Abstract

We show that a linear relation exists between the device sensitivity and the quality (Q) factor of a dual-waveguide coupled microring resonator optical biosensor when the optimal conditions are satisfied. We also show that the detection limit depends on the loss coefficient and signal-to-nosie ratio (SNR) of the overall system, rather than the circumference of the ring. For a microring resonator sensor whose Q factor is 20000, the detection limit is found to be about 10^{-7} with 30-dB SNR, which is in good agreement with reported experimental data. These results indicate that loss reduction is the top priority in the design and fabrication of highly sensitive microring resonator optical biosensors.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

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G. Kong, S. E, W. Deng, H. Guo, D. Zhang, and C. Chen, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 134 (2009).

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Z. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. Zhou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100 (2008).

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J. Zeng, D. Liang, Z. Zeng, and Y. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 404 (2007).

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K. De Vos I. Bartolozzi, E. Schacht, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, Opt. Express 15, 7610 (2007).

M. Sumetsky, Opt. Lett. 32, 2577 (2007).

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A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

C.-Y. Chao, W. Fung, and L. J. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 134 (2006).

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C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1395 (2006).

C. Chou, H.-T. Wu, Y.-C. Huang, Y.-L. Chen, and W.-C. Kuo, Opt. Express 14, 4307 (2006).

A. M. Armani and K. J. Vahala, Opt. Lett. 31, 1896 (2006).

N. Kinrot and M. Nathan, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2139 (2006).

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H. Ma, Z. Jin, C. Ding, and Y. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 32, 1330 (2005).

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401 (2005).

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R. W. Boyd and J. E. Heebner, Appl. Opt. 40, 5742 (2001).

Z. Gu, S. Feng, P. Liang, and W. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 83 (2001).

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R. G. Heideman and P. V. Lambeck, Sens. Actuat. B 61, 100 (1999).

Aldridge, J. C.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Anthes-Washburn, M.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Armani, A. M.

Baets, R.

Bartolozzi, K. De Vos I.

Beckx, S.

Bienstman, P.

Bogaerts, W.

Bolivar, P. H.

Boyd, R. W.

Campenhout, J. Van

Chao, C.-Y.

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1395 (2006).

C.-Y. Chao, W. Fung, and L. J. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 134 (2006).

Chbouki, N.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Chen, C.

G. Kong, S. E, W. Deng, H. Guo, D. Zhang, and C. Chen, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 134 (2009).

Chen, S.-J.

Chen, Y.

Z. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. Zhou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100 (2008).

Chen, Y.-L.

Chien, F.-C.

Chou, C.

Chu, S.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Chu, Y.-M.

Deng, W.

G. Kong, S. E, W. Deng, H. Guo, D. Zhang, and C. Chen, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 134 (2009).

Desai, T. A.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Ding, C.

H. Ma, Z. Jin, C. Ding, and Y. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 32, 1330 (2005).

Driessen, A.

Du, Y.

J. Zeng, D. Liang, Z. Zeng, and Y. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 404 (2007).

Dumon, P.

E, S.

G. Kong, S. E, W. Deng, H. Guo, D. Zhang, and C. Chen, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 134 (2009).

Feng, S.

Z. Gu, S. Feng, P. Liang, and W. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 83 (2001).

Fung, W.

C.-Y. Chao, W. Fung, and L. J. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 134 (2006).

Gill, D.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Goldberg, B. B.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Greve, J.

Gu, Z.

Z. Gu, S. Feng, P. Liang, and W. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 83 (2001).

Guo, H.

G. Kong, S. E, W. Deng, H. Guo, D. Zhang, and C. Chen, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 134 (2009).

Guo, L. J.

C.-Y. Chao and L. J. Guo, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1395 (2006).

C.-Y. Chao, W. Fung, and L. J. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 134 (2006).

Heebner, J. E.

Heideman, R. G.

R. G. Heideman and P. V. Lambeck, Sens. Actuat. B 61, 100 (1999).

Henschel, W.

Ho, H. P.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, IEEE Sensors Journal 7, 70 (2007).

Hryniewicz, J.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Huang, Y. C.

B. Y. Shew, C. H. Kuo, Y. C. Huang, and Y. H. Tsai, Sens. Actuat. A 120, 383 (2005).

Huang, Y.-C.

Jin, Z.

H. Ma, Z. Jin, C. Ding, and Y. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 32, 1330 (2005).

King, O.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Kinrot, N.

Klunder, D. J. W.

Kong, G.

G. Kong, S. E, W. Deng, H. Guo, D. Zhang, and C. Chen, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 134 (2009).

Kong, S. K.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, IEEE Sensors Journal 7, 70 (2007).

Krioukov, E.

Kuo, C. H.

B. Y. Shew, C. H. Kuo, Y. C. Huang, and Y. H. Tsai, Sens. Actuat. A 120, 383 (2005).

Kuo, W.-C.

Kurz, H.

Lambeck, P. V.

R. G. Heideman and P. V. Lambeck, Sens. Actuat. B 61, 100 (1999).

Lee, K.-L.

Liang, D.

X. Zhang, J. Zeng, D. Liang, and Z. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (s2) 373 (2008).

J. Zeng, D. Liang, Z. Zeng, and Y. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 404 (2007).

Liang, P.

Z. Gu, S. Feng, P. Liang, and W. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 83 (2001).

Lin, C.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, IEEE Sensors Journal 7, 70 (2007).

Lin, C.-Y.

Little, B. E.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Luyssaert, B.

Ma, H.

H. Ma, Z. Jin, C. Ding, and Y. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 32, 1330 (2005).

Mao, Y.-C.

Nathan, M.

Niehusmann, J.

Otto, C.

Popat, K. C.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Schacht, E.

Shew, B. Y.

B. Y. Shew, C. H. Kuo, Y. C. Huang, and Y. H. Tsai, Sens. Actuat. A 120, 383 (2005).

Sumetsky, M.

Taillaert, D.

Thourhout, D. Van

Tsai, Y. H.

B. Y. Shew, C. H. Kuo, Y. C. Huang, and Y. H. Tsai, Sens. Actuat. A 120, 383 (2005).

Unl, M. S.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Vahala, K. J.

Van, V.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Vorckel, A.

Wahlbrink, T.

Wang, W.-H.

Wang, Y.

H. Ma, Z. Jin, C. Ding, and Y. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 32, 1330 (2005).

Wei, P.-K.

Wiaux, V.

Wong, C. L.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, IEEE Sensors Journal 7, 70 (2007).

Wu, H.-T.

Xia, Z.

Z. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. Zhou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100 (2008).

Yalcin, A.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

Yih, J.-N.

Yuan, W.

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, IEEE Sensors Journal 7, 70 (2007).

Zeng, J.

X. Zhang, J. Zeng, D. Liang, and Z. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (s2) 373 (2008).

J. Zeng, D. Liang, Z. Zeng, and Y. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 404 (2007).

Zeng, Z.

J. Zeng, D. Liang, Z. Zeng, and Y. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 404 (2007).

Zhang, D.

G. Kong, S. E, W. Deng, H. Guo, D. Zhang, and C. Chen, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 134 (2009).

Zhang, W.

Z. Gu, S. Feng, P. Liang, and W. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 83 (2001).

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, J. Zeng, D. Liang, and Z. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (s2) 373 (2008).

Zhao, Z.

X. Zhang, J. Zeng, D. Liang, and Z. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (s2) 373 (2008).

Zhou, Z.

Z. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. Zhou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100 (2008).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese)

Z. Gu, S. Feng, P. Liang, and W. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 83 (2001).

J. Zeng, D. Liang, Z. Zeng, and Y. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 404 (2007).

X. Zhang, J. Zeng, D. Liang, and Z. Zhao, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, (s2) 373 (2008).

Appl. Opt.

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese)

G. Kong, S. E, W. Deng, H. Guo, D. Zhang, and C. Chen, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 36, 134 (2009).

H. Ma, Z. Jin, C. Ding, and Y. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 32, 1330 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

Z. Xia, Y. Chen, and Z. Zhou, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 100 (2008).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

A. Yalcin, K. C. Popat, J. C. Aldridge, T. A. Desai, J. Hryniewicz, N. Chbouki, B. E. Little, O. King, V. Van, S. Chu, D. Gill, M. Anthes-Washburn, M. S. Unl, and B. B. Goldberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 148 (2006).

C.-Y. Chao, W. Fung, and L. J. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 134 (2006).

IEEE Sensors Journal

W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, IEEE Sensors Journal 7, 70 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Sens. Actuat. A

B. Y. Shew, C. H. Kuo, Y. C. Huang, and Y. H. Tsai, Sens. Actuat. A 120, 383 (2005).

Sens. Actuat. B

R. G. Heideman and P. V. Lambeck, Sens. Actuat. B 61, 100 (1999).

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