Abstract

Liquid crystal in a nematic liquid crystal cell surface with two crossed-grating surface substrates can be oriented along the normal grating direction with given geometric parameters of groove and anchoring strength. This display is equivalent to multi-domain vertical-alignment mode. It has a relatively wide viewing angle. In this letter, we investigate the viewing angle characteristics of this kind of cell. The viewing angle dependence of contrast ratio is obtained using the extended Jones matrix method, which also considers the flexoelectric effect. The viewing angle is dependent on the geometric parameter of grating surface, the flexoelectric coefficients, and the anchoring strength. Therefore, appropriate value for each factor needs to be selected to obtain a better viewing angle of this cell.

© 2010 Chinese Optics Letters

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2010 (2)

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 8, 218 (2010).

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. B. Shen, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 329 (2010).

2009 (2)

T. Shi, Z. Huang, and C. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 1999 (2009).

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, G. C. Yang, and M. Y. Yuan, Chin. Phys. B 18, 238 (2009).

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, and G. C. Yang, Chin. Phys. 16, 493 (2007).

H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151112 (2007).

2005 (1)

S. H. Lee, S. H. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. T. Oh, and G.-D. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031108 (2005).

2004 (1)

Z. D. Zhang, W. J. Ye, and H. Y. Xing, Chinese J. Comput. Phys. (in Chinese) 21, 156 (2004).

2003 (1)

J.-H. Park, Y. Choi, T.-Y. Yoon, and S.-D. Lee, J. SID 11, 283 (2003).

2002 (1)

S. H. Hong, H. Y. Kim, M.-H. Lee, and S. H. Lee, Liq. Cryst. 29, 315 (2002).

2001 (1)

Q. Wang and S. L. He, Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chiese) 50, 926 (2001).

1998 (2)

G. P. Bryan-Brown, C. V. Brown, I. C. Sage, and V. C. Hui, Nature 392, 365 (1998).

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Lee, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, H. G. Galabova, and D. W. Allender, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 470 (1998).

1993 (1)

H. Seki, Y. Masuda, and T. Uchida, Liq. Cryst. 14, 279 (1993).

1969 (1)

R. B. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 918 (1969).

Allender, D. W.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Lee, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, H. G. Galabova, and D. W. Allender, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 470 (1998).

Brown, C. V.

G. P. Bryan-Brown, C. V. Brown, I. C. Sage, and V. C. Hui, Nature 392, 365 (1998).

Bryan-Brown, G. P.

G. P. Bryan-Brown, C. V. Brown, I. C. Sage, and V. C. Hui, Nature 392, 365 (1998).

Choi, Y.

J.-H. Park, Y. Choi, T.-Y. Yoon, and S.-D. Lee, J. SID 11, 283 (2003).

Galabova, H. G.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Lee, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, H. G. Galabova, and D. W. Allender, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 470 (1998).

Ge, Z. B.

He, S. L.

Q. Wang and S. L. He, Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chiese) 50, 926 (2001).

Hong, S. H.

S. H. Hong, H. Y. Kim, M.-H. Lee, and S. H. Lee, Liq. Cryst. 29, 315 (2002).

Hsu, N.-C.

Huang, Z.

T. Shi, Z. Huang, and C. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 1999 (2009).

Hui, V. C.

G. P. Bryan-Brown, C. V. Brown, I. C. Sage, and V. C. Hui, Nature 392, 365 (1998).

Kim, H. Y.

S. H. Hong, H. Y. Kim, M.-H. Lee, and S. H. Lee, Liq. Cryst. 29, 315 (2002).

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Lee, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, H. G. Galabova, and D. W. Allender, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 470 (1998).

Lee, G.-D.

S. H. Lee, S. H. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. T. Oh, and G.-D. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031108 (2005).

Lee, M.-H.

S. H. Lee, S. H. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. T. Oh, and G.-D. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031108 (2005).

S. H. Hong, H. Y. Kim, M.-H. Lee, and S. H. Lee, Liq. Cryst. 29, 315 (2002).

Lee, S. H.

Z. B. Ge, S.-T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, Opt. Lett. 33, 2623 (2008).

S. H. Lee, S. H. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. T. Oh, and G.-D. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031108 (2005).

S. H. Hong, H. Y. Kim, M.-H. Lee, and S. H. Lee, Liq. Cryst. 29, 315 (2002).

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Lee, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, H. G. Galabova, and D. W. Allender, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 470 (1998).

Lee, S.-D.

J.-H. Park, Y. Choi, T.-Y. Yoon, and S.-D. Lee, J. SID 11, 283 (2003).

Lee, Y. H.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Lee, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, H. G. Galabova, and D. W. Allender, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 470 (1998).

Li, H.

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 8, 218 (2010).

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. B. Shen, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 329 (2010).

Li, W.-Y.

Lin, C.-L.

Lin, H.

H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151112 (2007).

Liu, K.

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. B. Shen, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 329 (2010).

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 8, 218 (2010).

Lu, R.

Masuda, Y.

H. Seki, Y. Masuda, and T. Uchida, Liq. Cryst. 14, 279 (1993).

Meyer, R. B.

R. B. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 918 (1969).

Oh, S. T.

S. H. Lee, S. H. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. T. Oh, and G.-D. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031108 (2005).

Park, I. C.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Lee, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, H. G. Galabova, and D. W. Allender, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 470 (1998).

Park, J.-H.

J.-H. Park, Y. Choi, T.-Y. Yoon, and S.-D. Lee, J. SID 11, 283 (2003).

Park, S. H.

S. H. Lee, S. H. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. T. Oh, and G.-D. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031108 (2005).

Rho, B. G.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Lee, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, H. G. Galabova, and D. W. Allender, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 470 (1998).

Sage, I. C.

G. P. Bryan-Brown, C. V. Brown, I. C. Sage, and V. C. Hui, Nature 392, 365 (1998).

Seki, H.

H. Seki, Y. Masuda, and T. Uchida, Liq. Cryst. 14, 279 (1993).

Shen, X.

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 8, 218 (2010).

Shen, X. B.

Shi, T.

T. Shi, Z. Huang, and C. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 1999 (2009).

Uchida, T.

H. Seki, Y. Masuda, and T. Uchida, Liq. Cryst. 14, 279 (1993).

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang and S. L. He, Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chiese) 50, 926 (2001).

Wei, C.-K.

Wu, S.-T.

Wu, T. X.

Xing, H. Y.

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, G. C. Yang, and M. Y. Yuan, Chin. Phys. B 18, 238 (2009).

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, and G. C. Yang, Chinese J. Comput. Phys. 25, 591 (2008).

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, and G. C. Yang, Chin. Phys. 16, 493 (2007).

Z. D. Zhang, W. J. Ye, and H. Y. Xing, Chinese J. Comput. Phys. (in Chinese) 21, 156 (2004).

Yang, G. C.

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, G. C. Yang, and M. Y. Yuan, Chin. Phys. B 18, 238 (2009).

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, and G. C. Yang, Chinese J. Comput. Phys. 25, 591 (2008).

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, and G. C. Yang, Chin. Phys. 16, 493 (2007).

Ye, W. J.

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, G. C. Yang, and M. Y. Yuan, Chin. Phys. B 18, 238 (2009).

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, and G. C. Yang, Chinese J. Comput. Phys. 25, 591 (2008).

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, and G. C. Yang, Chin. Phys. 16, 493 (2007).

Z. D. Zhang, W. J. Ye, and H. Y. Xing, Chinese J. Comput. Phys. (in Chinese) 21, 156 (2004).

Yoon, T.-Y.

J.-H. Park, Y. Choi, T.-Y. Yoon, and S.-D. Lee, J. SID 11, 283 (2003).

Yuan, M. Y.

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, G. C. Yang, and M. Y. Yuan, Chin. Phys. B 18, 238 (2009).

Zhang, C.

T. Shi, Z. Huang, and C. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 1999 (2009).

Zhang, T.

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 8, 218 (2010).

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. B. Shen, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 329 (2010).

Zhang, X.

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. B. Shen, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 329 (2010).

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 8, 218 (2010).

Zhang, Z. D.

Z. D. Zhang, W. J. Ye, and H. Y. Xing, Chinese J. Comput. Phys. (in Chinese) 21, 156 (2004).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

H. Li, K. Liu, X. Zhang, T. Zhang, and X. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 8, 218 (2010).

Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chiese) (1)

Q. Wang and S. L. He, Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chiese) 50, 926 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, Y. H. Lee, I. C. Park, B. G. Rho, H. G. Galabova, and D. W. Allender, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 470 (1998).

S. H. Lee, S. H. Park, M.-H. Lee, S. T. Oh, and G.-D. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 031108 (2005).

H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 151112 (2007).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Chin. Phys. (1)

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, and G. C. Yang, Chin. Phys. 16, 493 (2007).

Chin. Phys. B (1)

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, G. C. Yang, and M. Y. Yuan, Chin. Phys. B 18, 238 (2009).

Chinese J. Comput. Phys. (1)

W. J. Ye, H. Y. Xing, and G. C. Yang, Chinese J. Comput. Phys. 25, 591 (2008).

Chinese J. Comput. Phys. (in Chinese) (1)

Z. D. Zhang, W. J. Ye, and H. Y. Xing, Chinese J. Comput. Phys. (in Chinese) 21, 156 (2004).

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) (1)

T. Shi, Z. Huang, and C. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 1999 (2009).

J. SID (1)

J.-H. Park, Y. Choi, T.-Y. Yoon, and S.-D. Lee, J. SID 11, 283 (2003).

Liq. Cryst. (2)

H. Seki, Y. Masuda, and T. Uchida, Liq. Cryst. 14, 279 (1993).

S. H. Hong, H. Y. Kim, M.-H. Lee, and S. H. Lee, Liq. Cryst. 29, 315 (2002).

Nature (1)

G. P. Bryan-Brown, C. V. Brown, I. C. Sage, and V. C. Hui, Nature 392, 365 (1998).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. B. Meyer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 22, 918 (1969).

Other (2)

W. M. Liu, "Characterization of some wide viewing angle liquid crystal devices" PhD. Thesis (Kent State University, 2000).

D.-K. Yang and S.-T. Wu, Fundamentals of Liquid Crystal Devices (JohnWiley and Sons Ltd., Chichester, 2006).

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