Abstract

The phase shifts of the extinction and refractive index gratings to the illumination pattern are revealed in doped polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). The dynamic process of these shifts is studied via two-wave coupling at 351 nm. It is shown that these shifts are from the strain and the shrinkage inside the sample and accompanied with the photo-repolymerization process during the building process of the holographic grating. Such shifts will cause obvious energy exchange between the two recording beams and enough attention should be paid to the nonlocal property of the holographic gratings of the material in the application.

© 2010 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, and G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 534 (1976).
  2. S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).
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  4. Y. Zhang, R. Burzynski, S. Ghosal, and M. Casstevens, Adv. Mater. 8, 111 (1996).
  5. L. Yu, W. K. Chan, Z. Peng, and A. Gharavi, Acc. Chem. Res. 29, 13 (1996).
  6. F. Havermeyer, C. Pruner, R. A. Rupp, D. W. Schubert, and E. KrÄatzig, Appl. Phys. B 72, 201 (2001).
  7. R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).
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  21. H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
  22. F. Havermeyer, S. F. Lyuksyutov, R. A. Rupp, H. Eckerlebe, P. Staron, and J. Vollbrandt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3272 (1998).

2008 (1)

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

2007 (2)

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

2001 (1)

F. Havermeyer, C. Pruner, R. A. Rupp, D. W. Schubert, and E. KrÄatzig, Appl. Phys. B 72, 201 (2001).

1998 (1)

F. Havermeyer, S. F. Lyuksyutov, R. A. Rupp, H. Eckerlebe, P. Staron, and J. Vollbrandt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3272 (1998).

1996 (2)

Y. Zhang, R. Burzynski, S. Ghosal, and M. Casstevens, Adv. Mater. 8, 111 (1996).

L. Yu, W. K. Chan, Z. Peng, and A. Gharavi, Acc. Chem. Res. 29, 13 (1996).

1994 (1)

W. E. Moerner and S. M. Silence, Chem. Rev. 94, 127 (1994).

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).

1990 (2)

K. Sutter and P. GÄunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2274 (1990).

M. Z. Zha, P. Amrhein, and P. GÄunter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 788 (1990).

1989 (2)

P. M. Garcia, L. Cescato, and J. Frejlich, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 47 (1989).

R. A. Rupp, A. Maillard, and J. Walter, Appl. Phys. A49, 259 (1989).

1987 (2)

I. McMichael and P. Yeh, Opt. Lett. 12, 48 (1987).

M. Gehrtz, J. Pinsl, and C. BrÄauchle, Appl. Phys. B 43, 61 (1987).

1986 (1)

R. A. Rupp, Appl. Phys. B 41, 153 (1986).

1981 (1)

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, Opt. Commun. 38, 249 (1981).

1980 (1)

W. J. Tomlinson and E. A. Chandross, Adv. Photochem. 12, 201 (1980).

1979 (1)

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).

1976 (1)

1969 (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Amrhein, P.

M. Z. Zha, P. Amrhein, and P. GÄunter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 788 (1990).

Aumiller, G. D.

BrÄauchle, C.

M. Gehrtz, J. Pinsl, and C. BrÄauchle, Appl. Phys. B 43, 61 (1987).

Burzynski, R.

Y. Zhang, R. Burzynski, S. Ghosal, and M. Casstevens, Adv. Mater. 8, 111 (1996).

Casstevens, M.

Y. Zhang, R. Burzynski, S. Ghosal, and M. Casstevens, Adv. Mater. 8, 111 (1996).

Cescato, L.

P. M. Garcia, L. Cescato, and J. Frejlich, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 47 (1989).

Chan, W. K.

L. Yu, W. K. Chan, Z. Peng, and A. Gharavi, Acc. Chem. Res. 29, 13 (1996).

Chandross, E. A.

W. J. Tomlinson and E. A. Chandross, Adv. Photochem. 12, 201 (1980).

W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, and G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 534 (1976).

Chen, Y.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Deng, Y.

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

Dong, W.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Ducharme, S.

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).

Eckerlebe, H.

F. Havermeyer, S. F. Lyuksyutov, R. A. Rupp, H. Eckerlebe, P. Staron, and J. Vollbrandt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3272 (1998).

Fally, M.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Fan, M.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Frejlich, J.

P. M. Garcia, L. Cescato, and J. Frejlich, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 47 (1989).

Gao, F.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Garcia, P. M.

P. M. Garcia, L. Cescato, and J. Frejlich, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 47 (1989).

GÄunter, P.

K. Sutter and P. GÄunter, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2274 (1990).

M. Z. Zha, P. Amrhein, and P. GÄunter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 788 (1990).

Gehrtz, M.

M. Gehrtz, J. Pinsl, and C. BrÄauchle, Appl. Phys. B 43, 61 (1987).

Gharavi, A.

L. Yu, W. K. Chan, Z. Peng, and A. Gharavi, Acc. Chem. Res. 29, 13 (1996).

Ghosal, S.

Y. Zhang, R. Burzynski, S. Ghosal, and M. Casstevens, Adv. Mater. 8, 111 (1996).

Havermeyer, F.

F. Havermeyer, C. Pruner, R. A. Rupp, D. W. Schubert, and E. KrÄatzig, Appl. Phys. B 72, 201 (2001).

F. Havermeyer, S. F. Lyuksyutov, R. A. Rupp, H. Eckerlebe, P. Staron, and J. Vollbrandt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3272 (1998).

Huignard, J. P.

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, Opt. Commun. 38, 249 (1981).

Jiao, X.-J.

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

Jiao, Y.

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

Kahmann, F.

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Kondilenko, V.

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).

KrÄatzig, E.

F. Havermeyer, C. Pruner, R. A. Rupp, D. W. Schubert, and E. KrÄatzig, Appl. Phys. B 72, 201 (2001).

Li, W.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Lou, C.-B.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Lyuksyutov, S. F.

F. Havermeyer, S. F. Lyuksyutov, R. A. Rupp, H. Eckerlebe, P. Staron, and J. Vollbrandt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3272 (1998).

Maillard, A.

R. A. Rupp, A. Maillard, and J. Walter, Appl. Phys. A49, 259 (1989).

Markov, V.

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).

Marrakchi, A.

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, Opt. Commun. 38, 249 (1981).

McMichael, I.

Menke, N.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Ming, H.

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

Moerner, W. E.

W. E. Moerner and S. M. Silence, Chem. Rev. 94, 127 (1994).

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).

Odoulov, S.

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).

Peng, Z.

L. Yu, W. K. Chan, Z. Peng, and A. Gharavi, Acc. Chem. Res. 29, 13 (1996).

Pinsl, J.

M. Gehrtz, J. Pinsl, and C. BrÄauchle, Appl. Phys. B 43, 61 (1987).

Pruner, C.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

F. Havermeyer, C. Pruner, R. A. Rupp, D. W. Schubert, and E. KrÄatzig, Appl. Phys. B 72, 201 (2001).

Qiao, H.-J.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Rupp, R. A.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

F. Havermeyer, C. Pruner, R. A. Rupp, D. W. Schubert, and E. KrÄatzig, Appl. Phys. B 72, 201 (2001).

F. Havermeyer, S. F. Lyuksyutov, R. A. Rupp, H. Eckerlebe, P. Staron, and J. Vollbrandt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3272 (1998).

R. A. Rupp, A. Maillard, and J. Walter, Appl. Phys. A49, 259 (1989).

R. A. Rupp, Appl. Phys. B 41, 153 (1986).

Schubert, D. W.

F. Havermeyer, C. Pruner, R. A. Rupp, D. W. Schubert, and E. KrÄatzig, Appl. Phys. B 72, 201 (2001).

Scott, J. C.

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).

Shi, Y.-L.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Silence, S. M.

W. E. Moerner and S. M. Silence, Chem. Rev. 94, 127 (1994).

Soskin, M.

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).

Staron, P.

F. Havermeyer, S. F. Lyuksyutov, R. A. Rupp, H. Eckerlebe, P. Staron, and J. Vollbrandt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3272 (1998).

Sun, X.-Q.

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

Sun, Y.-Y.

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

Sutter, K.

Tang, B.-Q.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Tomlinson, W. J.

W. J. Tomlinson and E. A. Chandross, Adv. Photochem. 12, 201 (1980).

W. J. Tomlinson, E. A. Chandross, H. P. Weber, and G. D. Aumiller, Appl. Opt. 15, 534 (1976).

Twieg, R. J.

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).

Vollbrandt, J.

F. Havermeyer, S. F. Lyuksyutov, R. A. Rupp, H. Eckerlebe, P. Staron, and J. Vollbrandt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3272 (1998).

Walter, J.

R. A. Rupp, A. Maillard, and J. Walter, Appl. Phys. A49, 259 (1989).

Wang, P.

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

Wang, Y.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Wang, Z.-H.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Weber, H. P.

Wu, Q.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Xu, J.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Xu, J.-J.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Yao, B.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Yeh, P.

Yu, L.

L. Yu, W. K. Chan, Z. Peng, and A. Gharavi, Acc. Chem. Res. 29, 13 (1996).

Zha, M. Z.

M. Z. Zha, P. Amrhein, and P. GÄunter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 788 (1990).

Zhang, D.-G.

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

Zhang, Q.-J.

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

Zhang, X.-Z.

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, R. Burzynski, S. Ghosal, and M. Casstevens, Adv. Mater. 8, 111 (1996).

Zhao, W.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Zheng, Y.

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

L. Yu, W. K. Chan, Z. Peng, and A. Gharavi, Acc. Chem. Res. 29, 13 (1996).

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Zhang, R. Burzynski, S. Ghosal, and M. Casstevens, Adv. Mater. 8, 111 (1996).

Adv. Photochem. (1)

W. J. Tomlinson and E. A. Chandross, Adv. Photochem. 12, 201 (1980).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (1)

R. A. Rupp, A. Maillard, and J. Walter, Appl. Phys. A49, 259 (1989).

Appl. Phys. B (3)

R. A. Rupp, Appl. Phys. B 41, 153 (1986).

M. Gehrtz, J. Pinsl, and C. BrÄauchle, Appl. Phys. B 43, 61 (1987).

F. Havermeyer, C. Pruner, R. A. Rupp, D. W. Schubert, and E. KrÄatzig, Appl. Phys. B 72, 201 (2001).

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).

Chem. Rev. (1)

W. E. Moerner and S. M. Silence, Chem. Rev. 94, 127 (1994).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Li, X.-Z. Zhang, Y.-L. Shi, J.-J. Xu, H.-J. Qiao, Q. Wu, R. A. Rupp, C.-B. Lou, Z.-H. Wang, F. Gao, B.-Q. Tang, and C. Pruner, Chin. Phys. Lett. 25, 2857 (2008).

Y. Deng, Y.-Y. Sun, P. Wang, D.-G. Zhang, X.-J. Jiao, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, Y. Jiao, and X.-Q. Sun, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 954 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Z. Zha, P. Amrhein, and P. GÄunter, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 788 (1990).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. M. Garcia, L. Cescato, and J. Frejlich, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 47 (1989).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Acta (1)

V. Kondilenko, V. Markov, S. Odoulov, and M. Soskin, Opt. Acta 26, 239 (1979).

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, Opt. Commun. 38, 249 (1981).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, and W. E. Moerner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1846 (1991).

F. Havermeyer, S. F. Lyuksyutov, R. A. Rupp, H. Eckerlebe, P. Staron, and J. Vollbrandt, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3272 (1998).

Phys. Stat. Sol. B (1)

R. A. Rupp, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, W. Dong, N. Menke, B. Yao, W. Zhao, Y. Chen, M. Fan, J. Xu, and M. Fally, Phys. Stat. Sol. B 224, 1363 (2007).

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