Abstract

We summarize several novel schemes to generate multi-level modulation formats for high capacity transmission system with high spectral efficiency. We show that multi-level 8QAM, 16QAM, 32QAM, and 64QAM (QAM: quatlrature amplitude modulation) optical signals can be generated by commercial optical and electrical devices. Employing these multilevel modulation formats, we have realized PDM-8QAM (PDM: polarization division multiplexing) 32 Tb/s and PDM-36QAM 64-Tb/s signals transmission over 580- and 320-km fibers, respectively.

© 2010 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. J. Yu, X. Zhou, M.-F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proc. ECOC 2008 PDP Th.3.E.2 (2008).
  2. X. Zhou, J. Yu, D. Qian, T. Wang, G. Zhang, and P. Magil, presented at the OFC 2008 PDP1 (2008).
  3. X. Zhou, in Proc. OFC 2010 PDPB9 (2010).
  4. A. Sano, in Proc. OFC 2010 PDPB7 (2010).
  5. J.-X. Cai, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, A. Lucero, O. Sinkin, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, and N. S. Bergano, in Proc. OFC 2010 PDPB10 (2010).
  6. X. Zhou, J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Y. Shao, T. Wang, P. Magill, M. Cvijetic, L. Nelson, M. Birk, G. Zhang, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proc. OFC 2009 PDPB4 (2009).
  7. A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, in Proc. OFC 2007 PDP19(2007).
  8. G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, O. B. Pardo, F. Verluise, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Blache, J. Dupuy, and S. Bigo, in Proc. OFC 2008 PDP3 (2008).
  9. J. Yu, X. Zhou, and M. F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1299 (2009).
  10. X. Zhou, J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Y. Shao, T. Wang, P. Magill, M. Cvijetic, L. Nelson, M. Birk, G. Zhang, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 456 (2010).
  11. A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Doerr, and L. L. Buhl, in Proc. OFC 2009 PDPB8 (2009).
  12. M. Nakazawa, in Proc. ECOC 2008 Tu1.E.1 (2008).
  13. X. Zhou and J. Yu, in Proc. ECOC 2009 10.3.5 (2009).
  14. X. Zhou, J. Yu, and P. Magill, in Proc. OFC 2009 OWG3 (2009).
  15. X. Zhou and J. Yu, J. Lightwave. Technol. 27, 3641(2009).
  16. J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, and M.-F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115 (2009).
  17. J. Yu and X. Zhou, IEEE Commun. Magazine 48, (3) S56 (2010).
  18. J. Yu and X. Zhou, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 197 (2009).
  19. J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Xu, and P. N. Ji, in Proc. OFC 2009 OThR3 (2009).

2010

2009

X. Zhou and J. Yu, J. Lightwave. Technol. 27, 3641(2009).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, and M.-F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115 (2009).

J. Yu and X. Zhou, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 197 (2009).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, and M. F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1299 (2009).

Birk, M.

Cvijetic, M.

Gupta, S.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, and M.-F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115 (2009).

Huang, M. F.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, and M. F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1299 (2009).

Huang, M.-F.

Huang, Y.-K.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, and M.-F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115 (2009).

Magill, P.

Matthew, H. B.

Mishra, S. K.

Nelson, L.

Shao, Y.

Ten, S.

Wang, T.

Yu, J.

X. Zhou, J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Y. Shao, T. Wang, P. Magill, M. Cvijetic, L. Nelson, M. Birk, G. Zhang, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 456 (2010).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, and M. F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1299 (2009).

X. Zhou and J. Yu, J. Lightwave. Technol. 27, 3641(2009).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, and M.-F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115 (2009).

J. Yu and X. Zhou, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 197 (2009).

Zhang, G.

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Y. Shao, T. Wang, P. Magill, M. Cvijetic, L. Nelson, M. Birk, G. Zhang, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 456 (2010).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, and M. F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1299 (2009).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, and M.-F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115 (2009).

X. Zhou and J. Yu, J. Lightwave. Technol. 27, 3641(2009).

J. Yu and X. Zhou, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 197 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Yu, X. Zhou, and M. F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1299 (2009).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, and M.-F. Huang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115 (2009).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Lightwave. Technol.

X. Zhou and J. Yu, J. Lightwave. Technol. 27, 3641(2009).

Opt. Fiber Technol.

J. Yu and X. Zhou, Opt. Fiber Technol. 15, 197 (2009).

Other

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Xu, and P. N. Ji, in Proc. OFC 2009 OThR3 (2009).

J. Yu and X. Zhou, IEEE Commun. Magazine 48, (3) S56 (2010).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Doerr, and L. L. Buhl, in Proc. OFC 2009 PDPB8 (2009).

M. Nakazawa, in Proc. ECOC 2008 Tu1.E.1 (2008).

X. Zhou and J. Yu, in Proc. ECOC 2009 10.3.5 (2009).

X. Zhou, J. Yu, and P. Magill, in Proc. OFC 2009 OWG3 (2009).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M.-F. Huang, Y. Shao, D. Qian, T. Wang, M. Cvijetic, P. Magill, L. Nelson, M. Birk, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proc. ECOC 2008 PDP Th.3.E.2 (2008).

X. Zhou, J. Yu, D. Qian, T. Wang, G. Zhang, and P. Magil, presented at the OFC 2008 PDP1 (2008).

X. Zhou, in Proc. OFC 2010 PDPB9 (2010).

A. Sano, in Proc. OFC 2010 PDPB7 (2010).

J.-X. Cai, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, A. Lucero, O. Sinkin, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, and N. S. Bergano, in Proc. OFC 2010 PDPB10 (2010).

X. Zhou, J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, Y. Shao, T. Wang, P. Magill, M. Cvijetic, L. Nelson, M. Birk, G. Zhang, S. Ten, H. B. Matthew, and S. K. Mishra, in Proc. OFC 2009 PDPB4 (2009).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Charlet, P. Tran, P. J. Winzer, C. R. Doerr, J. C. Centanni, E. C. Burrows, T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, and K. Higuma, in Proc. OFC 2007 PDP19(2007).

G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, O. B. Pardo, F. Verluise, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Blache, J. Dupuy, and S. Bigo, in Proc. OFC 2008 PDP3 (2008).

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