

Li, Y.

Y. Li, R. Fan, J. Liu, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 551 (2010).

Y. Li, J. Liu, R. Fan, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 2865 (2009).

Liu, J.

Y. Li, R. Fan, J. Liu, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 551 (2010).

Y. Li, J. Liu, R. Fan, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 2865 (2009).

Lyras, A.

S. Dionissopoulou, T. Mercouris, A. Lyras, and C. Nicolaides, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4397 (1997).

Ma, R.

Y. Li, R. Fan, J. Liu, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 551 (2010).

Y. Li, J. Liu, R. Fan, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 2865 (2009).

McIlrath, T.

R. Freeman, T. McIlrath, P. Bucksbaum andM. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3156 (1986).

Mercouris, T.

S. Dionissopoulou, T. Mercouris, A. Lyras, and C. Nicolaides, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4397 (1997).

Nandor, M.

M. Nandor, M. Walker, and L. Woerkom, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31, 4617 (1998).

Nicolaides, C.

S. Dionissopoulou, T. Mercouris, A. Lyras, and C. Nicolaides, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4397 (1997).

Reichle, R.

R. Reichle, H. Helm, and I. Kiyan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243001 (2001).

Ren, L.

Y. Li, R. Fan, J. Liu, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 551 (2010).

Y. Li, J. Liu, R. Fan, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 2865 (2009).

Schumacher, D.

M. Bashkansky, P. Bucksbaum, and D. Schumacher, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2458 (1988).

Schumacher, D. W.

P. H. Bucksbaum, D. W. Schumacher, and M. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1182 (1988).

Schvja, V.

V. Schvja, T. Lang, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3692 (1998).

Stockdale, J.

A. Dodhy, R. Compton, and J. Stockdale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 422 (1985).

Trombetta, F.

S. Basile, F. Trombetta, and G. Ferrante, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2435 (1988).

Walker, M.

M. Nandor, M. Walker, and L. Woerkom, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31, 4617 (1998).

Wang, H.

X. Hu, H. Wang, and D. Guo, Can. J. Phys. 86, 863 (2008).

Woerkom, L.

M. Nandor, M. Walker, and L. Woerkom, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31, 4617 (1998).

Wu, Y.

J. Gao, D. Guo, and Y. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 61, 043406 (2000).

Xu, Z.

J. Zhang, X. Feng, Z. Xu, and D. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 69, 043409 (2004).

J. Zhang, S. Li, and Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053410 (2004).

D. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. Freeman, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043404 (2003).

J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, S. Li, and Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053410 (2004).

J. Zhang, X. Feng, Z. Xu, and D. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 69, 043409 (2004).

D. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. Freeman, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043404 (2003).

J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).

Zhang, W.

J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

Y. Li, R. Fan, J. Liu, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 30, 551 (2010).

Can. J. Phys. (1)

X. Hu, H. Wang, and D. Guo, Can. J. Phys. 86, 863 (2008).

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) (1)

Y. Li, J. Liu, R. Fan, L. Ren, and R. Ma, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 2865 (2009).

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (2)

M. Nandor, M. Walker, and L. Woerkom, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31, 4617 (1998).

J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D. Guo, and R. Freeman, J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 35, 4809 (2002).

Phys. Rev. A (8)

D. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. Freeman, Phys. Rev. A 68, 043404 (2003).

J. Gao, D. Guo, and Y. Wu, Phys. Rev. A 61, 043406 (2000).

J. Zhang, X. Feng, Z. Xu, and D. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 69, 043409 (2004).

S. Dionissopoulou, T. Mercouris, A. Lyras, and C. Nicolaides, Phys. Rev. A 55, 4397 (1997).

V. Schvja, T. Lang, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. A 57, 3692 (1998).

D. Guo and G. Drake, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6622 (1992).

J. Zhang, S. Li, and Z. Xu, Phys. Rev. A 69, 053410 (2004).

D. Guo, T. Aberg, and C. Crasemann, Phys. Rev. A 40, 4997 (1989).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

P. H. Bucksbaum, D. W. Schumacher, and M. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 1182 (1988).

R. Freeman, T. McIlrath, P. Bucksbaum andM. Bashkan-sky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 3156 (1986).

M. Bashkansky, P. Bucksbaum, and D. Schumacher, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2458 (1988).

S. Basile, F. Trombetta, and G. Ferrante, Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2435 (1988).

A. Dodhy, R. Compton, and J. Stockdale, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 422 (1985).

R. Reichle, H. Helm, and I. Kiyan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 243001 (2001).

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