Abstract

The emission properties of 2 µm region fluorescence of Tm<sup>3+</sup>-Ho<sup>3+</sup> co-doped tellurite glasses are investigated. Introducing F<sup>-</sup> ions to the composition of tellurite glasses plays a positive effect on the 2 µm emission. A maximum intensity of 2 µm emission is achieved when 1.5-mol% Tm<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> and 1-mol% Ho<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> concentration are doped in the glasses. The emission cross section and gain coefficient of the <sup>5</sup>I<sub>8</sub>→<sup>5</sup>I<sub>7</sub> transition of Ho<sup>3+</sup> are calculated. The emission cross section has a maximum of 1.29×10<sup>-20</sup> cm<sup>2</sup> at 2048 nm wavelength. The results indicate that Tm<sup>3+</sup>-Ho<sup>3+</sup> co-doped tellurite glasses are suitable for 2 µm application.

© 2010 Chinese Optics Letters

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Y. Tang, Y. Yang, X. Cheng, and J. Xu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 44 (2008).

D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

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D. Shi, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 1508 (2007).

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Fluoresc. 17, 301 (2007).

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Y. Li, Y. Ju, Y. Urata, and Y. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 351 (2007).

B. Richards, S. Shen, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, and D. Binks, Opt. Express 15, 6546 (2007).

2006 (1)

G. Wang, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Wen, J. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Spectrochim. Acta Part A 64, 349 (2006).

2005 (1)

B. D. O. Richards, S. Shen, and A. Jha, Proc. SPIE 5984, 598407 (2005).

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L. Huang, S. Shen, and A. Jha, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345&346, 349 (2004).

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S. Agger, J. H. Povlsen, and P. Varming, Opt. Lett. 29, 1503 (2004).

2000 (1)

Y. B. Shin, H. T. Lim, Y. G. Choi, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 787 (2000).

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X. Zou and H. Toratani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 195, 113 (1996).

Y. S. Kim, W. Y. Cho, Y. B. Shin, and J. Heo, J. Non Cryst. Solids 203, 176 (1996).

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B. Peng and T. Izumitani, Opt. Mater. 4, 797 (1995).

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D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, A954 (1964).

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Binks, D.

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G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Fluoresc. 17, 301 (2007).

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D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

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Y. S. Kim, W. Y. Cho, Y. B. Shin, and J. Heo, J. Non Cryst. Solids 203, 176 (1996).

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Y. B. Shin, H. T. Lim, Y. G. Choi, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 787 (2000).

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D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

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G. Wang, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Wen, J. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Spectrochim. Acta Part A 64, 349 (2006).

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D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

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D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

Heo, J.

Y. B. Shin, H. T. Lim, Y. G. Choi, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 787 (2000).

Y. S. Kim, W. Y. Cho, Y. B. Shin, and J. Heo, J. Non Cryst. Solids 203, 176 (1996).

Heumann, E.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).

Huang, L.

L. Huang, S. Shen, and A. Jha, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345&346, 349 (2004).

Huber, G.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).

Izumitani, T.

B. Peng and T. Izumitani, Opt. Mater. 4, 797 (1995).

Jha, A.

B. Richards, S. Shen, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, and D. Binks, Opt. Express 15, 6546 (2007).

B. D. O. Richards, S. Shen, and A. Jha, Proc. SPIE 5984, 598407 (2005).

L. Huang, S. Shen, and A. Jha, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345&346, 349 (2004).

Jiang, Z.

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Fluoresc. 17, 301 (2007).

D. Shi, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 1508 (2007).

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chinese) 56, 4200 (2007).

G. Wang, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Wen, J. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Spectrochim. Acta Part A 64, 349 (2006).

Ju, Y.

Kim, Y. S.

Y. B. Shin, H. T. Lim, Y. G. Choi, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 787 (2000).

Y. S. Kim, W. Y. Cho, Y. B. Shin, and J. Heo, J. Non Cryst. Solids 203, 176 (1996).

Li, Y.

Liao, G.

D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

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Y. B. Shin, H. T. Lim, Y. G. Choi, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 787 (2000).

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, A954 (1964).

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D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

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B. Peng and T. Izumitani, Opt. Mater. 4, 797 (1995).

Povlsen, J. H.

Richards, B.

Richards, B. D. O.

B. D. O. Richards, S. Shen, and A. Jha, Proc. SPIE 5984, 598407 (2005).

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).

Shen, S.

B. Richards, S. Shen, A. Jha, Y. Tsang, and D. Binks, Opt. Express 15, 6546 (2007).

B. D. O. Richards, S. Shen, and A. Jha, Proc. SPIE 5984, 598407 (2005).

L. Huang, S. Shen, and A. Jha, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345&346, 349 (2004).

Shi, D.

D. Shi, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 1508 (2007).

Shin, Y. B.

Y. B. Shin, H. T. Lim, Y. G. Choi, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 787 (2000).

Y. S. Kim, W. Y. Cho, Y. B. Shin, and J. Heo, J. Non Cryst. Solids 203, 176 (1996).

Taccheo, S.

D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

Tang, Y.

Toratani, H.

X. Zou and H. Toratani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 195, 113 (1996).

Tsang, Y.

Urata, Y.

Varming, P.

Vota, M.

D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

Wang, G.

G. Wang, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Wen, J. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Spectrochim. Acta Part A 64, 349 (2006).

Wang, Y.

Wen, L.

G. Wang, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Wen, J. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Spectrochim. Acta Part A 64, 349 (2006).

Xing, J.

D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

Xu, J.

Yang, G.

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Fluoresc. 17, 301 (2007).

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chinese) 56, 4200 (2007).

D. Shi, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 1508 (2007).

Yang, J.

G. Wang, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Wen, J. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Spectrochim. Acta Part A 64, 349 (2006).

Yang, Y.

Yang, Z.

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chinese) 56, 4200 (2007).

Zhang, J.

G. Wang, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Wen, J. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Spectrochim. Acta Part A 64, 349 (2006).

Zhang, Q.

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chinese) 56, 4200 (2007).

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Fluoresc. 17, 301 (2007).

D. Shi, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 1508 (2007).

Zou, X.

X. Zou and H. Toratani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 195, 113 (1996).

Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Acta Phys. Sin. (in Chinese) 56, 4200 (2007).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

Y. B. Shin, H. T. Lim, Y. G. Choi, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 83, 787 (2000).

J. Fluoresc. (1)

G. Chen, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Fluoresc. 17, 301 (2007).

J. Non Cryst. Solids (1)

Y. S. Kim, W. Y. Cho, Y. B. Shin, and J. Heo, J. Non Cryst. Solids 203, 176 (1996).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

D. Milanese, M. Vota, Q. Chen, J. Xing, G. Liao, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, N. Coluccelli, and S. Taccheo, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1955 (2008).

D. Shi, Q. Zhang, G. Yang, and Z. Jiang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 1508 (2007).

X. Zou and H. Toratani, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 195, 113 (1996).

L. Huang, S. Shen, and A. Jha, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345&346, 349 (2004).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

B. Peng and T. Izumitani, Opt. Mater. 4, 797 (1995).

Phys. Rev. (1)

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 136, A954 (1964).

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. D. O. Richards, S. Shen, and A. Jha, Proc. SPIE 5984, 598407 (2005).

Spectrochim. Acta Part A (1)

G. Wang, S. Dai, J. Zhang, L. Wen, J. Yang, and Z. Jiang, Spectrochim. Acta Part A 64, 349 (2006).

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