Abstract

The existing local binary pattern (LBP) operators have several disadvantages such as rather long histograms, lower discrimination, and sensitivity to noise. Aiming at these problems, we propose the centralized binary pattern (CBP) operator. CBP operator can significantly reduce the histograms' dimensionality, offer stronger discrimination, and decrease the white noise's influence on face images. Moreover, for increasing the recognition accuracy and speed, we use multi-radius CBP histogram as face representation and project it onto locality preserving projection (LPP) space to obtain lower dimensional features. Experiments on FERET and CAS-PEAL databases demonstrate that the proposed method is superior to other modern approaches not only in recognition accuracy but also in recognition speed.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

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2008 (3)

W. Gao, B. Cao, S. Shan, X. Chen, D. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. Zhao, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A 38, 149 (2008).

J. Li and J.-S. Pan, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 255 (2008).

L. Jiang, Y. Luo, J. Zhao, and T. Zhuang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 495 (2008).

2007 (2)

Z. Zheng, F. Yang, W. Tan, J. Jia, and J. Yang, Signal Processing 87, 2473 (2007).

Y.-F. Yao, X.-Y. Jing, and H.-S. Wong, Neurocomputing 70, 1582 (2007).

2006 (1)

T. Ahonen, A. Hadid, and M. Pietikainen, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 28, 2037 (2006).

2005 (1)

X. He, S. Yan, Y. Hu, P. Niyogi, and H.-J. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 328 (2005).

2002 (1)

T. Ojala, M. Pietikainen, and T. Maenpaa, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 24, 971 (2002).

2000 (1)

P. J. Phillips, H. Moon, S. A. Rizvi, and P. J. Rauss, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 22, 1090 (2000).

1998 (1)

P. J. Phillips, H. Wechsler, J. Huang, and P. J. Rauss, Image Vis. Comput. 16, 295 (1998).

1997 (1)

P. N. Belhumeur, J. P. Hespanha, and D. J. Kriegman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 19, 711 (1997).

Ahonen, T.

T. Ahonen, A. Hadid, and M. Pietikainen, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 28, 2037 (2006).

Belhumeur, P. N.

P. N. Belhumeur, J. P. Hespanha, and D. J. Kriegman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 19, 711 (1997).

Cao, B.

W. Gao, B. Cao, S. Shan, X. Chen, D. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. Zhao, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A 38, 149 (2008).

Chen, X.

W. Gao, B. Cao, S. Shan, X. Chen, D. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. Zhao, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A 38, 149 (2008).

Gao, W.

W. Gao, B. Cao, S. Shan, X. Chen, D. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. Zhao, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A 38, 149 (2008).

Hadid, A.

T. Ahonen, A. Hadid, and M. Pietikainen, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 28, 2037 (2006).

He, X.

X. He, S. Yan, Y. Hu, P. Niyogi, and H.-J. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 328 (2005).

Hespanha, J. P.

P. N. Belhumeur, J. P. Hespanha, and D. J. Kriegman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 19, 711 (1997).

Hu, Y.

X. He, S. Yan, Y. Hu, P. Niyogi, and H.-J. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 328 (2005).

Huang, J.

P. J. Phillips, H. Wechsler, J. Huang, and P. J. Rauss, Image Vis. Comput. 16, 295 (1998).

Jia, J.

Z. Zheng, F. Yang, W. Tan, J. Jia, and J. Yang, Signal Processing 87, 2473 (2007).

Jiang, L.

Jing, X.-Y.

Y.-F. Yao, X.-Y. Jing, and H.-S. Wong, Neurocomputing 70, 1582 (2007).

Kriegman, D. J.

P. N. Belhumeur, J. P. Hespanha, and D. J. Kriegman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 19, 711 (1997).

Li, J.

Luo, Y.

Maenpaa, T.

T. Ojala, M. Pietikainen, and T. Maenpaa, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 24, 971 (2002).

Moon, H.

P. J. Phillips, H. Moon, S. A. Rizvi, and P. J. Rauss, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 22, 1090 (2000).

Niyogi, P.

X. He, S. Yan, Y. Hu, P. Niyogi, and H.-J. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 328 (2005).

Ojala, T.

T. Ojala, M. Pietikainen, and T. Maenpaa, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 24, 971 (2002).

Pan, J.-S.

Phillips, P. J.

P. J. Phillips, H. Moon, S. A. Rizvi, and P. J. Rauss, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 22, 1090 (2000).

P. J. Phillips, H. Wechsler, J. Huang, and P. J. Rauss, Image Vis. Comput. 16, 295 (1998).

Pietikainen, M.

T. Ahonen, A. Hadid, and M. Pietikainen, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 28, 2037 (2006).

T. Ojala, M. Pietikainen, and T. Maenpaa, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 24, 971 (2002).

Rauss, P. J.

P. J. Phillips, H. Moon, S. A. Rizvi, and P. J. Rauss, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 22, 1090 (2000).

P. J. Phillips, H. Wechsler, J. Huang, and P. J. Rauss, Image Vis. Comput. 16, 295 (1998).

Rizvi, S. A.

P. J. Phillips, H. Moon, S. A. Rizvi, and P. J. Rauss, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 22, 1090 (2000).

Shan, S.

W. Gao, B. Cao, S. Shan, X. Chen, D. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. Zhao, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A 38, 149 (2008).

Tan, W.

Z. Zheng, F. Yang, W. Tan, J. Jia, and J. Yang, Signal Processing 87, 2473 (2007).

Wechsler, H.

P. J. Phillips, H. Wechsler, J. Huang, and P. J. Rauss, Image Vis. Comput. 16, 295 (1998).

Wong, H.-S.

Y.-F. Yao, X.-Y. Jing, and H.-S. Wong, Neurocomputing 70, 1582 (2007).

Yan, S.

X. He, S. Yan, Y. Hu, P. Niyogi, and H.-J. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 328 (2005).

Yang, F.

Z. Zheng, F. Yang, W. Tan, J. Jia, and J. Yang, Signal Processing 87, 2473 (2007).

Yang, J.

Z. Zheng, F. Yang, W. Tan, J. Jia, and J. Yang, Signal Processing 87, 2473 (2007).

Yao, Y.-F.

Y.-F. Yao, X.-Y. Jing, and H.-S. Wong, Neurocomputing 70, 1582 (2007).

Zhang, H.-J.

X. He, S. Yan, Y. Hu, P. Niyogi, and H.-J. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 328 (2005).

Zhang, X.

W. Gao, B. Cao, S. Shan, X. Chen, D. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. Zhao, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A 38, 149 (2008).

Zhao, D.

W. Gao, B. Cao, S. Shan, X. Chen, D. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. Zhao, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A 38, 149 (2008).

Zhao, J.

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng, F. Yang, W. Tan, J. Jia, and J. Yang, Signal Processing 87, 2473 (2007).

Zhou, D.

W. Gao, B. Cao, S. Shan, X. Chen, D. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. Zhao, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A 38, 149 (2008).

Zhuang, T.

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. (5)

P. J. Phillips, H. Moon, S. A. Rizvi, and P. J. Rauss, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 22, 1090 (2000).

P. N. Belhumeur, J. P. Hespanha, and D. J. Kriegman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 19, 711 (1997).

X. He, S. Yan, Y. Hu, P. Niyogi, and H.-J. Zhang, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 27, 328 (2005).

T. Ahonen, A. Hadid, and M. Pietikainen, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 28, 2037 (2006).

T. Ojala, M. Pietikainen, and T. Maenpaa, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 24, 971 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A (1)

W. Gao, B. Cao, S. Shan, X. Chen, D. Zhou, X. Zhang, and D. Zhao, IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A 38, 149 (2008).

Image Vis. Comput. (1)

P. J. Phillips, H. Wechsler, J. Huang, and P. J. Rauss, Image Vis. Comput. 16, 295 (1998).

Neurocomputing (1)

Y.-F. Yao, X.-Y. Jing, and H.-S. Wong, Neurocomputing 70, 1582 (2007).

Signal Processing (1)

Z. Zheng, F. Yang, W. Tan, J. Jia, and J. Yang, Signal Processing 87, 2473 (2007).

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