Abstract

Optically transparent Er<sup>3+</sup>/Tm<sup>3+</sup>/Yb<sup>3+</sup> tri-doped oxyfluoride tellurite based nano-crystallized glass ceramics with the batching composition of 73TeO<sub>2</sub>-15ZnO-7ZnF<sub>2</sub>-3YF<sub>3</sub>-1.5YbF<sub>3</sub>-0.3ErF<sub>3</sub>-0.2TmF<sub>3</sub> (mol%) is prepared by a conventional melting quenching and the subsequent heat treatment processes. The sizes of grown nano-crystals in glass matrix appear to be smaller than 100 nm from the scanning electron microscope measurement. Visible up-conversion luminescence of the as melted glass and glass ceramics is investigated. The three-color up-conversion luminescence intensities by 980-nm pumping are increased significantly due to the heat treatment, and the blue intensity increases with a higher magnitude than other wavelengths after heat treatment.

© 2010 Chinese Optics Letters

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C. Li, C. Yu, P. Zhang, J. Kang, D. Deng, and S. Xu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 288 (2008).

Q. Lin, H. Xia, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, G. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 305 (2008).

2007

D. Chen, Y. Wang, F. Bao, and Y. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113511 (2007).

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051920 (2007).

C. Yu, J. Zhang, L. Wen, and Z. Jiang, Mater. Lett. 61, 3644 (2007).

Z. Duan, J. Zhang, W. Xiang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, Mater. Lett. 61, 2200 (2007).

2006

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 074302 (2006).

2002

F. Vetrone, J.-C. Boyer, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1752 (2002).

2001

K. Hirano, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 2075 (2001).

2000

R. Sakai, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2118 (2000).

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D. Chen, Y. Wang, F. Bao, and Y. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113511 (2007).

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F. Vetrone, J.-C. Boyer, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1752 (2002).

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P. A. Tick, N. F. Borrelli, L. K. Cornelius, and M. A. Newhouse, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 6367 (1995).

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F. Vetrone, J.-C. Boyer, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1752 (2002).

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D. Chen, Y. Wang, F. Bao, and Y. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113511 (2007).

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051920 (2007).

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P. A. Tick, N. F. Borrelli, L. K. Cornelius, and M. A. Newhouse, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 6367 (1995).

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C. Li, C. Yu, P. Zhang, J. Kang, D. Deng, and S. Xu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 288 (2008).

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Z. Duan, J. Zhang, W. Xiang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, Mater. Lett. 61, 2200 (2007).

Fan, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 074302 (2006).

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K. Hirano, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 2075 (2001).

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Z. Duan, J. Zhang, W. Xiang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, Mater. Lett. 61, 2200 (2007).

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D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051920 (2007).

Jiang, Z.

C. Yu, J. Zhang, L. Wen, and Z. Jiang, Mater. Lett. 61, 3644 (2007).

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C. Li, C. Yu, P. Zhang, J. Kang, D. Deng, and S. Xu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 288 (2008).

Komatsu, T.

K. Hirano, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 2075 (2001).

R. Sakai, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2118 (2000).

Li, C.

C. Li, C. Yu, P. Zhang, J. Kang, D. Deng, and S. Xu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 288 (2008).

Lin, Q.

Q. Lin, H. Xia, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, G. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 305 (2008).

Newhouse, M. A.

P. A. Tick, N. F. Borrelli, L. K. Cornelius, and M. A. Newhouse, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 6367 (1995).

Ohwaki, J.

Y. Wang and J. Ohwaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3268 (1993).

Qiao, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 074302 (2006).

Sakai, R.

R. Sakai, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2118 (2000).

Speghini, A.

F. Vetrone, J.-C. Boyer, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1752 (2002).

Sun, H.

Z. Duan, J. Zhang, W. Xiang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, Mater. Lett. 61, 2200 (2007).

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P. A. Tick, Opt. Lett. 23, 1904 (1998).

P. A. Tick, N. F. Borrelli, L. K. Cornelius, and M. A. Newhouse, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 6367 (1995).

Vetrone, F.

F. Vetrone, J.-C. Boyer, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1752 (2002).

Wang, J.

Q. Lin, H. Xia, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, G. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 305 (2008).

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 074302 (2006).

Wang, M.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 074302 (2006).

Wang, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051920 (2007).

D. Chen, Y. Wang, F. Bao, and Y. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113511 (2007).

Y. Wang and J. Ohwaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3268 (1993).

Wen, L.

C. Yu, J. Zhang, L. Wen, and Z. Jiang, Mater. Lett. 61, 3644 (2007).

Xia, H.

Q. Lin, H. Xia, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, G. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 305 (2008).

Xiang, W.

Z. Duan, J. Zhang, W. Xiang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, Mater. Lett. 61, 2200 (2007).

Xu, S.

C. Li, C. Yu, P. Zhang, J. Kang, D. Deng, and S. Xu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 288 (2008).

Yang, G.

Q. Lin, H. Xia, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, G. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 305 (2008).

Yu, C.

C. Li, C. Yu, P. Zhang, J. Kang, D. Deng, and S. Xu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 288 (2008).

C. Yu, J. Zhang, L. Wen, and Z. Jiang, Mater. Lett. 61, 3644 (2007).

Yu, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, F. Bao, and Y. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113511 (2007).

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051920 (2007).

Zhang, J.

Z. Duan, J. Zhang, W. Xiang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, Mater. Lett. 61, 2200 (2007).

C. Yu, J. Zhang, L. Wen, and Z. Jiang, Mater. Lett. 61, 3644 (2007).

Zhang, P.

C. Li, C. Yu, P. Zhang, J. Kang, D. Deng, and S. Xu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 288 (2008).

Zhang, Q.

Q. Lin, H. Xia, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, G. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 305 (2008).

Zhang, Y.

Q. Lin, H. Xia, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, G. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 305 (2008).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese)

Q. Lin, H. Xia, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, G. Yang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 305 (2008).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. Sakai, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2118 (2000).

Y. Wang and J. Ohwaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 3268 (1993).

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and P. Huang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 051920 (2007).

F. Vetrone, J.-C. Boyer, J. A. Capobianco, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1752 (2002).

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese)

C. Li, C. Yu, P. Zhang, J. Kang, D. Deng, and S. Xu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 288 (2008).

J. Appl. Phys.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, F. Bao, and Y. Yu, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113511 (2007).

X. Qiao, X. Fan, J. Wang, and M. Wang, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 074302 (2006).

P. A. Tick, N. F. Borrelli, L. K. Cornelius, and M. A. Newhouse, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 6367 (1995).

J. Phys. Chem. Solids

K. Hirano, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 62, 2075 (2001).

Mater. Lett.

C. Yu, J. Zhang, L. Wen, and Z. Jiang, Mater. Lett. 61, 3644 (2007).

Z. Duan, J. Zhang, W. Xiang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, Mater. Lett. 61, 2200 (2007).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

F. E. Auzel, Proc. IEEE 61, 758 (1973).

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