Abstract

The poly(urethane-imide) (PUI) which uses isophorone diisocyanate, dispersed red 19 (DR-19), and pyromellitic dianhydride is synthesized. The PUI is characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The results of DSC and TGA indicate that the PUI exhibits high thermal stability up to its glass-transition temperature of 209 C and 5% heat weight loss temperature of 296 C. The fluorescence spectra of PUI and DR-19 are measured, showing that the fluorescence effect of PUI is very similar to that of DR-19 except for the light decrease of fluorescence intensity, which indicates that the fluorescence effect of PUI is generated by the azobenzene groups in its macromolecular chains. The maximum molar absorption coefficient, absorption wavelength, and chromophores density are measured and used to calculate the third-order nonlinear optical coefficient \chi^{(3)} to be 3.96times10^{-13} esu. The nonlinear refractive index coefficient and molecular hyperpolarizability of PUI are also obtained. PUI is proved to have an excellent optical performance.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

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F. Qiu, Z. Da, D. Yang, G. Cao, and P. Li, Dyes and Pigments 77, 564 (2008).

S. Deng, S. Guo, Q. Lu, S. Chen, W. Lin, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 21 (2008).

2007 (4)

F. Qiu, H. Xu, Y. Cao, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, and X. Zhang, Materials Characterization 58, 275 (2007).

F. Qiu, Y. Cao, H. Xu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, and J. Liu, Dyes and Pigments 75, 454 (2007).

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

S. Xu, Q. Wu, and Z. Li, Opt. Precis. Eng. (in Chinese) 15, 1674 (2007).

2005 (1)

X. Zhang, J. Yuan, J. Qu, and Q. Gao, Photographic Sci. Photochem. (in Chinese) 23, 41 (2005).

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N. Zhu, Y. Sui, J. Yin, Y. Liu, Z. Zhu, and Z. Wang, Chem. J. Chin. Univ. (in Chinese) 21, 1771 (2000).

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Z. Hong, X. Zhao, D. Ma, D. Wang, X. Jing, and F. Wang, Chin. Sci. Bul. (in Chinese) 43, 588 (1998).

X. Jia and X. Yu, J. Functional Polymers (in Chinese) 11, 461 (1998).

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Cao, G.

F. Qiu, Z. Da, D. Yang, G. Cao, and P. Li, Dyes and Pigments 77, 564 (2008).

Cao, Y.

F. Qiu, H. Xu, Y. Cao, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, and X. Zhang, Materials Characterization 58, 275 (2007).

F. Qiu, Y. Cao, H. Xu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, and J. Liu, Dyes and Pigments 75, 454 (2007).

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S. Deng, S. Guo, Q. Lu, S. Chen, W. Lin, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 21 (2008).

Chen, Y.

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

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F. Qiu, Z. Da, D. Yang, G. Cao, and P. Li, Dyes and Pigments 77, 564 (2008).

Deng, S.

S. Deng, S. Guo, Q. Lu, S. Chen, W. Lin, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 21 (2008).

Fu, W.

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

Gao, Q.

X. Zhang, J. Yuan, J. Qu, and Q. Gao, Photographic Sci. Photochem. (in Chinese) 23, 41 (2005).

Guo, S.

S. Deng, S. Guo, Q. Lu, S. Chen, W. Lin, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 21 (2008).

Hong, Z.

Z. Hong, X. Zhao, D. Ma, D. Wang, X. Jing, and F. Wang, Chin. Sci. Bul. (in Chinese) 43, 588 (1998).

Hu, Y.

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

Jia, X.

X. Jia and X. Yu, J. Functional Polymers (in Chinese) 11, 461 (1998).

Jiang, Y.

F. Qiu, Y. Cao, H. Xu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, and J. Liu, Dyes and Pigments 75, 454 (2007).

F. Qiu, H. Xu, Y. Cao, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, and X. Zhang, Materials Characterization 58, 275 (2007).

Jing, X.

Z. Hong, X. Zhao, D. Ma, D. Wang, X. Jing, and F. Wang, Chin. Sci. Bul. (in Chinese) 43, 588 (1998).

Kang, Y.

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

Li, P.

F. Qiu, Z. Da, D. Yang, G. Cao, and P. Li, Dyes and Pigments 77, 564 (2008).

Li, S.

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

Li, Z.

S. Xu, Q. Wu, and Z. Li, Opt. Precis. Eng. (in Chinese) 15, 1674 (2007).

Lin, W.

S. Deng, S. Guo, Q. Lu, S. Chen, W. Lin, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 21 (2008).

Lin, Z.

S. Deng, S. Guo, Q. Lu, S. Chen, W. Lin, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 21 (2008).

Liu, J.

F. Qiu, Y. Cao, H. Xu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, and J. Liu, Dyes and Pigments 75, 454 (2007).

F. Qiu, H. Xu, Y. Cao, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, and X. Zhang, Materials Characterization 58, 275 (2007).

Liu, Y.

N. Zhu, Y. Sui, J. Yin, Y. Liu, Z. Zhu, and Z. Wang, Chem. J. Chin. Univ. (in Chinese) 21, 1771 (2000).

Lu, Q.

S. Deng, S. Guo, Q. Lu, S. Chen, W. Lin, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 21 (2008).

Ma, D.

Z. Hong, X. Zhao, D. Ma, D. Wang, X. Jing, and F. Wang, Chin. Sci. Bul. (in Chinese) 43, 588 (1998).

Morishima, M.

N. Tsutsumi, M. Morishima, and W. Sakai, Macromolecules 31, 7764 (1998).

Ni, W.

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

Qiu, F.

F. Qiu, Z. Da, D. Yang, G. Cao, and P. Li, Dyes and Pigments 77, 564 (2008).

F. Qiu, H. Xu, Y. Cao, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, and X. Zhang, Materials Characterization 58, 275 (2007).

F. Qiu, Y. Cao, H. Xu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, and J. Liu, Dyes and Pigments 75, 454 (2007).

Qu, J.

X. Zhang, J. Yuan, J. Qu, and Q. Gao, Photographic Sci. Photochem. (in Chinese) 23, 41 (2005).

Sakai, W.

N. Tsutsumi, M. Morishima, and W. Sakai, Macromolecules 31, 7764 (1998).

Sang, M.

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

Shi, R.

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

Sui, Y.

N. Zhu, Y. Sui, J. Yin, Y. Liu, Z. Zhu, and Z. Wang, Chem. J. Chin. Univ. (in Chinese) 21, 1771 (2000).

Tsutsumi, N.

N. Tsutsumi, M. Morishima, and W. Sakai, Macromolecules 31, 7764 (1998).

Wang, D.

Z. Hong, X. Zhao, D. Ma, D. Wang, X. Jing, and F. Wang, Chin. Sci. Bul. (in Chinese) 43, 588 (1998).

Wang, F.

Z. Hong, X. Zhao, D. Ma, D. Wang, X. Jing, and F. Wang, Chin. Sci. Bul. (in Chinese) 43, 588 (1998).

Wang, Z.

N. Zhu, Y. Sui, J. Yin, Y. Liu, Z. Zhu, and Z. Wang, Chem. J. Chin. Univ. (in Chinese) 21, 1771 (2000).

Wu, Q.

S. Xu, Q. Wu, and Z. Li, Opt. Precis. Eng. (in Chinese) 15, 1674 (2007).

Xu, H.

F. Qiu, H. Xu, Y. Cao, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, and X. Zhang, Materials Characterization 58, 275 (2007).

F. Qiu, Y. Cao, H. Xu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, and J. Liu, Dyes and Pigments 75, 454 (2007).

Xu, S.

S. Xu, Q. Wu, and Z. Li, Opt. Precis. Eng. (in Chinese) 15, 1674 (2007).

Yang, D.

F. Qiu, Z. Da, D. Yang, G. Cao, and P. Li, Dyes and Pigments 77, 564 (2008).

Yin, J.

N. Zhu, Y. Sui, J. Yin, Y. Liu, Z. Zhu, and Z. Wang, Chem. J. Chin. Univ. (in Chinese) 21, 1771 (2000).

Yu, J.

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

Yu, X.

X. Jia and X. Yu, J. Functional Polymers (in Chinese) 11, 461 (1998).

Yuan, J.

X. Zhang, J. Yuan, J. Qu, and Q. Gao, Photographic Sci. Photochem. (in Chinese) 23, 41 (2005).

Zhang, X.

F. Qiu, H. Xu, Y. Cao, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, and X. Zhang, Materials Characterization 58, 275 (2007).

X. Zhang, J. Yuan, J. Qu, and Q. Gao, Photographic Sci. Photochem. (in Chinese) 23, 41 (2005).

Zhao, X.

Z. Hong, X. Zhao, D. Ma, D. Wang, X. Jing, and F. Wang, Chin. Sci. Bul. (in Chinese) 43, 588 (1998).

Zhou, Y.

F. Qiu, H. Xu, Y. Cao, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, and X. Zhang, Materials Characterization 58, 275 (2007).

F. Qiu, Y. Cao, H. Xu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, and J. Liu, Dyes and Pigments 75, 454 (2007).

Zhu, N.

N. Zhu, Y. Sui, J. Yin, Y. Liu, Z. Zhu, and Z. Wang, Chem. J. Chin. Univ. (in Chinese) 21, 1771 (2000).

Zhu, Z.

N. Zhu, Y. Sui, J. Yin, Y. Liu, Z. Zhu, and Z. Wang, Chem. J. Chin. Univ. (in Chinese) 21, 1771 (2000).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

W. Fu, J. Yu, Y. Kang, W. Ni, Y. Chen, M. Sang, S. Li, Y. Hu, and R. Shi, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1063 (2007).

Chem. J. Chin. Univ. (in Chinese) (1)

N. Zhu, Y. Sui, J. Yin, Y. Liu, Z. Zhu, and Z. Wang, Chem. J. Chin. Univ. (in Chinese) 21, 1771 (2000).

Chin. Sci. Bul. (in Chinese) (1)

Z. Hong, X. Zhao, D. Ma, D. Wang, X. Jing, and F. Wang, Chin. Sci. Bul. (in Chinese) 43, 588 (1998).

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) (1)

S. Deng, S. Guo, Q. Lu, S. Chen, W. Lin, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 21 (2008).

Dyes and Pigments (2)

F. Qiu, Z. Da, D. Yang, G. Cao, and P. Li, Dyes and Pigments 77, 564 (2008).

F. Qiu, Y. Cao, H. Xu, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, and J. Liu, Dyes and Pigments 75, 454 (2007).

J. Functional Polymers (in Chinese) (1)

X. Jia and X. Yu, J. Functional Polymers (in Chinese) 11, 461 (1998).

Macromolecules (1)

N. Tsutsumi, M. Morishima, and W. Sakai, Macromolecules 31, 7764 (1998).

Materials Characterization (1)

F. Qiu, H. Xu, Y. Cao, Y. Jiang, Y. Zhou, J. Liu, and X. Zhang, Materials Characterization 58, 275 (2007).

Opt. Precis. Eng. (in Chinese) (1)

S. Xu, Q. Wu, and Z. Li, Opt. Precis. Eng. (in Chinese) 15, 1674 (2007).

Photographic Sci. Photochem. (in Chinese) (1)

X. Zhang, J. Yuan, J. Qu, and Q. Gao, Photographic Sci. Photochem. (in Chinese) 23, 41 (2005).

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