Abstract

Gain saturation is a significant phenomenon of fiber Raman amplifiers (FRAs). Gain figures versus signal power are well explained. For the small signal, the coupled ordinary differential equations are used, and for the large signal, the Raman gain coefficient is modified. It is shown that the saturation power of FRAs decreases with the pump power, and gain saturation is easier to occur in the forward pump scheme than in the backward pump scheme. These phenomena are well explained by the stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) effect. This research provides a guide to the fabrication of practical FRAs.

© 2010 Chinese Optics Letters

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Cui, X. Ma, and J. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5246, 638 (2003).
  2. X. Xin, C. Yu, J. Ren, A. Li, Q. Wu, C. Wang, Y. Xin, W. Zheng, S. Ruan, G. Du, G. Xin, and X. Yang, Study on Optical Communications (in Chinese) (1) 64 (2004).
  3. D. Geng, D.-X. Yang, Q. Yang, and Z.-X. Zhang, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 33, 66 (2006).
  4. R. Jose, G. S. Qin, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 373 (2008).
  5. B. Neto, A. L. J. Teixeira, N. Wada, and P. S. Andre, Opt. Express 15, 17520 (2007).
  6. Y. Huang, B.-Z. Dai, Z.-X. Zhang, H.-L. Liu, and I. S. Kim, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 35, 126 (2008).
  7. J. Gong, K. Li, J. Jiang, and L. Yang, Study on Optical Communications (in Chinese) (6) 43 (2008).
  8. Z. Zhang and H. Gong, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 393 (2009).
  9. R. Chi, Q. Li, X. Li, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 5280, 345 (2004).
  10. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics and Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (in Chinese) D. F. Jia, Z. H. Yu, B. Tan, Z. Y. Hu, and S. C. Li (trans.) (Publishing House of Electronics Industry, Beijing, 2002).

2009

2008

Y. Huang, B.-Z. Dai, Z.-X. Zhang, H.-L. Liu, and I. S. Kim, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 35, 126 (2008).

R. Jose, G. S. Qin, Y. Arai, and Y. Ohishi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 373 (2008).

2007

2006

D. Geng, D.-X. Yang, Q. Yang, and Z.-X. Zhang, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 33, 66 (2006).

2004

R. Chi, Q. Li, X. Li, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 5280, 345 (2004).

2003

S. Cui, X. Ma, and J. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5246, 638 (2003).

Andre, P. S.

Arai, Y.

Chi, R.

R. Chi, Q. Li, X. Li, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 5280, 345 (2004).

Cui, S.

S. Cui, X. Ma, and J. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5246, 638 (2003).

Dai, B.-Z.

Y. Huang, B.-Z. Dai, Z.-X. Zhang, H.-L. Liu, and I. S. Kim, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 35, 126 (2008).

Geng, D.

D. Geng, D.-X. Yang, Q. Yang, and Z.-X. Zhang, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 33, 66 (2006).

Gong, H.

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, B.-Z. Dai, Z.-X. Zhang, H.-L. Liu, and I. S. Kim, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 35, 126 (2008).

Jose, R.

Kim, I. S.

Y. Huang, B.-Z. Dai, Z.-X. Zhang, H.-L. Liu, and I. S. Kim, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 35, 126 (2008).

Li, Q.

R. Chi, Q. Li, X. Li, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 5280, 345 (2004).

Li, X.

R. Chi, Q. Li, X. Li, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 5280, 345 (2004).

R. Chi, Q. Li, X. Li, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 5280, 345 (2004).

Liu, H.-L.

Y. Huang, B.-Z. Dai, Z.-X. Zhang, H.-L. Liu, and I. S. Kim, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 35, 126 (2008).

Liu, J.

S. Cui, X. Ma, and J. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5246, 638 (2003).

Ma, X.

S. Cui, X. Ma, and J. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5246, 638 (2003).

Neto, B.

Ohishi, Y.

Qin, G. S.

Teixeira, A. L. J.

Wada, N.

Yang, D.-X.

D. Geng, D.-X. Yang, Q. Yang, and Z.-X. Zhang, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 33, 66 (2006).

Yang, Q.

D. Geng, D.-X. Yang, Q. Yang, and Z.-X. Zhang, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 33, 66 (2006).

Zhang, Z.

Zhang, Z.-X.

Y. Huang, B.-Z. Dai, Z.-X. Zhang, H.-L. Liu, and I. S. Kim, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 35, 126 (2008).

D. Geng, D.-X. Yang, Q. Yang, and Z.-X. Zhang, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 33, 66 (2006).

Chin. Opt. Lett.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese)

Y. Huang, B.-Z. Dai, Z.-X. Zhang, H.-L. Liu, and I. S. Kim, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 35, 126 (2008).

D. Geng, D.-X. Yang, Q. Yang, and Z.-X. Zhang, Opto-Electronic Engineering (in Chinese) 33, 66 (2006).

Proc. SPIE

R. Chi, Q. Li, X. Li, and X. Li, Proc. SPIE 5280, 345 (2004).

S. Cui, X. Ma, and J. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5246, 638 (2003).

Other

X. Xin, C. Yu, J. Ren, A. Li, Q. Wu, C. Wang, Y. Xin, W. Zheng, S. Ruan, G. Du, G. Xin, and X. Yang, Study on Optical Communications (in Chinese) (1) 64 (2004).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics and Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (in Chinese) D. F. Jia, Z. H. Yu, B. Tan, Z. Y. Hu, and S. C. Li (trans.) (Publishing House of Electronics Industry, Beijing, 2002).

J. Gong, K. Li, J. Jiang, and L. Yang, Study on Optical Communications (in Chinese) (6) 43 (2008).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.