Abstract

We numerically investigate the main constrains for high efficiency wavelength conversion of differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) signals based on four-wave mixing (FWM) in highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF). Using multi-tone pump phase modulation techniques, high efficiency wavelength conversion of DPSK signals is achieved with the stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) effects effectively suppressed. Our analysis shows that there is a compromise between conversion efficiency and converted idler degradation. By optimizing the pump phase modulation configuration, the converted DPSK idler's degradation can be dramatically decreased through balancing SBS suppression and pump phase modulation degradation. Our simulation results also show that these multi-tone pump phase modulation techniques are more appropriate for the future high bit rate systems.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

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R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Httl, A. Gual i Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).

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L. K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, and A. R. Chraplyvy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591 (2004).

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K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 911 (2002).

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R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Httl, A. Gual i Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).

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P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4711 (2006).

L. K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, and A. R. Chraplyvy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591 (2004).

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J. Dong, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1327 (2008).

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J. Dong, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1327 (2008).

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Electron. Lett.

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, Electron. Lett. 32, 2336 (1996).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

R. Elschner, C.-A. Bunge, B. Httl, A. Gual i Coca, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14, 666 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194 (2001).

L. K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, and A. R. Chraplyvy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591 (2004).

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 911 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Proc. IEEE

R. H. Stolen, Proc. IEEE 68, 1232 (1980).

Other

M. Lorenzen, D. Noordegraaf, C. V. Nielsen, O. Odgaard, L. Grner-Nielsen, and K. Rottwitt, in Proceedings of OFC2008 OML1 (2008).

A. Richter, I. Koltchanov, K. Kuzmin, E. Myslivets, and R. Freund, in Proceedings of OFC2005 NTuH3 (2005).

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