Abstract

An optical fiber evanescent wave methane gas sensor based on core diameter mismatch is reported. The sensor consists of a multimode fiber in which a short section of standard single-mode fiber, coated with the inclusion of cryptophane molecules E in a transparent polysiloxane film, is inserted. The sensing principle is analyzed by optical waveguide theory. For different sensing film thicknesses and interaction lengths, the sensor signal is investigated within the methane concentration range of 0-14.5% (v/v). It is shown that the sensor signal with the thickness of 5 \mu m and the interaction length of 3 mm strengthens linearly with the increasing concentration of methane, with a slope of 0.0186. The best detection limit of the sensor for methane is 2.2% (v/v) with a response time of 90 s. This sensor is suitable for the detection of methane concentration below the critical value of 5%.

© 2010 Chinese Optics Letters

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2009 (2)

S. Wu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, S. Shuang, C. Dong, and M. M. F. Choi, Anal. Chim. Acta 633, 238 (2009).

J. Yang, L. Xu, P. Zhang, and W. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1183 (2009).

2008 (3)

J. Qiao, H. F. Li, Y. Chang, L. S. Guan, S. Shuang, and C. Dong, Anal. Lett. 41, 593 (2008).

J. Yang, L. Xu, and P. Zhang, Opt. Technique (in Chinese) 34, 562 (2008).

H. Xia, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, R. Kan, M. Wang, Y. He, Y. Cui, J. Ruan, and H. Geng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 437(2008).

2006 (1)

T. Wang, L. Zhang, L. Dong, H. Dou, and S. Jia, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 405 (2006).

2005 (2)

V. Kumar and D. Chandra, Proc. SPIE 3897, 139(1999).

M. Benounis, N. Jaffrezic-Renault, J.-P. Dutasta, K. Cherif, and A. Abdelghani, Sens. Actuat. B 107, 32(2005).

2001 (1)

M. Saha, A. Banerjee, A. K. Halder, J. Mondal, A. Sen, and H. S. Maiti, Sens. Actuat. B 79, 192 (2001).

1999 (1)

S. K. Khijwania and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 625 (1999).

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

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M. Benounis, N. Jaffrezic-Renault, J.-P. Dutasta, K. Cherif, and A. Abdelghani, Sens. Actuat. B 107, 32(2005).

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M. Saha, A. Banerjee, A. K. Halder, J. Mondal, A. Sen, and H. S. Maiti, Sens. Actuat. B 79, 192 (2001).

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M. Benounis, N. Jaffrezic-Renault, J.-P. Dutasta, K. Cherif, and A. Abdelghani, Sens. Actuat. B 107, 32(2005).

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

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V. Kumar and D. Chandra, Proc. SPIE 3897, 139(1999).

Chang, Y.

J. Qiao, H. F. Li, Y. Chang, L. S. Guan, S. Shuang, and C. Dong, Anal. Lett. 41, 593 (2008).

Chen, W.

J. Yang, L. Xu, P. Zhang, and W. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1183 (2009).

Cherif, K.

M. Benounis, N. Jaffrezic-Renault, J.-P. Dutasta, K. Cherif, and A. Abdelghani, Sens. Actuat. B 107, 32(2005).

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S. Wu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, S. Shuang, C. Dong, and M. M. F. Choi, Anal. Chim. Acta 633, 238 (2009).

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

Dong, C.

S. Wu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, S. Shuang, C. Dong, and M. M. F. Choi, Anal. Chim. Acta 633, 238 (2009).

J. Qiao, H. F. Li, Y. Chang, L. S. Guan, S. Shuang, and C. Dong, Anal. Lett. 41, 593 (2008).

Dong, L.

T. Wang, L. Zhang, L. Dong, H. Dou, and S. Jia, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 405 (2006).

Dou, H.

T. Wang, L. Zhang, L. Dong, H. Dou, and S. Jia, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 405 (2006).

Dutasta, J.-P.

M. Benounis, N. Jaffrezic-Renault, J.-P. Dutasta, K. Cherif, and A. Abdelghani, Sens. Actuat. B 107, 32(2005).

Ewyk, R. Van

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

Geng, H.

Guan, L. S.

J. Qiao, H. F. Li, Y. Chang, L. S. Guan, S. Shuang, and C. Dong, Anal. Lett. 41, 593 (2008).

Gupta, B. D.

S. K. Khijwania and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 625 (1999).

Halder, A. K.

M. Saha, A. Banerjee, A. K. Halder, J. Mondal, A. Sen, and H. S. Maiti, Sens. Actuat. B 79, 192 (2001).

He, Y.

Jaffrezic-Renault, N.

M. Benounis, N. Jaffrezic-Renault, J.-P. Dutasta, K. Cherif, and A. Abdelghani, Sens. Actuat. B 107, 32(2005).

Jia, S.

T. Wang, L. Zhang, L. Dong, H. Dou, and S. Jia, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 405 (2006).

Kan, R.

Khijwania, S. K.

S. K. Khijwania and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 625 (1999).

Kumar, V.

V. Kumar and D. Chandra, Proc. SPIE 3897, 139(1999).

Li, H. F.

J. Qiao, H. F. Li, Y. Chang, L. S. Guan, S. Shuang, and C. Dong, Anal. Lett. 41, 593 (2008).

Li, Z.

S. Wu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, S. Shuang, C. Dong, and M. M. F. Choi, Anal. Chim. Acta 633, 238 (2009).

Liu, W.

Maiti, H. S.

M. Saha, A. Banerjee, A. K. Halder, J. Mondal, A. Sen, and H. S. Maiti, Sens. Actuat. B 79, 192 (2001).

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

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M. Saha, A. Banerjee, A. K. Halder, J. Mondal, A. Sen, and H. S. Maiti, Sens. Actuat. B 79, 192 (2001).

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

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B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

Qiao, J.

J. Qiao, H. F. Li, Y. Chang, L. S. Guan, S. Shuang, and C. Dong, Anal. Lett. 41, 593 (2008).

Ruan, J.

Saha, M.

M. Saha, A. Banerjee, A. K. Halder, J. Mondal, A. Sen, and H. S. Maiti, Sens. Actuat. B 79, 192 (2001).

Sen, A.

M. Saha, A. Banerjee, A. K. Halder, J. Mondal, A. Sen, and H. S. Maiti, Sens. Actuat. B 79, 192 (2001).

Shuang, S.

S. Wu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, S. Shuang, C. Dong, and M. M. F. Choi, Anal. Chim. Acta 633, 238 (2009).

J. Qiao, H. F. Li, Y. Chang, L. S. Guan, S. Shuang, and C. Dong, Anal. Lett. 41, 593 (2008).

Stewart, G.

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

Tai, H.

Tanaka, H.

Wang, M.

Wang, T.

T. Wang, L. Zhang, L. Dong, H. Dou, and S. Jia, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 405 (2006).

Wilkinson, M.

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

Williams, D.

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

Wu, S.

S. Wu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, S. Shuang, C. Dong, and M. M. F. Choi, Anal. Chim. Acta 633, 238 (2009).

Xia, H.

Xu, L.

J. Yang, L. Xu, P. Zhang, and W. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1183 (2009).

J. Yang, L. Xu, and P. Zhang, Opt. Technique (in Chinese) 34, 562 (2008).

Yang, J.

J. Yang, L. Xu, P. Zhang, and W. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1183 (2009).

J. Yang, L. Xu, and P. Zhang, Opt. Technique (in Chinese) 34, 562 (2008).

Yoshino, T.

Zhang, L.

T. Wang, L. Zhang, L. Dong, H. Dou, and S. Jia, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 405 (2006).

Zhang, P.

J. Yang, L. Xu, P. Zhang, and W. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1183 (2009).

J. Yang, L. Xu, and P. Zhang, Opt. Technique (in Chinese) 34, 562 (2008).

Zhang, Y.

S. Wu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, S. Shuang, C. Dong, and M. M. F. Choi, Anal. Chim. Acta 633, 238 (2009).

H. Xia, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, R. Kan, M. Wang, Y. He, Y. Cui, J. Ruan, and H. Geng, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 437(2008).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

J. Yang, L. Xu, P. Zhang, and W. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 1183 (2009).

Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

S. Wu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, S. Shuang, C. Dong, and M. M. F. Choi, Anal. Chim. Acta 633, 238 (2009).

Anal. Lett. (1)

J. Qiao, H. F. Li, Y. Chang, L. S. Guan, S. Shuang, and C. Dong, Anal. Lett. 41, 593 (2008).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) (1)

T. Wang, L. Zhang, L. Dong, H. Dou, and S. Jia, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 405 (2006).

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Culshaw, F. Muhammad, G. Stewart, S. Murray, D. Pinchbeck, J. Norris, S. Cassidy, M. Wilkinson, D. Williams, I. Crisp, R. Van Ewyk, and A. McGhee, Electron. Lett. 28, 2232 (1992).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. K. Khijwania and B. D. Gupta, Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 625 (1999).

Opt. Technique (in Chinese) (1)

J. Yang, L. Xu, and P. Zhang, Opt. Technique (in Chinese) 34, 562 (2008).

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. Kumar and D. Chandra, Proc. SPIE 3897, 139(1999).

Sens. Actuat. B (2)

M. Benounis, N. Jaffrezic-Renault, J.-P. Dutasta, K. Cherif, and A. Abdelghani, Sens. Actuat. B 107, 32(2005).

M. Saha, A. Banerjee, A. K. Halder, J. Mondal, A. Sen, and H. S. Maiti, Sens. Actuat. B 79, 192 (2001).

Other (2)

M. Tong, Catalytic Sensor and Application Technology (in Chinese) (China University of Mining and Technology Press, Xuzhou, 2002).

B. Wei and X. Sheng, (eds.) Principles and Application of Laser (in Chinese) (Chongqing University Press, Chongqing, 2007).

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