Abstract

Laser solid forming (LSF) from blended elemental powders is an advanced technique to investigate new alloy systems and to create innovative materials. Accurate composition control is critical for the applications of this technique. In this letter, the composition analysis is performed on LSF titanium alloys from blended Ti, Al, and V powders. It is found that the composition of as-deposited sample can be controlled by keeping the identity of the divergence angle of each elemental powder stream. Based on the consistency condition for divergence angles of different elemental powder streams, the matching relation among the Ti, Al, and V powder characteristics (particle size and density) can be obtained, which ensures the consistency in composition between the laser deposits and the blended elemental powders under different laser processing parameters.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. W. Huang, X. Lin, J. Chen, Z. Liu, and Y. Li, Laser Solid Forming Technology (in Chinese) (Northwestern Polytechnical University Press, Xi'an, 2007) pp.1-20.
  2. P. L. Blackwell and A. Wisbey, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 170, 268 (2005).
  3. L. Qian, J. Mei, J. Liang, and X. Wu, Mater. Sci. Technol. 21, 597 (2005).
  4. S. Bontha, N. W. Klingbeil, P. A. Kobryn, and H. L. Fraser, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 178, 135 (2006).
  5. W. Jia, X. Lin, J. Chen, H. Yang, C. Zhong, and W. Huang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1308 (2007).
  6. Y. Han, B. Gao, J. Hu, H. Tan, and J. Wu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 876 (2007).
  7. J. Wu, B. Gao, H. Tan, Y. Yao, J. Chen, and X. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1139 (2006).
  8. J. Zhu, B. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Chen, and H. Yang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 588 (2007).
  9. R. Banerjee, D. Bhattacharyya, P. C. Collins, G. B. Viswanathan, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Mater. 52, 377 (2004).
  10. R. Banerjee, S. Nag, and H. L. Fraser, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 25, 282 (2005).
  11. S. Nag, R. Banerjee, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Biomater. 3, 369 (2007).
  12. R. Banerjee, A. Genc, D. Hill, P. C. Collins, and H. L. Fraser, Scripta Mater. 53, 1433 (2005).
  13. X. Lin, T. M. Yue, H. O. Yang, and W. D. Huang, Metallurg. Mater. Trans. A 38, 127 (2007).
  14. X. Lin, H. Yang, J. Chen, W. Huang, and T. M. Yue, in Proceedings of ICALEOR 2007 Congress 196 (2007).
  15. M. Zhong, J. He, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and Q. Hao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1694 (2007).
  16. P. C. Collins, "A combinational approach to the development of composition-microstructure-property relationships in titanium alloys using direct laser deposition" PhD Thesis (The Ohio State University, 2004) pp.137-151.
  17. J. He, M. Zhong, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and D. Yu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 283 (2006).

2007 (6)

W. Jia, X. Lin, J. Chen, H. Yang, C. Zhong, and W. Huang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1308 (2007).

Y. Han, B. Gao, J. Hu, H. Tan, and J. Wu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 876 (2007).

J. Zhu, B. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Chen, and H. Yang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 588 (2007).

S. Nag, R. Banerjee, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Biomater. 3, 369 (2007).

X. Lin, T. M. Yue, H. O. Yang, and W. D. Huang, Metallurg. Mater. Trans. A 38, 127 (2007).

M. Zhong, J. He, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and Q. Hao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1694 (2007).

2006 (3)

J. He, M. Zhong, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and D. Yu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 283 (2006).

S. Bontha, N. W. Klingbeil, P. A. Kobryn, and H. L. Fraser, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 178, 135 (2006).

J. Wu, B. Gao, H. Tan, Y. Yao, J. Chen, and X. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1139 (2006).

2005 (4)

P. L. Blackwell and A. Wisbey, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 170, 268 (2005).

L. Qian, J. Mei, J. Liang, and X. Wu, Mater. Sci. Technol. 21, 597 (2005).

R. Banerjee, S. Nag, and H. L. Fraser, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 25, 282 (2005).

R. Banerjee, A. Genc, D. Hill, P. C. Collins, and H. L. Fraser, Scripta Mater. 53, 1433 (2005).

2004 (1)

R. Banerjee, D. Bhattacharyya, P. C. Collins, G. B. Viswanathan, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Mater. 52, 377 (2004).

Banerjee, R.

S. Nag, R. Banerjee, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Biomater. 3, 369 (2007).

R. Banerjee, A. Genc, D. Hill, P. C. Collins, and H. L. Fraser, Scripta Mater. 53, 1433 (2005).

R. Banerjee, S. Nag, and H. L. Fraser, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 25, 282 (2005).

R. Banerjee, D. Bhattacharyya, P. C. Collins, G. B. Viswanathan, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Mater. 52, 377 (2004).

Bhattacharyya, D.

R. Banerjee, D. Bhattacharyya, P. C. Collins, G. B. Viswanathan, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Mater. 52, 377 (2004).

Blackwell, P. L.

P. L. Blackwell and A. Wisbey, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 170, 268 (2005).

Bontha, S.

S. Bontha, N. W. Klingbeil, P. A. Kobryn, and H. L. Fraser, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 178, 135 (2006).

Chen, J.

J. Zhu, B. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Chen, and H. Yang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 588 (2007).

W. Jia, X. Lin, J. Chen, H. Yang, C. Zhong, and W. Huang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1308 (2007).

J. Wu, B. Gao, H. Tan, Y. Yao, J. Chen, and X. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1139 (2006).

Collins, P. C.

R. Banerjee, A. Genc, D. Hill, P. C. Collins, and H. L. Fraser, Scripta Mater. 53, 1433 (2005).

R. Banerjee, D. Bhattacharyya, P. C. Collins, G. B. Viswanathan, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Mater. 52, 377 (2004).

Fraser, H. L.

S. Nag, R. Banerjee, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Biomater. 3, 369 (2007).

S. Bontha, N. W. Klingbeil, P. A. Kobryn, and H. L. Fraser, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 178, 135 (2006).

R. Banerjee, A. Genc, D. Hill, P. C. Collins, and H. L. Fraser, Scripta Mater. 53, 1433 (2005).

R. Banerjee, S. Nag, and H. L. Fraser, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 25, 282 (2005).

R. Banerjee, D. Bhattacharyya, P. C. Collins, G. B. Viswanathan, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Mater. 52, 377 (2004).

Gao, B.

Y. Han, B. Gao, J. Hu, H. Tan, and J. Wu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 876 (2007).

J. Zhu, B. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Chen, and H. Yang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 588 (2007).

J. Wu, B. Gao, H. Tan, Y. Yao, J. Chen, and X. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1139 (2006).

Genc, A.

R. Banerjee, A. Genc, D. Hill, P. C. Collins, and H. L. Fraser, Scripta Mater. 53, 1433 (2005).

Han, Y.

Y. Han, B. Gao, J. Hu, H. Tan, and J. Wu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 876 (2007).

Hao, Q.

M. Zhong, J. He, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and Q. Hao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1694 (2007).

He, J.

M. Zhong, J. He, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and Q. Hao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1694 (2007).

J. He, M. Zhong, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and D. Yu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 283 (2006).

Hill, D.

R. Banerjee, A. Genc, D. Hill, P. C. Collins, and H. L. Fraser, Scripta Mater. 53, 1433 (2005).

Hu, J.

Y. Han, B. Gao, J. Hu, H. Tan, and J. Wu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 876 (2007).

Huang, W.

W. Jia, X. Lin, J. Chen, H. Yang, C. Zhong, and W. Huang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1308 (2007).

Huang, W. D.

X. Lin, T. M. Yue, H. O. Yang, and W. D. Huang, Metallurg. Mater. Trans. A 38, 127 (2007).

Jia, W.

W. Jia, X. Lin, J. Chen, H. Yang, C. Zhong, and W. Huang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1308 (2007).

Klingbeil, N. W.

S. Bontha, N. W. Klingbeil, P. A. Kobryn, and H. L. Fraser, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 178, 135 (2006).

Kobryn, P. A.

S. Bontha, N. W. Klingbeil, P. A. Kobryn, and H. L. Fraser, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 178, 135 (2006).

Liang, J.

L. Qian, J. Mei, J. Liang, and X. Wu, Mater. Sci. Technol. 21, 597 (2005).

Lin, X.

W. Jia, X. Lin, J. Chen, H. Yang, C. Zhong, and W. Huang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1308 (2007).

X. Lin, T. M. Yue, H. O. Yang, and W. D. Huang, Metallurg. Mater. Trans. A 38, 127 (2007).

Liu, W.

M. Zhong, J. He, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and Q. Hao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1694 (2007).

J. He, M. Zhong, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and D. Yu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 283 (2006).

Mei, J.

L. Qian, J. Mei, J. Liang, and X. Wu, Mater. Sci. Technol. 21, 597 (2005).

Nag, S.

S. Nag, R. Banerjee, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Biomater. 3, 369 (2007).

R. Banerjee, S. Nag, and H. L. Fraser, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 25, 282 (2005).

Qian, L.

L. Qian, J. Mei, J. Liang, and X. Wu, Mater. Sci. Technol. 21, 597 (2005).

Tan, H.

Y. Han, B. Gao, J. Hu, H. Tan, and J. Wu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 876 (2007).

J. Wu, B. Gao, H. Tan, Y. Yao, J. Chen, and X. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1139 (2006).

Viswanathan, G. B.

R. Banerjee, D. Bhattacharyya, P. C. Collins, G. B. Viswanathan, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Mater. 52, 377 (2004).

Wang, X.

J. Wu, B. Gao, H. Tan, Y. Yao, J. Chen, and X. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1139 (2006).

Wang, Z.

J. Zhu, B. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Chen, and H. Yang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 588 (2007).

Wisbey, A.

P. L. Blackwell and A. Wisbey, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 170, 268 (2005).

Wu, J.

Y. Han, B. Gao, J. Hu, H. Tan, and J. Wu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 876 (2007).

J. Wu, B. Gao, H. Tan, Y. Yao, J. Chen, and X. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1139 (2006).

Wu, X.

L. Qian, J. Mei, J. Liang, and X. Wu, Mater. Sci. Technol. 21, 597 (2005).

Yang, H.

W. Jia, X. Lin, J. Chen, H. Yang, C. Zhong, and W. Huang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1308 (2007).

J. Zhu, B. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Chen, and H. Yang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 588 (2007).

Yang, H. O.

X. Lin, T. M. Yue, H. O. Yang, and W. D. Huang, Metallurg. Mater. Trans. A 38, 127 (2007).

Yao, Y.

J. Wu, B. Gao, H. Tan, Y. Yao, J. Chen, and X. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1139 (2006).

Yu, D.

J. He, M. Zhong, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and D. Yu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 283 (2006).

Yue, T. M.

X. Lin, T. M. Yue, H. O. Yang, and W. D. Huang, Metallurg. Mater. Trans. A 38, 127 (2007).

Zhang, F.

J. Zhu, B. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Chen, and H. Yang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 588 (2007).

Zhang, H.

M. Zhong, J. He, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and Q. Hao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1694 (2007).

J. He, M. Zhong, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and D. Yu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 283 (2006).

Zhong, C.

W. Jia, X. Lin, J. Chen, H. Yang, C. Zhong, and W. Huang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1308 (2007).

Zhong, M.

M. Zhong, J. He, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and Q. Hao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1694 (2007).

J. He, M. Zhong, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and D. Yu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 283 (2006).

Zhu, J.

J. Zhu, B. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Chen, and H. Yang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 588 (2007).

Acta Biomater. (1)

S. Nag, R. Banerjee, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Biomater. 3, 369 (2007).

Acta Mater. (1)

R. Banerjee, D. Bhattacharyya, P. C. Collins, G. B. Viswanathan, and H. L. Fraser, Acta Mater. 52, 377 (2004).

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) (6)

M. Zhong, J. He, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and Q. Hao, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1694 (2007).

W. Jia, X. Lin, J. Chen, H. Yang, C. Zhong, and W. Huang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1308 (2007).

Y. Han, B. Gao, J. Hu, H. Tan, and J. Wu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 876 (2007).

J. Wu, B. Gao, H. Tan, Y. Yao, J. Chen, and X. Wang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1139 (2006).

J. Zhu, B. Gao, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, J. Chen, and H. Yang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 588 (2007).

J. He, M. Zhong, W. Liu, H. Zhang, and D. Yu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 283 (2006).

J. Mater. Process. Technol. (2)

P. L. Blackwell and A. Wisbey, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 170, 268 (2005).

S. Bontha, N. W. Klingbeil, P. A. Kobryn, and H. L. Fraser, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 178, 135 (2006).

Mater. Sci. Eng. C (1)

R. Banerjee, S. Nag, and H. L. Fraser, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 25, 282 (2005).

Mater. Sci. Technol. (1)

L. Qian, J. Mei, J. Liang, and X. Wu, Mater. Sci. Technol. 21, 597 (2005).

Metallurg. Mater. Trans. A (1)

X. Lin, T. M. Yue, H. O. Yang, and W. D. Huang, Metallurg. Mater. Trans. A 38, 127 (2007).

Scripta Mater. (1)

R. Banerjee, A. Genc, D. Hill, P. C. Collins, and H. L. Fraser, Scripta Mater. 53, 1433 (2005).

Other (3)

X. Lin, H. Yang, J. Chen, W. Huang, and T. M. Yue, in Proceedings of ICALEOR 2007 Congress 196 (2007).

P. C. Collins, "A combinational approach to the development of composition-microstructure-property relationships in titanium alloys using direct laser deposition" PhD Thesis (The Ohio State University, 2004) pp.137-151.

W. Huang, X. Lin, J. Chen, Z. Liu, and Y. Li, Laser Solid Forming Technology (in Chinese) (Northwestern Polytechnical University Press, Xi'an, 2007) pp.1-20.

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