Abstract

Principles of terahertz (THz) interferometric synthetic aperture imaging with heterodyne and optical techniques are presented. A THz interferometric experiment based on optical up-conversion is set up. The received THz signal is modulated into an optical carrier and transmitted in a fiber. To simulate phase differences between two THz receivers, the output of receiver is divided and a phase shifter is placed before electro-optical modulation (EOM). Interferometric spectra of these modulated optical signals are examined at different phase shifts. Otherwise, carrier suppression and phase error calibration are discussed for THz interferometric synthetic aperture imaging.

© 2010 Chinese Optics Letters

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  2. J. Pearce, H. Choi, D. M. Mittleman, J. White, and D. Zimdars, Opt. Lett. 30, 1653 (2005).
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  9. K. McClatchey, M. T. Reiten, and R. A. Cheville, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4485 (2001).
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2009

2008

A. M. Sinyukov, Z. Liu, Y. L. Hor, K. Su, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, I. Zorych, J. F. Federici, and D. Zimdars, Opt. Lett. 33, 1593 (2008).

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and C. Wang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1201 (2008).

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and Y. He, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (Suppl. 2) 38 (2008).

2007

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nature Photonics 1, 319 (2007).

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325 (2007).

2006

2005

J. Pearce, H. Choi, D. M. Mittleman, J. White, and D. Zimdars, Opt. Lett. 30, 1653 (2005).

F. Schlottau, M. Colice, K. H. Wagner, and W. R. Babbitt, Opt. Lett. 30, 3003 (2005).

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

2003

E. R. Brown, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 13, 93 (2003).

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2477 (2003).

2002

J. O'Hara and D. Grischkowsky, Opt. Lett. 27, 1070 (2002).

P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques 50, 910 (2002).

2001

K. McClatchey, M. T. Reiten, and R. A. Cheville, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4485 (2001).

2000

J. E. Leight and L. J. Lembo, Proc. SPIE 4112, 126 (2000).

1999

P. M. Blanchard, A. H. Greenaway, A. R. Harvey, and K. Webster, J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 418 (1999).

A. Lannes and E. Anterrieu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 2866 (1999).

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085 (1999).

1998

M. Peichl, H. Suess, and M. Suess, Radio Science 33, 781 (1998).

1995

B. B. Hu and M. C. Nuss, Opt. Lett. 20, 1716 (1995).

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).

1993

A. I. Sargent, W. J. Welch, Annu. Rev. Astro. Astrophys 31, 297 (1993).

1989

T. J. Cornwell, Science 245, 263 (1989).

1988

C. S. Ruf, C. T. Swift, A. B. Tanner, and D. M. Le Vine, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing 26, 597 (1988).

Altan, H.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2477 (2003).

Anterrieu, E.

Babbitt, W. R.

Bandyopadhyay, A.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Stepanov, B. Schulkin, M. D. Federici, A. Sengupta, D. Gary, J. F Federici, R. Barat, Z. H. Michalopoulou, and D. Zimdars, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1168 (2006).

Baraniuk, R.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085 (1999).

Barat, R.

A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Stepanov, B. Schulkin, M. D. Federici, A. Sengupta, D. Gary, J. F Federici, R. Barat, Z. H. Michalopoulou, and D. Zimdars, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1168 (2006).

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2477 (2003).

Barat, R. B.

Z. Liu, K. Su, D. E. Gary, J. F. Federici, R. B. Barat, and Z. Michalopoulou, Appl. Opt. 48, 3788 (2009).

A. M. Sinyukov, Z. Liu, Y. L. Hor, K. Su, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, I. Zorych, J. F. Federici, and D. Zimdars, Opt. Lett. 33, 1593 (2008).

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

Blanchard, P. M.

Bogue, R.

R. Bogue, Sensor Review 29, 6 (2009).

Brown, E. R.

E. R. Brown, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 13, 93 (2003).

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nature Photonics 1, 319 (2007).

Chan, W. L.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325 (2007).

Cheville, R. A.

K. McClatchey, M. T. Reiten, and R. A. Cheville, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4485 (2001).

Choi, H.

Colice, M.

Cornwell, T. J.

T. J. Cornwell, Science 245, 263 (1989).

Deibel, J.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325 (2007).

Federici, J. F

Federici, J. F.

Z. Liu, K. Su, D. E. Gary, J. F. Federici, R. B. Barat, and Z. Michalopoulou, Appl. Opt. 48, 3788 (2009).

A. M. Sinyukov, Z. Liu, Y. L. Hor, K. Su, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, I. Zorych, J. F. Federici, and D. Zimdars, Opt. Lett. 33, 1593 (2008).

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2477 (2003).

Federici, M. D.

Gary, D.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Stepanov, B. Schulkin, M. D. Federici, A. Sengupta, D. Gary, J. F Federici, R. Barat, Z. H. Michalopoulou, and D. Zimdars, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1168 (2006).

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2477 (2003).

Gary, D. E.

Greenaway, A. H.

Grischkowsky, D.

Gupta, M.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085 (1999).

Harvey, A. R.

He, Y.

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and Y. He, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (Suppl. 2) 38 (2008).

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and C. Wang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1201 (2008).

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and Y. He, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (Suppl. 2) 38 (2008).

Hor, Y. L.

Hu, B. B.

Huang, F.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2477 (2003).

Jiang, Y.

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and C. Wang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1201 (2008).

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and Y. He, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (Suppl. 2) 38 (2008).

Koch, M.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085 (1999).

Lannes, A.

Leight, J. E.

J. E. Leight and L. J. Lembo, Proc. SPIE 4112, 126 (2000).

Lembo, L. J.

J. E. Leight and L. J. Lembo, Proc. SPIE 4112, 126 (2000).

Liu, Z.

McClatchey, K.

K. McClatchey, M. T. Reiten, and R. A. Cheville, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4485 (2001).

Michalopoulou, Z.

Michalopoulou, Z. H.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Stepanov, B. Schulkin, M. D. Federici, A. Sengupta, D. Gary, J. F Federici, R. Barat, Z. H. Michalopoulou, and D. Zimdars, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1168 (2006).

Mittleman, D. M.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325 (2007).

J. Pearce, H. Choi, D. M. Mittleman, J. White, and D. Zimdars, Opt. Lett. 30, 1653 (2005).

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085 (1999).

Murakowski, J.

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

Neelamani, R.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085 (1999).

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nature Photonics 1, 319 (2007).

Nuss, M. C.

O'Hara, J.

Pearce, J.

Peichl, M.

M. Peichl, H. Suess, and M. Suess, Radio Science 33, 781 (1998).

Prather, D. W.

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

Reiten, M. T.

K. McClatchey, M. T. Reiten, and R. A. Cheville, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4485 (2001).

Rudd, J. V.

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085 (1999).

Ruf, C. S.

C. S. Ruf, C. T. Swift, A. B. Tanner, and D. M. Le Vine, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing 26, 597 (1988).

Sargent, A. I.

A. I. Sargent, W. J. Welch, Annu. Rev. Astro. Astrophys 31, 297 (1993).

Schlottau, F.

Schneider, G. J.

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

Schuetz, C. A.

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

Schulkin, B.

A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Stepanov, B. Schulkin, M. D. Federici, A. Sengupta, D. Gary, J. F Federici, R. Barat, Z. H. Michalopoulou, and D. Zimdars, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1168 (2006).

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2477 (2003).

Sengupta, A.

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Stepanov, B. Schulkin, M. D. Federici, A. Sengupta, D. Gary, J. F Federici, R. Barat, Z. H. Michalopoulou, and D. Zimdars, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1168 (2006).

Siegel, P. H.

P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques 50, 910 (2002).

Sinyukov, A. M.

A. M. Sinyukov, Z. Liu, Y. L. Hor, K. Su, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, I. Zorych, J. F. Federici, and D. Zimdars, Opt. Lett. 33, 1593 (2008).

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

Stepanov, A.

Su, K.

Suess, H.

M. Peichl, H. Suess, and M. Suess, Radio Science 33, 781 (1998).

Suess, M.

M. Peichl, H. Suess, and M. Suess, Radio Science 33, 781 (1998).

Swift, C. T.

C. S. Ruf, C. T. Swift, A. B. Tanner, and D. M. Le Vine, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing 26, 597 (1988).

Tanner, A. B.

C. S. Ruf, C. T. Swift, A. B. Tanner, and D. M. Le Vine, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing 26, 597 (1988).

Vine, D. M. Le

C. S. Ruf, C. T. Swift, A. B. Tanner, and D. M. Le Vine, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing 26, 597 (1988).

Wagner, K. H.

Wang, C.

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and C. Wang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1201 (2008).

Webster, K.

Welch, W. J.

A. I. Sargent, W. J. Welch, Annu. Rev. Astro. Astrophys 31, 297 (1993).

White, J.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).

Zhang, X.-C.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).

Zimdars, D.

A. M. Sinyukov, Z. Liu, Y. L. Hor, K. Su, R. B. Barat, D. E. Gary, Z. Michalopoulou, I. Zorych, J. F. Federici, and D. Zimdars, Opt. Lett. 33, 1593 (2008).

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Stepanov, B. Schulkin, M. D. Federici, A. Sengupta, D. Gary, J. F Federici, R. Barat, Z. H. Michalopoulou, and D. Zimdars, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1168 (2006).

J. Pearce, H. Choi, D. M. Mittleman, J. White, and D. Zimdars, Opt. Lett. 30, 1653 (2005).

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2477 (2003).

Zorych, I.

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese)

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and C. Wang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1201 (2008).

Y. He, Y. Jiang, and Y. He, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (Suppl. 2) 38 (2008).

Annu. Rev. Astro. Astrophys

A. I. Sargent, W. J. Welch, Annu. Rev. Astro. Astrophys 31, 297 (1993).

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

D. M. Mittleman, M. Gupta, R. Neelamani, R. Baraniuk, J. V. Rudd, and M. Koch, Appl. Phys. B 68, 1085 (1999).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).

K. McClatchey, M. T. Reiten, and R. A. Cheville, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4485 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. F. Federici, D. Gary, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, H. Altan, R. Barat, and D. Zimdars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2477 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing

C. S. Ruf, C. T. Swift, A. B. Tanner, and D. M. Le Vine, IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing 26, 597 (1988).

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques

P. H. Siegel, IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques 50, 910 (2002).

Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems

E. R. Brown, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 13, 93 (2003).

A. M. Sinyukov, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Sengupta, R. B. Barat, D. Gary, Z. H. Michalopoulou, D. Zimdars, and J. F. Federici, Int. J. High-Speed Electron. Systems 17, 431 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Nature Photonics

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nature Photonics 1, 319 (2007).

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

J. E. Leight and L. J. Lembo, Proc. SPIE 4112, 126 (2000).

Radio Science

M. Peichl, H. Suess, and M. Suess, Radio Science 33, 781 (1998).

Rep. Prog. Phys.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325 (2007).

Science

T. J. Cornwell, Science 245, 263 (1989).

Sensor Review

R. Bogue, Sensor Review 29, 6 (2009).

Other

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, and G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy ( Wiley, New York, 2001).

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