Abstract

Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) with single defect and double defects are proposed, which are supposed to be achieved by extruding normal circular-hole PCFs based on a triangular-lattice photonic crystal structure. Comparative research on the birefringence and the confinement loss of the proposed PCFs with single defect and double defects is presented. Simulation results show that the proposed PCFs with single defect and double defects can be with high birefringence (even up to the order of 10^{02}). The confinement loss increases when the ellipticity of the air hole of the PCFs increases, which nevertheless can be overcome by increasing the ring number or the area of the air holes in the fiber cladding.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

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D. Chen, S. Qin, L. Shen, H. Chi, and S. He, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416 (2006).

2005 (3)

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535 (2005).

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K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 927 (2002).

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M. J. Steel and R. M. Osgood, Opt. Lett. 26, 229 (2001).

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J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).

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C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).

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O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1453 (2007).

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W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558 (2005).

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J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).

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T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Kundsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).

Borrelli, N. F.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).

Bouwmans, G.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558 (2005).

Broeng, J.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Kundsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).

Chaudhuri, P. R.

P. R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1301 (2004).

Chen, D.

D. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 437 (2007).

D. Chen and L. Shen, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2700 (2007).

D. Chen and L. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185 (2007).

D. Chen, S. Qin, L. Shen, H. Chi, and S. He, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416 (2006).

Chi, H.

D. Chen, S. Qin, L. Shen, H. Chi, and S. He, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416 (2006).

Cox, F.

Demokan, M. S.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535 (2005).

Dong, X.

Douay, M.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558 (2005).

Eijkelenborg, M. A. van

Fellew, M.

Frazao, O.

O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1453 (2007).

Gallagher, M. T.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).

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X. Tan, Y. Geng, P. Wang, and J. Yao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 729 (2008).

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Y. Wu, L. Guo, W. Xue, and G. Zhou, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 593 (2007).

Hansen, T. P.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Kundsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).

Haxha, S.

He, L.

He, S.

D. Chen, S. Qin, L. Shen, H. Chi, and S. He, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416 (2006).

Henry, G.

Huang, D.

Issa, N. A.

Jensen, J. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Kundsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).

Kai, G.

Kang, J. U.

Kim, D.-H.

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).

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C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).

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K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 927 (2002).

Kundsen, E.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Kundsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).

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Libori, S. E. B.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Kundsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).

Liu, H.

M. Wu, D. Huang, H. Liu, and W. Tong, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 22 (2008).

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535 (2005).

Liu, X.

X. Liu and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2541 (2005).

Lu, C.

X. Liu and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2541 (2005).

P. R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1301 (2004).

Müller, D.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).

Osgood, R. M.

Paulose, V.

P. R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1301 (2004).

Provino, L.

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558 (2005).

Qin, S.

D. Chen, S. Qin, L. Shen, H. Chi, and S. He, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416 (2006).

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P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).

Russell, P. St. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).

Saitoh, K.

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 927 (2002).

Santos, J. L.

O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1453 (2007).

Shen, L.

D. Chen and L. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185 (2007).

D. Chen and L. Shen, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2700 (2007).

D. Chen, S. Qin, L. Shen, H. Chi, and S. He, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416 (2006).

Simonsen, H.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Kundsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).

Smith, C. M.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).

Steel, M. J.

Sun, T.

Tam, H. Y.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535 (2005).

Tan, X.

X. Tan, Y. Geng, P. Wang, and J. Yao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 729 (2008).

Tong, W.

Venkataraman, N.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).

Wang, P.

X. Tan, Y. Geng, P. Wang, and J. Yao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 729 (2008).

Wang, Q.

Wang, Z.

West, J. A.

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).

Wu, M.

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, L. Guo, W. Xue, and G. Zhou, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 593 (2007).

Xue, W.

Y. Wu, L. Guo, W. Xue, and G. Zhou, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 593 (2007).

Yang, B.

Yao, J.

X. Tan, Y. Geng, P. Wang, and J. Yao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 729 (2008).

Yuan, S.

Zhang, A.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535 (2005).

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L.

Zhao, C.

P. R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1301 (2004).

Zhou, G.

Y. Wu, L. Guo, W. Xue, and G. Zhou, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 593 (2007).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

Y. Wu, L. Guo, W. Xue, and G. Zhou, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 593 (2007).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (3)

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) (1)

X. Tan, Y. Geng, P. Wang, and J. Yao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 35, 729 (2008).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, and M. Douay, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558 (2005).

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 927 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Kundsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588 (2001).

D. Chen and L. Shen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185 (2007).

P. R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1301 (2004).

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535 (2005).

X. Liu and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2541 (2005).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

O. Frazao, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1453 (2007).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Chen, Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 437 (2007).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Chen, S. Qin, L. Shen, H. Chi, and S. He, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 2416 (2006).

Nature (2)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, and K. W. Koch, Nature 424, 657 (2003).

J. C. Knight, Nature 424, 847 (2003).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Science (2)

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 282, 1476 (1998).

P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003).

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